References of "Houssemand, Claude 50002008"
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See detailUn nouvel outil d'évaluation de la créativité dans le milieu publicitaire
Gubenko, Alla UL; Houssemand, Claude UL

in Houssemand, Claude (Ed.) Recherches actuelles en psychologie différentielle (2021, April)

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See detailWhat Factors Contribute to the Meaning of Work? A Validation of Morin’s Meaning of Work Questionnaire
Pignault, Anne; Houssemand, Claude UL

in Psicologia, Reflexão e Crítica (2021), 34(1),

Background: Considering the recent and current evolution of work and the work context, the meaning of work is becoming an increasingly relevant topic in research in the social sciences and humanities ... [more ▼]

Background: Considering the recent and current evolution of work and the work context, the meaning of work is becoming an increasingly relevant topic in research in the social sciences and humanities, particularly in psychology. In order to understand and measure what contributes to the meaning of work, Morin (2003) constructed a 30-item questionnaire that has become predominant and has repeatedly been used in research in occupational psychology and by practitioners in the field. Nevertheless, it has been validated only in part. Method: Meaning of work questionnaire was conducted in French with 366 people (51.3% of women; age: (M = 39.11, SD = 11.25); 99.2% of whom were employed with the remainder retired). Three sets of statistical analyses were run on the data. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis were conducted on independent samples. Results: The questionnaire described a five-factor structure. These dimensions (Success and Recognition at work and of work, α= .90; Usefulness, α= .88; Respect for work, α= .88; Value from and through work, α= .83; Remuneration, α= .85) are all attached to a general second-order latent meaning of work factor (α= .96). Conclusions: Validation of the scale, and implications for health in the workplace and career counseling practices, are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailInvestigating the student’s learning satisfaction, wellbeing, and mental health in the context of imposed remote teaching during the COVID-19 crisis
Milmeister, Paul UL; Rastoder, Merlin UL; Kirsch, Christiane et al

in Mein, Georg; Pause, Johannes (Eds.) Self and Society in the Corona Crisis (2021)

As a first response to the COVID‐19 pandemic, Luxembourg, as many other countries, chose a strategy of minimized physical and social contacts. The educational system implemented these measures by ... [more ▼]

As a first response to the COVID‐19 pandemic, Luxembourg, as many other countries, chose a strategy of minimized physical and social contacts. The educational system implemented these measures by introducing quick changes in their teaching modalities. At the onset of the lockdown in spring 2020, the University of Luxembourg, unlike other higher‐education institutions, has managed to rapidly transition to exclusive remote teaching for all offered study programs. There are good reasons to believe that the rapid change in teaching modalities in addition to the manifold challenges surrounding the Coronavirus pandemic have had an impact on the University students’ learning satisfaction, personal wellbeing, and mental health, and possibly even affected their educational outcomes. In this article, we present the results from a survey that we administered during the first weeks of the lockdown situation to assess the magnitude of COVID‐19’s impact on the academic domain. The central aim of the survey is to understand how students have been able to adapt to an abrupt change in teaching and learning modalities, and to which degree the exclusive e‐learning practice has affected their learning satisfaction and subsequent personal wellbeing. Besides investigating the impact of the student’s learning satisfaction on personal wellbeing and mental health, the present study explores the influence of pedagogical aspects, with a present focus on teaching creativity, on learning satisfaction within an e‐learning environment. [less ▲]

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See detailEmotion Regulation Questionnaire- adapted and Individual Differences in Emotion Regulation
Seixas, Rita; Pignault, Anne; Houssemand, Claude UL

in Europe's Journal of Psychology (2021)

Emotion regulation is a human adaptation process with important implications for daily life. Two specific emotion regulation strategies were the principle areas of study: reappraisal (cognitive change in ... [more ▼]

