References of "Kebig, Tanja 50028714"
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See detailVerringerung des Temperatureinflusses bei der Überwachung von Brücken am Beispiel von Messdaten aus Luxemburg
Kebig, Tanja UL; Dakhili, Khatereh UL; Nguyen, Viet Ha UL et al

Conference given outside the academic context (2021)

A rising number of concrete bridges are showing increasing damage due to corrosion and fatigue. In addition to the regular standard visual inspection, the bridge’s condition can also be recorded using ... [more ▼]

A rising number of concrete bridges are showing increasing damage due to corrosion and fatigue. In addition to the regular standard visual inspection, the bridge’s condition can also be recorded using additional tests with repeated static loading and/or dynamic tests. To determine any damage to a structure and to check its structural stability, it is crucial to know the exact system properties of the bridge in its undamaged reference state. The system behavior is influenced by damage and bearing conditions and environmental influences, such as the structure’s temperature. The influence of temperature can even cause larger changes in the measured quantities (bending line or modal parameters) than real damage. Therefore, temperature effects should be compensated before any condition analysis. The present work aims to demonstrate the influence of different bearing types and temperature on a real bridge beam. For this purpose, various static and dynamic tests were performed in the undamaged reference state. [less ▲]

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See detailRepeatability and precision of different static deflection measurements on a real bridge-part under outdoor conditions in view of damage detection
Kebig, Tanja UL; Nguyen, Viet Ha UL; Bender, Michél et al

in Cunha, A.; Caetano, E. (Eds.) Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Structural Health Monitoring of Intelligent Infrastructure, SHMII 10 (2021, July)

A large number of concrete bridges show increasing damage due to corrosion and fatigue. The traditional visual inspection and subsequent assessment of concrete bridges is carried out regularly by an ... [more ▼]

A large number of concrete bridges show increasing damage due to corrosion and fatigue. The traditional visual inspection and subsequent assessment of concrete bridges is carried out regularly by an experienced engineer. This type of inspection can be time-consuming, costly and leading to errors. Hence, there is a great interest in complementary, alternative and easy-to-implement methods for condition monitoring of bridges. The University of Luxembourg tested different approaches on a part of a real bridge. Various tests were performed in the healthy reference state, e.g. loading tests with a movable test load according to today’s standards. The measurements in the reference state were repeated several times under outdoor conditions to monitor and document the real temperature influence. Displacement transducers were set up in the vertical and horizontal directions. Simultaneously, a new approach was used for determining the deflection with a laser-based system, that measured the displacements in the bridge’s longitudinal direction by an oblique reflector panel under a well-defined angle. The data gained from the laser-based measurement system were compared to the data from classical displacement transducers. In general, the comparison of the two measuring systems shows quite similar results. [less ▲]

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See detailREFERENCE MEASUREMENTS AND SIMULATIONS OF STATIC AND DYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF PRESTRESSED CONCRETE BRIDGES UNDER OUTDOOR CONDITIONS FOR STRUCTURAL HEALTH MONITORING
Kebig, Tanja UL

Doctoral thesis (2021)

Today’s traffic infrastructure, including its engineering structures such as bridges, is stressed not only by natural ageing and corrosion but also by fatigue. The fatigue of material is accelerated by ... [more ▼]

