References of "Hofmann, C"
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See detailA mouse model for valproate teratogenicity: parental effects, homeotic transformations, and altered HOX expression.
Faiella, A.; Wernig, M.; Consalez, G. G. et al

in Human Molecular Genetics (2000), 9(2), 227-36

Valproate (VPA) is one of several effective anti-epileptic and mood-stabilizing drugs, many of which are also potent teratogens in humans and several other mammalian species. Variable teratogenicity among ... [more ▼]

Valproate (VPA) is one of several effective anti-epileptic and mood-stabilizing drugs, many of which are also potent teratogens in humans and several other mammalian species. Variable teratogenicity among inbred strains of laboratory mice suggests that genetic factors influence susceptibility. While studying the genetic basis for VPA teratogenicity in mice, we discovered that parental factors influence fetal susceptibility to induced malformations. Detailed examination of these malformations revealed that many were homeotic transformations. To test whether VPA, like retinoic acid (RA), alters HOX expression, pluripotent human embryonal carcinoma cells were treated with VPA or RA and Hox expression assessed. Altered expression of specific Hox genes may thus account for the homeotic transformations and other malformations found in VPA-treated fetuses. [less ▲]

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See detailInhibitory action of BMPs on Pax1 expression and on shoulder girdle formation during limb development.
Hofmann, C.; Drossopoulou, G.; McMahon, A. et al

in Developmental Dynamics : An Official Publication of the American Association of Anatomists (1998), 213(2), 199-206

Pax1 expression in vertebrate limb buds is confined to cells in a discrete anterior proximal domain (Timmons et al. [1994] Development 120:2773-2785; Ebensperger et al. [1995] Anat. Embryol. 191:297-310 ... [more ▼]

Pax1 expression in vertebrate limb buds is confined to cells in a discrete anterior proximal domain (Timmons et al. [1994] Development 120:2773-2785; Ebensperger et al. [1995] Anat. Embryol. 191:297-310). In dorsoventral patterning of Drosophila, expression of pox meso, an insect gene with high sequence similarity to Pax1, is repressed by decapentaplegic (dpp) in dorsal mesoderm and, thus, is restricted to a discrete ventral domain (Staehling-Hampton et al. [1994] Nature 372:783-786). In the chick wing, cells expressing a vertebrate homolog of dpp, bone morphogenetic protein 4 (Bmp4), abut the Pax1 domain, suggesting a similar relationship between homologous genes in both vertebrates and invertebrates. Here, we show that two BMPs (BMP4, and BMP2, also highly related to dpp) can repress Pax1 in the developing chick wing. Chick wing bud cells expressing Pax1 give rise to the shoulder girdle. Cells in an equivalent position in the mouse forelimb also express Pax1, and Pax1 mutant mice display shoulder girdle defects. Similarly in chick embryos, girdle defects are produced by treatments with signalling molecules that lead to expression of BMPs, which subsequently reduce Pax1 expression in the limb bud. Recently, BMP4 has been shown to inhibit Pax1 expression in the developing trunk (Monsoro-Burq et al. [1996] Development 122:3607-3616) and Pax9 expression in developing teeth (Neubuser et al. [1997] Cell 90:247-255). Thus, a property of BMPs appears to be to regulate pox meso homologs negatively and, thus, limit their expression domains. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalysis of limb patterning in BMP-7-deficient mice.
Hofmann, C.; Luo, G.; Balling, Rudi UL et al

in Developmental Genetics (1996), 19(1), 43-50

Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are polypeptide signaling molecules, belonging to the TGF-beta superfamily. They were originally identified by their ability to induce ectopic bone formation, but their ... [more ▼]

Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are polypeptide signaling molecules, belonging to the TGF-beta superfamily. They were originally identified by their ability to induce ectopic bone formation, but their expression patterns in embryos suggest multiple functions. BMP-7-deficient mice show among other mesodermal and skeletal patterning defects, polydactyly in the hindlimbs [Luo G, Hofmann C, Bronckers ALJJ, Sohocki M, Bradley A, Karsenty G (1995): Genes Dev 9:2808-2820; Dudley AT, Lyons KM, Robertson EJ (1995): Genes Dev 9:2795-2807]. Here we report a more detailed analysis of the limb phenotype in BMP-7-deficient mice using in situ hybridization to monitor expression of molecules implicated in patterning processes of the developing vertebrate limb. In previous studies we showed that Sonic hedgehog (Shh) was expressed normally, but Hoxd-13 expression in limb mesenchyme was lower in BMP-7 mutant limbs. Here we show that Hoxd-11 expression domains are also contracted and decreased in intensity in mutant limbs, suggesting that 5' genes of the Hoxd cluster are coordinately downregulated, while another Bmp, Bmp-2, which can be activated by Shh, is similarly expressed. The mutant limb buds are broader than normal buds, and fibroblast growth factor Fgf-8 is expressed throughout the extended ridge. However, expression of the homeobox gene Msx-1, which has been shown to be involved in epithelial-mesenchymal interactions during limb development, was decreased in the mesenchyme of BMP-7 mutant limbs. Taken together, our data suggest that BMP-7 is involved in regulating proliferation and/or epithelial-mesenchymal interactions in the developing limb. [less ▲]

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