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See detailStatistical Framework for Optimization in the Multi-User MIMO Uplink With ZF-DFE
Järmyr, Simon; Ottersten, Björn UL; Jorswieck, Eduard A.

in IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing (2014), 62(10), 2730-2745

We consider performance optimization in the uplink of a multiuser multiantenna communication system. Each user multiplexes data onto several independently encoded data streams, which are spatially ... [more ▼]

We consider performance optimization in the uplink of a multiuser multiantenna communication system. Each user multiplexes data onto several independently encoded data streams, which are spatially precoded and conveyed over a fading narrowband multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) channel. All users' data streams are decoded successively at the receiving base station using zero-forcing decision feedback equalization (ZF-DFE). We target the joint optimization of a decoding order and linear precoders for all users based on long-term channel information. For a class of general MIMO channel models, including the separable-correlation and double-scattering models, we show that the choice of precoder for a certain user does not affect the performance of the others. This leads to a particularly straightforward characterization of general user utility regions as a polyblock, or a convex polytope if time-sharing is allowed. We formulate the decoding-ordering problem under transmit-correlated Rayleigh fading as a linear assignment problem, enabling the use of existing efficient algorithms. Combining decoding ordering with single-user precoder optimization by means of alternating optimization, we propose an efficient iterative scheme that is verified numerically to converge fast and perform close to optimally, successfully reaping the benefits of both precoding and ordering in the MIMO uplink. [less ▲]

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See detailStatistical Precoding and Detection Ordering in MIMO Multiple-Access Channels with Decision Feedback Equalization
Järmyr, Simon; Ottersten, Björn UL; Jorswieck, Eduard

in Communications (ICC), 2011 IEEE International Conference on (2011)

We present a novel approach for joint transmitter-receiver design in the uplink of a wireless multiple-input multiple-output communication system. It applies to, e.g., a fast-fading frequency-division ... [more ▼]

We present a novel approach for joint transmitter-receiver design in the uplink of a wireless multiple-input multiple-output communication system. It applies to, e.g., a fast-fading frequency-division duplexing system with periodic pilot signaling from each user - a scenario hindering transmitter optimization based on channel state information (CSI), while CSI-based receiver optimization is possible. Each user multiplexes data onto several, independently coded subchannels processed by a linear precoder, and detected at a base station (BS) employing zero-forcing decision feedback (DF) equalization, eliminating all interference prior to detection. We target the problem of jointly designing fixed linear precoders for all users as well as a fixed detection order for the DF receiver based on long-term channel statistics. We propose an efficiently implementable alternating-minimization technique that is verified numerically to converge fast, and to outperform the popular V-BLAST scheme - a computationally more complex ordered-DF receiver with limited applicability by requiring equal-rate subchannels in the system. [less ▲]

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See detailOptimal V-BLAST Ordering in Fast Rayleigh Fading: A Linear Assignment Problem
Järmyr, Simon; Ottersten, Björn UL; Jorswieck, Eduard

in Signal Processing Advances in Wireless Communications (SPAWC), 2011 IEEE 12th International Workshop on (2011)

We explore a novel approach to perform decoding-order optimization in the vertical Bell Labs layered space-time (V-BLAST) architecture. Allowing for simultaneous transmission of multiple, separately ... [more ▼]

We explore a novel approach to perform decoding-order optimization in the vertical Bell Labs layered space-time (V-BLAST) architecture. Allowing for simultaneous transmission of multiple, separately encoded data streams, the V-BLAST transmit-receive scheme applies to the uplink of a multi-user communication system. A multi-antenna receiver decodes data streams successively, dealing with inter-stream interference by means of cancelling and nulling; interference from previously decoded streams is cancelled by subtraction, and remaining interference is nulled by linear equalization. The order in which the streams are decoded can have a noticeable impact on system performance. We consider the optimization of a fixed decoding order in fast Rayleigh fading, based on long-term channel-fading parameters. For a wide range of performance measures, we show that the fast-fading ordering problem can be treated as a classical linear assignment problem, allowing a solution using existing, efficient algorithms. [less ▲]

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See detailStatistical Precoding with Decision Feedback Equalization over a Correlated MIMO Channel
Järmyr, Simon; Ottersten, Björn UL; Eduard, Jorswieck

in IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing (2010), 58(12), 6298-6311

The decision feedback (DF) transceiver, combining linear precoding and DF equalization, can establish point-to-point communication over a wireless multiple-input multiple-output channel. Matching the DF ... [more ▼]

The decision feedback (DF) transceiver, combining linear precoding and DF equalization, can establish point-to-point communication over a wireless multiple-input multiple-output channel. Matching the DF-transceiver design parameters to the channel characteristics can improve system performance, but requires channel knowledge. We consider the fast-fading channel scenario, with a receiver capable of tracking the channel-state variations accurately, while the transmitter only has long-term, channel-distribution information. The receiver design problem given channel-state information is well studied in the literature. We focus on transmitter optimization, which amounts to designing a statistical precoder to assist the channel-tailored DF equalizer. We develop a design framework that encompasses a wide range of performance metrics. Common cost functions for precoder optimization are analyzed, thereby identifying a structure of typical cost functions. Transmitter design is approached for typical cost functions in general, and we derive a precoder design formulation as a convex optimization problem. Two important subclasses of cost functions are considered in more detail. First, we explore a symmetry of DF transceivers with a uniform subchannel rate allocation, and derive a simplified convex optimization problem, which can be efficiently solved even as system dimensions grow. Second, we explore the tractability of a certain class of mean square error based cost functions, and solve the transmitter design problem with a simple algorithm that identifies the convex hull of a set of points in R2. The behavior of DF transceivers with optimal precoders is investigated by numerical means. [less ▲]

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