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See detailDu grand débat à la grande débacle
Kies, Raphaël UL

in forum (2019), 393

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See detailA gradualist path toward sortition
Burks, Deven UL; Kies, Raphaël UL

in Gastil, John; Wright, Erik Olin (Eds.) Legislature by Lot: Transformative Designs for Deliberative Governance (2019)

Conventional wisdom holds that building democracy takes time. Deliberative democracy will likely prove no exception. To that end, this chapter will explore one possible path towards more deliberative ... [more ▼]

Conventional wisdom holds that building democracy takes time. Deliberative democracy will likely prove no exception. To that end, this chapter will explore one possible path towards more deliberative institutions and decision-making in the form of Gastil and Wright’s proposal for a Sortition Chamber. Our thesis is that deliberative innovations, notably a sortition chamber, require a gradualist approach to implementation. While other authors in this volume may take for granted that some form of sortition chamber will be institutionalized and focus instead on design questions, we probe the necessary conditions preceding institutionalization. To support this thesis, we shall make an argument comprising four main claims. 1.) Sortition is a promising deliberative innovation. 2.) A strong, unaccountable deliberative device like sortition may delegitimize citizen deliberation and future deliberative innovations, in particular a sortition chamber. 3.) A weaker deliberative device like citizens’ consultation is effective though often blocked by a lack of institutional footing. 4.) Citizens’ consultation, once proven to be effective and regular, opens one path towards enhanced deliberative innovations like the sortition chamber. Claim 1.) will not be developed here beyond the point that a sortition chamber’s “hybrid legitimacy” may allow it to overcome critiques addressed to one-shot, single-issue consultative or 1 empowered mini-publics which may lack institutional footing1. Such mini-publics face multiple challenges: significant social or political uptake, electoral accountability, capture by interests, political redundancy, representativeness, biases, frames2. If a sortition chamber prima facie meets or precludes these different critiques, it represents a striking contribution to democratic innovations beyond mini-publics. That said, we must work out claims 2.), 3.) and 4.) in individual sections below. While examples in 3.) and 4.) will mainly be drawn from the European Union, we maintain that this argument is broadly applicable at local, regional national and transnational levels. We argue that, if institutionalizing consultative mini-publics is desirable and feasible at the EU level, it will be all the more so at other levels throughout the decision-making process’ different stages. [less ▲]

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See detailÉtendre le droit de vote des étrangers aux élections législatives : Pourquoi les Luxembourgeois n’en veulent pas ?
Kies, Raphaël UL

in Farhat, Nadim; Poirier, Philippe (Eds.) Démocratie(s), parlementarisme(s) et légitimité(s) (2019)

Avec 78% de vote contraire, le référendum de juin 2015 portant sur l’étendue du droit de vote actif pour les élections législatives aux résidents étrangers, sera rappelé comme un évènement marquant de ... [more ▼]

Avec 78% de vote contraire, le référendum de juin 2015 portant sur l’étendue du droit de vote actif pour les élections législatives aux résidents étrangers, sera rappelé comme un évènement marquant de l’histoire politique et sociale contemporaine du Luxembourg au même titre que le référendum de 2005 portant sur le traité constitutionnel européen. Suivant une analyse largement partagée au lendemain du référendum, il marquerait un point de cassure durable entre, d’une part, l’élite économique, sociale et culturelle du Luxembourg qui embrasse avec confiance la mondialisation, le cosmopolitisme et le multilinguisme, et, d’autre part, le reste du pays qui à travers un vote massif contre le référendum a souhaité exprimer sa perte de repères identitaires, sociaux et politiques par rapport à une société qui évolue trop rapidement. L’objectif de ce chapitre est celui de définir sur base d'une analyse portant sur les résultats d'un sondage post-électorale commissionée par la Chambre des Députés, si cette interprétation est effectivement celle qui permet d’expliquer le résultat du référendum de juin 2015. [less ▲]

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See detailLuxembourg
Kies, Raphaël UL; Schmit, Dan UL; Dumont, Patrick UL

in European Journal of Political Research (2019)

The 2018 political year was dominated by the parliamentary elections on 14 October2018. The general expectation was that the Christian Democrats (CSV), who had been inopposition since 2013,would win the ... [more ▼]

