References of "Evrard, Estelle 50001761"
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See detailLa réintroduction des contrôles frontaliers dans l’Espace Schengen. Réflexions préliminaires pour un agenda de recherche
Evrard, Estelle UL; Sommarribas, Adolfo UL; Nienaber, Birte UL

Report (in press)

This articles analyses the potential impact of closed borders or the re-establishing of border checks on the Greater Region - especially in Luxembourg.

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See detailTravail frontalier et fermeture des frontières : l’exemple de la Grande Région SaarLorLux
Pigeron-Piroth, Isabelle UL; Evrard, Estelle UL; Belkacem, rachid

E-print/Working paper (2020)

La crise sanitaire provoquée par la pandémie de COVID-19 a imposé d’importantes adaptations au marché du travail transfrontalier dans la Grande Région SaarLorLux. Les mesures prises pour éviter la ... [more ▼]

La crise sanitaire provoquée par la pandémie de COVID-19 a imposé d’importantes adaptations au marché du travail transfrontalier dans la Grande Région SaarLorLux. Les mesures prises pour éviter la propagation de la maladie imposent de limiter les déplacements au strict minimum tandis que l’efficience des services de santé publics impose la proximité. Ces mesures, qui se sont rapidement imposées aux acteurs publics, aux entreprises et aux individus, questionnent directement le fonctionnement d’un marché du travail transfrontalier structuré par la mobilité transfrontalière. Afin de maintenir tant que possible les activités économiques et de pourvoir aux besoins sanitaires, les exécutifs nationaux ont adapté les fonctions de la frontière. [less ▲]

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See detailAgenda-setting dynamics in the post-2020 cohesion policy reform: the pathway towards the European cross-border mechanism as possible policy change
Engl, Alice; Evrard, Estelle UL

in Journal of European Integration (2019)

Cross-border areas in Europe are promoted as places of integration, whose cooperation is encouraged by the Interreg programme and the European Grouping for Territorial Cooperation (EGTC) tool. For the ... [more ▼]

Cross-border areas in Europe are promoted as places of integration, whose cooperation is encouraged by the Interreg programme and the European Grouping for Territorial Cooperation (EGTC) tool. For the 2021–2027 Cohesion Pack, the European Commission proposed the European Cross-Border Mechanism (ECBM), a regulation that would allow one member state to apply the law of a neighbouring member state to facilitate cross-border projects. This mechanism represents a paradigm shift, empowering border areas to manage their own integration (functional-horizontal) and institutionalise a policy pathway for resolving border-specific legal or administrative obstacles (institutional-vertical). This paper analyses the dynamics behind the ECBM proposal according to the multiple streams framework (MSF), revealing policy and politics streams’ elements to explain agenda setting in EU policy processes. Methodologically, we apply a document analysis with qualitative content and cross-case analysis elements, and a combined strategy of deductive-inductive codes. This analysis is complemented and validated by expert interviews. [less ▲]

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See detailThomas Vercruysse (dir.), Luxembourg – Ville créative, Capybara Books 2015, 269 p.
Evrard, Estelle UL

in Hemecht: Zeitschrift für Luxemburger Geschichte (2019), 3

Luxembourg – Ville créative est un ouvrage riche du regard pluridisciplinaire des universitaires et experts en sémiotique, philosophie, littérature, histoire et cinéma. C’est aussi un ouvrage éclectique ... [more ▼]

Luxembourg – Ville créative est un ouvrage riche du regard pluridisciplinaire des universitaires et experts en sémiotique, philosophie, littérature, histoire et cinéma. C’est aussi un ouvrage éclectique puisque le concept de ville créative n’est véritablement opérant que dans le cadre de certaines contributions, pour analyser les conséquences et manifestations de certains développements métropolitains (e.g. développement du quartier du Limpertsberg et, en creux, l’urbanisation du plateau du Kirchberg). Les contributions plus littéraires proposent davantage des regards s’inspirant de la géocritique donnant à montrer comment la (mé)connaissance d’un lieu participe à la construction d’une représentation. [less ▲]

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See detailThe EPA Alzette-Belval: A National Tool to Address Spatial Disparities at the Lorraine-Luxembourg Border
Evrard, Estelle UL

Report (2019)

Since 2012, the EPA Alzette-Belval has embedded the strategy developed by public actors from all levels to trigger development and regain strategic room for manoeuvre in the context of steady growth in ... [more ▼]

