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See detailNormative Policy Coherence for Development in EU External Policies: A Case Study of the European Union's Development and Trade Policies towards Vietnam
Häbel, Sandra UL

Doctoral thesis (2018)

The global discourse on people-centered development appeals for a normative dimension in donor policies. As a major donor organization, the European Union (EU) presents itself as a normative actor on the ... [more ▼]

The global discourse on people-centered development appeals for a normative dimension in donor policies. As a major donor organization, the European Union (EU) presents itself as a normative actor on the global stage. However, it is often criticized for lacking normative practice. This dissertation addresses this criticism and assesses the EU’s normative policy coherence for development by examining norm implementation across development and trade policies. The guiding research questions are the following: Are the EU’s development and trade policies coherent in implementing norms; and if not, why are they incoherent? Normative policy coherence for development is defined as the coherent implementation of EU norms (democracy, freedom, gender equality, good governance, human rights, justice, liberty, non-discrimination, peace, rule of law, solidarity and sustainability) across development and non-development policies. A case study of EU development and trade policies addressing Vietnam is used to illustrate normative policy coherence for development in the transition phase from an EU-Vietnam donor-recipient relationship to a mutual trade relationship. This research contributes to existing literature on policy coherence for development, public policy, normative power Europe and regionalism through the in-depth analysis of normativity in EU policy implementation. It examines EU normative power in the EU-Vietnam relationship with particular focus on normative policy coherence and places this relationship in the context of EU-ASEAN relations. A qualitative methodology is utilized in this dissertation is supported by the case study design within which the congruence method has been used for the analysis. The data set is comprised of European Union policy documents and semi-structured interviews conducted by the author in Brussels, Belgium, and Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, which were coded and analyzed in Atlas.ti. The results show that normative policy coherence for development is undermined for several reasons. First, in policy implementation, norms are seen as a political matter and not as a development or trade matter. In contrast to policy guidelines, which are infused by normative commitments such as respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, subsequent implementation stages do not correspond to this commitment. Second, policy networks, which could function as an opportunity for cooperation and coherence, are split ii by sector, which reinforces the divide between political, developmental and economic matters and in doing so they undermine normative policy coherence. Third, the EU’s relations with ASEAN do not directly undermine EU-Vietnam relations and, therefore, normative coherence in policies addressed at Vietnam is only indirectly affected by EU interests in ASEAN. Causes of normative incoherence in EU policy implementation can be linked to the institutional divide between political and technical matters, which are reinforced by sectoral divisions in the delegations abroad. [less ▲]

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See detailPCD 2.0? Normative Policy Coherence for Development across Generations
Häbel, Sandra UL

Scientific Conference (2017)

Policy coherence for development (PCD) has developed into an important approach towards development in the international arena. The recent commitment to the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SGDs) have ... [more ▼]

Policy coherence for development (PCD) has developed into an important approach towards development in the international arena. The recent commitment to the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SGDs) have simultaneously added a normative dimension to the global development debate. This paper assesses the EU’s commitment to norms by applying normative policy coherence for development (NPCD) to the EU’s policies towards Vietnam. The question of normative commitment across a post-Maastricht and a post-Lisbon time frame is assessed using content analysis of policy documents. The results indicate that the commitment to norms is varied. While the commitment to human rights, sustainable development and gender equality is quite evident, do the norms solidarity, liberty and peace receive show less prominence. Overall, the commitment seems to remain at the policy formulation level but is not represented in short-term implementing programs. [less ▲]

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See detailNormative Policy Coherence for Development and Policy Networks: Enemies or Allies?
Häbel, Sandra UL

Scientific Conference (2017)

In this paper I argue that creating networks between secluded policy communities within the EU strengthens the EU's commitments to norms and consequently enhances normative policy coherence for ... [more ▼]

In this paper I argue that creating networks between secluded policy communities within the EU strengthens the EU's commitments to norms and consequently enhances normative policy coherence for development (NPCD). The data set is comprised of semi-structured elite interviews with EU and member state representatives in Brussels, Belgium, and Ha Noi and Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. As such, this paper contributes to the understanding of policy implementation in a narrower sense and, more generally, to the unerstanding of the EU's approach to development. [less ▲]

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See detailNormative Policy Coherence for Development in the EU
Häbel, Sandra UL

Bachelor/master dissertation (2013)

In this research the application of values in development policies is compared to the application of values in trade policies. As the EU is the defender of European values, it is expected that the EU and ... [more ▼]

In this research the application of values in development policies is compared to the application of values in trade policies. As the EU is the defender of European values, it is expected that the EU and its member states apply these values coherently over different policy arenas. Germany and the Netherlands are the two member states representing the EU. The United States and Japan represent non-European countries. Those four countries are compared in their development and trade policies towards Vietnam. Commission Annual Reports, OECD Peer Reviews and additional national documents on development and trade are the basis for this analysis. In addition, political statements and related publication are included for the study of values. This study shows that the EU member states apply European values in the field of development policies. Japan and the US do not apply values in either of the policy arenas. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 72 (6 UL)