References of "Hesse, Markus 50001977"
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See detailUrban expansion re-visited
Hesse, Markus UL

in pnd - rethinking planning (2021), 2021(1), 42-54

This paper deals with urban expansion, that is, the growth of cities and inner-urban areas, both inside and outside of the dedicated planning perimeters. My aim is to give a brief overview of how this ... [more ▼]

This paper deals with urban expansion, that is, the growth of cities and inner-urban areas, both inside and outside of the dedicated planning perimeters. My aim is to give a brief overview of how this subject matter can be discussed from a contemporary perspective, with a certain focus on big projects that have evolved in recent decades and are on the rise again. Towards that end, I will situate the subject matter in historical contexts, provide some explanation as to the 1970s and more recent dynamics, and discuss how large-scale urban projects are being implemented. While big projects pursue different ambitions—such as economic, socio-demographic or ecological goals—they are set in place by a kind of managerial urbanism, often prioritise economic gains and thus challenge urban policy and planning. The paper concludes with a call to contextualise the variegated outcomes of new urban projects and to develop appropriate methods for monitoring and assessing urban life in these quarters. [less ▲]

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See detailWarum und zu welchem Ende reden wir über "Neue Suburbanität"?
Hesse, Markus UL

Speeches/Talks (2021)

Das Papier gibt einen Überblick über das Sujet der Neuen Suburbanität, und zwar in vier Schritten. Erstens erfolgt ein Einstieg in die Diskussion über Begrifflichkeiten und Definitionen; zweitens wird der ... [more ▼]

Das Papier gibt einen Überblick über das Sujet der Neuen Suburbanität, und zwar in vier Schritten. Erstens erfolgt ein Einstieg in die Diskussion über Begrifflichkeiten und Definitionen; zweitens wird der Anlass hinterfragt, warum man 2019, immer noch … oder gerade wieder, über Suburbanisierung redet, forscht, dazu plant. Drittens werden die theoretischen und praktischen Herausforderungen, denen sich die Forschung zu Neuer Suburbanität stellen sollte, benannt; viertens wird ein kurzer Ausblick auf die Stadt von übermorgen vorgenommen -- eine Reflexion darüber, welchen Platz Suburbia und Suburbanisierung hier einnehmen können. [less ▲]

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See detailA Temporary Space Where Development and Planning Emergencies Meet? Notes on an International Building Exhibition (IBA) in the Cross- Border Territories of France and Luxembourg
Becker, Tom UL; Hesse, Markus UL

in Planning Theory & Practice (2021), 22(1), 148-154

An International Building Exhibition (IBA) is currently being planned for the cross-border area of southern Luxembourg and north-eastern France (Alzette-Belval). This planning approach, mainly known in ... [more ▼]

An International Building Exhibition (IBA) is currently being planned for the cross-border area of southern Luxembourg and north-eastern France (Alzette-Belval). This planning approach, mainly known in the German building and planning context, was developed as a temporary activity to foster planning innovation and experimentation, in order to bring both formal and informal processes and regulations forward. Some have also argued that an IBA can be considered a temporary case of planning emergency, a means for trying the unusual in settings where business as usual has failed to address important problems properly. Organising an IBA has recently become increasingly popular in other European countries, such as Austria, the Netherlands or Switzerland. The aim of this note is to address some general questions as to the particular role that this instrument can play, and what it may promise (and not) to spatial planning. We also discuss the specific framework conditions and problems the French-Luxembourgian border region is confronted with. Our comment should contribute to clarifying what the underlying problems are actually about and, more specifically, in what ways an IBA could help dealing with them. Particularly, we suggest decision-makers and practitioners to follow a practice of ‘reflection before selection’: to address the very specificities of both the region and of an IBA before turning to ‘project’-based routines. This would avoid rendering the IBA as an empty signifier or a mere branding tool, while practice remains challenged by vested interests, complex policy terrains and powerful political economies. [less ▲]

