References of "Fletcher, Denise Elaine 50001794"
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See detailI Want to Start My Own Business. Can I Ask Our Firm or Family for Help?
Fletcher, Denise Elaine UL

in Jaskiewicz, Peter; Rau, Sabine (Eds.) Enabling Next Generation Legacies”: 35 Questions that Next Generation Members in Enterprising Families Ask (in press)

It is often said that the entrepreneurs of today are the family businesses of tomorrow. This assertion is supported by findings in a Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (2019-20) Report on ‘Family ... [more ▼]

It is often said that the entrepreneurs of today are the family businesses of tomorrow. This assertion is supported by findings in a Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (2019-20) Report on ‘Family Entrepreneurship’ which cites that 75% of respondent entrepreneurs across 48 economies indicate that their family was actively involved in either starting or developing a new business . In spite of this, and the fact that it is becoming more popular for family firms to encourage entrepreneurialism within the younger generation, it is often challenging for Next Gens to ‘carve out’ an entrepreneurial identity for themselves. This is even more so the case if the intention is to pursue new ideas that are not central to the core business and which might disturb long-planned succession strategies, or expectations held by senior family members. Making the decision to get on board the entrepreneur(ship) is an important career decision that has huge implications, not only for the Next Gens who are planning this, but also for current members of the family business who might have to adjust their expectations. [less ▲]

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See detailCritical research and entrepreneurship: A cross‐disciplinary conceptual typology
Dey, pascal; Fletcher, Denise Elaine UL; Verduijn, karen

in International Journal of Management Reviews (2022)

Critical perspectives of entrepreneurship have gained increasing traction over the last two decades. The transformative potential of critical research resides in challenging some of entrepreneurship ... [more ▼]

Critical perspectives of entrepreneurship have gained increasing traction over the last two decades. The transformative potential of critical research resides in challenging some of entrepreneurship research’s epistemological, ontological and theoretical assumptions, with a view to offering a range of alternatives. Critical research in entrepreneurship has remained fragmented, however, due to its heterogeneous theoretical lineages and compartmentalized and niche interests. Addressing this situation, our objective is to intensify the space of critique in entrepreneurship research by offering a theoretically-informed typology that delineates different manifestations of ‘criticalness’. Our overarching contribution is to advance a typology distinguishing four ideal-types of critical entrepreneurship research based on its evaluative emphases (referred to as ‘valence’) and the meta-theoretical assumptions informing its critical operation (called ‘paradigmatic orientation’). By demonstrating the variegated political, ethical and ideological interests and preoccupations that critical studies serve within different management sub-disciplines, the typology provides a conceptual vocabulary for making sense of and synthesizing critical perspectives across scholarly boundaries. Also, it helps to reposition understandings of critique as gestures of negativity by stimulating a greater appreciation of the generative potential of critique and the theoretical and philosophical possibilities that this can bring to our scholarly community. [less ▲]

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See detailModern Slavery and Organizational Research: Digital Technologies as Field Configuring Events
Fletcher, Denise Elaine UL

Presentation (2021, March 26)

In this talk, I give an overview of how the topic of modern slavery is represented in the organization and management literature and I outline a research study which focuses on how entrepreneurial ... [more ▼]

In this talk, I give an overview of how the topic of modern slavery is represented in the organization and management literature and I outline a research study which focuses on how entrepreneurial technological solutions are increasingly being developed to address problems of modern slavery and unfree labour [less ▲]

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See detailOECD Report : The Missing Entrepreneurs 2021: Policies for Inclusive Entrepreneurship and Self Employment
Fletcher, Denise Elaine UL

Report (2021)

The Missing Entrepreneurs 2021 is the sixth edition in a series of biennial reports that examine how public policies at national, regional and local levels can support job creation, economic growth and ... [more ▼]