The 2018 political year was dominated by the parliamentary elections on 14 October2018. The general expectation was that the Christian Democrats (CSV), who had been inopposition since 2013,would win the election and return to government.In the end,they lostvotes and the incumbent coalition of Liberals (DP), Social Democrats (LSAP) and Greens(Déi Gréng) could maintain its majority, allowing the three parties to continue for a secondterm. These elections also led to the rise of the Pirate Party.On the legislative front, several bills on the government’s legislative agenda were votedon by Parliament. [less ▲]

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See detailE-pétitions à la Chambre des Députés. Un succès déstabilisant
Kies, Raphaël UL

in Frieseisen, Claude; Moes, Regis; Polfer, Michel (Eds.) et al 100 ans de suffrage universel au Luxembourg (2019)

Depuis que la Chambre des Députés a introduit les pétitions électroniques en avril 2013, il ne se passe pas une semaine sans que les médias traditionnels et sociaux n’y fassent référence. Généralement ils ... [more ▼]

Depuis que la Chambre des Députés a introduit les pétitions électroniques en avril 2013, il ne se passe pas une semaine sans que les médias traditionnels et sociaux n’y fassent référence. Généralement ils le font pour informer le public du dépôt de nouvelles pétitions ou pour présenter et débattre des pétitions qui ont reçu un grand nombre de signatures. Un récent sondage réalisé en 2018 révèle par ailleurs qu’en moyenne 64 % des citoyens luxembourgeois disent avoir signé au moins une e-pétition sur le site de la Chambre des Députés1. Il est par conséquent assez logique que les e-pétitions soient perçues comme le principal instrument de démocratie participative du pays et qu’elles monopolisent régulièrement le débat public pendant des semaines en mettant à l’agenda des questions souvent controversées. Prenons l’exemple d’une e-pétition qui demandait que la langue luxembourgeoise devienne la principale langue du pays en obtenant un nombre très élevé de signatures. Bien que les e-pétitions soient rapidement devenues un instrument participatif incontournable, à la fois enrichissant et perturbateur du système politique luxembourgeois, elles n’ont été que très peu étudiées. L’objectif de cet article est d’offrir un tour d’horizon du fonctionnement et de la recherche autour des e-pétitions au Luxembourg. [less ▲]

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See detailLuxembourg: The permanent downfall of Luxembourg’s dominant party?
Dumont, Patrick UL; Kies, Raphaël UL; Schmit, Dan UL

in De Sio, Lorenzo; Frankin, Mark N.; Russo, Luana (Eds.) The European Parliament Elections of 2019 (2019)

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See detailMedia Pluralism Monitor 2017: Luxembourg
Kies, Raphaël UL; Schall, Céline UL

Report (2018)

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See detailLuxembourg
Dumont, Patrick UL; Kies, Raphaël UL

in European Journal of Political Research (2018), 57

After one year of interruption that followed three years of elections and referendum,Luxembourgish voters were again invited to the polls, this time to select their localrepresentatives. The local ... [more ▼]

After one year of interruption that followed three years of elections and referendum,Luxembourgish voters were again invited to the polls, this time to select their localrepresentatives. The local elections confirmed the positive trend of the Christian SocialPeople’s Party (CSV), continued losses for Luxembourg’s Socialist Workers’ Party (LSAP)and a stabilization of the other parties. While the issue of identity and language was notat the centre of the local campaign, fears concerning the loss of language and identity dueto economic and population growth (essentially from resident foreigners and commuters)continued to haunt political debates throughout the year. These fears were fuelled by thenew movementWee 2050-Nee 2015that supports the protection of the Luxembourgishlanguage and identity, and the controversies surrounding the new nationality law thatsimplifies the access to the Luxembourgish nationality, the introduction of a bilingualeducation (French and Luxembourgish) in nurseries, and the governmental action plan topromote the Luxembourgish language.Finally,2017 was marked by the adoption of the long-awaited reform of the Council of State and important social reforms [less ▲]

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See detailOnline deliberation: state of the art
Kies, Raphaël UL

E-print/Working paper (2017)

In the last decade, the issue of online deliberation (or web-deliberation) has gained an important visibility among the scholars in the domain of political science, political philosophy, political ... [more ▼]