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See detailRaumplanung und Weiterbildung in Luxemburg
Becker, Tom UL; Hesse, Markus UL

in RaumPlanung (2021), 2021(210), 60-65

Das Großherzogtum Luxemburg ist eines der kleinsten Mitgliedsländer der Europäischen Union und hat in der jüngeren Vergangenheit ein massives Wachstum von Wirtschaft und Bevölkerung erfahren. COVID-19 und ... [more ▼]

Das Großherzogtum Luxemburg ist eines der kleinsten Mitgliedsländer der Europäischen Union und hat in der jüngeren Vergangenheit ein massives Wachstum von Wirtschaft und Bevölkerung erfahren. COVID-19 und die Gegenmaßnahmen der Politik haben die hohe Außenorientierung des Landes jedoch empfindlich getroffen. Am Beispiel der Raumplanungs-Weiterbildung ‚Formation Continue Aménagement du Territoire (FCAT)‘ zeigt dieser Beitrag, wie raumplanerische Lehre und Forschung auf diese neuen Herausforderungen reagieren, sowohl inhaltlich wie auch didaktisch. [less ▲]

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See detailCity-states in relational urbanization: the case of Luxembourg and Singapore
Wong, Catherine; Hesse, Markus UL; Sigler, Thomas UL

in Urban Geography (2021)

Post-industrial global urbanisation has seen the rise of territorial economic development strategies predicated on reconfiguring the urban landscape to conform to novel forms of economic production, often ... [more ▼]

Post-industrial global urbanisation has seen the rise of territorial economic development strategies predicated on reconfiguring the urban landscape to conform to novel forms of economic production, often under the guise of ‘global city’ development. This paper reorients the conversation on global city development by highlighting the intermediary roles that particular cities play in brokering flows of global knowledge, goods, and capital through novel spatial-economic configurations. We identify a sub-set of city-states characterized by territorial economic development strategies that are exemplary of ‘relational’ processes. Luxembourg and Singapore serve as illustrative cases in which urban territorial development is guided almost entirely by an exogenous orientation benefitting from an intermediary positionality. They focus on intermediary services supported by technologically intensive infrastructures and niche economic strategies enables a relational competitive advantage. Although all cities are in some way ‘relational’ in their politico-economic orientation, these extraordinary cases highlight a number of novel concurrent socio-spatial processes. We conclude that a combination of forward-looking and unconventional ‘relational’ territorial development strategies including digital infrastructures and entrepreneurial legislation support the emergence of novel industrial configurations whose key advantages are conferred by their positionality in relation to regional and global flows. [less ▲]

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See detail«Property States» and the Financialization of Urban Development
Hesse, Markus UL

in Hertweck, Florian (Ed.) Architecture on Common Ground The Question of Land: Positions and Models (2020)

The process of globalization of the economy and society has fundamentally changed the realities of life in cities in recent decades. Technological innovations in data processing allowed current trends ... [more ▼]

The process of globalization of the economy and society has fundamentally changed the realities of life in cities in recent decades. Technological innovations in data processing allowed current trends such as digitalization or the platform economy to gain momentum. Financialisation and its imprint on real estate markets has made land becoming increasingly included in the sphere of the global exchange economy, as an asset. The mobilization of financial assets is followed by the large-scale valuation of real estate; as a consequence, local lifeworlds are subject to heightened pressure to achieve high rates of return. The chapter discusses the implications of these developments for urban development and sheds light on the particular role of property in two small states: Luxembourg and Singapore. The rather distinct role of the state in either facilitating profit or ensuring access to public housing (at least for some) is reflected in the notion of 'property states'. [less ▲]

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See detailKritische oder angewandte Geographie – oder beides? Ein Kommentar
Hesse, Markus UL

in Standort (2020), 44(4), 275-278

The aim of this commentary is threefold. First, it interrogates the specific definition and situatedness of “critical” and “applied” geography; second, it discusses the assumption that there is a ... [more ▼]

The aim of this commentary is threefold. First, it interrogates the specific definition and situatedness of “critical” and “applied” geography; second, it discusses the assumption that there is a disconnect between science and social movements made in the context of critical discourses. Third, this leads to reflection upon what the interface between science and practice in geography is, or what it could or should be like today. [less ▲]

