References of "Jayasinghe, Laddu Bhagya 50035506"
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See detailBIM-Based End-of-Lifecycle Decision Making and Digital Deconstruction: Literature Review
Akbarieh, Arghavan UL; Jayasinghe, Laddu Bhagya UL; Waldmann, Danièle UL et al

in Sustainability (2020), 12(7), 2670

This article is the second part of a two-part study, which explored the extent to which Building Information Modelling (BIM) is used for End-of-Lifecycle (EoL) scenario selection to minimise the ... [more ▼]

This article is the second part of a two-part study, which explored the extent to which Building Information Modelling (BIM) is used for End-of-Lifecycle (EoL) scenario selection to minimise the Construction and Demolition Waste (CDW). The conventional literature review presented here is based on the conceptual landscape that was obtained from the bibliometric and scientometric analysis in the first part of the study. Seven main academic research directions concerning the BIM-based EoL domain were found, including social and cultural factors, BIM-based Design for Deconstruction (DfD), BIM-based deconstruction, BIM-based EoL within LCA, BIM-aided waste management, Material and Component Banks (M/C Banks), off-site construction, interoperability and Industry Foundation Classes (IFC). The analysis highlights research gaps in the path of raw materials to reusable materials, i.e., from the deconstruction to M/C banks to DfD-based designs and then again to deconstruction. BIM-based EoL is suffering from a lack of a global framework. The existing solutions are based on local waste management policies and case-specific sustainability criteria selection. Another drawback of these ad hoc but well-developed BIM-based EoL prototypes is their use of specific proprietary BIM tools to support their framework. This disconnection between BIM tools and EoL tools is reportedly hindering the BIM-based EoL, while no IFC classes support the EoL phase information exchange. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of Pile Punching on Adjacent Piles: Insights from a 3D Coupled SPH-FEM Analysis
Jayasinghe, Laddu Bhagya UL; Waldmann, Daniele UL; Shang, Junlong

in Applied Mechanics (2020), 1(1), 47-58

Pile punching (or driving) affects the surrounding area where piles and adjacent piles can be displaced out of their original positions, due to horizontal loads, thereby leading to hazardous outcomes ... [more ▼]

Pile punching (or driving) affects the surrounding area where piles and adjacent piles can be displaced out of their original positions, due to horizontal loads, thereby leading to hazardous outcomes. This paper presents a three-dimensional (3D) coupled Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics and Finite Element Method (SPH-FEM) model, which was established to investigate pile punching and its impact on adjacent piles subjected to lateral loads. This approach handles the large distortions by avoiding mesh tangling and remeshing, contributing greatly high computational efficiency. The SPH-FEM model was validated against field measurements. The results of this study indicated that the soil type in which piles were embedded affected the interaction between piles during the pile punching. A comprehensive parametric study was carried out to evaluate the impact of soil properties on the displacement of piles due to the punching of an adjacent pile. It was found that the interaction between piles was comparatively weak when the piles were driven in stiff clays; while the pile-soil interactions were much more significant in sandy soils and soft clays. [less ▲]

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See detailRecyclable Architecture: Prefabricated and Recyclable Typologies
Ferreira Silva, Marielle UL; Jayasinghe, Laddu Bhagya UL; Waldmann, Danièle UL et al

in Sustainability (2020)

Buildings are being demolished without taking into the account the waste generated, and the housing shortage problem is getting more critical as cities are growing and the demand for built space and the ... [more ▼]

Buildings are being demolished without taking into the account the waste generated, and the housing shortage problem is getting more critical as cities are growing and the demand for built space and the use of resources are increasing. Architectural projects have been using prefabrication and modular systems to solve these problems. However, there is an absence of structures that can be disassembled and reused when the structure’s life ran its course. This paper presents three building prototypes of new recyclable architectural typologies: (i) a Slab prototype designed as a shelf structure where wooden housing modules can be plugged in and out, (ii) a Tower prototype allowing for an easy change of layout and use of different floors and (iii) a Demountable prototype characterized by the entire demountability of the building. These typologies combine modularity, flexibility, and disassembling to address the increasing demands for multi-use, re-usable and resource-efficient constructions. Design, drawings, plans, and 3D models are developed, tested and analyzed as a part of the research. The results show that the implementation of the recyclable architectural concept at the first design stage is feasible and realistic, and ensures the adaptation through time, increases life span, usability and the material reusability, while avoiding demolition, which in turn reduces the construction waste and, consequently, the CO2 emissions. [less ▲]

