References of "Lesschaeve, Christophe 50029105"
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See detailThe Matthew Effect in Electoral Campaigns: Increase in Policy Congruence Inequality During the Campaign
Walgrave, Stefaan; Lesschaeve, Christophe UL

in Electoral Studies : An International Journal (in press)

Previous studies have almost consistently found differences between lower and higher educated voters regarding their policy congruence, the policy position agreement between voters and their party. This ... [more ▼]

Previous studies have almost consistently found differences between lower and higher educated voters regarding their policy congruence, the policy position agreement between voters and their party. This study analyses the role of a campaign herein. Based on novel panel evidence with an extensive battery of policy statements, combined with a survey of party leaders using the same items, we find that, more than the lowly educated, the highly educated profit from the campaign to increase their policy congruence. The reason for the increased inequality is that the later switch parties more often during the campaign than the former. Our evidence also suggests that the higher educated switch parties because this may increase their policy congruence. In sum, the campaign produces a Matthew effect. Those already having a higher policy congruence increase their congruence even further, while those with a lower congruence to start with, do not make any significant progress. [less ▲]

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See detailConsolidated democracy advantage: political instability and sovereign spreads in the EU
Glaurdic, Josip UL; Lesschaeve, Christophe UL; Vizek, Maruška

in Comparative European Politics (2019), Online first

We expose the way the market evaluates internal political risk and instability in democratic polities by analysing the determinants of sovereign spreads of EU member states over the course of the past two ... [more ▼]

We expose the way the market evaluates internal political risk and instability in democratic polities by analysing the determinants of sovereign spreads of EU member states over the course of the past two decades. Our analysis builds on the “democratic advantage” argument which suggests democracies enjoy preferential treatment on the international market of sovereign debt because of their better ability to make credible commitments. We suggest that, when it comes to the market’s evaluation of internal political instability and risk in democratic polities, there actually exists a “consolidated democracy advantage”. In times of political instability, older and more consolidated democracies pay less of a premium on their debt than their younger and less consolidated counterparts. In other words, the market indeed views the commitment of consolidated democracies with long track records of democratic competition and survival as something qualitatively diferent than the commitment of new democracies with short track records. [less ▲]

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See detailModelling the Legacies of War Violence: Voters, Parties, Communities
Glaurdic, Josip UL; Lesschaeve, Christophe UL; Mochtak, Michal UL

in Anali Hrvatskog politološkog društva: časopis za politologiju (2019), 15(1), 77-101

Wars are extreme events with profound social consequences. Political science, however, has a limited grasp of their impact on the nature and content of political competition which follows in their wake ... [more ▼]

Wars are extreme events with profound social consequences. Political science, however, has a limited grasp of their impact on the nature and content of political competition which follows in their wake. That is partly the case due to a lack of conceptual clarity when it comes to capturing the effects of war with reliable data. This article systematises and evaluates the attempts at modelling the consequences of war in political science research which relies on quantitative methods. Our discussion is organised around three levels of analysis: individual level of voters, institutional level of political parties, and the aggregate level of communities. We devote particular attention to modelling the legacies of the most recent wars in Southeast Europe, and we offer our view of which efforts have the best potential to help set the foundations of a promising research programme. [less ▲]

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See detail) Voting after violence: How combat experiences and postwar trauma affect veteran and voter party choices in Croatia’s 2003 postwar elections.
Lesschaeve, Christophe UL

in Armed Forces & Society (2019)

This article investigates the role of war experiences on voters and veterans’ party choices in postwar elections. The literature has looked at the relation between military experience and electoral ... [more ▼]

This article investigates the role of war experiences on voters and veterans’ party choices in postwar elections. The literature has looked at the relation between military experience and electoral behavior, and at the political consequences of war-related psychological distress, yet has never integrated the two. This article looks at the war experiences and specifically the development of war trauma on the likelihood of casting a vote for a nationalist party during a postwar election. Based on a 2003 survey of 1,000 Croatian voters, I find that veterans of Croatia’s war of independence are more likely to vote for nationalist parties. However, voters who showed signs of trauma were less likely to vote for these parties. In addition, veterans suffering from psychological trauma after the war were far less likely to vote for nationalist parties. [less ▲]

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See detailInequality in Party-voter Opinion Congruence: A Matter of Choices Made or Choices Given?
Lesschaeve, Christophe UL

in Representation (2017), 53(2), 153-166

Studies on the agreement, or congruence, between voters and parties have often found more congruence between higher educated voters and the parties for which they vote than between lower educated voters ... [more ▼]

Studies on the agreement, or congruence, between voters and parties have often found more congruence between higher educated voters and the parties for which they vote than between lower educated voters and their party selections. The literature offers two explanations for this finding. The first argues that lower educated voters vote ‘incorrectly’, selecting less congruent parties at the ballot box, despite the presence of a better alternative. The second posits that they lack policy offers for which to vote. This paper seeks to detangle these two explanations. Based on a dataset containing the positions of Belgian voters and parties on 23 policy statements, we find that inequality in opinion congruence is primarily the result of incorrect voting by lower educated voters. However, given Belgium’s political system—which increase the likelihood of policy offers attuned to lower educated voters, the education bias in parties’ policy offers is surprisingly high. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Predictive Power of the Left-Right Self-Placement Scale for the Policy Positions of Voters and Parties.
Lesschaeve, Christophe UL

in West European Politics (2017), 40(2), 357-377

The left-right self-placement scale is often used in political science as a proxy for the policy positions of voters and parties. Yet studies have suggested that, for voters, this relation is dependent on ... [more ▼]

