References of "Jaffri, Zain ul Abidin"
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See detailDriver’s Face Pose Estimation Using Fine-Grained Wi-Fi Signals for Next-Generation Internet of Vehicles
Akhtar, Zain ul Abidin; Rassol, Hafiz Faiz; Asif, Muhammad et al

in Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing (2022), 2022

Driver’s behavior and gesture recognition are most significant in the emerging next-generation vehicular technology. Driver’s face may provide important cues about his/her attention and fatigue behavior ... [more ▼]

Driver’s behavior and gesture recognition are most significant in the emerging next-generation vehicular technology. Driver’s face may provide important cues about his/her attention and fatigue behavior. Therefore, driver’s face pose is one of the key indicators to be considered for automatic driver monitoring system in next-generation Internet of Vehicles (IoV) technology. Driver behavior monitoring is most significant in order to reduce road accidents. This paper aims to address the problem of driver’s attentiveness monitoring using face pose estimation in a nonintrusive manner. The proposed system is based on wireless sensing, leveraging channel state information (CSI) of WiFi signals. In this paper, we present a novel classification algorithm that is based on the combination of support vector machine (SVM) and K nearest neighbor (KNN) to enhance the classification accuracy. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed device-free wireless implementation can localize a driver’s face very accurately with an average recognition rate of 91:8%. [less ▲]

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See detailTEZEM: A new energy-efficient routing protocol for next-generation wireless sensor networks
Jaffri, Zain ul Abidin; Asif, Muhammad; Khan, Wali Ullah UL et al

in International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks (2022), 18(06), 1-18

The design and implementation of energy-efficient routing protocols for next-generation wireless sensor networks is always a challenge due to limited power resource capabilities. Hierarchical (clustering ... [more ▼]

The design and implementation of energy-efficient routing protocols for next-generation wireless sensor networks is always a challenge due to limited power resource capabilities. Hierarchical (clustering) routing protocols appeared to be a remarkable solution for extending the lifetime of wireless sensor networks, particularly in application-aware (threshold-sensitive) and heterogeneity-aware cluster-based routing protocols. In this article, we propose a protocol, namely, Threshold-based Energy-aware Zonal Efficiency Measuring hierarchical routing protocol. It is a heterogeneity-aware and threshold-based protocol that provides a better solution to existing problems in next-generation wireless sensor networks. During execution, the Threshold-based Energy-aware Zonal Efficiency Measuring hierarchical routing protocol splits the entire network area into several zones to manage network traffic efficiently. In the first step, Threshold-based Energy-aware Zonal Efficiency Measuring hierarchical routing protocol is designed for a homogeneous network where the initial energy of all the nodes is the same. Thereafter, we bring in heterogeneity in the Threshold-based Energy-aware Zonal Efficiency Measuring hierarchical routing protocol execution environment to optimize its energy consumption. By investigating the performance of the various numbers of divisions, it is proved that the Threshold-based Energy-aware Zonal Efficiency Measuring hierarchical routing protocol with 9 zonal divisions has higher stability and throughput. The performance of the proposed Threshold-based Energy-aware Zonal Efficiency Measuring hierarchical routing protocol is compared with those of Stable Election Protocol, Low-Energy Adaptive Clustering Hierarchy, Modified Low-Energy Adaptive Clustering Hierarchy, and Gateway-Based Energy-Efficient Routing Protocol through computer simulations. Simulation results verify the improved performance of the proposed Threshold-based Energy-aware Zonal Efficiency Measuring hierarchical routing protocol in terms of network stability, lifetime, and throughput. [less ▲]