In the last decade, the issue of online deliberation (or web-deliberation) has gained an important visibility among the scholars in the domain of political science, political philosophy, political communication as well as software designers. It corresponds not only to a topic of analysis – that can be broadly defined as the quantitative and qualitative assessment of the political and public debates online - but also to a democratic model of e-democracy, that aims to shape the different political usage of the web according to the deliberative values. A pertinent way to analyze this broad phenomenon is to subdivide its analysis in three sections which content is partly based on updated findings of my book Promises and Limits of web-deliberation. The first section refers to the deliberative theory on which the empirical research is based. The second section deals with the complex issue of operationalizing the deliberative theory. The last section provides an overview of the online deliberative empirical studies that were conducted this last decade by distinguishing three broad research fields: i) The studies that aim at measuring the usage of the political web-debates and the characteristics of the users; ii) The studies that identify and compare the social and political actors that offer possibilities of online debates; iii) The studies assessing the quality of deliberation in different discursive online settings and the ones aiming at defining the factors that could explain variations in web-deliberation. [less ▲]

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See detailLuxembourg
Dumont, Patrick UL; Kies, Raphaël UL

in European Journal of Political Research (2017), 56

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See detailMedia Pluralism monitor 2016: Luxembourg
Kies, Raphaël UL; Nommesch, Kies; Schall, Céline

Report (2017)

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See detailThe seven golden rules to introduce citizens' consultation at the EU level: Reforming "Your Voice in Europe"
Kies, Raphaël UL

Presentation (2016, November 17)

In this paper, I would like to draw some lessons from the failed attempts of democratization of the EU by proposing some rules that should be followed in order to envision a realistic deliberative and ... [more ▼]

In this paper, I would like to draw some lessons from the failed attempts of democratization of the EU by proposing some rules that should be followed in order to envision a realistic deliberative and inclusive transformation of the EU-decision making process. By following their spirits, I will propose an ambitious renovation of Your Voice in Europe, the only EU public institutionalized system of consultation that however most of the citizens are not aware of. [less ▲]

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See detailLes consultations citoyennes sur la réforme de la Constitution, rapport pour la Chambre des Députés du Luxembourg
Poirier, Philippe UL; Kies, Raphaël UL

Report (2016)

Les consultations citoyennes sur la réforme de la Constitution, rapport pour la Chambre des Députés du Luxembourg

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See detailHow representative are the online political forums? Analysis of the referendum campaign on national voting rights for foreigners
Kies, Raphaël UL

Presentation (2016, April)

A common assertion is that online forums are not representative of the general public opinion but would reflect the behaviour and opinions of frustrated and extremist citizens. The objective of this paper ... [more ▼]

A common assertion is that online forums are not representative of the general public opinion but would reflect the behaviour and opinions of frustrated and extremist citizens. The objective of this paper is to empirically test this assertion by looking at the online debates about the referendum on the question of whether resident foreigners should under certain conditions (that will be specified) be allowed to vote for the national elections in Luxembourg. In order to measure the opinions emerging from the online forums, the author has gathered the comments of a selection of the most read and active campaign forums (more than 50 comments) and has coded them to determine if they are in favour or against the extension of voting right to foreigners. The representativeness of the online forms is evaluated by comparing these results with, on the one hand, the referendum outcome and, on the other hand, the data of a representative post-referendum survey that compares the opinions of people who were active in the online forum with the ones of passive users (reader but no posting) and non-users. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalyse de l'utilisation des (e-)pétitions à la Chambre des Députés
Kies, Raphaël UL

Report (2016)

The report was commissioned by the Chamber of Deputies for preparing the campaign around the constitutional referendum that was held in June 2015. It has two objectives. The first is to assess the ... [more ▼]

The report was commissioned by the Chamber of Deputies for preparing the campaign around the constitutional referendum that was held in June 2015. It has two objectives. The first is to assess the citizens’ opinion and awareness on the four referendum issues. The evaluation was made on the basis of four citizen consultations composed by a representative panel of citizens resident in Luxembourg. In addition of providing an overview of the state of citizens’ knowledge and opinions (and their evolution), the analysis allows to assess how participants perceive the consultation process itself. The second objective is to present and discuss concrete proposals to include citizen’s in the constitutional reform and in the referendum campaign. This last part is based on the teachings of the consultation carried out in Luxembourg as well as three case studies where people were fully involved in the constitutional reform process: the case of Iceland, Ireland and the State of Oregon (USA). [less ▲]

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See detailDeliberação on-line
Kies, Raphaël UL

in Fabrino Mendonça, Ricardo; Abílio Pereira, Marcus; Filgueiras, Fernando (Eds.) Democracia digital: publicidade, instituições e confronto político (2016)

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See detailLuxembourg
Dumont, Patrick; Kies, Raphaël UL

in European Journal of Political Research Political Data Yearbook (2016), 56(1), 185-191