Emotion regulation is a human adaptation process with important implications for daily life. Two specific emotion regulation strategies were the principle areas of study: reappraisal (cognitive change in which individuals adapt their state of mind about a given situation) and expressive suppression (response modulation in which individuals change their emotional response after its initiation). The Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ), that captures individual tendencies to reappraise and to suppress the expression of emotions, was also developed. Response modulation strategy was analyzed by considering two distinct processes: expressive suppression (down-regulation) and expressive enhancement (up-regulation). This latter modulation process has been less frequently studied by researchers. The present study investigates the psychometrical properties, individual differences and correlates of a French adapted version of the ERQ, which comprises reappraisal and the two response modulation tendencies – expressive suppression and expressive enhancement. Based on the initial ERQ, new items were created and added to the scale. The three-factor structure of the ERQ adapted was confirmed. As expected, emotion regulation is linked to individual differences: the tendency to reappraise has a positive low correlation with age; and men are significantly more disposed to suppress and to enhance than women. Finally, the tendency to suppress the expression of emotions is negatively correlated with extraversion, and the disposition to enhance the expression of emotions is negatively correlated with conscientiousness. [less ▲]

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See detailRecherches Actuelles en Psychologie Différentielle
Houssemand, Claude UL

Book published by UL (2021)

Par le passé les conduites humaines ont été étudiées selon une approche générale ou une approche différentielle donnant lieu à des courants séparés de la psychologie, les modèles comportementaux laissent ... [more ▼]

Par le passé les conduites humaines ont été étudiées selon une approche générale ou une approche différentielle donnant lieu à des courants séparés de la psychologie, les modèles comportementaux laissent, aujourd’hui, une place de plus en plus importante aux variations inter et intra-individuelles. La psychologie différentielle longtemps restreinte à l’étude de champs particuliers, comme celui des méthodes par exemple, bénéficie de ce nouveau paradigme et participe activement à cette évolution conceptuelle. En parallèle, ses thématiques de recherche se voient modifiées par la prise en compte des intérêts des autres disciplines avec lesquelles elle collabore. Dès lors, elle aborde, comme ses précurseurs l’avaient définie, des champs plus en lien avec les évolutions sociétales actuelles : éducation différenciée, formation tout-au-long de la vie, orientation, sélection des personnes ou ressources humaines. De plus, les avancées techniques et technologiques lui permettent de faire évoluer ses outils d’investigation et de diagnostic, sur lesquels elle s’est, depuis son origine, arcboutée et qui sont actuellement le testing assisté par ordinateur, le testing adaptatif, l’intelligence artificielle ou les interfaces homme-machine. Enfin, par la prise en compte des théories et des méthodes de sciences émergentes (sciences cognitives et neurosciences), elle se dote de nouveaux moyens d’analyse des différences individuelles. Ainsi une certaine mutation de la psychologie différentielle s’observe au travers de différents travaux récents initiés au sein de cette discipline et que le présent ouvrage Recherches actuelles en psychologie différentielle tente de mettre en lumière. En effet, ce recueil, composé des synthèses de certaines communications orales et affichées présentées lors des XXIIIème Journées de Psychologie Différentielle (Luxembourg, 2018) se veut, sans être exhaustif, le reflet de certaines voies nouvelles de ce domaine scientifique et souhaite ainsi donner une image nouvelle et actuelle de la psychologie différentielle, des réalisations et perspectives de recherche de cette discipline. [less ▲]

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See detailScientific Creativity in Psychology: A Cognitive-Conative Approach
Kirsch, Christiane; Lubart, Todd; de Vries, Herie et al

in Research Anthology on Rehabilitation Practices and Therapy (2021)

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See detailEducational Robotics and Robot Creativity: An Interdisciplinary Dialogue
Gubenko, Alla UL; Kirsch, Christiane; Smilek, Jan Nicola et al

in Frontiers in Robotics and AI (2021)

There is a growing literature concerning robotics and creativity. Although some authors claim that robotics in classrooms may be a promising new tool to address the creativity crisis in school, we often ... [more ▼]

