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Stochastically driven single-level quantum dot: A nanoscale finite-time thermodynamic machine and its various operational modes Esposito, Massimiliano ; ; et al in Physical Review E (2012), 85(3), We describe a single-level quantum dot in contact with two leads as a nanoscale finite-time thermodynamic machine. The dot is driven by an external stochastic force that switches its energy between two ... [more ▼] We describe a single-level quantum dot in contact with two leads as a nanoscale finite-time thermodynamic machine. The dot is driven by an external stochastic force that switches its energy between two values. In the isothermal regime, it can operate as a rechargeable battery by generating an electric current against the applied bias in response to the stochastic driving and then redelivering work in the reverse cycle. This behavior is reminiscent of the Parrondo paradox. If there is a thermal gradient the device can function as a work-generating thermal engine or as a refrigerator that extracts heat from the cold reservoir via the work input of the stochastic driving. The efficiency of the machine at maximum power output is investigated for each mode of operation, and universal features are identified. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 96 (3 UL)Thermodynamics of a stochastic twin elevator ; ; Esposito, Massimiliano et al in Physical Review E (2011), 84(5), We study the nonequilibrium thermodynamics of a single particle with two available energy levels, in contact with a classical (Maxwell-Boltzmann) or quantum (Bose-Einstein) heat bath. The particle can ... [more ▼] We study the nonequilibrium thermodynamics of a single particle with two available energy levels, in contact with a classical (Maxwell-Boltzmann) or quantum (Bose-Einstein) heat bath. The particle can undergo transitions between the levels via thermal activation or deactivation. The energy levels are alternately raised at a given rate regardless of occupation by the particle, maintaining a fixed energy gap equal to ε between them. We explicitly calculate the work, heat, and entropy production rates. The efficiency in both the classical and the quantum case goes to a limit between 100 and 50% that depends on the relative rates of particle transitions and level elevation. In the classical problem we explicitly find the large deviation functions for heat, work, and internal energy. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 671 (0 UL)Quantum-dot Carnot engine at maximum power Esposito, Massimiliano ; ; et al in Physical Review E (2010), 81(4), We evaluate the efficiency at maximum power of a quantum-dot Carnot heat engine. The universal values of the coefficients at the linear and quadratic order in the temperature gradient are reproduced ... [more ▼] We evaluate the efficiency at maximum power of a quantum-dot Carnot heat engine. The universal values of the coefficients at the linear and quadratic order in the temperature gradient are reproduced. Curzon-Ahlborn efficiency is recovered in the limit of weak dissipation. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 84 (0 UL)Efficiency at Maximum Power of Low-Dissipation Carnot Engines Esposito, Massimiliano ; ; et al in Physical Review Letters (2010), 105(15), Detailed reference viewed: 67 (0 UL)Entropy production as correlation between system and reservoir Esposito, Massimiliano ; ; in New Journal of Physics (2010), 12 We derive an exact (classical and quantum) expression for the entropy production of a finite system placed in contact with one or several finite reservoirs, each of which is initially described by a ... [more ▼] We derive an exact (classical and quantum) expression for the entropy production of a finite system placed in contact with one or several finite reservoirs, each of which is initially described by a canonical equilibrium distribution. Although the total entropy of system plus reservoirs is conserved, we show that system entropy production is always positive and is a direct measure of system–reservoir correlations and/or entanglements. Using an exactly solvable quantum model, we illustrate our novel interpretation of the Second Law in a microscopically reversible finite-size setting, with strong coupling between the system and the reservoirs. With this model, we also explicitly show the approach of our exact formulation to the standard description of irreversibility in the limit of a large reservoir. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 72 (0 UL)Extracting chemical energy by growing disorder: efficiency at maximum power Esposito, Massimiliano ; ; in Journal of Statistical Mechanics : Theory and Experiment (2010) We consider the efficiency of chemical energy extraction from the environment by the growth of a copolymer made of two constituent units in the entropy-driven regime. We show that the thermodynamic ... [more ▼] We consider the efficiency of chemical energy extraction from the environment by the growth of a copolymer made of two constituent units in the entropy-driven regime. We show that the thermodynamic nonlinearity associated with the information processing aspect is responsible for a branching of the system properties such as power, speed of growth, entropy production, and efficiency, with varying affinity. The standard linear thermodynamics argument which predicts an efficiency of 1/2 at maximum power is inappropriate because the regime of maximum power is located either outside of the linear regime or on a separate bifurcated branch, and because the usual thermodynamic force is not the natural variable for this optimization. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 52 (0 UL)Universality of Efficiency at Maximum Power Esposito, Massimiliano ; ; in Physical Review Letters (2009), 102(13), Detailed reference viewed: 86 (2 UL)Pulse propagation in tapered granular chains: An analytic study ; ; Esposito, Massimiliano et al in Physical Review E (2009), 80(3), Detailed reference viewed: 63 (0 UL)Pulse propagation in decorated granular chains: An analytical approach ; ; et al in Physical Review E (2009), 80(5), Detailed reference viewed: 56 (0 UL)Continuous-time random walk for open systems: Fluctuation theorems and counting statistics Esposito, Massimiliano ; in Physical Review E (2008), 77(5), Detailed reference viewed: 30 (0 UL) |
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