References of "Maas, Stefan 50002241"
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See detailInfluence of Thermal Energy Storage and Heat Pump Parametrization for Demand-Side-Management in a Nearly-Zero-Energy-Building using Model Predictive Control
Bechtel, Steffen UL; Rafii-Tabrizi, Sasan UL; Scholzen, Frank UL et al

in Energy and Buildings (2020), 226

The rollout of the supply dependent generators wind turbines and photovoltaics leads to a flexibility demand that can be adressed from the consumer side, via Demand-Side-Management, as well. In single ... [more ▼]

The rollout of the supply dependent generators wind turbines and photovoltaics leads to a flexibility demand that can be adressed from the consumer side, via Demand-Side-Management, as well. In single family houses, the heat pump, in combination with thermal energy storage, can shift their energy comsumption according to price signals in order to reduce consumer costs. This paper analyses the impact of different heat storage sizes and heat pump powers on cost savings and shifting potential, focussing on the Luxembourgish context, when variable electricity prices based on the electricity market are applied. A model predictive controller determines the cost-optimal operating cycles of the heat pump. The building’s heat demand is predicted with the help of a neural network. The results of the parametric study show significant differences in energy efficiency and cost savings. Furthermore limitations of taking advantage of variable electicity prices due to the price structure are disclosed. The cost savings however do not give a sufficient incentive for the consumer to invest in optimizing the heating system for Demand-Side-Management purposes. By consequence, the potential and the efficiency of Demand-Side-Management are limited and further incentives are necessary. [less ▲]

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See detailNeuere Methoden zur Identifikation und Lokalisierung von Schäden an vorgespannten Betonbrücken
Maas, Stefan UL; Nguyen, Viet Ha UL; Kebig, Tanja UL

in Bischoff, Manfred; von Scheven, Malte; Oesterle, Bernd (Eds.) Baustatik-Baupraxis 14 (2020, March 23)

Zuerst wird ein rein statistischer Schadensindikator basierend auf der Hauptkomponentenanalyse vorgestellt. Wichtig sind Referenzmessungen im ungeschädigten Zustand, um Veränderungen zu identifizieren ... [more ▼]

Zuerst wird ein rein statistischer Schadensindikator basierend auf der Hauptkomponentenanalyse vorgestellt. Wichtig sind Referenzmessungen im ungeschädigten Zustand, um Veränderungen zu identifizieren. Bevor die Messdaten mit den Rechenmodellen kombiniert werden, müssen Temperatureffekte kompensiert werden, um dann die Schäden zu erkennen und zu lokalisieren. Ein „Model-Updating“ Prozess eines speziellen Finite-Elemente- Modells passt die Steifigkeitsmatrix an die gemessenen Eigenfrequenzen oder an die progressive Absenkung unter Eigengewicht an. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of pubic symphysis stiffness on pelvic load distribution during single leg stance
Ricci, Pierre-Louis; Maas, Stefan UL; Gerich, Torsten et al

in International Journal of Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering (2020)

This study focuses on the influence of the softening and stiffening of pubic symphysis on the load distribution within the bones of the pelvic ring under the physiological loadings of the single leg ... [more ▼]

This study focuses on the influence of the softening and stiffening of pubic symphysis on the load distribution within the bones of the pelvic ring under the physiological loadings of the single leg stance. Muscle forces and joint reaction forces were first determined by inverse dynamics and applied to a linear finite element model of the pelvis. With normal pubic symphysis stiffness, high Von Mises stresses are located on the anterior surface to the sacrum around the sacroiliac joint and on the superior ramus, both on the side of the weightbearing leg. Softening of the pubic symphysis redirects the load backward, decreases the stresses at the anterior pelvis, and increases them at the posterior pelvis. A stiffening of the pubic symphysis redirects the load forward, increases the load on the posterior pelvis, and decreases them at the anterior pelvis. This investigation highlights the significance of the pubic symphysis on the load distribution of the pelvis and in maintaining the integrity of the structures. Its role should not be neglected when analyzing the pelvis. [less ▲]

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See detailDesigning an early failure indicator channel for an in-tank hydrogen valve via a fatigue-based approach
Cao, Thanh Binh UL; Kedziora, Slawomir UL; Sellen, Stephan et al

in Journal of Computational Design and Engineering (2020)