There is a growing literature concerning robotics and creativity. Although some authors claim that robotics in classrooms may be a promising new tool to address the creativity crisis in school, we often face a lack of theoretical development of the concept of creativity and the mechanisms involved. In this article, we will first provide an overview of existing research using educational robotics to foster creativity. We show that in this line of work the exact mechanisms promoted by robotics activities are rarely discussed. We use a confluence model of creativity to account for the positive effect of designing and coding robots on students' creative output. We focus on the cognitive components of the process of constructing and programming robots within the context of existing models of creative cognition. We address as well the question of the role of meta-reasoning and emergent strategies in the creative process. Then, in the second part of the article, we discuss how the notion of creativity applies to robots themselves in terms of the creative processes that can be embodied in these artificial agents. Ultimately, we argue that considering how robots and humans deal with novelty and solve open-ended tasks could help us to understand better some aspects of the essence of creativity. [less ▲]

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See detailNormalization as a mediator of emotion during unemployment
Houssemand, Claude UL; Rosato, Valeria; Thill, Steve et al

in Anxiety, Stress and Coping (2021)

Meta-analyses indicated detrimental effects on some psychological dimensions from job loss and extended periods of unemployment. This study analyses three phenomena: causes attributed to unemployment ... [more ▼]

Meta-analyses indicated detrimental effects on some psychological dimensions from job loss and extended periods of unemployment. This study analyses three phenomena: causes attributed to unemployment; processes for coping with unemployment; and the emotional impact of joblessness. Using an SEM approach, a model is created in which unemployment normalization acts as a mediator between locus of control and emotions. Method: questionnaires from 260 unemployed people in Luxembourg provided data on perceived control, coping, and emotions. Participants who attribute their situation to bad luck, believe more strongly that unemployment is due to external factors beyond their control, and recognize unemployment as being a common occurrence in life. Such cognitive attribution of unemployment has effects on job seekers’ emotions. Those who perceive unemployment in a more positive light experience more positive emotions and fewer negative affects. Negative perceptions of unemployment have no effect on the generation of positive emotion, but have an influence on negative affects. Finally, the influence of perceived-control on emotion is not direct, but is mediated by processes of unemployment normalization. Understanding how unemployed people perceive and experience their situations could help them be more effective in their search for new employment [less ▲]

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See detailVers une évolution du rapport au travail et au chômage ? Points de vue de demandeurs d’emploi et discours de salariés
Thill, Steve; Houssemand, Claude UL; Pignault, Anne

in Psychologie du Travail et des Organisations (2020), 26(3), 197-213

Professional career paths are nowadays marked by multiple transitions. Job loss is one of the most frequent causes of professional transitions. Given this emphasis, recent studies questioned a possible ... [more ▼]

Professional career paths are nowadays marked by multiple transitions. Job loss is one of the most frequent causes of professional transitions. Given this emphasis, recent studies questioned a possible evolution of the “work” norm, the emergence of an “unemployment norm” and its effects on job seekers. This paper proposes to contribute to the discussion on the current evolution of the relation to work and unemployment. At first, the results of a study with 500 unemployed people, who completed a questionnaire on work centrality and on the perception of work, will be presented. Then, a discourse analysis on the meaning and meaningfulness of work of 15 working people will be discussed. The results show the central function of work and the relative normalization of unemployment. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of meaning in life and of work on health in unemployment
Thill, Steve; Houssemand, Claude UL; Pignault, Anne

in Health Psychology Open (2020)

In line with the meaning making theory, people experience a discrepancy when their appraised meaning of a situation is in conflict with their general meaning framework. We wanted to replicate this result ... [more ▼]

In line with the meaning making theory, people experience a discrepancy when their appraised meaning of a situation is in conflict with their general meaning framework. We wanted to replicate this result in the context of unemployment. Heren the meaning of work and meaning in life influenced the perception of unemployment and consequently had an impact on mental health. This study points to new ways of thinking about unemployment and career transitions. Whereas the COVID-19-induced economic crisis will see millions of people losing their jobs, these results could assist counselors in helping unemployed people better understand the experiences they are going through. [less ▲]