The Missing Entrepreneurs 2021 is the sixth edition in a series of biennial reports that examine how public policies at national, regional and local levels can support job creation, economic growth and social inclusion by overcoming obstacles to business start-ups and self-employment by people from disadvantaged or under-represented groups in entrepreneurship. It shows that there are substantial untapped opportunities for entrepreneurship in populations such as women, youth, the unemployed, and immigrants and highlights the need for more differentiated government entrepreneurship policies that respond to the specific barriers they face. The report includes an assessment of the impact of COVID-19 across these populations of entrepreneurs and the effectiveness of the policy response. It also contains thematic policy chapters on microfinance and leveraging the potential of immigrant entrepreneurs. These chapters present the range of current policy actions in EU and OECD countries and make recommendations for future policy directions. Finally, the report contains country profiles for each of the 27 EU Member States that identify for each county the major recent trends in entrepreneurship by women, youth, seniors and immigrants, the key policy issues and the recent policy actions. See section on Luxembourg country profile. [less ▲]

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See detailEthnography: A Much-Advocated but Under-Used Qualitative Methodology in Published Accounts of Family Business Research
Fletcher, Denise Elaine UL; Adiguna, Rocky UL

in de Massis, Alfredo; kammerlander, Nadine (Eds.) Handbook of Qualitative Research Methods for Family Business (2020)

In parallel with the growing interest in qualitative research methods in family business, many family business scholars advocate greater use of ethnographic methods to advance the field further. This ... [more ▼]

In parallel with the growing interest in qualitative research methods in family business, many family business scholars advocate greater use of ethnographic methods to advance the field further. This endorsement rests at least on two arguments. On the one hand, there is a need to widen, extend, or deepen our perspectives to better understand the ‘boundary crossing’ nature of families in business. On the other hand, the majority of the proposals to extend ethnographic research aim to tap into important but still under-explored complex tacit processes of family firms. However, we found that ethnographic research in family business settings remain scarcely published. This chapter reviews a set of family business studies that have used ethnographic methods, and which have been published in business and management journals in order to examine their orientations, main findings, techniques adopted, and epistemological/ontological stances. Looking forward, we end this chapter with a brief discussion on how the practice of ethnography is changing with reference to visual and virtual applications of ethnographic principles. [less ▲]

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See detail'Responsible innovators or ideation brokers': an analysis of the political and moral work of technology-based anti-slavery organizations
Fletcher, Denise Elaine UL

Scientific Conference (2020)

The topic of anti-slavery is not a common subject of research in organization studies and there is limited attention to how managers, founders and entrepreneurs who are active in this organizational field ... [more ▼]

The topic of anti-slavery is not a common subject of research in organization studies and there is limited attention to how managers, founders and entrepreneurs who are active in this organizational field, use digital technologies to tackle the problems of modern slavery. In this study, the analysis centres on how technology-based anti-slavery organizations ‘take on’ and distribute discourses about human rights and the indignity of unfree labour in their business models and solutions. Specifically, the study examines how ‘discursive spaces’ are constructed as anti-slavery organizations reach out to certain target groups to disrupt the market conditions that enables enslavement or trafficking to persist. The findings show how discursive spaces embody normative values and rhetorics concerning human rights and unfree labour - values and rhetorics which lead to the creation of contradictory repertoires related to sustainability, transparency, solidarity and responsibility. [less ▲]

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See detailHow shared pre-start-up moments of transition and cognitions contextualize effectual and causal decisions in entrepreneurial teams
Tryba, Anne; Fletcher, Denise Elaine UL

in Small Business Economics (2019), 52(3), 1-24

Although it is reported that early venture decisions are influenced by the relationships and common history of entrepreneurial team members, little is known about how the mutual interests and ambitions ... [more ▼]

Although it is reported that early venture decisions are influenced by the relationships and common history of entrepreneurial team members, little is known about how the mutual interests and ambitions experienced in the pre-start-up phase provide a shared and relational context for joint decisions. Drawing on a multiple case study approach of nine entrepreneurial teams in new ventures, this study identifies the shared pre-start-up moments of transition during which team members’ prior work and life patterns start to change. We show that in these intense moments, shared entrepreneurial cognition evolves among team members – the relationality of which provides a unique social context for decision behaviors. Our findings conclude that effectual behaviors advance a theory of context because in simultaneously working with effectual and causal logics (albeit with varying intensities), team decisions are realized that are consistent with the relational context that emerges in the pre-start-up moment. [less ▲]