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See detailRelational cities disrupted. Reflections on the particular geographies of COVID-19 for small but global urbanisation in Dublin, Ireland, and Luxembourg City, Luxembourg
Hesse, Markus UL; Rafferty, Michael UL

in Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie (2020), 111(3), 451-464

This paper looks at the particular geographies associated with the COVID-19 outbreak through the lens of cities that are products of relational urbanisation. This includes small but highly globalised ... [more ▼]

This paper looks at the particular geographies associated with the COVID-19 outbreak through the lens of cities that are products of relational urbanisation. This includes small but highly globalised cities, such as financial centres or hot spots of politics and diplomacy, which are usually situated between different political, economic or cultural systems and their boundaries. These cities experienced strong growth due to internationalisation and a dedicated politics of extraversion. Our argument is that such places are unusually affected by the current lock-down, illustrated by two empirical cases, the cities of Dublin, Ireland, and Luxembourg City, Luxembourg. Both have experienced striking growth rates recently, but now suffer from disruption. Their development trajectories remain unclear, since a return to the ‘old normal’ seems unlikely, and the emergent ‘new normal’ calls for adaptation towards more state involvement in areas hitherto governed by the market. The paper addresses possible alternative geographies for both cases. [less ▲]

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See detailRäumliche Transformationen: Prozess, Ziel, Leitbild?
Hesse, Markus UL

in Lange, Bastian; Hülz, Martina; Schmid, Benedikt (Eds.) et al Postwachstumsgeographien. Raumbezüge diverser und alternativer Ökonomien (2020)

Ziel dieses Beitrags ist es, räumliche Transformation in die Debatte um raum- und planungsbezogene Leitbilder einzuordnen. Ausgangspunkt ist die sehr heterogene und im Zeit-ablauf wechselhafte ... [more ▼]

Ziel dieses Beitrags ist es, räumliche Transformation in die Debatte um raum- und planungsbezogene Leitbilder einzuordnen. Ausgangspunkt ist die sehr heterogene und im Zeit-ablauf wechselhafte, gelegentlich opportunistische Praxis der Formulierung planungsbezo-gener Paradigmen und Leitbilder. Sie folgt zwar spezifischen Problemwahrnehmungen, ist aber auch abhängig von temporären Moden, Konjunkturen und Konstrukten. Die erkenntnis-leitende Frage ist, inwieweit Transformation Leitbildcharakter hat, und wenn ja, worin sich dies äußert: in analytischer, normativer und prozeduraler Hinsicht. Ist das Leitbild allgemein (generell) oder spezifisch ausgerichtet – was ist seine konkrete Zielformulierung? Oder ist Transformation primär als prozedurale Richtschnur zu verstehen, als Metapher zur kollektiven Mobilisierung von Wandel, dessen Inhalte im Schatten partizipativer Prozesse stehen? Der Charme von Transformation liegt womöglich darin, dass dieser Begriff eine an-gemessen differenzierte Vorstellung von evolutionären gesellschaftlichen Veränderungen bietet. Ob es zum Konzept reicht, um intendierten Wandel auf robuste Weise anzuleiten – oder ob sein Mehrwert schlicht darin liegt, Realität zu „verzaubern“ (Tom Sieverts) – wird im Beitrag diskutiert. [less ▲]

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See detailCities seen through a relational lens
Hesse, Markus UL; Wong, Catherine UL

in Geographische Zeitschrift (2020), 108(2), 74-98

This paper applies a relational approach to global urbanization with respect to the economic flows and relationships that help local places to position themselves globally. The paper ties in with the ... [more ▼]

This paper applies a relational approach to global urbanization with respect to the economic flows and relationships that help local places to position themselves globally. The paper ties in with the increasing functional and economic integration of urban areas – an integration that is not primarily related to economic or population size but an outcome of specialization and a politics of niche sovereignty. Empirically the paper draws upon case studies of three different places: Geneva (Switzerland), Luxembourg City (Luxembourg) and the citystate of Singapore. We reconstruct the different ways in which these three became part of global networks, and how the crafting of political frameworks based on niche making has fostered their rise in global significance. [less ▲]

