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See detailOverexpression of sarcolemmal calcium pump attenuates induction of cardiac gene expression in response to ET-1.
Piuhola, J.; Hammes, A.; Schuh, K. et al

in American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology (2001), 281(3), 699-705

The function of the plasma membrane calmodulin-dependent calcium ATPase (PMCA) in myocardium is unknown. PMCA is localized in caveolae, 50- to 100-nm membrane invaginations, which also contain receptors ... [more ▼]

The function of the plasma membrane calmodulin-dependent calcium ATPase (PMCA) in myocardium is unknown. PMCA is localized in caveolae, 50- to 100-nm membrane invaginations, which also contain receptors for endothelin-1 (ET-1) and various other ligands. PMCA has been suggested to play a role in regulation of caveolar signal transduction. We studied the effects of the hypertrophic agonist ET-1 and increased coronary perfusion pressure on cardiac synthesis of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) in transgenic rats overexpressing the human PMCA 4CI in isolated perfused heart preparation. ET-1 infusion for 2 h increased BNP mRNA levels twofold in left ventricles (LV) of nontransgenic rats, whereas no increase was noted in PMCA rat hearts. Similar responses were seen in adrenomedullin and c-fos mRNA levels, and in immunoreactive BNP secretion. Increased mechanical load produced by elevated perfusion pressure induced similar 1.5- to 1.6-fold increases in LV BNP mRNA in both nontransgenic and PMCA rat hearts. These results show that cardiac overexpression of PMCA attenuates ET-1-stimulated early induction of cardiac gene expression, suggesting that PMCA may modulate myocardial growth responses. [less ▲]

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See detailOverexpression of the sarcolemmal calcium pump in the myocardium of transgenic rats.
Hammes, A.; Oberdorf-Maass, S.; Rother, T. et al

in Circulation Research (1998), 83(9), 877-88

The plasma membrane calmodulin-dependent calcium ATPase (PMCA) is a calcium-extruding enzyme controlling Ca2+ homeostasis in nonexcitable cells. However, its function in the myocardium is unclear because ... [more ▼]

The plasma membrane calmodulin-dependent calcium ATPase (PMCA) is a calcium-extruding enzyme controlling Ca2+ homeostasis in nonexcitable cells. However, its function in the myocardium is unclear because of the presence of the Na+/Ca2+ exchanger. We approached the question of the physiological function of the calcium pump using a transgenic "gain of function" model. Transgenic rat lines carrying the human PMCA 4 cDNA under control of the ventricle-specific myosin light chain-2 promoter were established, and expression in the myocardium was ascertained at the mRNA, protein, and functional levels. In vivo hemodynamic measurements in adult homozygous animals showed no differences in baseline and increased cardiac performance recruited by volume overload compared with controls. No differences between transgenic and control cardiomyocytes were found in patch clamp voltage dependence, activation/inactivation behavior of the L-type Ca2+ current, or fast [Ca2+]i transients (assessed by the Fura-2 method). To test whether the PMCA might be involved in processes other than beat-to-beat regulation of contraction/relaxation, we compared growth processes of neonatal transgenic and control cardiomyocytes. A 1.6- and 2.3-fold higher synthesis rate of total protein was seen in cells from transgenic animals compared with controls on incubation with 2% FCS for 24 hours and 36 hours, respectively. An effect of similar magnitude was observed using 20 micromol/L phenylephrine. A 1.4-fold- and 2.0-fold-higher protein synthesis peak was seen in PMCA-overexpressing cardiomyocytes after stimulation with isoproterenol for 12 hours and 24 hours, respectively. Because pivotal parts of the alpha- and beta-adrenergic signal transduction pathways recently have been localized to caveolae, we tested the hypothesis that the PMCA might alter the amplitude of alpha- and beta-adrenergic growth signals by virtue of its localization in caveolae. Biochemical as well as immunocytochemical studies suggested that the PMCA in large part was colocalized with caveolin 3 in caveolae of cardiomyocytes. These results indicate that the sarcolemmal Ca2+-pump has little relevance for beat-to-beat regulation of contraction/relaxation in adult animals but likely plays a role in regulating myocardial growth, possibly through modulation of caveolar signal transduction. [less ▲]