This study introduced a fatigue-based approach to design and implement an indicator channel into an in-tank hydrogen valve. It was aimed at providing a mean to point out multiple early valve’s damages. To ... [more ▼]

This study introduced a fatigue-based approach to design and implement an indicator channel into an in-tank hydrogen valve. It was aimed at providing a mean to point out multiple early valve’s damages. To achieve the goal, the study was proposed to handle via three main phases. They included (i) the risk point determinations, (ii) the new valve design and the crack nucleation life estimations, as well as (iii) the simplified crack growth analyses. The obtained results firstly highlighted the construction of the test channel (TC), whose branches were located close to the predicted damage’s sites. The damages could be identified either when a crack reaches the TC (then forms a leakage) or indirectly via the crack propagations’ correlation. The results also pointed out that the TC-implemented valve could perform as similarly as the non-TC one in the non-treated condition. More importantly, this new structure was proved to have a capacity of satisfying the required minimal life of 1.5E5 cycles, depending on the combined uses of the specific material and the pre-treatment, among those considered. In addition, the results emphasized the complexity of the TC that could not be formed by the traditional manufacturing process. Hence, direct metal laser sintering was proposed for the associated prototype and the final TC was issued based on the fundamental requirements of the technique. Finally, it was suggested that practical experiments should essentially be carried out to yield more evidence to support the demonstrated results. [less ▲]

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See detailNumerical determination and experimental verification of the optimum autofrettage pressure for a complex aluminium high-pressure valve to foster crack closure
Repplinger, Christian UL; Sellen, Stephan; Kedziora, Slawomir UL et al

in Fatigue and Fracture of Engineering Materials and Structures (2020)

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See detailMechanical strength of a new plate compared to six previously tested opening wedge high tibial osteotomy implants
Diffo Kaze, Arnaud; Maas, Stefan UL; Belsey, James et al

in Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics (2019)

Background This study aimed to assess the mechanical static and fatigue strength provided by the FlexitSystem plate in medial opening wedge high tibial osteotomies (MOWHTO), and to compare it to six ... [more ▼]

Background This study aimed to assess the mechanical static and fatigue strength provided by the FlexitSystem plate in medial opening wedge high tibial osteotomies (MOWHTO), and to compare it to six previously tested implants: the TomoFix small stature, the TomoFix standard, the ContourLock, the iBalance, the second generation PEEKPower and the size 2 Activmotion. Thus, this will provide surgeons with data that will help in the choice of the most appropriate implant for MOWHTO. Methods Six fourth-generation tibial bone composites underwent a MOWHTO and each was fixed using six FlexitSystem plates, according to standard techniques. The same testing procedure that has already been previously defined, used and published, was used to investigate the static and dynamic strength of the prepared bone-implant constructs. The test consisted of static loading and cyclical loading for fatigue testing. Results During static testing, the group constituted by the FlexitSystem showed a fracture load higher than the physiological loading of slow walking (3.7 kN > 2.4 kN). Although this fracture load was relatively small compared to the average values for the other Implants from our previous studies, except for the TomoFix small stature and the Contour Lock. During fatigue testing, FlexitSystem group showed the smallest stiffness and higher lifespan than the TomoFix and the PEEKPower groups. Conclusions The FlexitSystem plate showed sufficient strength for static loading, and average fatigue strength compared to the previously tested implants. Full body dynamic loading of the tibia after MOWHTO with the investigated implants should be avoided for at least three weeks. Implants with a wider T-shaped proximal end, positioned onto the anteromedial side of the tibia head, or inserted in the osteotomy opening in a closed-wedge construction, provided higher mechanical strength than implants with small a T-shaped proximal end, centred onto the medial side of the tibia head. [less ▲]

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See detailEnergy efficiency and indoor aire quality os seminar rooms in older buildings with and without mechanical ventilation
Maas, Stefan UL; da Cruz Antunes, Joël UL; Steffgen, Georges UL

in Bauphysik (2019), 41(October 2019, Heft 5), 243-251

The present paper reports on an experimental study performed in a seminar room of the University of Luxembourg in a building of the 1970ies without a major renovation. This lecture room is typical for ... [more ▼]