The left-right self-placement scale is often used in political science as a proxy for the policy positions of voters and parties. Yet studies have suggested that, for voters, this relation is dependent on education level. These studies were, however, hampered by data limitations and restricted statistical analyses. In addition, the extent to which the relation between the left-right self-placement scale and policy positions differs for parties and voters has not been explored. This article looks at the differential relation between left-right self-placement and policy positions for voters with different education levels on an integrated dataset containing over 50 voter and party policy positions. It is found that the left-right self-placement scale is a much better predictor for the policy positions of parties than it is for the policy preferences of voters. Robustness checks show that neither the saliency of the policy positions nor their complexity moderates these findings. [less ▲]

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See detailFinding Inequality in an Unlikely Place: Differences in Policy Congruence between Social Groups in Belgium
Lesschaeve, Christophe UL

in Acta Politica (2017), 52(3), 361383

This paper seeks to develop and test an issue-level determinants model of opinion congruence inequality between the privileged and the underprivileged social groups. Current theories on congruence ... [more ▼]

This paper seeks to develop and test an issue-level determinants model of opinion congruence inequality between the privileged and the underprivileged social groups. Current theories on congruence inequality and representation focus on country-level factors such as the interest group system or campaign finance. The existing literature focuses far less on variation in inequality in preference representation in a single context. To fill this void in the literature, we develop an issue-level model of opinion congruence inequality between the privileged and the underprivileged groups in terms of education and income. Based on an integrated dataset containing the policy positions of parties and voters in Belgium on 229 policy statements, we find that when social groups have different policy positions, preferences in the legislature align more with the preferences of the privileged social groups. In addition, opinion congruence inequality also depends on the importance of the issues to groups: the difference in opinion congruence is larger for economic and tax policies, vital to the privileged groups, but smaller on issues related to social welfare, crucial to the underprivileged groups. Finally, the results show that when voters of a group disagree with their party’s position on an issue, their preferences regarding that issue are less well represented in the legislature. [less ▲]

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See detailNaar Een Voorwaardelijk Model van Ongelijkheid in Vertegenwoordiging. Een Onderzoek Naar Het Moderatie-Effecten van Beleidsdomeinen Op Ongelijkheid in Beleidscongruentie
Lesschaeve, Christophe UL

in Res Publica (2016), 58(1), 59-80

Dit artikel onderzoekt in welke mate het verschil of ongelijkheid in beleidscongruentie tussen hoog- en laagopgeleiden wordt gemodereerd door beleidsdomeinen. In plaats van een geaggregeerde meting van ... [more ▼]

Dit artikel onderzoekt in welke mate het verschil of ongelijkheid in beleidscongruentie tussen hoog- en laagopgeleiden wordt gemodereerd door beleidsdomeinen. In plaats van een geaggregeerde meting van ongelijkheid in beleidscongruentie, over alle beleidsdomeinen heen, wordt hier een domein-specifieke benadering gehanteerd. De analyses zijn gebaseerd op een dataset die de standpunten van kiezers en partijen op 50 beleidsstellingen bevat, verzameld in de aanloop naar de regionale verkiezingen van 2009 in Vlaanderen. We vinden dat er, globaal genomen, slechts kleine verschillen tussen hoog- en laagopgeleiden bestaan. Als we echter kijken naar mobiliteit, cultuur, immigratie, belastings- en begrotingsbeleid, en algemeen economisch beleid, dan zien we de kloof toenemen. Tegelijkertijd zien we het verschil afnemen bij het domein ruimtelijke ordening. Een geaggregeerde benadering verhult dus complexere patronen van ongelijkheid in beleidscongruentie. [less ▲]

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See detailHet Effect van Lokale Verkiezingscampagnes Op Politieke Kennis. De Case van de Antwerpse Lokale Verkiezingen
Lefevere, Jonas; Lesschaeve, Christophe UL

in Tijdschrift voor Communicatiewetenschap (2014), 42(1), 7188

Political knowledge is crucial for the functioning of democracy: only informed citizens can cast a substantiated vote. Therefore, it is especially important that citizens are informed during election ... [more ▼]

Political knowledge is crucial for the functioning of democracy: only informed citizens can cast a substantiated vote. Therefore, it is especially important that citizens are informed during election campaigns. Indeed, election campaigns can educate the public on the various parties and candidates. However, extant research mostly focuses on national election campaigns. Local election campaigns often get less (media) attention, yet have been seldom researched. In this paper we investigate whether citizens also learn during local election campaigns. We use panel data collected during the 2012 Antwerp local election campaign. We find that although the campaign did cause slight knowledge gains, it mainly increased the existing knowledge gap between well- and ill-informed citizens. On the other hand the campaign did amend some other gaps: uncertain voters learned more, and voters learned most about parties they evaluated highly. [less ▲]

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