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See detailExpression of the plasma membrane Ca2+-ATPase in myogenic cells.
Hammes, A.; Oberdorf-Maass, S.; Jenatschke, S. et al

in The Journal of biological chemistry (1996), 271(48), 30816-22

To study the physiological function of the plasma membrane calmodulin-dependent calcium ATPase (PMCA) in intact cells, L6 myogenic cell lines stably overexpressing the human PMCA isoform 4CI (= human PMCA ... [more ▼]

To study the physiological function of the plasma membrane calmodulin-dependent calcium ATPase (PMCA) in intact cells, L6 myogenic cell lines stably overexpressing the human PMCA isoform 4CI (= human PMCA isoform 4b) were generated. Several independent L6 clones and controls stably transfected with the empty expression vector were analyzed in detail. The resting cytosolic calcium level in hPMCA4CI-overexpressing muscle cells (measured by the Fura-2 method) was significantly reduced by 20-30% compared with controls. This was shown in a cytosolic window of 1322 single cells (p < 0.01). Furthermore, the differentiation process of these cells was remarkably accelerated compared with control myoblasts and parental nontransfected L6 cells as assessed by multinucleated myotube formation and creatine phosphokinase activity elevation. After 4 and 6 days of differentiation, PMCA-overexpressing L6 cells from four independent clones displayed a 3- and 4-fold higher creatine phosphokinase activity compared with controls (n = 5, p < 0.02). These results may extend the concept of the function of the PMCA from simple prevention of calcium overload to an active involvement in intracellular calcium regulation with potentially important consequences for cellular functions. [less ▲]

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See detailDifferentiation-specific isoform mRNA expression of the calmodulin-dependent plasma membrane Ca(2+)-ATPase.
Hammes, A.; Oberdorf, S.; Strehler, E. E. et al

in FASEB Journal (1994), 8(6), 428-35

The functional significance of the isoform diversity of the calmodulin-dependent plasma membrane Ca(2+)-ATPase (PMCA) is largely unknown. To determine whether the mRNA synthesis of different isoforms of ... [more ▼]

The functional significance of the isoform diversity of the calmodulin-dependent plasma membrane Ca(2+)-ATPase (PMCA) is largely unknown. To determine whether the mRNA synthesis of different isoforms of the enzyme is regulated in a differentiation-specific manner, we investigated the expression of isoform-specific mRNAs in muscle and neuronal cells during differentiation by reverse transcription PCR. In the rat, the ubiquitous PMCA splicing variants 1b and 4b formed the typical PMCA isoform pattern of L6 myoblasts, the heart-derived cell line H9c2(2-1), two different fibroblast cell lines (FR and NRK-49F), smooth muscle, and endothelial cells. In addition to these two enzymes, novel expression of the splicing variants 1c, 1d, and 4a was induced during myogenic differentiation of L6 and H9c2(2-1) cells. A similar isoform subtype switch could be detected during differentiation of the neuronal PC-12 cells induced by nerve growth factor (NGF). The isoform-specific mRNAs 1c, 1d, and 4a were not expressed in cells other than myocytes and neurons, and therefore may be specific for excitable cells. The mRNA for isoform 1d was heart- and skeletal muscle-specific. To determine whether expression of a differentiation-specific PMCA mRNA pattern is under control of a myogenic determination factor, myogenin was constitutively expressed in rat fibroblasts. These cells converted to multinucleated myotubes, which displayed the PMCA isoform-specific mRNAs 1c, 1d, and 4a, typical of differentiated muscle cells. We conclude that: 1) the distribution of the various PMCA isoform-specific mRNAs and their splicing variants is cell type- and development-specific; 2) expression of the myogenic determination factor myogenin is sufficient to direct alternative splicing generating muscle-specific PMCA mRNA species; and 3) PMCA isoforms and/or splicing variants may play a role in determining functions of terminally differentiated muscle and neuronal cells and possibly during the differentiation process itself. [less ▲]

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