References of "Khanna, Nikhar 018123780E"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
See detailMetamaterial Design and elaborative approach for efficient selective solar absorber
Khanna, Nikhar UL

Doctoral thesis (2022)

The thesis is focused on developing spectral selective coatings (SSC) composed of multilayer cermets and periodic array of resonating omega structures, turning them to behave like metamaterials, while ... [more ▼]

The thesis is focused on developing spectral selective coatings (SSC) composed of multilayer cermets and periodic array of resonating omega structures, turning them to behave like metamaterials, while showing high thermal stability up to1000°C. The developed SSC is intended to be used for the concentrated solar power (CSP) applications. With the aim of achieving highest possible absorbance in the visible region of the spectrum and highest reflectance in the infrared region of the spectrum. The thesis highlights the numerical design, the synthesis and optical characterization of the SSC of approximately 500 nm thickness. A bottom-up approach was adopted for the preparation of a stack with alternate layers, consisting of a distribution of Titanium Nitride (TiN) nanoparticles with a layer of Aluminum Nitride (AlN) on top. The TiN nanoparticles, laid on a Silicon substrate by wet chemical method, are coated with conforming layer of AlN, via Plasma-enhanced Atomic Layer Deposition (PE-ALD). The control of the morphology at the nanoscale is fundamental for tuning the optical behaviour of the material. For this reason, two composites were prepared. One starting with TiN dispersion made with dry TiN powder and deionized water, and the other with ready-made TiN dispersion. Nano-structured metamaterial based absorbers have many benefits over conventional absorbers, such as miniaturisation, adaptability and frequency tuning. Dealing with the current challenges of producing the new metamaterial based absorber with optimal nanostructure design along with its synthesis within current nano-technological limits, we were capable of turning the cermets into metamaterial. A periodic array of metallic omega structures was patterned on top of both the composites I and II, by using e-beam lithography technique. Parameters, such as the size of TiN nanoparticles, the thickness of AlN thin film and the dimensions of the omega structure were all revealed by the numerical simulations, performed using Wave-Optics module in COMSOL Multiphysics. The work showcased clearly compares the two kinds of composites, using scanning electron microscope, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy(XPS) and electrical conductivity measurement. The improvement in the optical performance of the SSC after the inclusion of metallic omega structures in the uppermost layer of the two composites has been thoroughly investigated for light absorption boosting. In addition, the optical performance of the two prepared composites and the metamaterial is used as a means of validating the computational model. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 42 (3 UL)