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See detailAccurate measurement of ground shock with cellular solid
Wang, Xiaojuan; Li, Yongsheng; Zhou, Hongyuan et al

in International Journal of Impact Engineering (2020), 145

Ground vibration induced by subsurface detonations in geological media such as soil, termed as ground shock, has long been measured for decades, since the free field time history and peak intensity of the ... [more ▼]

Ground vibration induced by subsurface detonations in geological media such as soil, termed as ground shock, has long been measured for decades, since the free field time history and peak intensity of the shock is the incident load to underground structures and important for design. To address the affected measurement accuracy due to acoustic impedance mismatch, a simple but effective approach is proposed: A sensor is embedded into a cellular solid casing before being installed in soil, whose acoustic impedance is designed to be the same as that of the surrounding soil to eliminate the reflection between the soil-casing interface while the relative motion between the sensor and casing is minimized. A field test and theoretical analysis are conducted to investigate the proposed approach, and it is found that the accuracy of ground shock measurement is improved. [less ▲]

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See detailNumerical investigation into the blasting-induced damage characteristics of rocks considering the role of in-situ stresses and discontinuity persistence
Jayasinghe, Laddu Bhagya UL; Shang, J.; Zhao, Z. et al

in Computers and Geotechnics (2019), 116

This paper presents a 3D coupled Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) and Finite Element Method (FEM) model, which was developed to investigate the extent of damage zone and fracture patterns in rock due ... [more ▼]

This paper presents a 3D coupled Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) and Finite Element Method (FEM) model, which was developed to investigate the extent of damage zone and fracture patterns in rock due to blasting. The RHT material model was used to simulate the blasting-induced damage in rock. The effects of discontinuity persistence and high in-situ stresses on the evolution of blasting-induced damage were investigated. Results of this study indicate that discontinuity persistence and spatial distribution of rock bridges have a significant influence on the evolution of blasting-induced damage. Furthermore, high in-situ stresses also have a significant influence on the propagation of blasting-induced fractures, as well as the patterns of fracture networks. It is also shown that the blasting-induced cracks are often induced along the direction of the applied high initial stresses. Moreover, additional cracks are normally generated at the edges of the rock bridges probably due to the relatively high stress concentration. � 2019 Elsevier Ltd [less ▲]

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See detailThree-dimensional DEM investigation of the fracture behaviour of thermally degraded rocks with consideration of material anisotropy
Shang, J.; Jayasinghe, Laddu Bhagya UL; Xiao, F. et al

in Theoretical and Applied Fracture Mechanics (2019), 104

A complete understanding of the fracture behaviour of anisotropic rocks under elevated temperatures is fundamentally important for rock and reservoir engineering applications. This paper shows a three ... [more ▼]

A complete understanding of the fracture behaviour of anisotropic rocks under elevated temperatures is fundamentally important for rock and reservoir engineering applications. This paper shows a three-dimensional numerical investigation of the fracture behaviour of anisotropic sandstone, with consideration of the effects of temperature and material anisotropy. In the study, a 3D semi-circular bend (SCB) model was established by using the Discrete Element Method (DEM). The thermal responses of different minerals and the strength anisotropy of incipient bedding planes were considered in the model. The DEM model was calibrated against a series of laboratory experiments on Midgley Grit sandstone (MGS) that exhibits intrinsic anisotropy. The pure mode I, mode II, and mixed-mode (I+II) fracture characteristics of the MGS were investigated under elevated temperatures (up to 600 �C) using the established DEM model. The thermal degradation (i.e., fracturing) of the rock, the fracture load, the evolution of micro-cracks, and the stress-strain relationship around notch tips were analysed, with emphasis on enlightening the micro-mechanisms underlying the fracture behaviour. The results of the study were discussed and then compared with experimental observations and theoretical predictions. � 2019 Elsevier Ltd [less ▲]

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