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See detailMental health and wellbeing in adolescence: The role of child attachment and parents' representations of their children
Decarli, Alessandro UL

Doctoral thesis (2019)

The aim of the current research was to explore the effects of attachment on emotion regulation, autonomy and relatedness, and behavioral problems in adolescence, and how attachment is in turn influenced ... [more ▼]

The aim of the current research was to explore the effects of attachment on emotion regulation, autonomy and relatedness, and behavioral problems in adolescence, and how attachment is in turn influenced by parental reflective functioning (PRF), parenting behaviors (operationalized in terms of behaviors promoting and undermining autonomy relatedness) and parenting stress (in terms of cortisol reactivity). Participants were 49 adolescents (11 to 17 years old) and their mothers (N = 40) and fathers (N = 28). We assessed adolescents’ attachment representations with the Friends and Family Interview (FFI), PRF with the Parent Development Interview (PDI), adolescents’ autonomy and relatedness, and parenting behaviors with the Family Interaction Task (FIT), and behavioral problems with the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and the Youth Self-Report (YSR). The first study showed that mothers had significantly lower PRF and displayed more psychologically controlling behaviors in the interactions with their children than fathers. Rather than gender per se, high levels of PRF were the best predictors of autonomy support, whereas lower levels of PRF predicted more psychological control. Stress in the context of parenting was neither related to autonomy support nor to psychological control, which were best predicted by divorced family status. Finally, PRF mediated the relation between cortisol reactivity and both autonomy support and psychological control. The results of the second study suggest that higher levels of both maternal and paternal reflective functioning (RF) predict attachment security, whereas lower maternal RF and higher levels of maternal hostile parenting behaviors are the best predictors of disorganized attachment. Internalizing problem behavior is best predicted by disorganized attachment and externalizing symptoms are best predicted by dismissing attachment. These findings indicate that maternal behaviors play a mediating role and might be the primary route through which mothers’ RF is translated and communicated in the relationship with their adolescent children. Moreover, lower maternal RF and hostile and threatening behaviors may have long term negative effects in adolescence, contributing to attachment disorganization and poorer mental health. In the third study the results showed that disorganized adolescents displayed higher heart rate variability (HRV) than organized ones, both during the FFI and during the FITs. Dismissing adolescents showed a more pronounced increase in HRV during the FFI than those classified as secure and preoccupied; however, there were no differences between these groups in HRV during the FITs. The results suggest that disorganized adolescents had more difficulties in regulating their emotions both during the FFI and during the FIT, whereas dismissing individuals seemed effectively challenged only during the interview. The findings point to the potential utility of interventions aimed at enhancing attachment security, thus allowing a better psychological adjustment, and at improving PRF, especially in divorced families, given its protective effect on parenting stress and parenting behaviors. Clinical implications are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailLes adolescent adoptés et leur parents: Le role des représentations d’attachement des mères et des pères
Molina, Paola; Casonato, Marta; Ongari, Barbara et al

in Neuropsychiatrie de l'Enfance et de l'Adolescence (2015), 63

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See detailMother and father competence and child attachment representations in a sample of internationally adopted adolescents
Molina, Paola; Casonato, Marta; Ongari, Barbara et al

Poster (2015)

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See detailEarly deprivation and behavioural adaptation in a sample of Italian adopted adolescents
Molina, Paola; Casonato, Marta; Ongari, Barbara et al

in Today’s Children are Tomorrow’s Parents (2014), 37-38

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See detailEarly deprivation and behavioural adaptation in a sample of Italian adopted adolescents
Molina, Paola; Casonato, Marta; Ongari, Barbara et al

in Ionescu, Serban (Ed.) The Second World Congress on Resilience: From Person to Society (2014)

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See detailA longitudinal attachment study on adopted adolescents and their adoptive parents
Ongari, Barbara; Decarli, Alessandro UL; Mocatti, Tiziana

in Today’s Children are Tomorrow’s Parents (2013), 35

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See detailAttachment and reflective function in a sample of Italian adopted adolescents
Molina, Paola; Casonato, Marta; Manavella, Giorgia et al

Presentation (2013)

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See detailAttachment and reflective function in a sample of Italian adopted adolescents
Ongari, Barbara; Decarli, Alessandro UL; Manavella, Giorgia et al

Scientific Conference (2013)

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See detailAdattamento degli adolescenti adottivi: Il ruolo delle rappresentazioni genitoriali
Ongari, Barbara; Decarli, Alessandro UL; Manavella, Giorgia et al

Scientific Conference (2013)

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See detailLeggere le relazioni familiari degli adolescenti adottati alla luce della teoria dell’attaccamento
Ongari, Barbara; Decarli, Alessandro UL

in Minori Giustizia (2013), 2

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See detailAttachment, reflective function and psychological adjustment in Belgian and Italian internationally adopted adolescents
Molina, Paola; Casonato, Marta; Ongari, Barbara et al

Scientific Conference (2013)

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See detailCoerenza del discorso sull’attaccamento nei genitori e negli adolescenti adottivi
Molina, Paola; Casonato, Marta; Ongari, Barbara et al

Scientific Conference (2012)

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See detailA longitudinal attachment study on adopted adolescents and their adoptive parents
Ongari, Barbara; Mocatti, Tiziana; Decarli, Alessandro UL

in Neuropsychiatrie de l'Enfance et de l'Adolescence (2012), 60

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See detailAAARN Italian unit: International adoption in Italy
Molina, Paola; Ongari, Barbara; Casonato, Marta et al

Scientific Conference (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 44 (2 UL)