The present paper reports on an experimental study performed in a seminar room of the University of Luxembourg in a building of the 1970ies without a major renovation. This lecture room is typical for this building period and has a capacity of 60 seats. It is equipped with a mechanical ventilation system that is normally in operation on workdays for 11 hours a day in semester periods (8:00-19:00h), while windows can be opened manually. A Blower-Door-Test revealed that the room is not airtight. During a year, the ventilation system was shut “on” and “off” in periods of some weeks and the consumed final-energy was measured, as well as the indoor climate assessed by physical and psychological measurements. For instance, the measured CO2 concentrations are marginally better with the ventilation system "on", which was not perceived in any way by the occupants during the investigations. It was not possible to properly identify the impact of ventilation on the consumed heat-energy, as the room could not be thermally separated from the rest of the building. But with the system “on” there was a clear increase in consumed primary energy due to the electric consumption of the fans. No relationship between the perceived percentage of dissatisfied and perceived climate could be observed. It is concluded that the typical normal operation modus is questionable for seminar rooms in older buildings with variable occupancy and that a simple shut down or semi-automatic user controlled modus by low-cost retrofit seems advantageous. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation von bauphysikalischen Vormessungen im Rahmen von komplexen Innendämmprojekten
Latz, Sebastian Joachim UL; Thewes, Andreas; Scholzen, Frank UL et al

in Vogel, Albert (Ed.) Bauphysiktage 2019 in Weimar - Bauphysik in Forschung und Praxis (2019, September 25)

The installation of internal insulation systems within the scope of refurbishment changes the hygrothermal behaviour of the existing masonry of a building in the long term. The internal insulation layer ... [more ▼]

The installation of internal insulation systems within the scope of refurbishment changes the hygrothermal behaviour of the existing masonry of a building in the long term. The internal insulation layer reduces the temperature of the masonry during the heating period and considerably reduces the drying potential. If the moisture content is too high due to the absorption of driving rain from the outside and moisture from the interior climate, the masonry may be permanently damaged and mould may form. The proof of function can be achieved by hygrothermal simulations. These simulations require the input of sensitive boundary conditions and different material parameters. In order to obtain precise simulation results, these input values should be validated by building physics measurements. In order to be able to better assess the simulation parameters, various physical measurements for the preparation of a field test for interior insulation systems in a conference room were carried out on behalf of the administration of the bâtiments publics at the University of Luxembourg as part of the research project "Possibilities and limitations of interior insulation in the renovation of public buildings in Luxembourg". [less ▲]

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See detailInbetriebnahme und Monitoring einer Feldtestfläche zur außenliegenden Lufttemperierung
Schmidt, Christoph Wilhelm UL; Altgeld, Horst; Groß, Bodo et al

in Völker, Conrad; Kornadt, Oliver; Jentsch, Mark (Eds.) et al Schriftenreihe der Professur Bauphysik, Bauphysiktage 2019 in Weimar - Bauphysik in Forschung und Praxis (2019, September 25)

Der Beitrag ist inhaltlich dem Forschungsprojekt „Low Exergy Utilisation - Einsatz von außen-liegender Wandtemperierung bei der Gebäudesanierung - Feldtest, CO2- Wärmepumpe mit Eisspeicher“ (kurz LEXU II ... [more ▼]