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See detailTradition, Family Business and Beyond
Fletcher, Denise Elaine UL; Adiguna, Rocky

Poster (2019)

That tradition plays a role in family business is a long-acknowledged but often self-evident notion in family business research. As a result, the explanatory potential of tradition is oriented towards its ... [more ▼]

That tradition plays a role in family business is a long-acknowledged but often self-evident notion in family business research. As a result, the explanatory potential of tradition is oriented towards its function as a resource for enabling organizational performance or its role in aiding stability and change within family business settings, has been overshadowed. Drawing from a reading of selected works in sociology, history and moral philosophy, this paper addresses this limitation by offering a theoretical reflection on the notion of tradition. These readings provide a way of departing from the common view of tradition as unitary, static and fixed towards a conceptualization that views tradition as both multi-layered and multi-faceted—constituting an unfolding process that is continuously being received and enacted in family firms. This theoretical paper contributes to the family business literature by strengthening the conceptual foundation of the notion of tradition by advocating tradition as a concept through which the past and future is immanent in the present. From this, a future agenda for research is outlined. [less ▲]

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See detailThe tacit knowledge of entrepreneurial design: interrelating theory, practice and prescription in entrepreneurship research’
Selden, Paul; Fletcher, Denise Elaine UL

in Journal of Business Venturing Insights (2019), 11

An important challenge facing entrepreneurship researchers is the “three-body” knowledge problem of how to use “theoretical knowledge” to produce “prescriptive knowledge” that communicates the “practical ... [more ▼]

An important challenge facing entrepreneurship researchers is the “three-body” knowledge problem of how to use “theoretical knowledge” to produce “prescriptive knowledge” that communicates the “practical knowledge” of situated practice to students and practitioners of entrepreneurship. We argue that a contribution can be made to solving this problem by theorizing practical knowledge as the “know-how” to do a situated entrepreneurial practice. “Know-how” is a cognitive “capacity to act” that prescribes for a practitioner how to produce a type of outcome in a range of circumstances. This “know-how” can potentially, therefore, be reconstructed theoretically as explicit micro-prescriptive guidelines for third-party practice. To exploit this connection between practical knowledge and prescriptive knowledge, however, we first need to overcome the problem that “know-how” is largely tacit in the moment of real-time forward-looking practice. In other words, the practitioner is not directly aware of their tacit “know-how”, or “tacit knowledge”, at the time of practice. In this article, we explore the contribution design theory can make to empirically eliciting, and conceptually inferring, the real-time “tacit knowledge” of entrepreneurial practice as a precursor to producing micro-prescriptive knowledge. [less ▲]

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See detail'This business is not for sale': insights into the transfer intentions of family firms in Luxembourg
Fletcher, Denise Elaine UL

Speeches/Talks (2018)

In this talk some insights are presented about the reported findings on the transfer intentions of family businesses in Luxembourg

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See detailMapping the Landscape of Family Business in Luxembourg
Fletcher, Denise Elaine UL

Report (2018)

The University of Luxembourg in collaboration with PriceWaterhouseCoopers launched a 2-year research project (2016-18) focused on: (i) developing a database of family firms in Luxembourg (and to follow ... [more ▼]

