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See detailThe development and validation of a short conscientiousness questionnaire for large-scale educational assessment
van der Westhuizen, Lindie UL; Franzen, Patrick UL; Arens, A. Katrin et al

Scientific Conference (2020, July)

Conscientiousness and its subfacets are related to multiple learning-related outcomes. MacCann, Duckworth and Roberts (2009) developed a questionnaire measuring seven subfacets of conscientiousness with ... [more ▼]

Conscientiousness and its subfacets are related to multiple learning-related outcomes. MacCann, Duckworth and Roberts (2009) developed a questionnaire measuring seven subfacets of conscientiousness with 59 items. However, the resources required to complete such long scales often renders it unsuitable for large-scale educational assessment. Consequently, an economic and psychometrically sound conscientiousness questionnaire that is specifically customized for this context is needed. We developed and validated a short version of the MacCann et al. (2009) questionnaire. In study 1, French and German adaptations of the questionnaire were administered to a representative dataset comprising all ninth-graders in Luxembourg (N1=6325, Cohort 2017). Using an exhaustive search algorithm, we identified the optimal combination of four items for each subfacet by simultaneously considering three criteria: goodness of fit, factor saturation, and scalar measurement invariance across the German and French versions. In study 2, we validated our short 28-item questionnaire on a second, independent sample comprising 6,279 Luxembourgish ninth-graders (Cohort 2018). A 7-factor model assuming separate factors for each subfacet obtained acceptable fit (CFI=.93, RMSEA=.04, SRMR=.06). The criterion validity for each subfacet was tested by examining the relation to standardized achievement tests (SATs). In study 3, drawing on a dataset of 275 tenth-graders (linked longitudinally with the ninth-grade data from study 1), evidence of predictive validity (i.e., school grades) was examined. The subfacets of industriousness, caution and perfectionism showed the strongest relations with both SATs (study 2) and school grades (study 3). Our study delivered a short, valid and reliable questionnaire for the assessment of seven conscientiousness facets in the educational context. The scale is invariant across the German and French language versions and its brevity makes it suitable for large-scale educational assessment. [less ▲]

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See detailDoes Conscientiousness Matter for Academic Success? Considering Different Facets of Conscientiousness and Different Educational Outcomes
Franzen, Patrick UL; van der Westhuizen, Lindie UL; Arens, A. Katrin et al

Poster (2020, April)

Conscientiousness is the strongest BIG-5 predictor of academic success. Both conscientiousness and academic success are broad concepts, consisting of multiple lower level facets. Conscientiousness facets ... [more ▼]

Conscientiousness is the strongest BIG-5 predictor of academic success. Both conscientiousness and academic success are broad concepts, consisting of multiple lower level facets. Conscientiousness facets might display differential relations to different indicators of academic success. To investigate these relations, conscientiousness facets need to be measured in an economic and valid way. We conducted two studies, validating a short conscientiousness scale measuring seven facets of conscientiousness (Industriousness, Task Planning, Perfectionism, Procrastination Refrainment, Tidiness, Control, Cautiousness), and testing the relations of these facets with GPA, test scores, school satisfaction, and engagement. The results supported the validity of the scale. Industriousness, Perfectionism, and Cautiousness revealed the highest relations to academic outcomes. GPA and test scores showed differential associations with the different conscientiousness facets. [less ▲]

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See detailLangzeiteffekte von Klassenwiederholungen in der Sekundarstufe
Klapproth, Florian; Keller, Ulrich UL; Fischbach, Antoine UL

Scientific Conference (2020, March)

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (1 UL)
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Peer Reviewed
See detailCircadian preference as a typology: Latent-class analysis of adolescents' morningness/eveningness, relation with sleep behavior, and with academic outcomes
Preckel, Franzis; Fischbach, Antoine UL; Scherrer, Vsevolod et al

in Learning and Individual Differences (2020), 78

Detailed reference viewed: 149 (25 UL)
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See detailNeed for Cognition across school tracks: The importance of learning environments
Colling, Joanne UL; Wollschläger, Rachel UL; Keller, Ulrich UL et al

Scientific Conference (2019, November 06)