The year 2015 was a paradoxical one for Luxembourg. Its first half saw the government carrying its task of ‘nation branding’, trying to change its image (of tax haven and socially conservative policies ... [more ▼]

The year 2015 was a paradoxical one for Luxembourg. Its first half saw the government carrying its task of ‘nation branding’, trying to change its image (of tax haven and socially conservative policies) with a step toward a greater separation between church and state, several potential constitutional reforms aimed at a more inclusive democracy, and more indirectly through Prime Minister Bettel, who married his male companion less than a year after the adoption of gay marriage in the Grand-Duchy. Popular resentment regarding the exclusion of the Christian Social People’s Party (CSV) from government still loomed large, and partially explained the disastrous defeat of a consultative referendum for the tripartite coalition. [less ▲]

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See detailLes élections législatives de 2013 et européennes de 2014 au Grand-Duché de Luxembourg
Poirier, Philippe UL; Dumont, Patrick UL; Kies, Raphaël UL et al

Book published by Centre des technologies de l'information de l'Etat (2015)

L’analyse des élections est en soi un enjeu du débat politique tant de la part de ses acteurs principaux, les partis politiques, que des médias et/ou des électeurs eux-mêmes. Les Législatives d’octobre ... [more ▼]

L’analyse des élections est en soi un enjeu du débat politique tant de la part de ses acteurs principaux, les partis politiques, que des médias et/ou des électeurs eux-mêmes. Les Législatives d’octobre 2013 et, dans une moindre mesure, les Européennes de mai 2014 n’échappent pas à cette règle. Elles sont d’autant plus « discutées » en raison :  Des conditions de convocation du scrutin, la fin de la coalition chrétienne sociale/socialiste avant son terme, a été une source de polarisation politique inhabituelle pour le Luxembourg, qui plus est, publicisée à l’échelle de toute l’UE ;  De l’importance des acteurs non conventionnels et des groupes d’intérêts dans la définition du rythme et des thèmes de la campagne électorale d’octobre 2013 où les partis politiques ont semblé « perdre » une partie de leurs rôles dans la monopolisation de la représentation en politique;  Des modalités et de la composition inédite d’un Gouvernement tripartite où le Parti chrétien social a été rejeté dans l’opposition « contre son gré » bien qu’il fut toujours la première formation politique du Luxembourg ;  De la disjonction entre le scrutin national et européen pour la première fois depuis 1979 à six mois d’intervalles, donnant « potentiellement » l’occasion au corps électoral de sanctionner et/ou d’approuver le dénouement du premier scrutin tout en leur laissant éventuellement de se positionner plus « librement » en termes de politique européenne; L’étude électorale que nous avons menée dans le cadre de la Chaire de recherche en études parlementaires, dans une perspective historique et comparative, sur les comportements des Luxembourgeois de nationalité et des étrangers de résidence inscrits ou pas sur les listes électorales aux communales et aux européennes, est riche à la fois d’enseignements sociologiques et politologiques pour le moins inédits. [less ▲]

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See detailEuropean elections in Luxembourg
Dumont, Patrick UL; Kies, Raphaël UL; Poirier, Philippe UL

in Viola, Donatella M. (Ed.) Routledge Handbook of European Elections (2015)

This Handbook is a comprehensive reference guide to the European Parliamentary Elections. The opening section analyzes the European Parliament’s evolution, profile and political dynamics while the rest of ... [more ▼]

This Handbook is a comprehensive reference guide to the European Parliamentary Elections. The opening section analyzes the European Parliament’s evolution, profile and political dynamics while the rest of the Handbook focuses on an analysis of Euro-elections in all EU member states. Each of the country case studies is written to a common template making for an easy comparison of data, methodology and outcomes. Each of the country case studies includes: country profile: area, population size and density, ethnic structure an overview of the political landscape with a brief account of the political parties and electoral systems in EP elections and general national elections public opinion survey on the European Union parties’ lists and programmes level of party-cohesion over the EU media coverage of Euro-elections an outline of key international, European and domestic issues raised in the campaign table of voters’ turnout and election results. The Handbook is an invaluable resource for all scholars of the European Union, European Parliament, Elections and Parties. [less ▲]

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See detailAvant-Propos: Les systèmes d'aide au vote: défis et potentialités
Dumont, Patrick UL; Kies, Raphaël UL

in Revue Internationale de Politique Comparée (2015), 23(2), 159-174

Detailed reference viewed: 78 (26 UL)