The University of Luxembourg in collaboration with PriceWaterhouseCoopers launched a 2-year research project (2016-18) focused on: (i) developing a database of family firms in Luxembourg (and to follow, the Greater Region); (ii) undertaking a survey with family firms assessing their characteristics, unique features and reasons for sustaining from one generation to another and (iii) carrying out face-to-face interviews with a selected sample of family firms in Luxembourg. This resulted in five reports: 1. Mapping the Landscape of family businesses in the Greater Region (author: Denise Fletcher); 2. Balancing family and professional management: why family firms are special forms of organization (author: Professor Denise Fletcher) 3. Golden Agers’: How Family Firms Flourish in the Long Run (authored by Professor Matthias Bruer), 4. The Four stages of Family Business Transmission (authored by Dr. Christina Constantinidis). 5. Family business management styles and cultures through the generations (authored by Dr. Rocky Adiguna). [less ▲]

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See detailTesting the discrimination hypothesis for female self employment migrants in the UK
Constantinidis, Christina UL; Fletcher, Denise Elaine UL; Joxhe, Majlinda UL

in IAFFE (Ed.) Books of Abstracts (2017, July 01)

We propose a comparative analysis of migrants in both sectors (employment and self-employment) exploring the gender earning discrimination hypothesis. Using individual micro data from the British ... [more ▼]

We propose a comparative analysis of migrants in both sectors (employment and self-employment) exploring the gender earning discrimination hypothesis. Using individual micro data from the British Household Panel Survey (1991-2008), we estimate wage equations for employed and self-employed migrants and find that, contrary to our expectations, the average earnings gap in self-employment is almost double compared to the employment sector. This finding reveals that self-employment leads migrant women to an even more precarious and vulnerable position in terms of financial means and economic power. In addition, we explore the determinants of these gaps using the econometric procedure of the decomposition (the Blinder-Oaxaca) model. We find that the variables that explain the gender gap in the employment sector are mostly observable individual characteristics like education or migration duration, confirming the human capital theory, whereas in the self-employment sector, this gap is more due to unobservable individual characteristics. Through our work, we show that including the gender perspective into migration analysis has implications for policy makers enabling them to evaluate these processes from a more social (rather than individualistic) dimension. [less ▲]

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See detailCreating the future in the present: the embodied practice of artifactual design
Fletcher, Denise Elaine UL; Seldes, Paul

Presentation (2017, February)

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See detailThe practice of artifactual design in entrepreneuring
Fletcher, Denise Elaine UL

Presentation (2017)

In this presentation we consider the implications of conceptualizing entrepreneurial as the practice of artifactual design. The concept of design draws attention to the interdependence of agency and ... [more ▼]

In this presentation we consider the implications of conceptualizing entrepreneurial as the practice of artifactual design. The concept of design draws attention to the interdependence of agency and material artifacts in the entrepreneur's ability to overcome (or not) the constraints of embodied practice and the contingent environment. We develop a conceptual understanding of how the entrepreneur extends the spatio temporal reach of entrepreneurial agency by embedding entrepreneurial purpose in various artifactual forms - forms which then contextualist subsequent activity. In this process also, the future is created as multiple actors create, enact, test, modify, transform and implement these artifactual forms through embodied practice. [less ▲]

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See detailA relational conceptualisation of context and the real time emergence of entrepreneurship processes
Fletcher, Denise Elaine UL; selden, paul

in Welter, Friederike; Gartner, William (Eds.) A Research Agenda for Entrepreneurship and Context (2016)

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See detailRe-thinking culture in family business: A twelve-year review
Adiguna, Rocky UL; Fletcher, Denise Elaine UL; Melin, Leif

Scientific Conference (2016, June 29)

This paper reviews the literature that relate to culture and values in family business during the past twelve years. Six themes are revealed: definitions of culture; values and orientations ... [more ▼]

This paper reviews the literature that relate to culture and values in family business during the past twelve years. Six themes are revealed: definitions of culture; values and orientations; organizational culture in family business; family culture as determinants for organizational culture; national culture as determinants for organizational culture; and, products of culture in family business. Drawing from a sociological perspective, we argue and elaborate that the current scholarship are based on problematic assumptions where culture is defined based on its ‘coherence’ and ‘sharedness’, and that values are assumed as the core of culture. To direct future research, we draw our attention to the position of ‘practice’ in the production of culture, the explanation for cultural change and stability, and the potential ways of knowing through ethnography and narrative. We conclude by arguing that critical stances towards culture are needed to advance our scholarship and that cultural perspectives hold the power to contribute not only for the family business field but also for the wider social sciences. [less ▲]