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See detailLe processus de médiation et son issue à la croisée des dimensions psychologiques et sociales : pistes de recherche
Pignault, Anne; Meyers, Raymond; Houssemand, Claude UL

in Négociations (2020), 34(2), 171-192

Les pratiques de médiation sont promues de façon croissante par les sociétés occidentales, avec un nombre grandissant de centres et de praticiens qui offrent leurs services. La recherche sur les ... [more ▼]

Les pratiques de médiation sont promues de façon croissante par les sociétés occidentales, avec un nombre grandissant de centres et de praticiens qui offrent leurs services. La recherche sur les déterminants, les mécanismes et les résultats de la médiation en est cependant encore à ses débuts en Europe francophone, alors que déjà beaucoup plus avancée dans les pays anglo-saxons. Une analyse de la littérature internationale est ici proposée afin d’inspirer la recherche dans nos pays. Elle permet de faire émerger deux principales priorités de recherche, concernant les ressources et stratégies utilisées par les médiateurs et l’évaluation de la médiation et ses effets à moyen et long termes.Mediation is increasingly promoted by Western societies, with a growing number of centers and practitioners offering their services. Research on the determinants, mechanisms, and results of mediation are nevertheless still in their infancy in French-speaking Europe, though they are more advanced in English-speaking countries. An analysis of the international literature is here proposed in order to guide research in our countries. Two subjects should be research priorities: the resources and strategies used by mediators; and the evaluation of mediation by establishing precise criteria and by studying, through longitudinal research designs, the link between the initial characteristics of mediation and its medium- and long-term effects. [less ▲]

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See detailUnderstanding Unemployment Normalization: Individual Differences in an Alternative Experience With Unemployment
Houssemand, Claude UL; thill, Steve; Pignault, Anne

in Frontiers in Psychology (2020)

Unemployment is a major concern of societies and people around the world. In addressing this phenomenon, the literature has suggested a change in unemployed people’s perceptions of this transition period ... [more ▼]

Unemployment is a major concern of societies and people around the world. In addressing this phenomenon, the literature has suggested a change in unemployed people’s perceptions of this transition period. In this paper, we apply a differential approach to explore the concept of unemployment normalization, an individual emotional regulation process. The results show how the global socioeconomic context and some individual and psychological variables influence the normalization of unemployment. Thus, the age of the person but also work involvement, coping strategies, locus of control, and level of self-esteem have indirect differential effects, mediated by unemployment normalization dimensions, on unemployed people’s perceived health. Only neuroticism has a direct link to subjective well-being. These results offer a new understanding of the perception of unemployment and are also discussed in the area of career and vocational counseling. [less ▲]

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See detailPostface - Innovations et interventions sociales
Houssemand, Claude UL

in Ben Mrad, Fathi; Distler, Frédéric; Méloni, Jean-Paul (Eds.) Innovations et interventions sociales: initiatives, adaptations et créations (2020)

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See detailUnemployment Normalisation: The effect on well-being during various stages of unemployment
Thill, Steve; Houssemand, Claude UL; Pignault, Anne

in Psychological Reports (2019), 122(5), 1600-1617

The negative effects of job loss on mental health have been thoroughly described in the literature. However, different fluctuations in mental health during the unemployment period have been noticed. We ... [more ▼]

The negative effects of job loss on mental health have been thoroughly described in the literature. However, different fluctuations in mental health during the unemployment period have been noticed. We argue that a coping process takes place in this kind of situation. Therefore, in this study, we investigated the effect of the unemployment normalization process on mental health during various stages of unemployment. Participants (N = 803) completed the General Health Questionaire-12 and the Unemployment Normalization Questionnaire. Results showed that a negative perception of unemployment had the greatest impact on mental health during the different phases of unemployment. Nevertheless, during the first year, having a positive perception counteracted these negative effects, and after 1 year, the unemployment norm took over the role of buffering against the negative effects on mental health. These results indicate that unemployment is still perceived as negative, but depending on the stage of unemployment, various coping strategies are used to buffer the negative consequences of unemployment. [less ▲]

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See detailAdaptation and Validation of the Perceived Control in Unemployment Scale
Houssemand, Claude UL; Meyers, Raymond UL; Pignault, Anne

in Frontiers in Psychology (2019)

