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See detailThe small-angle neutron scattering instrument D33 at the Institut Laue-Langevin
Dewhurst, C. D.; Grillo, I.; Honecker, Dirk UL et al

in JOURNAL OF APPLIED CRYSTALLOGRAPHY (2016), 49

The D33 small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) instrument at the Institut Laue–Langevin (ILL) is the most recent SANS instrument to be built at the ILL. In a project beginning in 2005 and lasting seven ... [more ▼]

The D33 small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) instrument at the Institut Laue–Langevin (ILL) is the most recent SANS instrument to be built at the ILL. In a project beginning in 2005 and lasting seven years, the concept has been developed, and the instrument designed, manufactured and installed. D33 was commissioned with neutrons during the second half of 2012, fully entering the ILL user programme in 2013. The scientific case required that D33 should provide a wide dynamic range of measured scattering vector magnitude q, flexibility with regard to the instrument resolution, and the provision of polarized neutrons and 3He spin analysis to facilitate and expand studies in magnetism. In monochromatic mode, a velocity selector and a flexible system of inter-collimation apertures define the neutron beam. A double-chopper system enables a time-of-flight (TOF) mode of operation, allowing an enhanced dynamic q range (qmax/qmin) and a flexible wavelength resolution. Two large multitube detectors extend the dynamic q range further, giving qmax/qmin ’ 25 in monochromatic mode and a very large qmax/qmin > 1000 in TOF mode. The sample zone is large and flexible in configuration, accommodating complex and bulky sample environments, while the position of D33 is such as to allow high magnetic fields at the sample position. The instrument is of general purpose with a performance rivalling that of D22, and is well adapted for SANS studies in scientific disciplines as diverse as solution scattering in biology and soft matter and studies of physics, materials science and magnetism. This article provides a detailed technical description of D33 and its performance and characterization of the individual components, and serves as a technical reference for users of the instrument. [less ▲]

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See detailTime-resolved nuclear spin-dependent small-angle neutron scattering from polarised proton domains in deuterated solutions
van den Brandt, B.; Glättli, H.; Grillo, I. et al

in European Physical Journal B -- Condensed Matter (2006), 49(2), 157-165

We have investigated the process of dynamic proton polarisation by means of time-resolved polarised small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) on frozen solutions of EHBA-CrV molecules in glycerol-water ... [more ▼]

We have investigated the process of dynamic proton polarisation by means of time-resolved polarised small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) on frozen solutions of EHBA-CrV molecules in glycerol-water mixtures as a function of the concentration of EHBA-CrV and for different degrees of deuteration of the solvent. In the EHBA-CrV complex, the spins of the 20 protons which surround the paramagnetic CrV can be oriented using the method of dynamic nuclear polarisation (DNP), thereby offering the possibility to create locally a nuclear spin-dependent contrast for SANS. The time constants which describe the build-up of polarisation around the paramagnetic centre and the subsequent diffusion of polarisation in the solvent were determined by analysing the temporal evolution of the nuclear polarisation, which in turn was obtained by fitting a core-shell model to the time-dependent SANS curves. The results on the spin dynamics obtained using the scattering function of a core-shell could be independently confirmed by evaluating the integrated SANS intensity. A thermodynamic one-centre model is presented which is able to reproduce the observed dependence of the proton polarisation times on the proton concentration of the solvent. [less ▲]

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See detailAn experimental approach to the dynamics of nuclear polarisation
van den Brandt, B.; Glättli, H.; Grillo, I. et al

in Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research Section A (2004), 526

In the past 3 years a series of experiments have shed new light on the mechanism of dynamic nuclear polarisation (DNP). Time-resolved polarised small-angle neutron scattering and nuclear magnetic ... [more ▼]

In the past 3 years a series of experiments have shed new light on the mechanism of dynamic nuclear polarisation (DNP). Time-resolved polarised small-angle neutron scattering and nuclear magnetic resonance have been used simultaneously to study the nuclear polarisation build-up around paramagnetic centres during DNP. This approach, which aims at visualising the nuclear polarisation process on a microscopic scale, shall be exemplified and the experimental techniques used described in some detail. [less ▲]

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