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See detailFabrication and characterization of kesterite Cu2ZnSnS4 thin films deposited by electrostatic spray assisted vapour deposition method
Liu, J. P.; Choy, Kwang-Leong; Placidi, M. et al

in Physica Status Solidi A. Applications and Materials Science (2014)

Most of the high efficiency kesterite solar cells are fabricated by vacuum or hydrazine-based solution methods which have drawbacks, such as high cost, high toxicity or explosivity. In our contribution ... [more ▼]

Most of the high efficiency kesterite solar cells are fabricated by vacuum or hydrazine-based solution methods which have drawbacks, such as high cost, high toxicity or explosivity. In our contribution, an alternative non-vacuum and environmental friendly deposition technology called electrostatic spray assisted vapour deposition (ESAVD) has been used for the cost-effective growth of Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) thin films with well controlled structure and composition. CZTS films have been characterized using a combination of XRD, XPS, SEM-EDX, AFM, and Raman spectroscopy. The results demonstrated that adherent, uniform and homogeneous CZTS films without apparent secondary phases have been produced by ESAVD. The atomic ratios measured by EDX are Cu/(Zn + Sn) = 0.88 and Zn/Sn = 1.17,which are very close with the reported high efficiency solar cells and can be finely tuned by formulating the precursor.CZTS films exhibited a typical optical band gap of 1.53 eV from UV–Vis analysis. Cu2ZnSnS4 produced by the ESAVD are being optimized towards the fabrication of high efficiency photovoltaic devices. [less ▲]

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