Perceived control plays an important role in the understanding of people's experiences with unemployment and reemployment. Yet, no scale has been designed specifically to measure people's perceived ... [more ▼]

Perceived control plays an important role in the understanding of people's experiences with unemployment and reemployment. Yet, no scale has been designed specifically to measure people's perceived control in an unemployment situation. In the current study, using two independent samples with 1,009 and 831 unemployed people in France and Luxembourg, respectively, we created and tested a three-dimensional Perceived Control in Unemployment Scale that was based on Levenson's (1973, 1981) theory. An exploratory factor analysis (Study 1) and a confirmatory factor analysis (Study 2) showed that the data were consistent with the theoretically postulated three-factor model. In addition, we established convergent and discriminant validity with several adaptive and non-adaptive dimensions in two independent samples of 141 unemployed people and 384 recently unemployed people in Luxembourg (Studies 3 and 4, respectively). Perceived control did not change over a period of 6 months of unemployment, yet the three types of perceived control measured at the beginning of unemployment predicted employment status 6 months later. Unemployed people with perceptions of internal control or control from powerful others found jobs more quickly, whereas the perception that chance was the controlling factor predicted longer unemployment. [less ▲]

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See detailAssessing creativity
Gubenko, Alla UL; Houssemand, Claude UL

Poster (2018, July)

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See detailExploring Different Assessment Techniques of the Test for Creative Thinking – Drawing Production
Kirsch, Christiane; Lubart, Todd; Houssemand, Claude UL

in Collange, Julie; Loarer, Even; Lubart, Todd (Eds.) 1/118 La psychologie différentielle au 21 ème siècle : nouvelles modélisations et applications (2018)

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See detailUnemployment Normalization: Its Effect on Mental Health During Various Stages of Unemployment.
Thill, Steve UL; Houssemand, Claude UL; Pignault, Anne

in Psychological Reports (2018), 122(5), 1600-1617

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See detailAn Alternative Relationship to Unemployment: Conceptualizing Unemployment Normalization
Pignault, Anne; Houssemand, Claude UL

in Review of General Psychology (2018), 22(3), 355-366

Unemployment is widely described as a situation that engenders stress, malaise, and a loss of identity for those affected by it. Whereas the deleterious effects of unemployment are clear, people may also ... [more ▼]

Unemployment is widely described as a situation that engenders stress, malaise, and a loss of identity for those affected by it. Whereas the deleterious effects of unemployment are clear, people may also develop an alternative relationship to unemployment and hold other perceptions of this transition period. Some studies have indeed pointed toward a shift in the social work norm, whereas others have questioned the negative impact of unemployment on some individuals. Yet to date, few studies have directly focused on the process through which these other, less negative perceptions of unemployment may arise. The present article thus explores one possible experience that we have termed unemployment normalization. We conceptualize unemployment normalization as an emotional regulation process based on cognitive reappraisal. This article suggests some variables that may influence it and presents a roadmap for future research. [less ▲]

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See detailUnemployment Normalization in Different Economic Contexts
Houssemand, Claude UL; Pignault, Anne UL

in Liu, Yang (Ed.) Unemployment - Perspectives and Solutions (2017)

A recent strand of research has raised the question of whether a change is underway in the relationships that people have with work and nonwork. This body of work suggests that the manner in which people ... [more ▼]

A recent strand of research has raised the question of whether a change is underway in the relationships that people have with work and nonwork. This body of work suggests that the manner in which people view unemployment and not working is changing. This chapter pursues and clarifies the first results of this research. The authors hypothesize a process of unemployment normalization, defined as the view that unemployment is a normal or even inevitable phase of life in a person’s career path and is the result of external circumstances rather than personal ones. This was tested with 600 unemployed people in two different economic contexts—France and Luxembourg—using a scale that revealed two latent factors: Justification for current unemployment situation and Perceived normality of unemployment. The findings reveal differences in the degree of normalization according to socioeconomic variables as well as an impact on the perceived health of the unemployed. [less ▲]

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