Since 2012, the EPA Alzette-Belval has embedded the strategy developed by public actors from all levels to trigger development and regain strategic room for manoeuvre in the context of steady growth in Luxembourg. The 8 municipalities under scrutiny – the association of municipality “Pays Haut Val d’Alzette”, with 28,000 inhabitants – are marked by deindustrialisation and the attractiveness of Luxembourg’s economy, which overflows its national boundaries. The vast majority of the workforce is driven to Luxembourg, and pressure on public amenities is growing. The EPA is a state-led agency with the capacity to “take back” planning responsibilities from other administrative levels to plan specific areas. This instrument is unique in the French planning system as all levels remain involved in the governance structure and as the EPA brings technical expertise and financial resources to the locality. This case study scrutinises on how the EPA can represent a leverage for greater spatial justice within and beyond the locality, in the context of growing cross-border interdependencies. What does spatial justice mean in a cross-border context? How equitable can a cross-border area be? For a couple of years, a shared awareness of the locality’s needs has reached all levels of governance from the local to the national level. The dedicated instrument, the EPA, is equipped with the regulatory and financial capacity to act. It holds also legitimacy, know-how and expertise. It is well accepted by formal stakeholders in the locality and in the broader regional and cross-border context. The EPA appears as an appropriate tool to ensure development in a coordinated manner, considerate of sustainability, and limited use of agricultural land, thus avoiding urban sprawl and scattered urbanism. Yet, the EPA is challenged to find appropriates means to 1) inform the public of its activities; 2) develop a participatory approach when using the diverging opinions as a resource for implementing its projects. Its action partly overlooks current social inequalities (as they are not part of its direct objectives), while CCPHVA and the municipalities are challenged to face them (e.g. financially). In the long run, its capacity to support the development of public services for the local population in terms of development of residential economy and public infrastructure is highly dependent on 1) CCPHVA’s and the municipalities’ effective room for manoeuvre (politically, institutionally and financially); 2) the collaboration with public stakeholders in Luxembourg when it comes to cross-border public services (i.e. transport, economic attractiveness). [less ▲]

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See detailJSSJ rencontre RELOCAL – Mobilisations, sens et usages du concept de justice spatiale dans un projet de recherche européen
Blondel, Cyril UL; Evrard, Estelle UL; Németh, Sarolta et al

in Justice Spatiale - Spatial Justice (2019), 13(Espace public), 1-13

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See detailNational report: France
Evrard, Estelle UL; Blondel, Cyril UL

Report (2019)

In France, spatial injustice is usually described as disadvantages related to place that result in the feeling that the local population is left out or unable to shape the locality’s own future. It ... [more ▼]

In France, spatial injustice is usually described as disadvantages related to place that result in the feeling that the local population is left out or unable to shape the locality’s own future. It contrasts with a strong tradition of “égalité des territoires” (“equality between territories”) which shapes the spatial planning policy. Two contrasted case studies have been selected for the RELOCAL project in France. Located in peri-urban post-industrial contexts, they both need to reopen the path towards local development. The EPA Alzette-Belval (Lorraine) is a top-down initiative established through an on-site technical implementation, while Euralens is a more bottom-up, autonomous association in the Nord mining basin. Spatial injustices existed in both localities, and there were a number of similarities (e.g. access to and financing of public services, fair and equitable access to decision-making processes). The national context goes beyond the individual findings for each case, to reflect on their significance in a national context shaped by successive waves of decentralisation and the recent launch of nationally led thematic initiatives to support local development. We found that Euralens and the EPA Alzette-Belval make a direct contribution to greater spatial justice. The EPA Alzette-Belval specifically targets distributive justice, while Euralens targets procedural justice more. These two actions demonstrate that despite decentralisation, the state remains crucial in France. Like the place-based approach promoted at the EU level, France encourages localities to build up their own initiatives to foster local development, while the state provides timely support through dedicated schemes (e.g. ERBM, ÉcoCité, EPA à la française). In this context, regions facing steep challenges (e.g. economic regeneration following the fall of single industries, asymmetric border exchanges and interdependencies) are overwhelmed by the task of effectively mobilising the national tools at their disposal and initiating local development on their own. Nationally led instruments therefore need to be adapted to local geographic, political and social specificities in order to be capable of deploying their full impact. It therefore seems important – especially in a unitary country like France – to keep monitoring spatial disparities and social inequalities, have dedicated channels for territories to bring forward their respective problems, and as a consequence to keep redistributive measures that can be mobilised to address the deepest territorial divides. Too often, potential beneficiaries of EU funding do not apply (i.e. due to the administrative burden, lack of information). Access to EU regional policy should be more open, simpler and based more on impact (including qualitative and quantitative indicators). Open European satellites with dedicated agents in territories facing structural challenges could contribute by enabling these regions and giving “Brussels” a more human and less bureaucratic face. [less ▲]