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See detailLogistics: Situating flows in a spatial context
Hesse, Markus UL

in Geography Compass (2020), 7(3),

The origins of logistics lie in military and imperial methods of expansion and control of geographical space. It is principally associated with the more recent contexts of business management and ... [more ▼]

The origins of logistics lie in military and imperial methods of expansion and control of geographical space. It is principally associated with the more recent contexts of business management and engineering. Logistics systems are now the conveyor belts of the global system of trade, commerce and production, and its associated techniques and strategies aim at optimizing flows and throughput within discrete units (such as firms), in economic networks and across geographical space. Because flows are important determinants for the development of places, logistics has the power to structure territories. Therefore, it has raised considerable interest in the field of geography, not only with regard to cities and their dense agglomeration of people, buildings and infrastructure, but also in geopolitical terms as it fosters the exploration, control and surveillance of areas. The paper presents a critical account of logistics operations and their relevance for the making (and unmaking) of territories, related policy dimensions and future challenges for research. [less ▲]

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See detailWhen Alphabet Inc. plans Toronto's waterfront: New post-political modes of urban governance
Carr, Constance UL; Hesse, Markus UL

in Urban Planning (2020), 5(1), 69-83

‘Smart cities’ has become a hegemonic concept in urban discourses, despite substantial criticism presented by scholarly research and activism. The aim of this research was to understand what happens when ... [more ▼]

‘Smart cities’ has become a hegemonic concept in urban discourses, despite substantial criticism presented by scholarly research and activism. The aim of this research was to understand what happens when one of the big digital corporations enters the field of real estate and land use development and urban planning, how existing institutions respond to this, and how modes of urban governance are affected. Alphabet Inc.’s plans for Toronto’s waterfront provided insights into these questions. Our investigations traced a complex web of place-making practices that involved all levels of government, the general public, and networks of actors throughout the private sector. Methodologically, the discourse was reconstructed with local fieldwork, interviews with key actors, participating in tours and public meetings, and secondary sources. It was found that Alphabet Inc.’s plan to build a world-class digital city contained some lessons for urban studies and urban planning practice. First, Alphabet Inc.’s plans, which unfolded amidst initiatives to expand the knowledge economy, confirmed concerns that the trajectory of neoliberal, market-driven land use and speculation along the waterfront remains unchanged. Second, digital infrastructures are potentially a Trojan Horse. Third, it was seen that municipalities and their modes of urban planning are vulnerable to the political economic manoeuvrings of large corporate power. Fourth, Alphabet Inc. operates as a post-political package driven by a new coalition of politics, where the smart city is sold as a neutral technology. The controversies surrounding the project, however, stirred a civic discourse that might signal a return of the political. [less ▲]

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See detailFrom the “project within the project” to the “city within the city”? Governance and Management Problems in Large Urban Development Projects Using the Example of the Science City Belval, Luxembourg
Leick, Annick UL; Hesse, Markus UL; Becker, Tom UL

in Raumforschung und Raumordnung (2020), 78(3), 1-17

The paper explores the issue of new urban development areas from two specific perspectives: on the one hand, rather than concentrating on housing, we address the question of science and research, in ... [more ▼]

The paper explores the issue of new urban development areas from two specific perspectives: on the one hand, rather than concentrating on housing, we address the question of science and research, in particular university locations and science parks, as a central guiding principle for urban expansion. On the other hand, the paper focuses on the analysis of urban management and governance practices and, more specifically, the disjoining of large projects from their common urban planning context. Emphasis is put on the fact that such undertakings are defined as ‘projects’ and that they are subordinated to a specific management approach. Amid debates concerning large-scale urban development projects and urban governance, we develop the thesis that the risk for projects to unfold as a sort of ‘foreign matter’ in the urban realm increases as the degree to which they are subject to proven planning processes and regulatory practices diminishes. This argument will be empirically illustrated with Belval, the science city in the south of Luxembourg, which is developed ever since 2003 and whose progress is critically assessed here. The general conclusions include planning requirements for dealing with new large-scale development projects. [less ▲]