Today’s traffic infrastructure, including its engineering structures such as bridges, is stressed not only by natural ageing and corrosion but also by fatigue. The fatigue of material is accelerated by the steadily growing traffic volume and heavier vehicles. Many bridges were built after World War 2 using the prestressed concrete construction method that emerged at that time. Some bridges are close to the end of the planned service life and show damage such as spalling, cracking and corrosion. In addition, some bridges have not yet reached the end of their planned service life and already exhibit damage. These bridges require special attention and control, knowing that this issue is highly safety and cost relevant at the same time. Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) of bridges aims to detect and localise damage as early as possible to take countermeasures to reach at least the planned service life or even more. Therefore, control systems are needed to support the engineers in addition to the visual bridge inspection. Permanent control systems can allow real time controlling of the bridge behaviour but generate high effort and cost. One approach in SHM is damage detection based on stiffness changes. Damage can alter both the static and modal properties of a structure. It leads to a loss of stiffness and, consequently, to greater static deflection and, in dynamics, to a decrease of eigenfrequencies. A prerequisite for early damage detection is essential information about the bridge structure, best knowledge and understanding of the individual bridge behaviour already in the undamaged state to track changes. This information can be obtained with experiments on a bridge and, in parallel, by simulation with a Finite Element (FE) model. In the next step, the FE model is updated to the measurements so that the reference state of the structure is well matched. The aim of the simulation is not the ultimate load bearing analysis, but the simulation of changes in the deflection line, eigenfrequencies, mode shapes and in the best case, also in the static or dynamic flexibility matrix and even better stiffness matrix due to damage. For this purpose, recurring measurements and simulations are compared with the initial measurements. If changes in the properties occur, model updating can be used to detect, localise and quantify damage. For the described approach, the detection and localisation of damage depend on the best possible reference state’s characteristics acquisition. The most commonly used construction method for bridges is prestressed concrete. Therefore, the main focus of this work is the recording of the undamaged reference state of a post tensioning bridge beam. The test object was a 26 m long prestressed concrete T-beam, which was saved before the demolition of the real bridge. It was subsequently installed outdoors on the campus of the University of Luxembourg as a simple supported real size test beam. Since the changes in static and dynamic system properties are not only due to damage but can also occur, for example, as a result of temperature fluctuations, the work focuses as well on the recording and assessment of influences arising from bearing and real environmental conditions in the undamaged reference state. For the temperature acquisition, the tests were carried out over around 2 years. Moreover, the influence of bearing conditions was tested by three interchangeable movable bearing types. The reference condition was recorded by static, quasi-static and dynamic tests. Throughout the observation period, the temperature and deflection of the bridge were continuously measured at different positions. For the deflection measurements, a commercial system was used that requires contact with the bridge. In addition, two new non-contact measurement approaches were tested. One is a camera-based system and the other is a laser-based system. The laser-based measurement method was improved during the recordings and tested by a second laser based system at the beam. Through the various tests, the deflections, eigenfrequencies and mode shapes of the bridge were determined. With the information of the experimental part, an FE model was created and best fitted to the reference state. The FE model consists mainly of solid elements. For a future model updating, a special FE model was created, offering a slice-by-slice adjustment of the beam stiffness. The model was used to perform static deformation and modal analysis. Then, the static and dynamic flexibility matrix was calculated and compared based on the experimental and numerical results. Finally, and in view of the subsequent artificial damage of the beam, damage scenarios are proposed based on the calculated cracking moment. [less ▲]

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See detailReduction of temperature effects for bridge health monitoring
Nguyen, Viet Hà; Kebig, Tanja UL; Golinval, Jean-Claude et al

in Eccomas Proceedia (2020, November 23)

Structural health monitoring of concrete bridges can be achieved by tracking static load-testing results or dynamic properties as for example eigenfrequencies. Deviations from a healthy reference state ... [more ▼]

Structural health monitoring of concrete bridges can be achieved by tracking static load-testing results or dynamic properties as for example eigenfrequencies. Deviations from a healthy reference state can be used as damage indicators and even more, help to localize zones of stiffness reduction, i.e. cracking. However, outdoor temperature effects also lead to changes of monitored physical characteristics in the same order of magnitude as damage. Hence, temperature effects need to be removed prior to any condition analysis. The present paper presents a new two-step approach by applying physical compensation first, before using a statistical method based of Principal Component Analysis (PCA) or more exactly on principal vectors and singular values. This technique is here applied to eigenfrequencies, first of a new bridge without damage, but with extreme temperature variation due to thick asphalt layer and special bearing constraints, thus showing strong sensitivity along seasonal temperatures in the intact state. The second object is the Z24 Bridge in Switzerland, which is well documented in literature and where artificial damage was applied prior to demolition. The proposed techniques allow removing noise and temperature effects in a coherent and efficient way. The corrected measurement data can then be used in subsequent steps for its definite purpose, i.e. detection and localization of damage for instance by updating a numerical finite element model which allows assessing a stiffness loss. [less ▲]

