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See detailThe Europeanisation of national foreign policy in non-EU Europe. The case of Serbia and Macedonia.
Marciacq, Florent UL

Doctoral thesis (2014)

With the gradual consolidation of European foreign policy structures and the intensification of multi-level interactions in that area, Europeanisation has become a pregnant reality for non-EU Europe in ... [more ▼]

With the gradual consolidation of European foreign policy structures and the intensification of multi-level interactions in that area, Europeanisation has become a pregnant reality for non-EU Europe in general and Serbia and Macedonia in particular. What Europeanisation is, what it entails and how it proceeds remain yet subject to controversies. This thesis is a contribution to the academic debate. It explores how the national foreign policy of Serbia and Macedonia has been transformed over years, and uses its empirical findings to reflect on the concept, the phenomenon and mechanisms of Europeanisation in non-EU Europe. The thesis adopts an inductive research strategy, combining in its empirical part descriptive and argumentative analyses. It successively identifies a series of changes in Serbia and Macedonia’s foreign policy, which can be attributed to Europeanisation, and examines the underlying structural, dispositional and intentional forces, as well as the factors facilitating and constraining the process. It scrutinises several aspects of Serbia and Macedonia’s foreign policy: convergence in multilateral diplomacy, organisational reforms, resolution of border disputes, inflexions of critical foreign policy positions (Serbia’s Kosovo issue and Macedonia’s naming issue) and harmonisation of national systems of arms export controls. Its findings question the predominant role usually attributed to the EU and the significance of its conditionality policy in the area. They also underline the international and inter-organisational dimension of Europeanisation. These findings suggest that Europeanisation is best conceptualised through governance approaches (as opposed to EU integration approaches), and that it is best defined as “the transformation of political systems based on national governance into systems constituted by actors operating through the prism of European governance”. Europeanisation, as a phenomenon, is found to entail more intersubjectivity, more nodality and more homogeneity across political systems. As a process, it is found to ensue simultaneously from mechanistic, contextual and organismic learning, i.e. respectively, from structural necessities, shared understandings and individual dissatisfaction, depending on specific conditions. These findings shed light on the contribution of Europeanisation to the (trans)formation Europe’s political order. [less ▲]

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