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See detailThe ideational origins of European democratization: the “French connection” and the case of Belgian liberals
Farhat, Nadim; Poirier, Philippe UL

in French Politics (2019), 17(2019), 1-28

Why, in some cases, did old elites promote democratization without the partisan capacity to embrace mass politics and without guarantees about their future participation in the new regime? This article ... [more ▼]

Why, in some cases, did old elites promote democratization without the partisan capacity to embrace mass politics and without guarantees about their future participation in the new regime? This article investigates the case of the Liberals in Belgium who were eager, in the years between 1893–1921, to launch democratization while founding their actions and choices on a selfless approach to politics. In seeking to identify the source of this democratic preference, one factor, largely ignored in the studies on the first wave of democratization, emerges: the diffusion of democratic ideas and practices from France. Constructing and analyzing two original data sets including, respectively, the personal characteristics of Belgian Liberal MPs who were active during the democratic transition period and the speeches of those who addressed topics related to France, this article shows that the democratic ideas as well as the choices expressed by Liberal MPs in the parliament are significantly related to their prior socialization into French democratic norms. This result has broad implications for understanding ideational transfer and diffusion in the first wave of European democratization, opening new avenues for future research. [less ▲]

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See detailDémocratie(s), Parlementarismes(s) et légitimité(s)
Poirier, Philippe UL; farhat, Nadim

Book published by Bruylant (2019)

Cet ouvrage réunit des chercheurs issus des principaux centres, chaires et réseaux de recherche en études législatives d’Amérique du Nord, d’Europe et du Maghreb. Leurs contributions en anglais et en ... [more ▼]

Cet ouvrage réunit des chercheurs issus des principaux centres, chaires et réseaux de recherche en études législatives d’Amérique du Nord, d’Europe et du Maghreb. Leurs contributions en anglais et en français visent à comprendre les différentes transformations de la démocratie représentative dans un système concurrentiel des formes démocratiques (participative, délibérative, etc.) et de nouvelles hiérarchisations législatives (l’européanisation, le fédéralisme et le parlementarisme rationalisé). Il s’agit en premier lieu d’analyser les députés et la fabrication contemporaine de la loi, c’est -dire comment ils travaillent dans les commissions, usent de leurs pouvoirs d’interpellation et quels sont leurs rapports aux groupes d’intérêts. Il s’agit en second lieu d’évaluer la nature et les modalités du contrôle parlementaire notamment en s’intéressant aux ressources administratives mises à leurs dispositions et à leurs pouvoirs dans le domaine budgétaire. Il s’agit in fine de comprendre en quoi la composition du corps électoral et la construction de l’opinion politique, le fonctionnement des partis politiques et des groupes parlementaires, le contexte institutionnel fédéral et/ou post-autoritaire déterminent ou non le degré d’autonomie et d’efficacité parlementaire. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Causal Pattern of Collective Memory in a Community Conflict: “Constant Causes” in the Belgium Case
Poirier, Philippe UL; Farhat, Nadim; Rosoux, Valérie

in Nationalism and Ethnic Politics (2014), 20(4), 393414

Although it has been clearly established that collective memory is a potential source of ethnic conflicts, it remains to clearly formulate the causal pattern under which the past becomes an agent of ... [more ▼]

Although it has been clearly established that collective memory is a potential source of ethnic conflicts, it remains to clearly formulate the causal pattern under which the past becomes an agent of action. Following Arthur Stinthcombe’s differentiation between “historical causes” and “constant causes,” this article analyzes collectivememory in the Belgian case as a “constant cause.” In Belgium, the community conflict surrounding the increasing autonomy of Flanders and Wallonia is characterized by discourses featuring various historical representations of linguistic grievances. Analysis suggests that these representations, estimated to be the mainspring of Flemish autonomist claims, are mobilized under a causal pattern of symbolic reactivation and cognitive continuance of past linguistic injustices. [less ▲]

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