References of "Houssemand, Claude 50002008"
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See detailAdaptation and Validation of the Perceived Control in Unemployment Scale
Houssemand, Claude UL; Meyers, Raymond UL; Pignault, Anne

in Frontiers in Psychology (2019)

Perceived control plays an important role in the understanding of people's experiences with unemployment and reemployment. Yet, no scale has been designed specifically to measure people's perceived ... [more ▼]

Perceived control plays an important role in the understanding of people's experiences with unemployment and reemployment. Yet, no scale has been designed specifically to measure people's perceived control in an unemployment situation. In the current study, using two independent samples with 1,009 and 831 unemployed people in France and Luxembourg, respectively, we created and tested a three-dimensional Perceived Control in Unemployment Scale that was based on Levenson's (1973, 1981) theory. An exploratory factor analysis (Study 1) and a confirmatory factor analysis (Study 2) showed that the data were consistent with the theoretically postulated three-factor model. In addition, we established convergent and discriminant validity with several adaptive and non-adaptive dimensions in two independent samples of 141 unemployed people and 384 recently unemployed people in Luxembourg (Studies 3 and 4, respectively). Perceived control did not change over a period of 6 months of unemployment, yet the three types of perceived control measured at the beginning of unemployment predicted employment status 6 months later. Unemployed people with perceptions of internal control or control from powerful others found jobs more quickly, whereas the perception that chance was the controlling factor predicted longer unemployment. [less ▲]

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See detailAssessing creativity
Gubenko, Alla UL; Houssemand, Claude UL

Poster (2018, July)

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See detailExploring Different Assessment Techniques of the Test for Creative Thinking – Drawing Production
Kirsch, Christiane; Lubart, Todd; Houssemand, Claude UL

in Collange, Julie; Loarer, Even; Lubart, Todd (Eds.) 1/118 La psychologie différentielle au 21 ème siècle : nouvelles modélisations et applications (2018)

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See detailUnemployment Normalization: Its Effect on Mental Health During Various Stages of Unemployment.
Thill, Steve UL; Houssemand, Claude UL; Pignault, Anne

in Psychological Reports (2018)

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See detailAn Alternative Relationship to Unemployment: Conceptualizing Unemployment Normalization
Pignault, Anne; Houssemand, Claude UL

in Review of General Psychology (2018), 22(3), 355-366

Unemployment is widely described as a situation that engenders stress, malaise, and a loss of identity for those affected by it. Whereas the deleterious effects of unemployment are clear, people may also ... [more ▼]

Unemployment is widely described as a situation that engenders stress, malaise, and a loss of identity for those affected by it. Whereas the deleterious effects of unemployment are clear, people may also develop an alternative relationship to unemployment and hold other perceptions of this transition period. Some studies have indeed pointed toward a shift in the social work norm, whereas others have questioned the negative impact of unemployment on some individuals. Yet to date, few studies have directly focused on the process through which these other, less negative perceptions of unemployment may arise. The present article thus explores one possible experience that we have termed unemployment normalization. We conceptualize unemployment normalization as an emotional regulation process based on cognitive reappraisal. This article suggests some variables that may influence it and presents a roadmap for future research. [less ▲]

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See detailUnemployment Normalization in Different Economic Contexts
Houssemand, Claude UL; Pignault, Anne UL

in Liu, Yang (Ed.) Unemployment - Perspectives and Solutions (2017)

A recent strand of research has raised the question of whether a change is underway in the relationships that people have with work and nonwork. This body of work suggests that the manner in which people ... [more ▼]

A recent strand of research has raised the question of whether a change is underway in the relationships that people have with work and nonwork. This body of work suggests that the manner in which people view unemployment and not working is changing. This chapter pursues and clarifies the first results of this research. The authors hypothesize a process of unemployment normalization, defined as the view that unemployment is a normal or even inevitable phase of life in a person’s career path and is the result of external circumstances rather than personal ones. This was tested with 600 unemployed people in two different economic contexts—France and Luxembourg—using a scale that revealed two latent factors: Justification for current unemployment situation and Perceived normality of unemployment. The findings reveal differences in the degree of normalization according to socioeconomic variables as well as an impact on the perceived health of the unemployed. [less ▲]

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See detailThe contemporary perception of unemployment; An exploratory study
Thill, Steve UL; Pignault, Anne UL; Houssemand, Claude UL

Scientific Conference (2017, July 14)

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See detailA new relationship to unemployment? Its impact on subjective well-being
Thill, Steve UL; Pignault, Anne UL; Houssemand, Claude UL

Scientific Conference (2017, May 18)

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See detailIngénierie de la médiation. Exemple d’une action de médiation communautaire en Afrique
Serra, Lurdes; Houssemand, Claude UL

Scientific Conference (2017, May)

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See detailApproche psycho-sociale de l’évolution et de la portée de la médiation
Houssemand, Claude UL

Scientific Conference (2017, May)

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See detailLe processus de médiation et son issue à la croisée des dimensions psychologiques
Ben Mrad, Fathi; Pignault, Anne UL; Houssemand, Claude UL

Scientific Conference (2017, May)

