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See detailBasic Motor Competencies of 6- to 8-Year-Old Primary School Children in 10 European Countries: A Cross-Sectional Study on Associations With Age, Sex, Body Mass Index, and Physical Activity
Wälti, Marina; Sallen, Jeffrey; Adamakis, Manolis et al

in Frontiers in Psychology (2022), 13

Basic motor competencies (BMC) are a prerequisite for children to be physically active, participate in sports and thus develop a healthy, active lifestyle. The present study provides a broad screening of ... [more ▼]

Basic motor competencies (BMC) are a prerequisite for children to be physically active, participate in sports and thus develop a healthy, active lifestyle. The present study provides a broad screening of BMC and associations with age, sex, body mass index (BMI) and extracurricular physical activity (PA) in 10 different European countries. The different country and regional contexts within Europe will offer a novel view on already established BMC associations. The cross-sectional study was conducted in 11 regions in 10 European countries in 2018. The motor competence areas, object movement (OM) and self-movement (SM), were assessed using the MOBAK-1-2 test instrument in 3758 first and second graders (age: M = 6.86 ± 0.60 years; 50% girls) during Physical Education classes. Children were questioned about their extracurricular PA and age. Their body weight and height were measured in order to calculate BMI. Statistical analyses included variances and correlations. The results showed significant differences in BMC levels between countries (OM: F = 18.74, p < 0.001, η2 = 0.048; SM: F = 73.10, p < 0.001, η2 = 0.163) whereas associations between BMC and correlates were similar. Boys performed significantly better in OM while girls performed better in SM. Age was consistently positively related to OM and SM with older children reaching higher levels of BMC than younger ones. While participation rates for extracurricular PA differed widely, participation in ball sports was correlated with OM and SM. Participation in individual sports showed a significant association with SM. In summary, BMC levels of children seem to depend on where they live and are strongly related to their participation in extracurricular PA. Therefore, education and health policies, in order to enhance motor competence development and PA participation, are recommended. Further research on country-specific Physical Education frameworks and their influence on BMC will provide more insights into structural factors and cultural characteristics of BMC development. On a school level, support tools and educational materials for teachers about BMC may enable children to achieve a basic level of motor competencies through Physical Education, contributing to lifelong participation in PA. [less ▲]

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See detailA Narrative Review of Motor Competence in Children and Adolescents: What We Know and What We Need to Find Out
Lopes, Luis; Santos, Rute; Coelho e Silva, Manuel et al

in International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (2020), 18(1), 1-20

Lack of physical activity is a global public health problem causing not only morbidity and premature mortality, but it is also a major economic burden worldwide. One of the cornerstones of a physically ... [more ▼]

Lack of physical activity is a global public health problem causing not only morbidity and premature mortality, but it is also a major economic burden worldwide. One of the cornerstones of a physically active lifestyle is Motor Competence (MC). MC is a complex biocultural attribute and therefore, its study requires a multi-sectoral, multi-, inter- and transdisciplinary approach. MC is a growing area of research, especially in children and adolescents due to its positive association with a plethora of health and developmental outcomes. Many questions, however, remain to be answered in this field of research, with regard to: (i) Health and Developmental-related Associations of MC; (ii) Assessment of MC; (iii) Prevalence and Trends of MC; (iv) Correlates and Determinants of MC; (v) MC Interventions, and (vi) Translating MC Research into Practice and Policy. This paper presents a narrative review of the literature, summarizing current knowledge, identifying key research gaps and presenting questions for future investigation on MC in children and adolescents. This is a collaborative effort from the International Motor Competence Network (IMCNetwork) a network of academics and researchers aiming to promote international collaborative research and knowledge translation in the expansive field of MC. The knowledge and deliverables generated by addressing and answering the aforementioned research questions on MC presented in this review have the potential to shape the ways in which researchers and practitioners promote MC and physical activity in children and adolescents across the world. [less ▲]

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See detailA review of the assessment of basic motor qualifications and competencies in school
Herrmann, Christian; Bund, Andreas UL; Gerlach, Erin et al

in International Journal of Physical Education (2015), 52(3), 2-13

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See detailOrientierungspunkte einer Programmevaluation in der Sportpädagogik
Sygusch, Ralf; Bähr, Ingrid; Gerlach, Erin et al

in Zeitschrift für sportpädagogische Forschung (2013), 1(1), 31-54

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See detailEvaluationsforschung im Sportunterricht
Bähr, Ingrid; Bund, Andreas UL; Gerlach, Erin et al

in Balz, E.; Bräutigam, P.; Miethling, W. (Eds.) et al Empirie des Schulsports (2011)

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See detailWirkungsforschung im Sportunterricht
Gerlach, Erin; Bund, Andreas UL; Bähr, Ingrid et al

in Fessler, N.; Hummel, A.; Stibbe, G. (Eds.) Handbuch Schulsport (2010)

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See detailLeitlinien einer Wirkungsforschung zur Integration von Bewegungslernen und Persönlichkeitsentwicklung
Bähr, Ingrid; Sygusch, Ralf; Bund, Andreas UL et al

in Krüger, M.; Neuber, N.; Bracht, M. (Eds.) et al Bildungspotenziale im Sport (2009, September)

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See detailWirkungsforschung im Schulsport - ein Review
Gerlach, Erin; Bund, Andreas UL; Bähr, Ingrid et al

in Krüger, M.; Neuber, N.; Bracht, M. (Eds.) et al Bildungspotenziale im Sport (2009, September)

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