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See detailInflammation Regulates Long Non-Coding RNA-PTTG1-1:1 In Myeloid Leukemia.
Chateauvieux, Sebastien; Gaigneaux, Anthoula UL; Gérard, Deborah et al

in Haematologica (2019)

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See detailSphingolipid-mediated inflammatory signaling leading to autophagy inhibition converts erythropoiesis to myelopoiesis in human hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells
Orsini, Marion; Chateauvieux, Sebastien; Rhim, Jiyun et al

in Cell Death and Differentiation (2019), 26(9), 17961812

Elevated levels of the pro-inflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα) inhibit erythropoiesis and cause anemia in patients with cancer and chronic inflammatory diseases. TNFα is also a potent ... [more ▼]

Elevated levels of the pro-inflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα) inhibit erythropoiesis and cause anemia in patients with cancer and chronic inflammatory diseases. TNFα is also a potent activator of the sphingomyelinase (SMase)/ceramide pathway leading to ceramide synthesis and regulating cell differentiation, proliferation, apoptosis, senescence, and autophagy. Here we evaluated the implication of the TNFα/SMase/ceramide pathway on inhibition of erythropoiesis in human CD34+ hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (CD34/HSPCs) from healthy donors. Exogenous synthetic C2- and C6-ceramide as well as bacterial SMase inhibited erythroid differentiation in erythropoietin-induced (Epo)CD34/HSPCs shown by the analysis of various erythroid markers. The neutral SMase inhibitor GW4869 as well as the genetic inhibition of nSMase with small interfering RNA (siRNA) against sphingomyelin phosphodiesterase 3 (SMPD3) prevented the inhibition by TNFα, but not the acid SMase inhibitor desipramine. Moreover, sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P), a ceramide metabolite, restored erythroid differentiation, whereas TNFα inhibited sphingosine kinase-1, required for S1P synthesis. Analysis of cell morphology and colony formation demonstrated that erythropoiesis impairment was concomitant with a granulomonocytic differentiation in TNFα- and ceramide-treated EpoCD34/HSPCs. Inhibition of erythropoiesis and induction of granulomonocytic differentiation were correlated to modulation of hematopoietic transcription factors (TFs) GATA-1, GATA-2, and PU.1. Moreover, the expression of microRNAs (miR)-144/451, miR-146a, miR-155, and miR-223 was also modulated by TNFα and ceramide treatments, in line with cellular observations. Autophagy plays an essential role during erythropoiesis and our results demonstrate that the TNFα/neutral SMase/ceramide pathway inhibits autophagy in EpoCD34/HSPCs. TNFα- and ceramide-induced phosphorylation of mTORS2448 and ULK1S758, inhibited Atg13S355 phosphorylation, and blocked autophagosome formation as shown by transmission electron microscopy and GFP-LC3 punctae formation. Moreover, rapamycin prevented the inhibitory effect of TNFα and ceramides on erythropoiesis while inhibiting induction of myelopoiesis. In contrast, bafilomycin A1, but not siRNA against Atg5, induced myeloid differentiation, while both impaired erythropoiesis. We demonstrate here that the TNFα/neutral SMase/ceramide pathway inhibits erythropoiesis to induce myelopoiesis via modulation of a hematopoietic TF/miR network and inhibition of late steps of autophagy. Altogether, our results reveal an essential role of autophagy in erythroid vs. myeloid differentiation. [less ▲]

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See detailValproic acid perturbs hematopoietic homeostasis by inhibition of erythroid differentiation and activation of the myelo-monocytic pathway
Chateauvieux, Sebastien; Eifes, Serge UL; Morceau, Franck et al

in Biochemical Pharmacology (2011), 81(4), 498-509

As a histone deacetylase inhibitor, valproic acid (VPA) is a candidate for anticancer therapy. Besides, VPA exhibits various mechanisms of action and its effects on the molecular basis of hematopoiesis ... [more ▼]

As a histone deacetylase inhibitor, valproic acid (VPA) is a candidate for anticancer therapy. Besides, VPA exhibits various mechanisms of action and its effects on the molecular basis of hematopoiesis remain unclear. To study the effects of VPA on the hematopoietic system, we performed microarray analysis using K562 cells treated with 1mM VPA over a 72h time course. The association between gene ontology (GO) terms and the lists of differentially expressed genes was tested using the Bioconductor package GOstats. Enrichment analysis for cellular differentiation pathways was performed based on manually curated gene lists. Results from microarray analysis were confirmed by studying cell differentiation features at the molecular and cellular levels using other hematopoietic cell lines as well as hematopoietic stem/progenitor CD34(+) cells. Microarray analysis revealed 3440 modulated genes in the presence of VPA. Genes involved in the granulo-monocytic differentiation pathway were up-regulated while genes of the erythroid pathway were down-regulated. This was confirmed by analyzing erythrocytic and myeloid membrane markers and lineage-related gene expression in HEL, MEG01, HL60 as well as CD34(+) cells. Moreover, GATA-1 and its co-factors (FOG1, SP1) were down-regulated, while myelopoiesis activator PU.1 was up-regulated, in agreement with an inhibition of erythropoiesis. Our functional profiling and cell phenotyping approach demonstrates that VPA is able to alter hematopoietic homeostasis by modifying the cell population balance in the myeloid compartment. This may lead to a potential failure of erythropoiesis in patients with cancer or chronic inflammatory diseases having a well-described propensity to anemia. [less ▲]

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See detailHeteronemin, a spongean sesterterpene, inhibits TNF alpha-induced NF-kappa B activation through proteasome inhibition and induces apoptotic cell death
Schumacher, Marc; Cerella, Claudia; Eifes, Serge UL et al

in Biochemical Pharmacology (2010), 79(4), 610-22

In this study, we investigated the biological effects of heteronemin, a marine sesterterpene isolated from the sponge Hyrtios sp. on chronic myelogenous leukemia cells. To gain further insight into the ... [more ▼]

In this study, we investigated the biological effects of heteronemin, a marine sesterterpene isolated from the sponge Hyrtios sp. on chronic myelogenous leukemia cells. To gain further insight into the molecular mechanisms triggered by this compound, we initially performed DNA microarray profiling and determined which genes respond to heteronemin stimulation in TNFalpha-treated cells and which genes display an interaction effect between heteronemin and TNFalpha. Within the differentially regulated genes, we found that heteronemin was affecting cellular processes including cell cycle, apoptosis, mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) pathway and the nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) signaling cascade. We confirmed in silico experiments regarding NF-kappaB inhibition by reporter gene analysis, electrophoretic mobility shift analysis and I-kappaB degradation. In order to assess the underlying molecular mechanisms, we determined that heteronemin inhibits both trypsin and chymotrypsin-like proteasome activity at an IC(50) of 0.4 microM. Concomitant to the inhibition of the NF-kappaB pathway, we also observed a reduction in cellular viability. Heteronemin induces apoptosis as shown by annexin V-FITC/propidium iodide-staining, nuclear morphology analysis, pro-caspase-3, -8 and -9 and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) cleavage as well as truncation of Bid. Altogether, results show that this compound has potential as anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer agent. [less ▲]

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