Der Beitrag ist inhaltlich dem Forschungsprojekt „Low Exergy Utilisation - Einsatz von außen-liegender Wandtemperierung bei der Gebäudesanierung - Feldtest, CO2- Wärmepumpe mit Eisspeicher“ (kurz LEXU II, Förderkennzeichen 0327370Y) zugeordnet. Im Rahmen des Pro-jektes wurde ein Großdemonstrator mit außenliegender Wand- und Lufttemperierung (kurz aWT & aLT) zusammen mit einem niederexergetischen Versorgungssystem, bestehend aus Eisspeicher, Wärmepumpe und PVT-Hybridkollektoren realisiert. Zur Heizperiode 2018/19 wurde die „Feldtestanlage“ in Betrieb genommen, sodass derzeit Messdaten generiert wer-den. In dem Forschungsprojekt wird der Demonstrator über eine Heizperiode und eine Kühl-periode messtechnisch begleitet und ausgewertet. Dabei wird der Großdemonstrator und alle Komponenten umfassend messtechnisch ausgewertet (~300 Messwerte). Ziel des Beitrags ist eine Darstellung der Grundlagen der außenliegenden Lufttemperierung, als niederexergetische und schnell regelbare Ergänzung zur außenliegenden Wandtemperie-rung. Bei der außenliegenden Lufttemperierung wird zwischen thermisch aktivierter Be-standswand und neuem Wärmedämm-Verbundsystem ein Luftspalt geschaffen, durch den Außenluft geführt und temperiert werden kann. Diese temperierte Außenluft wird dem dahin-terliegenden Raum (im Feldtest ein Büroraum mit rund 20 m² Grundfläche und zwei Arbeits-plätzen) als Frischluft zur Verfügung gestellt. Aufbauend auf den Grundlagen wird die Inbe-triebnahme der bereits umgesetzten Feldtestfläche mit möglichen Regelstrategien geschildert. Abschließend sollen erste Messergebnisse der Feldtestfläche dargestellt und diskutiert wer-den. Interessant sind hier vor allem (im Vergleich zur außenliegenden Wandtemperierung) die möglichen Zeitkonstanten und die erreichbaren Wärmeströme nach Innen (z.B. mögliche Wärmeübertragung als Kombination aus Konvektion im Luftspalt und Wärmeleitung durch die Bestandswand). Themengebiet: Energieeffiziente Gebäude & Bauphysik und Sanierung & Behaglichkeit und Raumklima [less ▲]

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See detailAuswertung eines Großdemonstrators mit außenliegender Wandtemperierung, Wärmepumpe, Eisspeicher und PTV-Hybridkollektoren
Schmidt, Christoph Wilhelm UL; Altgeld, Horst; Groß, Bodo et al

in Völker, Conrad; Kornadt, Oliver; Jentsch, Mark (Eds.) et al Schriftenreihe der Professur Bauphysik, Bauphysiktage 2019 in Weimar - Bauphysik in Forschung und Praxis (2019, September 25)

Der Beitrag ist inhaltlich dem Forschungsprojekt „Low Exergy Utilisation - Einsatz von außen-liegender Wandtemperierung bei der Gebäudesanierung - Feldtest, CO2- Wärmepumpe mit Eisspeicher“ (kurz LEXU II ... [more ▼]

Der Beitrag ist inhaltlich dem Forschungsprojekt „Low Exergy Utilisation - Einsatz von außen-liegender Wandtemperierung bei der Gebäudesanierung - Feldtest, CO2- Wärmepumpe mit Eisspeicher“ (kurz LEXU II, Förderkennzeichen 0327370Y) zugeordnet. Im Rahmen des Pro-jektes wurde ein Großdemonstrator mit außenliegender Wand- und Lufttemperierung (kurz aWT & aLT) zusammen mit einem niederexergetischen Versorgungssystem, bestehend aus Eisspeicher, Wärmepumpe und PVT-Hybridkollektoren realisiert. Zur Heizperiode 2018/19 wurde die „Feldtestanlage“ in Betrieb genommen, sodass derzeit Messdaten generiert wer-den. In dem Forschungsprojekt wird der Demonstrator über eine Heizperiode und eine Kühl-periode messtechnisch begleitet und ausgewertet. Dabei wird der Großdemonstrator und alle Komponenten umfassend messtechnisch ausgewertet (~300 Messwerte). Ziel des Beitrags ist eine Darstellung der messtechnischen Auswertung des Großdemonstra-tors über die aktuelle Heizperiode (2018/19) und die anstehende Kühlperiode (2019). Der Fo-kus der Auswertung liegt auf der Feldtestfassade der außenliegenden Wandtemperierung und adressiert die folgenden Fragestellungen: - Konnten die theoretischen Ergebnisse aus Berechnung und Simulation reproduziert werden? - Welche Heizleistungen sind über die außenliegende Wandtemperierung übertragbar? - Welches Fazit kann nach dem Betrieb der Anlage/Feldtestfläche über ca. ein Jahr ge-zogen werden? Je nach aktuellem Stand der begleitenden Simulations- und Potentialstudien können auch hier erste Ergebnisse präsentiert werden. Inhaltlich baut der Beitrag auf dem Beitrag „Außen-liegende Wand- und Lufttemperierung: Umsetzung eines Großdemonstrators“ von den Bau-physiktagen 2017 in Kaiserslautern auf. Im Anschluss an die dort beschriebene Umsetzung soll nun ein Fazit bzgl. Umsetzung, Monitoring und Simulation gezogen werden. [less ▲]