Detailed reference viewed: 66 (7 UL)
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See detailSimilarities and differences of value-added scores from models with different covariates: A cluster analysis
Levy, Jessica UL; Brunner, Martin; Keller, Ulrich UL et al

Scientific Conference (2019, November 06)

Detailed reference viewed: 52 (4 UL)
See detailDimensional and Social Comparison Effects on Domain-Specific Academic Self-Concepts and Interests with First- and Third-Grade Students
van der Westhuizen, Lindie UL; Arens, Katrin; Keller, Ulrich UL et al

Scientific Conference (2019, November 06)

Academic self-concepts (ASCs) are self-perceptions of one’s own academic abilities. The internal/external frame of reference (I/E) model (Marsh, 1986) explains the formation of domain-specific ASCs ... [more ▼]

Academic self-concepts (ASCs) are self-perceptions of one’s own academic abilities. The internal/external frame of reference (I/E) model (Marsh, 1986) explains the formation of domain-specific ASCs through a combination of social (i.e. comparing one’s achievement in one domain with the achievement of others in the same domain) and dimensional (i.e. comparing one’s achievement in one domain with one’s achievement in another domain) comparisons. This results into positive achievement-self-concept relations within the math and verbal domains, but into negative achievement-self-concept relations across these domains. The generalized internal/external frame of reference (GI/E) model (Möller, Müller-Kalthoff, Helm, Nagy, & Marsh, 2015) extends the I/E model to the formation of other domain-specific academic self-beliefs such as interest. Research on the validity of the (G)I/E model for elementary school children is limited, especially for first-graders. This study examined the associations between verbal and math achievement and corresponding domain-specific self-concepts and interests for first-graders and third-graders. Two fully representative Luxembourgish first-grader cohorts and two fully representative third-graders cohorts (N=21,192) were used. The analyses were based on structural equation modeling. The findings fully supported the (G)I/E model for third-graders: Achievement was positively related to self-concept and interest within matching domains. Negative relations were found between achievement and self-concept and between achievement and interest across domains. For first-graders, achievement was positively related to self-concept and interest within matching domains. However, the majority of cross-domain relations were non-significant, except for the negative path between math achievement and verbal interest. Hence, while the formation of domain-specific ASCs and interests seem to rely on social and dimensional comparisons for third-graders, only social comparisons seem to be in operation for first-graders. Gender and cohort invariance was established for both grade levels. The findings are discussed within the framework of ASC differentiation and dimensional comparison theory applied to elementary school students. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 83 (3 UL)
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See detailMath and Reading Difficulties in a Multilingual Educational Setting
Martini, Sophie Frédérique UL; Fischbach, Antoine UL; Ugen, Sonja UL

Scientific Conference (2019, November 06)

Detailed reference viewed: 43 (3 UL)
See detailMonitoring du système scolaire – Le modèle luxembourgeois (invited talk)
Fischbach, Antoine UL

Scientific Conference (2019, October 17)

Detailed reference viewed: 48 (6 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailEntwicklung und Validierung eines Kurzfragebogens zur Erfassung von sieben Facetten von Gewissenhaftigkeit
Franzen, Patrick UL; Niepel, Christoph UL; Arens, A Katrin et al

Scientific Conference (2019, September)

Die Rolle von Persönlichkeitsvariablen für den Schulerfolg rückt immer stärker in den Fokus wissenschaftlicher Untersuchungen. Insbesondere Gewissenhaftigkeit zeigt eine hohe prädiktive Validität für die ... [more ▼]

