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See detailHybrid Active-Passive Reconfigurable IntelligentSurface-Assisted UAV Communications
Nguyen, Nhan T.; Nguyen, V.-Dinh; Wu, Qingqing et al

Poster (2022, December)

We consider a novel hybrid active-passive reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS)-assisted unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) air-ground communications system. Unlike the conventional passive RIS, the hybrid ... [more ▼]

We consider a novel hybrid active-passive reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS)-assisted unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) air-ground communications system. Unlike the conventional passive RIS, the hybrid RIS is equipped with a few active elements to not only reflect but also amplify the incident signals for significant performance improvement. Towards a fairness design, our goal is to maximize the minimum rate among users through jointly optimizing the location and power allocation of the UAV and the RIS reflecting/amplifying coefficients. The formulated optimization problem is nonconvex and challenging, which is efficiently solved via block coordinate descend and successive convex approximation. Our numerical results show that a hybrid RIS requires only 4 active elements and a power budget of 0 dBm to achieve an improvement of 52.08% in the minimum rate, while that achieved by a conventional passive RIS with the same total number of elements is only 18.06%. [less ▲]

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See detailSpectral Efficiency Analysis of Hybrid Relay-Reflecting Intelligent Surface-Assisted Cell-Free Massive MIMO Systems
Nguyen, Nhan Thanh; Nguyen, Van-Dinh; Nguyen, Hieu Van et al

in IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications (2022)

A cell-free (CF) massive multiple-input-multiple-output (mMIMO) system can provide uniform spectral efficiency (SE) with simple signal processing. On the other hand, a recently introduced technology ... [more ▼]

A cell-free (CF) massive multiple-input-multiple-output (mMIMO) system can provide uniform spectral efficiency (SE) with simple signal processing. On the other hand, a recently introduced technology called hybrid relay-reflecting intelligent surface (HR-RIS) can customize the physical propagation environment by simultaneously reflecting and amplifying radio waves in preferred directions. Thus, it is natural that incorporating HR-RIS into CF mMIMO can be a symbiotic convergence of these two technologies for future wireless communications. This motivates us to consider an HR-RIS-aided CF mMIMO system to utilize their combined benefits. We first model the uplink/downlink channels and derive the minimum-mean-square-error estimate of the effective channels. We then present a comprehensive analysis of SE performance of the considered system. Specifically, we derive closed-form expressions for the uplink and downlink SE. The results reveal important observations on the performance gains achieved by HR-RISs compared to conventional systems. The presented analytical results are also valid for conventional CF mMIMO systems and those aided by passive reconfigurable intelligent surfaces. Such results play an important role in designing new transmission strategies and optimizing HR-RIS-aided CF mMIMO systems. Finally, we provide extensive numerical results to verify the analytical derivations and the effectiveness of the proposed system design under various settings. [less ▲]

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See detailHybrid Active-Passive Reconfigurable Intelligent Surface-Assisted Multi-User MISO Systems
Nguyen, Nhan T.; Nguyen, V.-Dinh; Wu, Qingqing et al

Poster (2022, July 04)

We consider a multi-user multiple-input single- output (MISO) communications system which is assisted by a hybrid active-passive reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS). Unlike conventional passive RISs ... [more ▼]

We consider a multi-user multiple-input single- output (MISO) communications system which is assisted by a hybrid active-passive reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS). Unlike conventional passive RISs, hybrid RIS is equipped with a few active elements with the ability to reflect and amplify incident signals to significantly improve the system performance. Towards a fairness design, we maximize the minimum rate among all users through jointly optimizing the transmit beamforming vectors and RIS reflecting/amplifying coefficients. Combining tools from block coordinate ascend and successive convex approximation, the challenging nonconvex problem is efficiently solved by a low- complexity iterative algorithm. The numerical results show that a hybrid RIS with 4 active elements out of a total of 50 elements with a power budget of −1 dBm offers an improvement of up to 80% to the considered system, while that achieved by a fully passive RIS is only 27% [less ▲]

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See detailDownlink Throughput of Cell-Free Massive MIMO Systems Assisted by Hybrid Relay-Reflecting Intelligent Surfaces
Nguyen, Nhan T.; Nguyen, V.-Dinh; Nguyen, Hieu V. et al

Poster (2022, May)

We consider in this work a cell-free (CF) massive multiple-input-multiple-output (mMIMO) system where multiple hybrid relay-reflecting intelligent surfaces (HR-RIS) are deployed to assist communication ... [more ▼]