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See detailDevenir entrepreneur en partant de ses passions
Fletcher, Denise Elaine UL; Geraudel, Mickaël UL

Speeches/Talks (2016)

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See detailNavigating the growing field of entrepreneurship inquiry: successionist and relational modes of theory development
Fletcher, Denise Elaine UL; Selden, Paul

in Fayolle, Alain; Riot, Phillipe (Eds.) Rethinking Entrepreneurship: debating research orientations (2016)

Reflecting the energy and enthusiasm of a growing multi-disciplinary field, entrepreneurship inquiry has generated a profusion of research practices associated with understanding and fostering ... [more ▼]

Reflecting the energy and enthusiasm of a growing multi-disciplinary field, entrepreneurship inquiry has generated a profusion of research practices associated with understanding and fostering entrepreneurial attitudes, behaviours, environments, processes, structures and discourses. The research output that has been generated poses both an opportunity and a challenge. The opportunity concerns the possibility of combining multiple perspectives in new and innovative ways (Pittaway, 2011). The challenge concerns the problem of navigating the navigating the complex landscape of entrepreneurship research output (Murphy, 2011). The problem of field navigation persists because the criteria that has been used to differentiate research output, such as ontological and epistemological positions, explanatory foci, levels of analysis and research methods, are elements in the theory development process, that are neither mutually exclusive nor directly comparable. We propose, therefore, that the challenge of field navigation can be addressed by grouping and comparing entrepreneurship perspectives in terms of modes of theory development. In this article, we discuss how actions, contexts and outcomes are universal units of theory building and that causal relationships between actions, contexts and outcomes are organized temporally in the sense that they are related either successively or contemporaneously. [less ▲]

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See detailA relational conceptualisation of context and the real time emergence of entrepreneurship processes
Fletcher, Denise Elaine UL; Selden, Paul

in Welter, Friederike; Gartner, Willam. B. (Eds.) Entrepreneurship and Context: a research agenda (2016)

In this chapter we ask the question, 'how should we conceptualise the multiplicity of contexts in the real time emergence of entrepreneurial processes?' We propose that the answer to this question ... [more ▼]

In this chapter we ask the question, 'how should we conceptualise the multiplicity of contexts in the real time emergence of entrepreneurial processes?' We propose that the answer to this question involves developing a relational conception of context. By this we mean how multiple contexts are combined with agency in real-time through the 'structure of time consciousness' (Kortooms, 2012). We argue that this conceptualisation is important for identifying, selecting and integrating contexts in entrepreneurial explanations because it enables the theorization of multiple contexts as specific spatio-temporal dimensions of the explained event. [less ▲]

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See detailQualitative research practices and family business scholarship: a review and future research agenda
Fletcher, Denise Elaine UL; de Massis, Alfredo; Nordqvist, Matthias

in Journal of Family Business Strategy (2016), 7(1), 8-25

In spite of various calls for a wider application of qualitative research in the family business field, it is our contention that the full potential of qualitative inquiry is not being fully realized ... [more ▼]

In spite of various calls for a wider application of qualitative research in the family business field, it is our contention that the full potential of qualitative inquiry is not being fully realized. Part of the reason for this relates to the tendency to promote methods choice and diversity rather than addressing the foundational questions and processes which underlie qualitative research choices. These tendencies obscure attention to the reasons why researchers choose qualitative methods and the kinds of foundational issues about family businesses that are brought to light through qualitative research. To address this, we undertake an analysis of the most-cited articles using qualitative methods from an annotated bibliography of family business studies. From this, we identify the strengths and weaknesses of extant qualitative studies in family business research and argue for the need to re-orientate calls in family business research towards the foundational questions (rather than methods) that underline qualitative inquiry. [less ▲]

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