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See detailLEO Satellite Communications with Massive MIMO
You, L.; Li, Kexin UL; Wang, Jiaheng et al

in ICC 2020 - 2020 IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC), LEO Satellite Communications with Massive MIMO (2020, July 27)

Low earth orbit (LEO) satellite communications are expected to be incorporated in future wireless networks to provide global wireless access with enhanced data rates. Massive multiple-input multiple ... [more ▼]

Low earth orbit (LEO) satellite communications are expected to be incorporated in future wireless networks to provide global wireless access with enhanced data rates. Massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) techniques, though widely used in terrestrial communication systems, have not been applied to LEO satellite communication systems. In this paper, we propose a massive MIMO downlink (DL) transmission scheme with full frequency reuse (FFR) for LEO satellite communication systems by exploiting statistical channel state information (sCSI) at the transmitter. We first establish a massive MIMO channel model for LEO satellite communications and propose Doppler and time delay compensation techniques at user terminals (UTs). Then, we develop a closed-form low-complexity sCSI based DL precoder by maximizing the average signal-to-leakage-plus-noise ratio (ASLNR). Motivated by the DL ASLNR upper bound, we further propose a space angle based user grouping algorithm to schedule the served UTs into different groups, where each group of UTs use the same time and frequency resource. Numerical results demonstrate that the proposed massive MIMO transmission scheme with FFR significantly enhances the data rate of LEO satellite communication systems. [less ▲]

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