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See detailNeuere Methoden zur Identifikation und Lokalisierung von Schäden an vorgespannten Betonbrücken
Maas, Stefan UL; Nguyen, Viet Ha UL; Kebig, Tanja UL

in Bischoff, Manfred; von Scheven, Malte; Oesterle, Bernd (Eds.) Baustatik-Baupraxis 14 (2020, March 23)

Zuerst wird ein rein statistischer Schadensindikator basierend auf der Hauptkomponentenanalyse vorgestellt. Wichtig sind Referenzmessungen im ungeschädigten Zustand, um Veränderungen zu identifizieren ... [more ▼]

Zuerst wird ein rein statistischer Schadensindikator basierend auf der Hauptkomponentenanalyse vorgestellt. Wichtig sind Referenzmessungen im ungeschädigten Zustand, um Veränderungen zu identifizieren. Bevor die Messdaten mit den Rechenmodellen kombiniert werden, müssen Temperatureffekte kompensiert werden, um dann die Schäden zu erkennen und zu lokalisieren. Ein „Model-Updating“ Prozess eines speziellen Finite-Elemente- Modells passt die Steifigkeitsmatrix an die gemessenen Eigenfrequenzen oder an die progressive Absenkung unter Eigengewicht an. [less ▲]

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See detailComparison of different excitationand data sampling-methods in structural health monitoring
Maas, Stefan UL; Nguyen, Viet Ha UL; Kebig, Tanja UL et al

in Civil Engineering Design (2019), 1

Structural Health Monitoring with analysis of dynamic characteristics intends to detect stiffness changes caused by damage. It can be performed by vibrational tests resulting to modal parameters, that is ... [more ▼]

Structural Health Monitoring with analysis of dynamic characteristics intends to detect stiffness changes caused by damage. It can be performed by vibrational tests resulting to modal parameters, that is, eigenfrequencies, damping, modeshapes, or modal masses. Those parameters are themselves informational and even allow often deducing the stiffness matrix. Based on that, it is possible to identify and to localize changes in the stiffness matrix due to damage, that is, localization and quantification of damage. However, changing test conditions, like ambient temperature or excitation force or existing nonlinearities of concrete, show important influence on damage indicators and hence need compensation prior to damage detection. Considering this background, this article focuses on comparing ambient excitation to forced excitation including appropriate exciters. Furthermore, continuous monitoring is discussed vs discrete testing in distinct time-intervals. The intention of the comparison is to give an overview, that is, helpful for choosing appropriate measurement technique for the sake of correct damage detection subsequently. [less ▲]

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See detailModeling of a prestressed concrete bridge with 3D finite elements for structural health monitoring using model updating techniques
Schommer, Sebastian UL; Kebig, Tanja UL; Nguyen, Viet Ha UL et al

in ISMA2018 International Conference on Noise and Vibration Engineering (2018)

This paper presents a linear finite element model for a prestressed concrete beam, which was part of a real bridge. Static and dynamic tests were carried out and compared to the numerical simulation ... [more ▼]

This paper presents a linear finite element model for a prestressed concrete beam, which was part of a real bridge. Static and dynamic tests were carried out and compared to the numerical simulation responses. A solid finite element model was created including the prestressed concrete beam, permanent dead load, two additional live loads and a shaker. A well planned finite element model is very important for later detection and localization of damage. Therefore, a mapped mesh was used to define so-called ‘slices’, which enables describing stiffness changes, e.g. damage. The model validation was performed by comparing simulated results to measured responses in the healthy state of the beam. After validation of the reference model, it is possible to modify the bending stiffness along the longitudinal axis of the beam by modifying Young’s moduli of different slices to adapt for the effect of damage. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 149 (14 UL)