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See detailMobility policy through the lens of policy mobility: The post-political case of introducing free transit in Luxembourg
Carr, Constance UL; Hesse, Markus UL

in Journal of Transport Geography (2020), 83

This viewpoint paper addresses the issue of fare-free public transport (FFPT) in the context of policy mobility, the strand of urban studies literature that examines how policy formulations developed in ... [more ▼]

This viewpoint paper addresses the issue of fare-free public transport (FFPT) in the context of policy mobility, the strand of urban studies literature that examines how policy formulations developed in one place tend to ‘travel’ and inform and inspire plans elsewhere as good or best practices. We argue that the promotion of policies may not reflect a serious attempt to solve a sustainability or socio-economic issue. Rather, the institutions in charge have different targets in mind. FFPT in Luxembourg is thus more a reflection of a post-political process where politics are severed from the political. [less ▲]

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See detailSidewalk Labs closed down – whither Google’s smart city?
Carr, Constance UL; Hesse, Markus UL

in Regions - E-Magazine (2020), (7),

This article was adapted, revised and updated from the original, “Sidewalk Labs is closing down – Lessons from Toronto’s realpolitik” published at Urbanization Unbound, the blogspot of urban geographers ... [more ▼]

This article was adapted, revised and updated from the original, “Sidewalk Labs is closing down – Lessons from Toronto’s realpolitik” published at Urbanization Unbound, the blogspot of urban geographers at the Department of Geography and Spatial Planning of the University of Luxembourg, edited by Constance Carr and Markus Hesse. [less ▲]

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See detail"Property States" und Finanzialisierung der Stadtentwicklung
Hesse, Markus UL

in Hertweck, Florian (Ed.) Architektur auf gemeinsamem Boden. Positionen und Modelle zur Bodenfrage (2019)

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See detailDas Nicht-Sagbare thematisieren
Hesse, Markus UL

Article for general public (2019)

Der Beitrag thematisiert das Verhältnis von Wissenschaft und Politik im Allgemeinen sowie in Luxemburg, insbesondere mit Blick auf Geographie und Raumplanung.

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See detailQualitatives Wachstum in Stadt und Land? Elefant im Raum und zugleich leerer Signifikant
Becker, Tom UL; Hesse, Markus UL; Schulz, Christian UL

in Reckinger, Carole; Urbé, Robert (Eds.) Sozialalmanach 2019. Schwéierpunkt: Qualitativen Wuesstem (2019)

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See detailMetropolisierung oder die Zweite Häutung der Stadt
Hesse, Markus UL

Article for general public (2019)

Der Begriff der Metropole kennzeichnet üblicher Weise große Städte, die durch die Kombination von hoher Bevölkerungszahl, wirtschaftlicher Stärke und kultureller Ausstrahlung geprägt sind. Parallel dazu ... [more ▼]

Der Begriff der Metropole kennzeichnet üblicher Weise große Städte, die durch die Kombination von hoher Bevölkerungszahl, wirtschaftlicher Stärke und kultureller Ausstrahlung geprägt sind. Parallel dazu werden in jüngster Zeit auch kleinere Standorte beachtet, die relativ rasch gewachsen sind. Als Erklärungsansatz dient hier der Prozess der „Metropolisierung“. Luxemburg ist idealtypisch dafür. [less ▲]

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See detailOnlinehandel, Logistik und Verkehr
Flämig, Heike; Hesse, Markus UL

in RaumPlanung (2019), 202(3-4/2019), 30-35

The paper explores the implications that result from rising online shopping and the related patterns of distribution in European cities. The particular consequences of new modes of logistics distribution ... [more ▼]

The paper explores the implications that result from rising online shopping and the related patterns of distribution in European cities. The particular consequences of new modes of logistics distribution for cities and for urban planning are being discussed. While the paper is cautious against the assumption of an exploding freight transport resulting from online-shopping behaviour (it yet seems to be moderate so far), the paper calls for a more comprehensive awareness for the overall imprint of logistics changes in urban regions. Respective concepts for urban and transport planning are needed, in order to make cities and their distribution patterns more sustainable. [less ▲]

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