Die Rolle von Persönlichkeitsvariablen für den Schulerfolg rückt immer stärker in den Fokus wissenschaftlicher Untersuchungen. Insbesondere Gewissenhaftigkeit zeigt eine hohe prädiktive Validität für die Schulleistung (Poropat, 2009). Zur näheren Untersuchung des Konstrukts der Gewissenhaft haben MacCann, Duckworth und Roberts (2009) einen aus 68 Items bestehenden Fragebogen zur Erfassung von acht verschiedenen Facetten von Gewissenhaftigkeit im Sekundarschulalter entwickelt. Dieser ist jedoch zu umfangreich für die Verwendung in large-scale Studien, die in der pädagogischen Forschung von zunehmender Bedeutung sind. Der vorliegende Beitrag präsentiert daher die Entwicklung und Validierung einer Kurzform eines Fragebogens zur Erfassung von sieben Facetten von Gewissenhaftigkeit. Die Entwicklungsstichprobe umfasste die Schüler aller neunten Klassen in Luxemburg in 2017 (N1 = 6.325). Die Schüler beantworteten deutsche oder französische Adaptionen eines aus 59 Items und sieben Facetten bestehenden Fragebogens zu Gewissenhaftigkeit, der an das Instrument von MacCann et al. angelehnt war. Zur Entwicklung einer Kurzversion wurde ein exhaustive-search Algorithmus verwendet. Dabei sollte für jede Facette von Gewissenhaftigkeit die bestmögliche Kombination aus vier Items ausgewählt werden. Die Selektionskriterien hierfür waren Fit-Statistiken, interne Konsistenz und Messinvarianz zwischen den Sprachversionen. Der resultierende Fragebogen – bestehend aus 28 Items – wurde 2018 den Schülern aller neunten Klassen in Luxemburg vorgelegt (N2 =6.279). Für diese Validierungsstichprobe zeigte ein Modell mit sieben Faktoren von Gewissenhaftigkeit einen guten Fit (CFI = 0.93, RMSEA = 0.04). Alle Facetten hatten sehr gute Reliabilitäten (ɑs > 0.97). Außerdem fanden wir skalare Messinvarianz zwischen den Sprachversionen und zwischen beiden Geschlechtern. Weitere Validierungsschritte und Anwendungsmöglichkeiten dieses Fragebogens im schulischen Kontext werden diskutiert. Literatur MacCann, C., Duckworth, A.L., & Roberts, R.D. (2009). Empirical identification of the major facets of conscientiousness. Learning and Individual Differences, 19, 451–458. Poropat, A.E. (2009). A meta-analysis of the five-factor model of personality and academic performance. Psychological Bulletin, 135, 322–338. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 147 (7 UL)
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See detailValue-added models: To what extent do estimates of school effectiveness depend on the selection of covariates?
Levy, Jessica UL; Brunner, Martin; Keller, Ulrich UL et al

Scientific Conference (2019, September)

Detailed reference viewed: 62 (4 UL)
Peer Reviewed
See detailForging and Paving a Future: Immigrant Status and Academic Achievement in Luxembourg
Rivas, Salvador UL; Reichel, Yanica UL; Krämer, Charlotte UL et al

Scientific Conference (2019, August 21)

In the United States, much has been written about the upward or downward social mobility of the so-called, “New Second Generation”. In Europe, this topic has only recently begun to take shape; mostly in ... [more ▼]

In the United States, much has been written about the upward or downward social mobility of the so-called, “New Second Generation”. In Europe, this topic has only recently begun to take shape; mostly in regard to the Netherlands, Germany, France and the UK. In the context of Luxembourg, however, there is very little literature on this topic even though nearly 50% of its population is now of immigrant status. Though small in geography and population, Luxembourg is a founding member of the E.U. and quite literally in the heart of continental Europe. It hosts a diverse set of immigrant groups, continuously attracting economic and some political immigrants, most notably from Italy, the former Yugoslavia and Portugal. Each of these groups arriving at a specific sociohistorical moment: Italians at the height of the steel industry, former Yugoslavians fleeing war, and Portuguese to meet construction and service industry needs. Consequently, Luxembourg is truly a multilingual and multicultural country that makes for a fascinating microcosm to test and explore existing theories of immigrant integration. Its context presents a unique opportunity to study and extrapolate from to anticipate the needs of immigrants elsewhere. Using 2016 data from Luxembourg’s school monitoring programme (ÉpStan), we investigate existing and emerging differences in academic achievement among 1st, 2nd, and later generation immigrant groups in Luxembourg. We analyse math and language proficiencies (German and French) among a cohort of secondary school students (9th grade, N=6286). Preliminary results indicate clear generational differences. These are interpreted in relation to immigrant group characteristics and acculturation in Luxembourg. Implications for the new second generation in the European context will be discussed. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 52 (10 UL)