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See detailGraft materials provide greater static strength to medial opening wedge high tibial osteotomy than when no graft is included
Belsey, James; Diffo Kaze, Arnaud UL; Jobson, Simon et al

in Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics (2019), 6(13),

Background The purpose of this study was to compare the stability of medial opening-wedge high tibial osteotomy (MOWHTO) with and without different graft materials. Good clinical and radiological outcomes ... [more ▼]

Background The purpose of this study was to compare the stability of medial opening-wedge high tibial osteotomy (MOWHTO) with and without different graft materials. Good clinical and radiological outcomes have been demonstrated when either using or not using graft materials during MOWHTO. Variations in the biomechanical properties of different graft types, regarding the stability they provide a MOWHTO, have not been previously investigated. Methods A 10 mm biplanar MOWHTO was performed on 15 artificial sawbone tibiae, which were fixed using the Activmotion 2 plate. Five bones had OSferion60 wedges (synthetic group), five had allograft bone wedges (allograft group), and five had no wedges (control group) inserted into the osteotomy gap. Static compression was applied axially to each specimen until failure of the osteotomy. Ultimate load, horizontal and vertical displacements were measured and used to calculate construct stiffness and valgus malrotation of the tibial head. Results The synthetic group failed at 6.3 kN, followed by the allograft group (6 kN), and the control group (4.5 kN). The most valgus malrotation of the tibial head was observed in the allograft group (2.6°). The synthetic group showed the highest stiffness at the medial side of the tibial head (9.54 kN·mm− 1), but the lowest stiffness at the lateral side (1.59 kN·mm-1). The allograft group showed high stiffness on the medial side of the tibial head (7.54 kN·mm− 1) as well as the highest stiffness on the lateral side (2.18 kN·mm− 1). Conclusions The use of graft materials in MOWHTO results in superior material properties compared to the use of no graft. The static strength of MOWHTO is highest when synthetic grafts are inserted into the osteotomy gap. Allograft wedges provide higher mechanical strength to a MOWHTO than when no graft used. In comparison to the synthetic grafts, allograft wedges result in the stiffness of the osteotomy being more similar at the medial and lateral cortices. [less ▲]

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See detailComparison of different excitationand data sampling-methods in structural health monitoring
Maas, Stefan UL; Nguyen, Viet Ha UL; Kebig, Tanja UL et al

in Civil Engineering Design (2019), 1

Structural Health Monitoring with analysis of dynamic characteristics intends to detect stiffness changes caused by damage. It can be performed by vibrational tests resulting to modal parameters, that is ... [more ▼]

Structural Health Monitoring with analysis of dynamic characteristics intends to detect stiffness changes caused by damage. It can be performed by vibrational tests resulting to modal parameters, that is, eigenfrequencies, damping, modeshapes, or modal masses. Those parameters are themselves informational and even allow often deducing the stiffness matrix. Based on that, it is possible to identify and to localize changes in the stiffness matrix due to damage, that is, localization and quantification of damage. However, changing test conditions, like ambient temperature or excitation force or existing nonlinearities of concrete, show important influence on damage indicators and hence need compensation prior to damage detection. Considering this background, this article focuses on comparing ambient excitation to forced excitation including appropriate exciters. Furthermore, continuous monitoring is discussed vs discrete testing in distinct time-intervals. The intention of the comparison is to give an overview, that is, helpful for choosing appropriate measurement technique for the sake of correct damage detection subsequently. [less ▲]

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See detailBRIDGE MONITORING WITH HARMONIC EXCITATION AND PRINCIPAL COMPONENT ANALYSIS
Nguyen, Viet Ha UL; Golinval, Jean-Claude; Maas, Stefan UL

in The Baltic Journal of Road and Bridge Engineering (2019)

Principal Component Analysis is used for damage detection in structures excited by harmonic forces. Time responses are directly analysed by Singular Value Decomposition to deduct two dominant Proper ... [more ▼]

Principal Component Analysis is used for damage detection in structures excited by harmonic forces. Time responses are directly analysed by Singular Value Decomposition to deduct two dominant Proper Orthogonal Values corresponding to two Proper Orthogonal Modes. Damage index is defined by the concept of subspace angle that a subspace is built from the two Proper Orthogonal Modes. A subspace angle reflects the coherence between two different structural health states. An example is given through the application on a part of a real prestressed concrete bridge in Luxembourg where different damage states were created by cutting a number of prestressed tendons in four scenarios with increasing levels. Results are better by using excitation frequency close to an eigenfrequency of the structure. The technique is convenient for practical application in operational bridge structures. [less ▲]

