References of "Molina, Martin"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailBuilding the executive system of autonomous aerial robots using the Aerostack open-source framework
Molina, Martin; Carrera, Abraham; Camporredondo, Alberto et al

in International Journal of Advanced Robotic Systems (2020), 17(3), 1--20

A variety of open-source software tools are currently available to help building autonomous mobile robots. These tools have proven their effectiveness in developing different types of robotic systems, but ... [more ▼]

A variety of open-source software tools are currently available to help building autonomous mobile robots. These tools have proven their effectiveness in developing different types of robotic systems, but there are still needs related to safety and efficiency that are not sufficiently covered. This article describes recent advances in the Aerostack software framework to address part of these needs, which may become critical in the case of aerial robots. The article describes a software tool that helps to develop the executive system, an important component of the control architecture whose characteristics significantly affect the quality of the final autonomous robotic system. The presented tool uses an original solution for execution control that aims at simplifying mission specification and protecting against errors, considering also the efficiency needs of aerial robots. The effectiveness of the tool was evaluated by building an experimental autonomous robot. The results of the evaluation show that it provides significant benefits about usability and reliability with acceptable development effort and computational cost. The tool is based on Robot Operating System and it is publicly available as part of the last release of the Aerostack software framework (version 3.0). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA Real-Time 3D Path Planning Solution for Collision-Free Navigation of Multirotor Aerial Robots in Dynamic Environments
Sanchez Lopez, Jose Luis UL; Wang, Min UL; Olivares Mendez, Miguel Angel UL et al

in Journal of Intelligent and Robotic Systems (2019), 93(1-2), 33-53

Deliberative capabilities are essential for intelligent aerial robotic applications in modern life such as package delivery and surveillance. This paper presents a real-time 3D path planning solution for ... [more ▼]

Deliberative capabilities are essential for intelligent aerial robotic applications in modern life such as package delivery and surveillance. This paper presents a real-time 3D path planning solution for multirotor aerial robots to obtain a feasible, optimal and collision-free path in complex dynamic environments. High-level geometric primitives are employed to compactly represent the situation, which includes self-situation of the robot and situation of the obstacles in the environment. A probabilistic graph is utilized to sample the admissible space without taking into account the existing obstacles. Whenever a planning query is received, the generated probabilistic graph is then explored by an A$^{\star}$ discrete search algorithm with an artificial field map as cost function in order to obtain a raw optimal collision-free path, which is subsequently shortened. Realistic simulations in V-REP simulator have been created to validate the proposed path planning solution, integrating it into a fully autonomous multirotor aerial robotic system. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 286 (13 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAn execution control method for the Aerostack aerial robotics framework
Molina, Martin; Camporredondo, Alberto; Bavle, Hriday UL et al

in Frontiers of Information Technology and Electronic Engineering (2019), 20(1), 60--75

Execution control is a critical task of robot architectures which has a deep impact on the quality of the final system. In this study, we describe a general method for execution control, which is a part ... [more ▼]

Execution control is a critical task of robot architectures which has a deep impact on the quality of the final system. In this study, we describe a general method for execution control, which is a part of the Aerostack software framework for aerial robotics, and present technical challenges for execution control and design decisions to develop the method. The proposed method has an original design combining a distributed approach for execution control of behaviors (such as situation checking and performance monitoring) and centralizes coordination to ensure consistency of the concurrent execution. We conduct experiments to evaluate the method. The experimental results show that the method is general and usable with acceptable development efforts to efficiently work on different types of aerial missions. The method is supported by standards based on a robot operating system (ROS) contributing to its general use, and an open-source project is integrated in the Aerostack framework. Therefore, its technical details are fully accessible to developers and freely available to be used in the development of new aerial robotic systems. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 45 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA Multi-Layered Component-Based Approach for the Development of Aerial Robotic Systems: The Aerostack Framework
Sanchez Lopez, Jose Luis UL; Molina, Martin; Bavle, Hriday UL et al

in Journal of Intelligent and Robotic Systems (2017), 88(2), 638-709

To achieve fully autonomous operation for Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) it is necessary to integrate multiple and heterogeneous technical solutions (e.g., control-based methods, computer vision methods ... [more ▼]

To achieve fully autonomous operation for Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) it is necessary to integrate multiple and heterogeneous technical solutions (e.g., control-based methods, computer vision methods, automated planning, coordination algorithms, etc.). The combination of such methods in an operational system is a technical challenge that requires efficient architectural solutions. In a robotic engineering context, where productivity is important, it is also important to minimize the effort for the development of new systems. As a response to these needs, this paper presents Aerostack, an open-source software framework for the development of aerial robotic systems. This framework facilitates the creation of UAS by providing a set of reusable components specialized in functional tasks of aerial robotics (trajectory planning, self localization, etc.) together with an integration method in a multi-layered cognitive architecture based on five layers: reactive, executive, deliberative, reflective and social. Compared to other software frameworks for UAS, Aerostack can provide higher degrees of autonomy and it is more versatile to be applied to different types of hardware (aerial platforms and sensors) and different types of missions (e.g. multi robot swarm systems). Aerostack has been validated during four years (since February 2013) by its successful use on many research projects, international competitions and public exhibitions. As a representative example of system development, this paper also presents how Aerostack was used to develop a system for a (fictional) fully autonomous indoors search and rescue mission. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 78 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailTML: a language to specify aerial robotic missions for the framework Aerostack
Molina, Martin; Suarez-Fernandez, Ramon; Sampedro, Carlos et al

in International Journal of Intelligent Computing and Cybernetics (2017), 10(4), 491-512

