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See detailMelina Mercouri. Una fiera en libertad
Fernandez Soriano, Victor UL

Book published by El País (2019)

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See detail’Travail et Progrès’: Obligatory ‘Educational’ Labour in the Belgian Congo, 1933-1960
Fernandez Soriano, Victor UL

in Journal of Contemporary History (2018), 53(2), 292-314

The authorities of the Belgian Congo imposed a series of compulsory workloads to the local communities under the argument that these tasks contributed to the ‘education’ of the native populations, which ... [more ▼]

The authorities of the Belgian Congo imposed a series of compulsory workloads to the local communities under the argument that these tasks contributed to the ‘education’ of the native populations, which they called ‘Travaux d’ordre e´ducatif’ (TOE). Such workloads represented the main legal form of forced labour which existed in the Belgian Congo from their creation in 1933 until independence in 1960. Unlike what happened in most colonial empires, these workloads were not abolished after the Second World War. This article shows, through the case study of the province of Equateur, how these workloads were conceived and organized by the Belgian colonial administration. It seeks an answer to the question of why this form of forced labour remained legal in Congo until its independence. [less ▲]

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See detail“Una epidemia global”: La campana por la abolición de la tortura de Amnistía Internacional (1972-1984)
Fernandez Soriano, Victor UL

in Clio & Crimen (2018), 15

The Campaign for the Abolition of Torture launched by Amnesty International in 1972 represents a key moment to understand the rise of human rights activism in the 1970s. This campaign not only contributed ... [more ▼]

The Campaign for the Abolition of Torture launched by Amnesty International in 1972 represents a key moment to understand the rise of human rights activism in the 1970s. This campaign not only contributed to promote Amnesty International as a popular and influential non-governmental organisation, but also set the modus operandi of this sort of activism: on-field missions, reports, emotional campaigns and lobbying on governments and international organisations. [less ▲]

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See detailFacing the Greek Junta (1967-1974): The Council of Europe, the European Community, and the Rise of Human Rights Politics
Fernandez Soriano, Victor UL

in European Review of History (2017), 24(3), 358-376

In April 1967, a group of colonels seized power in Greece. Since Greece was a member-state of the Council of Europe and held an association agreement with the European Community, both organizations had to ... [more ▼]

In April 1967, a group of colonels seized power in Greece. Since Greece was a member-state of the Council of Europe and held an association agreement with the European Community, both organizations had to define their positions vis-à-vis the new military regime. Very soon, politicians in the parliamentary assemblies of both organizations started to cooperate with the aim of imposing sanctions on Greece. This article examines the inter-organizational dynamics between the European Community and the Council of Europe on Greece during the colonels’ regime. It argues that the European Community imported concrete policy positions and even normative ideas which had first emerged in the Council of Europe. In so doing, the Community prepared the ground for its future human-rights policies. [less ▲]

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See detail‘Quel pays plus que la Grèce?’ La place de la Grèce dans la construction de l’Europe : une mise en perspective historique
Fernandez Soriano, Victor UL

in Histoire@Politique: Politique, Culture, Société (2016), 26(2),

In a speech delivered on the occasion of the signing of an association agreement between Greece and the EEC in July 1961, the Vice President of the European Commission, Jean Rey, asked “What country more ... [more ▼]

In a speech delivered on the occasion of the signing of an association agreement between Greece and the EEC in July 1961, the Vice President of the European Commission, Jean Rey, asked “What country more than Greece, which people more than the Greek people were worthy of becoming the Community’s first associate?” This article offers an overview of Greece’s participation in the European construction process. It seeks to assess the claim according to which this participation had political significance, not just for Greece itself, but also in what concerned some aspects of Europe’s political configuration. To this end, it draws upon current historiography, which has in recent years increasingly taken an interest in the Greek case. An overview inspired by the discussions contained in the most recent studies allows one to historically evaluate the place occupied by Greece in the process of European integration since the signature of its association agreement in 1961. [less ▲]

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See detailLe fusil et l'olivier. Les droits de l'Homme en Europe confrontés aux dictatures méditerranéennes (1949-1977)
Fernandez Soriano, Victor UL

Book published by Éditions de l'Université de Bruxelles (2015)

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See detailLa CEE face à l'Espagne franquiste. De la mémoire de la guerre civile à la construction politique de l'Europe
Fernandez Soriano, Victor UL

in Vingtième Siècle (2010)

Dans les années 1960, dans un contexte d’ouverture économique et de réformes politiques, l’Espagne de Franco cherche à se rapprocher de la Communauté économique européenne. L’auteur montre comment le ... [more ▼]

Dans les années 1960, dans un contexte d’ouverture économique et de réformes politiques, l’Espagne de Franco cherche à se rapprocher de la Communauté économique européenne. L’auteur montre comment le traitement de la demande espagnole par la CEE se fait en fonction d’interprétations forgées vingt ans plus tôt, pendant la guerre civile espagnole et la Seconde Guerre mondiale. La question de l’association de l’Espagne à la CEE provoque le premier grand rassemblement des forces antifranquistes depuis la guerre ; elle marque une étape dans la construction politique de la Communauté européenne. [less ▲]

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