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See detailDipolar-coupled moment correlations in clusters of magnetic nanoparticles
Bender, Philipp Florian UL; Wetterskog, E.; Honecker, Dirk UL et al

in Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter (2018), 98

Here, we resolve the nature of the moment coupling between 10-nm dimercaptosuccinic acid–coated magnetic <br />nanoparticles. The individual iron oxide cores were composed of >95% maghemite and ... [more ▼]

Here, we resolve the nature of the moment coupling between 10-nm dimercaptosuccinic acid–coated magnetic <br />nanoparticles. The individual iron oxide cores were composed of >95% maghemite and agglomerated to <br />clusters. At room temperature the ensemble behaved as a superparamagnet according to Mössbauer and magnetization <br />measurements, however, with clear signs of dipolar interactions. Analysis of temperature-dependent <br />ac susceptibility data in the superparamagnetic regime indicates a tendency for dipolar-coupled anticorrelations <br />of the core moments within the clusters. To resolve the directional correlations between the particle moments <br />we performed polarized small-angle neutron scattering and determined the magnetic spin-flip cross section <br />of the powder in low magnetic field at 300 K. We extract the underlying magnetic correlation function of <br />the magnetization vector field by an indirect Fourier transform of the cross section. The correlation function <br />suggests nonstochastic preferential alignment between neighboring moments despite thermal fluctuations, with <br />anticorrelations clearly dominating for next-nearest moments. These tendencies are confirmed by Monte Carlo <br />simulations of such core clusters. [less ▲]

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