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See detailJSSJ Meets RELOCAL – Mobilizations, Meaning and Uses of the Concept of Spatial Justice in a European Research Project
Blondel, Cyril UL; Evrard, Estelle UL; Németh, Sarolta et al

in Justice Spatiale - Spatial Justice (2019), 13

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See detailTerritorial development + Local autonomy = Spatial (in)justice?
Blondel, Cyril UL; Evrard, Estelle UL

in Justice Spatiale - Spatial Justice (2019), 13

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See detailDéveloppement territorial + autonomie locale = (in)justice spatiale ?
Blondel, Cyril UL; Evrard, Estelle UL

in Justice Spatiale - Spatial Justice (2019), 13

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See detailJustice spatiale - Poser la question du "Grand Luxembourg" en terme éthique
Evrard, Estelle UL

Article for general public (2018)

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See detailTaking stock of the European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation (EGTC): from policy formulation to policy implementation
Evrard, Estelle UL; Engl, Alice

in Medeiros, Eduardo (Ed.) European Territorial Cooperation : Theoretical and Empirical Approaches to the Process and Impacts of Cross-Border and Transnational Cooperation in Europe (2018)

The European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation (EGTC) has become a central tool for (sub-) state authorities to organise territorial cooperation in the EU. To take stock of this rapid change, the ... [more ▼]

The European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation (EGTC) has become a central tool for (sub-) state authorities to organise territorial cooperation in the EU. To take stock of this rapid change, the present chapter suggests an analytical framework in two steps. Firstly, the EGTC instrument is symptomatic of a turn in how the European territorial cohesion policy relates to (sub-) state territorial cooperation (policy formulation). Before the publication of the EGTC regulation in 2006, the EU support for territorial cooperation was mainly financial (e.g. INTERREG) and regulatory (e.g. consolidation of the single market). No specific legal framework was provided. The contribution investigates this progressive turn in the cohesion policy. Secondly, the EGTC represents a tool for implementing territorial cooperation (policy implementation). The number of EGTCs created over about a decade demonstrates that this instrument fills a gap in the legislative framework of territorial cooperation. Our comparative assessment of the use of the tool reveals a dominant implementation pattern. Most of the existing EGTCs are territorially bound organisations, set-up on adjacent borders by local and regional authorities, a minority being interregional or transregional. Although they mostly have collective action resources and instruments and have identifiable objectives shared by their respective members, they follow a rather traditional pattern of cooperation where each individual member’s core activities primarily relate to a (sub-) state authority and where the EGTC acts primarily as an agent relying on its members. [less ▲]

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See detailL’aménagement du territoire transfrontalier en pratique: Réflexions pour un dialogue entre chercheurs et praticiens de la Grande Région
Bechtold, Joshua; Caesar, Beate; Christmann, Nathalie UL et al

Diverse speeches and writings (2018)

Avec une coopération initiée dans les années 1970, la Grande Région est considérée comme l’un des espaces transfrontaliers les plus emblématiques au sein de l’Union européenne. L’aménagement du territoire ... [more ▼]

Avec une coopération initiée dans les années 1970, la Grande Région est considérée comme l’un des espaces transfrontaliers les plus emblématiques au sein de l’Union européenne. L’aménagement du territoire constitue un élément essentiel de ses thématiques de coopération. Cependant, l'importance grandissante de ce champ d'action demeure relativement peu documentée d'un point de vue transfrontalier. Cette thématique reste principalement abordée sous l’angle réglementaire et institutionnel. Le présent policy paper postule qu’au-delà des règlementations, des plans et des schémas, l’aménagement du territoire transfrontalier résulte également d’une pratique visant à anticiper l’organisation d’une société dans un espace donné. Après une présentation sommaire des grandes étapes de la coopération dans le domaine de l’aménagement du territoire transfrontalier au sein de la Grande Région, le présent policy paper présente les résultats d’un exercice de recherche expérimentale réalisé en 2017, essentiellement sous la forme d’un jeu de simulation (« Planspiel »). Les principales conclusions analytiques de cet échange sont ensuite mises en lumière. Pour conclure, le document dresse une liste de recommandations basées sur l’analyse des résultats des travaux de recherche. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Temporary Reintroduction of Border Controls Inside the Schengen Area: Towards a Spatial Perspective
Evrard, Estelle UL; Nienaber, Birte UL; Sommarribas, Adolfo UL

in Journal of Borderlands Studies (2018)

