References of "Goethals, M."
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See detailConformational behaviour of a synthetic peptide of the C-terminus of villin that interacts with actin: an NMR, CD and stimulated annealing study.
Simenel, C.; Rose, T.; Goethals, M. et al

in International journal of peptide and protein research (1995), 45(6), 574-86

The solution structure of a synthetic 22-amino acid peptide (P1) corresponding to the extreme C-terminal end and one of the F-actin binding sites of villin has been determined by 1H NMR and CD ... [more ▼]

The solution structure of a synthetic 22-amino acid peptide (P1) corresponding to the extreme C-terminal end and one of the F-actin binding sites of villin has been determined by 1H NMR and CD spectroscopy. The structure of this peptide was compared to that of a peptide in which lysine to glutamic acid substitutions were introduced at positions 17 and 19 (P11), abolishing F-actin binding. Both peptides are largely unstructured in aqueous solution. Changes observed in the NMR and CD spectra of both peptides are consistent with alpha-helix formation in trifluoroethanol/water mixtures. A set of 189 interproton distances derived from nuclear Overhauser enhancement (NOE) measurements, 17 phi-angle constraints obtained from 3JNH alpha coupling constants, as well as about 10 N ... O distance restraints deduced from amide proton exchange kinetics with deuterium, were used for the structure determination. The three-dimensional structure of P1 and P11 is characterized by two helical regions, one extending from residues 2 to 5 and a second covering residues 7 to 17. The central fragment, ranging from Leu-7 to Leu-15, is more stable. The C-terminal residues are less structured, particularly within peptide P11. The significance of these structural results is discussed in relation to the biological activity of villin. [less ▲]

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See detailAn actin-binding site containing a conserved motif of charged amino acid residues is essential for the morphogenic effect of villin.
Friederich, Evelyne UL; Vancompernolle, K.; Huet, C. et al

in Cell (1992), 70(1), 81-92

The actin-binding protein villin induces microvillus growth and reorganization of the cytoskeleton in cells that do not normally produce this protein. Transfection of mutagenized villin cDNAs into CV-1 ... [more ▼]

The actin-binding protein villin induces microvillus growth and reorganization of the cytoskeleton in cells that do not normally produce this protein. Transfection of mutagenized villin cDNAs into CV-1 cells was used to show that a conserved, COOH-terminally located cluster of charged amino acid residues (KKEK) is crucial for the morphogenic activity of villin in vivo. In vitro experiments with a 22 amino acid synthetic peptide corresponding to this region of villin provide evidence that this motif is part of an F-actin-binding site that induces G-actin to polymerize. Chemical cross-linking of actin to this peptide, the effects of amino acid substitutions in peptides, and the behavior of villin variants further corroborate the participation of the KKEK sequence in actin contacts. [less ▲]

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