Purpose - The main purpose of this paper is to describe the specification language TML for adaptive mission plans that we designed and implemented for the open source framework Aerostack for aerial ... [more ▼]

Purpose - The main purpose of this paper is to describe the specification language TML for adaptive mission plans that we designed and implemented for the open source framework Aerostack for aerial robotics. Approach – The TML language combines a task-based hierarchical approach together with a more flexible representation, rule-based reactive planning, to facilitate adaptability. This approach includes additional notions that abstract programming details. We built an interpreter integrated in the software framework Aerostack. The interpreter was validated with flight experiments for multi-robot missions in dynamic environments. Findings – The experiments proved that the TML language is easy to use and expressive enough to formulate adaptive missions in dynamic environments. The experiments also showed that the TML interpreter is efficient to execute multi-robot aerial missions and reusable for different platforms. The TML interpreter is able to verify the mission plan before its execution, which increases robustness and safety, avoiding the execution of certain plans that are not feasible. Originality – One of the main contributions of this work is the availability of a reliable solution to specify aerial mission plans, integrated in an active open-source project with periodic releases. To the best knowledge of the authors, there are not solutions similar to this in other active open-source projects. As additional contributions, TML uses an original combination of representations for adaptive mission plans (i.e., task trees with original abstract notions and rule-based reactive planning) together with the demonstration of its adequacy for aerial robotics. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 40 (2 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailHuman-Robot Cooperation in Surface Inspection Aerial Missions
Molina, Martin; Frau, Pedro; Maraval, Dario et al

Scientific Conference (2017, September 21)

The goal of the work presented in this paper is to facilitate the cooperation between human opera- tors and aerial robots to perform surface inspec- tion missions. Our approach is based on a model of ... [more ▼]

The goal of the work presented in this paper is to facilitate the cooperation between human opera- tors and aerial robots to perform surface inspec- tion missions. Our approach is based on a model of human collaborative control with a mixed ini- tiative interaction. In the paper, we present our human-robot cooperation model based on the combination of a supervisory mode and an as- sistance mode with a set of interaction patterns. We developed a software system implementing this interaction model and carried out several real flight experiments that proved that this ap- proach can be used in aerial robotics for sur- face inspection missions (e.g., in vision based indoor missions). Compared to a conventional tele-operated inspection system, the solution pre- sented in this paper gives more autonomy to the aerial systems, reducing the cognitive load of the operator during the mission development. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 60 (6 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSpecifying complex missions for aerial robotics in dynamic environments
Molina, Martin; Diaz-Moreno, Adrian; Palacios, David et al

Scientific Conference (2016, October)

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (0 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA flexible and dynamic mission planning architecture for UAV swarm coordination
Sampedro, Carlos; Bavle, Hriday; Sanchez Lopez, Jose Luis UL et al

in 2016 International Conference on Unmanned Aircraft Systems (ICUAS) (2016, June)

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailNatural user interfaces for human-drone multi-modal interaction
Suárez Fernández, Ramon; Sanchez Lopez, Jose Luis UL; Sampedro, Carlos et al

in 2016 International Conference on Unmanned Aircraft Systems (ICUAS) (2016, June)

Detailed reference viewed: 50 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailAEROSTACK: An architecture and open-source software framework for aerial robotics
Sanchez Lopez, Jose Luis UL; Suárez Fernández, Ramon; Bavle, Hriday et al

in 2016 International Conference on Unmanned Aircraft Systems (ICUAS) (2016, June)

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (3 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA vision based aerial robot solution for the Mission 7 of the International Aerial Robotics Competition
Sanchez Lopez, Jose Luis UL; Pestana, Jesus; Collumeau, Jean-Francois et al

in 2015 International Conference on Unmanned Aircraft Systems (ICUAS) (2015, June)

The International Aerial Robotics Competition (IARC) aims at pulling forward the state of the art in UAV. The Mission's 7 challenge deals mainly with GPS/Laser denied navigation, Robot-Robot interaction ... [more ▼]

The International Aerial Robotics Competition (IARC) aims at pulling forward the state of the art in UAV. The Mission's 7 challenge deals mainly with GPS/Laser denied navigation, Robot-Robot interaction and obstacle avoidance in the setting of a ground robot herding problem. We present in this paper our UAV which took part in the 2014 competition, in the China venue. This year, the mission was not completed by any participant but our team at Technical University of Madrid (UPM) were awarded with two special prizes: Best Target Detection and Best System Control. The platform, hardware and the developed software used in this top leading competition are presented in this paper. This software has three main components: the visual localization and mapping algorithm; the control algorithms; and the mission planner. A statement of the safety measures integrated in the drone and of our efforts to ensure field testing in conditions as close as possible to the challenger's are also included. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (1 UL)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailA vision based aerial robot solution for the IARC 2014 by the Technical University of Madrid
Pestana, Jesus; Sanchez Lopez, Jose Luis UL; Suarez-Fernandez, Ramon et al

Scientific Conference (2014, August)

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (0 UL)