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See detailSecure Transmission in Cell-Free Massive MIMO With RF Impairments and Low-Resolution ADCs/DACs
Zhang, Xianyu; Liang, Tao; An, Kang et al

in IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology (2021), 70(9, Sept. 2021), 8937-8949

This paper considers the secure transmission in a cell-free massive MIMO system with imperfect radio frequency (RF) chains and low-resolution analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) and digital-to-analog ... [more ▼]

This paper considers the secure transmission in a cell-free massive MIMO system with imperfect radio frequency (RF) chains and low-resolution analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) and digital-to-analog converters (DACs) at both access points (APs) and legitimate users, where an active eavesdropper attempts to wiretap the confidential data. The Gaussian RF impairment model (GRFIM) and additive quantization noise model (AQNM) are used to evaluate the impacts of the RF impairments and low resolution ADCs/DACs, respectively. The analytical results of the linear minimum mean square error (MMSE) channel estimation show that there is nonzero floor on the estimation error with respect to the RF impairments, ADC/DAC precision and the pilot power of the eavesdropper which is different from the conventional case with perfect transceiver. Then, a tractable closed-form expression for the ergodic secrecy rate is obtained with respect to key system parameters, such as the antenna number per AP, the AP number, user number, quality factors of the ADC/DAC and the RF chain, pilot signal power of the eavesdropper, etc. Moreover, a compensation algorithm between the imperfect RF components and the inexpensive coarse ADCs/DACs is also presented. Finally, numerical results are provided to illustrate the efficiency of the achieved expressions and the devised algorithm, and show the effects of RF impairments and low resolution ADC/DAC on the secrecy performance. [less ▲]

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See detailSecure Energy Efficiency Maximization in Cognitive Satellite-Terrestrial Networks
Lu, Weixin; An, Kang; Liang, Tao et al

in IEEE Systems Journal (2021), 15(2), 2382-2385

This article investigates the secure energy efficiency (EE) optimization problem in a cognitive satellite-terrestrial network with a capable eavesdropper. The objective is to maximize the secure EE for ... [more ▼]

This article investigates the secure energy efficiency (EE) optimization problem in a cognitive satellite-terrestrial network with a capable eavesdropper. The objective is to maximize the secure EE for the primary satellite network while satisfying the allowable signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio requirements of the secondary and primary users along within the transmit power limitation of both satellite and the terrestrial base station. Owing to the nonconvexity and intractability of the original optimization problem, a beamforming scheme and associated transformation algorithms are proposed by jointly applying the Taylor approximation, fraction programming, and alternating search to cope with the implementation difficulty. The key is to convert the original optimization problem into a simple convex framework and obtain the optimal solution step by step. Finally, numerical simulations are given to verify the feasibility and practicability of the proposed optimization algorithms. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Application of Power-Domain Non-Orthogonal Multiple Access in Satellite Communication Networks
Yan, Xiaojuan; An, Kang; Liang, Tao et al

in IEEE Access (2019), 7

Satellite communication networks are expected to be indispensable as part of an integrated complement for the upcoming 5G networks since they can provide the most comprehensive coverage and reliable ... [more ▼]

Satellite communication networks are expected to be indispensable as part of an integrated complement for the upcoming 5G networks since they can provide the most comprehensive coverage and reliable connection for areas where are economically unviable and/or difficult to deploy terrestrial infrastructures. Meanwhile, the power-domain non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA), which can serve multiple users simultaneously within the same time/frequency block, has been viewed as another promising strategy used in the 5G network to provide high spectral efficiency and resource utilization. In this paper, we introduce a general overview of the application of the NOMA to various satellite architectures for the benefits of meeting the availability, coverage, and efficiency requirements targeted by the 5G. The fundamental and ubiquitous features of satellite link budget are first reviewed. Then, the advantage and benefit of introducing the NOMA scheme in various satellite architectures, such as conventional downlink/uplink satellite networks, cognitive satellite terrestrial networks, and cooperative satellite networks with satellite/terrestrial relays, are provided, along with the motivation and research methodology for each scenario. Finally, this paper reviews the potential directions for future research. [less ▲]

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