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See detailMaterials, valves and sealing gaskets for high pressure applications
Repplinger, Christian UL; Sellen, Stephan; Kedziora, Slawomir UL et al

Poster (2019)

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See detailBiomechanical testing of osteotomy plates
Maas, Stefan UL; Diffo Kaze, Arnaud UL

Scientific Conference (2018, November 30)

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See detailModellierung und Validierung von Simulationsansätzen für die aussenliegende Lufttemperierung
Schmidt, Christoph Wilhelm; Scholzen, Frank UL; Maas, Stefan UL et al

in Tagungsband BauSim 2018 (2018, September)

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See detailFinite element analysis of the pelvis including gait muscle forces: an investigation into the effect of rami fractures on load transmission
Ricci, Pierre-Louis UL; Maas, Stefan UL; Kelm, Jens et al

in Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics (2018), 5(33), 1-9

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See detailInfluence of pubic symphysis stiffness on pelvis stress distribution during single leg stance
Ricci, Pierre-Louis UL; Maas, Stefan UL; Gerich, Torsten et al

Poster (2018, July 09)

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See detailWas wissen wir über die Osteitis pubis bei Sporttreibenden?
Kelm, Jens; Ludwig, Oliver; André, Jan et al

in Sportverletzung Sportschaden : Organ der Gesellschaft für Orthopadisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin (2018)

Hintergrund Die Osteitis pubis ist eine häufige Ursache chronischer Leistenbeschwerden. Aufgrund hoher klinischer Unsicherheit sowie dem unterschiedlichen Verlauf der Erkrankung wird die Diagnose nicht ... [more ▼]

Hintergrund Die Osteitis pubis ist eine häufige Ursache chronischer Leistenbeschwerden. Aufgrund hoher klinischer Unsicherheit sowie dem unterschiedlichen Verlauf der Erkrankung wird die Diagnose nicht selten erst spät gestellt. Das Krankheitsbild betrifft insbesondere Sportlerinnen und Sportler, wobei auch Patienten aus den Bereichen Orthopädie, Traumatologie, Neurologie, Urologie, Gynäkologie sowie der Rheumatologie betroffen sein können. Therapeutisch kommen sowohl konservative als auch operative Verfahren zum Einsatz. Material und Methoden Systematische Literaturrecherche, deskriptive Darstellung der Studienlage und Interpretation der Ergebnisse im Sinne der evidenzbasierten Medizin. Ergebnisse Das wissenschaftliche Niveau der Studien über die Osteitis pubis ist, wie die Anzahl der in Studien inkludierten Sporttreibenden, insgesamt niedrig. Aufgrund der Heterogenität der Publikationen ist ihr statistischer Vergleich methodisch schwierig. Klinisch führendes Symptom der Osteitis pubis ist die schmerzhafte Symphysis pubica, wobei ein klassisches pathognomonisches Zeichen fehlt. Die Diagnose basiert nach Ausschluss zahlreicher Differentialdiagnosen (z. B. „Sportlerleiste“, FA-Impingement, Adduktorenläsion) auf der Zusammenschau von Anamnese, klinischer Untersuchung sowie bildgebender Verfahren. Die Osteitis pubis ist eine durch Sportkarenz oftmals selbstlimitierende Erkrankung, die initial konservativ behandelt wird. Bei frustranem Verlauf sind operative Verfahren, in Abhängigkeit der Begleitpathologien, in Betracht zu ziehen. Schlussfolgerung Es existieren bis dato keine Leitlinien hinsichtlich Diagnostik und Therapie der Osteitis pubis, allerdings ein Konsens darüber, dass der operativen Behandlung eine konservative vorangehen muss. Das Evidenzniveau der Studien ist niedrig. Eine metaanalytische Auswertung ist mit den derzeitig vorhandenen Publikationen nicht möglich. Die Anzahl der untersuchten Sporttreibenden ist in Relation zu den sozioökonomischen Folgen der Erkrankung, insbesondere im Profisport, niedrig. [less ▲]

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