Following the terrorist attacks in Paris (November 2015) and Brussels (March 2016), several EU Member States have decided to re-establish border controls or to build walls inside the Schengen Area ... [more ▼]

Following the terrorist attacks in Paris (November 2015) and Brussels (March 2016), several EU Member States have decided to re-establish border controls or to build walls inside the Schengen Area. Although these decisions are temporary and legally framed by the Schengen code, their extent disrupts the free movement within the Schengen Area, in particular in border areas. While lawyers and economists have analyzed the impacts of this situation, the spatial perspective has remained rather neglected. This exploratory contribution aims to address this gap in the literature by outlining the spatial significance of reintroduced controls for border areas inside the Schengen Area. This contribution firstly undertakes a literature review of the different conceptual tools at hand. These are then compared with a set of exploratory empirical materials. The article focuses more precisely on the Greater Region where France and Germany have reintroduced border controls, thus disrupting in particular daily cross-border flows with Luxembourg and Belgium. The analysis demonstrates that the border acts as a filter, disrupting cross-border flows and cooperation. Also, it sheds some light on the important role played by the ideational perception of the border for practitioners and decision-makers. This contribution concludes by suggesting several paths for a future research agenda. [less ▲]

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See detailLa Grande Région Saar-Lor-Lux : Vers une suprarégionalisation transfrontalière ?
Evrard, Estelle UL

Book published by Presses Universitaires de Rennes (2017)

The Greater Region Saar-Lor-Lux : Towards cross-border supraregionalisation ? Border areas are often portrayed as 'laboratories of European integration'. Beyond the discourses and symbols, what does the ... [more ▼]

The Greater Region Saar-Lor-Lux : Towards cross-border supraregionalisation ? Border areas are often portrayed as 'laboratories of European integration'. Beyond the discourses and symbols, what does the concept of cross-border region actually entail? By characterising the region as the construction of an identity, a territoriality and a governance system perpetuated over time, this publication identifies and questions the specificities of these processes in the cross-border context. It distinguishes between inter- and supraregional cooperation thus questioning a border area's capacity to develop an ad hoc cross-border cooperation whose raison d'être consists in strengthening the commitments pertaining to the border area's interests. This study is underpinned by a discourse analysis and a conceptualisation of cross-border territoriality and supraregional institution. In this respect, the significance of the EGTC (European Grouping for Territorial Cooperation), a European instrument providing a legal framework for cooperation, is analysed. This issue is explored in depth using the emblematic case of the Greater Region, a border area that launched in 2008 a long-term strategy to develop a 'cross-border polycentric metropolitan region'. Composed of Lorraine (France), Luxembourg, Wallonia (Belgium), Rhineland-Palatinate and Saarland (Germany), the Greater Region constitutes one of the oldest border areas (1971) and presents the highest concentration of cross-border workers in Europe. [less ▲]

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See detailWieder-Errichtung von Grenzkontrollen in Europa? Einige Gedanken zur Großregion
Nienaber, Birte UL; Evrard, Estelle UL; Sommarribas, Adolfo UL

Conference given outside the academic context (2017)

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See detailBrexit: Mind the gap! Die Bedeutung regionaler Disparitäten auf politische Weichenstellungen
Bissinger, Jutta UL; Evrard, Estelle UL

Article for general public (2017)

Die Ergebnisse des Referendums am 23. Juni 2016 im Vereinigten Königreich (VK) sind ein Beweis dafür, dass regionale Disparitäten und der territoriale Zusammenhalt innerhalb eines Landes politisch ... [more ▼]

Die Ergebnisse des Referendums am 23. Juni 2016 im Vereinigten Königreich (VK) sind ein Beweis dafür, dass regionale Disparitäten und der territoriale Zusammenhalt innerhalb eines Landes politisch relevante Faktoren darstellen [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 106 (8 UL)