We consider in this work a cell-free (CF) massive multiple-input-multiple-output (mMIMO) system where multiple hybrid relay-reflecting intelligent surfaces (HR-RIS) are deployed to assist communication between access points and users. We first present the signal model and derive the minimum-mean-square-error estimate of the effective channels. We then present a comprehensive analysis for the considered HR-RIS-aided CF mMIMO system, where the closed-form expression of the downlink throughput is derived. The presented analytical results are also valid for conventional CF mMIMO systems, i.e., CF mMIMO systems with and without passive reconfigurable intelligent surfaces. Finally, the analytical derivations are verified by extensive numerical results. [less ▲]

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See detailDecision Triggered Data Transmission and Collection in Industrial Internet of Things
He, Jiguang; Kong, Long UL; Frondelius, Tero et al

in 2020 IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference (WCNC) (2020, June 19)

We propose a decision triggered data transmission and collection (DTDTC) protocol for condition monitoring and anomaly detection in the industrial Internet of things (IIoT). In the IIoT, the collection ... [more ▼]

We propose a decision triggered data transmission and collection (DTDTC) protocol for condition monitoring and anomaly detection in the industrial Internet of things (IIoT). In the IIoT, the collection, processing, encoding, and transmission of the sensor readings are usually not for the reconstruction of the original data but for decision making at the fusion center. By moving the decision making process to the local end devices, the amount of data transmission can be significantly reduced, especially when normal signals with positive decisions dominate in the whole life cycle and the fusion center is only interested in collecting the abnormal data. The proposed concept combines compressive sensing, machine learning, data transmission, and joint decision making. The sensor readings are encoded and transmitted to the fusion center only when abnormal signals with negative decisions are detected. All the abnormal signals from the end devices are gathered at the fusion center for a joint decision with feedback messages forwarded to the local actuators. The advantage of such an approach lies in that it can significantly reduce the volume of data to be transmitted through wireless links. Moreover, the introduction of compressive sensing can further reduce the dimension of data tremendously. An exemplary case, i.e., diesel engine condition monitoring, is provided to validate the effectiveness and efficiency of the proposed scheme compared to the conventional ones. [less ▲]

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See detailLarge Intelligent Surface for Positioning in Millimeter Wave MIMO Systems
He, Jiguang; Wymeersch, Henk; Kong, Long UL et al

in 2020 IEEE 91st Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC2020-Spring) (2020)

Millimeter-wave (mmWave) multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) system for the fifth generation (5G) cellular communications can also enable single-anchor positioning and object tracking due to its large ... [more ▼]

Millimeter-wave (mmWave) multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) system for the fifth generation (5G) cellular communications can also enable single-anchor positioning and object tracking due to its large bandwidth and inherently high angular resolution. In this paper, we introduce the newly invented concept, large intelligent surface (LIS), to mmWave positioning systems, study the theoretical performance bounds (i.e., Cramér-Rao lower bounds) for positioning, and evaluate the impact of the number of LIS elements and the value of phase shifters on the position estimation accuracy compared to the conventional scheme with one direct link and one non-line-of-sight path. It is verified that better performance can be achieved with a LIS from the theoretical analyses and numerical study. [less ▲]

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See detailMultigroup Multicast Beamforming and Antenna Selection with Rate-Splitting in Multicell Systems
Tervo, Oskari; Trant, Le-Nam; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL et al

in 2018 IEEE 19th International Workshop on Signal Processing Advances in Wireless Communications (SPAWC) (2018)

This paper studies energy-efficient joint coordinated beamforming and antenna selection in multi-cell multi-user multigroup multicast multiple-input single-output systems. We focus on interference-limited ... [more ▼]

This paper studies energy-efficient joint coordinated beamforming and antenna selection in multi-cell multi-user multigroup multicast multiple-input single-output systems. We focus on interference-limited scenarios, e.g., when the number of radio frequency (RF) chains is of the same order as the number of multicasting groups. To tackle the interference, we exploit rate-splitting to divide the group messages into common and group-specific sub-messages. We propose a per-cell rate-splitting approach, where the common message is locally designed to be decoded by the in-cell users, while treated as noise by the out-cell users. We consider the case where the number of RF chains is smaller than that of antennas, and consider a switching architecture, that is, the antenna selection is employed to choose the best antennas for transmission. Numerical results illustrate the potential of the proposed approach to significantly improve the energy efficiency in the interference-limited regime. [less ▲]

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See detailEnergy-Efficient Multicell Multigroup Multicasting With Joint Beamforming and Antenna Selection
Tervo, Oskari; Tran, Le-Nam; Pennanen, Harri et al

in IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 126 (7 UL)