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See detailLa régulation des émotions pendant le processus de médiation
Cabeza Alcina, Esther; Houssemand, Claude UL

Scientific Conference (2017, May)

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See detailAre the mediators more emotionnaly competent than ordinary people?
Pignault, Anne UL; Houssemand, Claude UL

Scientific Conference (2017, May)

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See detailMediators’ Self-Perception of their Work and Practice: Content and Lexical Analysis
Pignault, Anne UL; Meyers, Raymond UL; Houssemand, Claude UL

in The Qualitative Report (2017), 22(6), 1589-1606

Mediation is increasingly used in various areas of society. Yet few studies have shed light on the unique work of mediators and their perception of the “mediator effect” on the process. The purpose of ... [more ▼]

Mediation is increasingly used in various areas of society. Yet few studies have shed light on the unique work of mediators and their perception of the “mediator effect” on the process. The purpose of this qualitative study is to gather and compare mediators’ views about their work through feedback on their practices and to understand what they perceive as the bases for reaching a favorable outcome. This article presents the results of a content analysis of interviews with 13 mediators from different countries and cultures. The analysis grouped professional discourses into four areas: the process of the mediation meeting, mediation models and styles, mediator training, and family mediation. Each of these classes is broken down into sub-classes that describe the more salient elements of their perceived practice of mediation and self-efficacy. These results are then discussed regarding their application for the process and success of mediation. [less ▲]

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See detailNormalizing Unemployment: A New Way to Cope with Unemployment
Pignault, Anne; Houssemand, Claude UL

in Basic and Applied Social Psychology (2017)

Although the literature suggests that the massive unemployment statistics of the last decade have resulted in changes in the way people view unemployment, no study to date has precisely identified this ... [more ▼]

Although the literature suggests that the massive unemployment statistics of the last decade have resulted in changes in the way people view unemployment, no study to date has precisely identified this phenomenon and its effects on individuals. This study brings to light the connection between these new perceptions of and experiences with unemployment and health. Using both qualitative and quantitative methods, we developed and validated the Unemployment Normalization Questionnaire and correlated it with health. Thus, 938 unemployed people from two economic contexts (France and Luxembourg) completed both the Unemployment Normalization Questionnaire and the General Health Questionnaire. This study confirmed the existence of the psychological concept of unemployment normalization among actual job seekers and its relation to perceived well-being. [less ▲]

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See detailUsing the Empowerment Scale with unemployed people in lifelong learning: Is the tool sound and useful?
Meyers, Raymond UL; Pignault, Anne UL; Houssemand, Claude UL

in Psychology Research (2016), 6(11), 648-659

Empowerment is a widely used construct in research on social work, mental health and community interventions, but has only been exploited indirectly with the unemployed. But job finding is an important ... [more ▼]

Empowerment is a widely used construct in research on social work, mental health and community interventions, but has only been exploited indirectly with the unemployed. But job finding is an important dimension of empowerment and could be used to test the accuracy of the concept and of its measures. The Making Decisions Empowerment Scale was used with 97 unemployed people who had been jobless for 6 months. Even though the psychometric qualities of the 5 subscales and the total scale were mixed, convergent and discriminant validity with several adaptive and non-adaptive dimensions could be established for the global scale and for the Esteem, Power, Control and, to a lesser degree, the Activism subscales. The results were only marginally better for the 28 items global scale compared to the 9 items Esteem scale. Empowerment could be adequately modelled by using three dimensions: change coping, depression, and chance control of unemployment. Comparing 6 months later those who had found a job with the still unemployed, the 2 groups differed significantly on 2 of the 5 subscales (Activism and Control) though not on the total empowerment scale, nor on the other psychometric scales. The results throw some doubt on the accuracy of an aggregate measure that sums up divergent dimensions. Instead, it is proposed that more specific and individualized constructs be used, at least in unemployment research. [less ▲]

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See detailLa médiation à la frontière entre social et psychologique
Houssemand, Claude UL; Pignault, Anne UL

in Lettre des Médiations (2016), 2

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See detailStrategies and perspectives of school actors during a reform of vocational training in Luxembourg
Houssemand, Claude UL; Pignault, Anne UL; Meyers, Raymond UL

in Sociology Study (2016), 6(8), 485489

Since 2008, a reform of vocational training is being implemented in the upper level of secondary education in Luxembourg. The new method consists of: (1) teaching through competencies; (2) modular ... [more ▼]

Since 2008, a reform of vocational training is being implemented in the upper level of secondary education in Luxembourg. The new method consists of: (1) teaching through competencies; (2) modular training where modules can be repeated until they are achieved; and (3) evaluation which has been changed from quantitative to qualitative. The reform continues to face ongoing challenges and resistance from the different actors involved in vocational training. Semi‐structured interviews were carried out with the relevant actors in order to analyse their strategies and perspectives during and after the reform: representatives of the Ministry of Education, teaching staff, school administrations, enterprises, parents, and pupils. A heuristic model of resistance to change in education was constructed, based on these interviews. A general fatigue with the reform has spread; and this is at a moment when the Ministry wants to implement new changes to the aforementioned law. In order to make the reform viable, a new negotiated agreement based on the interests of the different players should be achieved. [less ▲]

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