References of "Chatzinotas, Symeon 50001234"
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See detailAsymptotic Analysis of Max-Min Weighted SINR for IRS-Assisted MISO Systems with Hardware Impairments
Papazafeiropoulo, Anastasios; Pan, Cunhua; Elbir, Ahmet et al

in IEEE Wireless Communications Letters (in press)

We focus on the realistic maximization of the up-link minimum-signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR) of a general multiple-input-single-output (MISO) system assisted by an intelligent reflecting ... [more ▼]

We focus on the realistic maximization of the up-link minimum-signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR) of a general multiple-input-single-output (MISO) system assisted by an intelligent reflecting surface (IRS) in the large system limit accounting for HIs. In particular, we introduce the HIs at both the IRS (IRS-HIs) and the transceiver HIs (AT-HIs), usually neglected despite their inevitable impact. Specifically, the deterministic equivalent analysis enables the derivation of the asymptotic weighted maximum-minimum SINR with HIs by jointly optimizing the HIs-aware receiver, the transmit power, and the reflect beamforming matrix (RBM). Notably, we obtain the optimal power allocation and reflect beamforming matrix with low overhead instead of their frequent necessary computation in conventional MIMO systems based on the instantaneous channel information. Monte Carlo simulations verify the analytical results which show the insightful interplay among the key parameters and the degradation of the performance due to HIs. [less ▲]

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See detailIntelligent Blockchain-based Edge Computing via Deep Reinforcement Learning: Solutions and Challenges
Nguyen, Dinh C; Nguyen, van Dinh UL; Ding, Ming et al

in IEEE Network (in press)

The convergence of mobile edge computing (MEC) and blockchain is transforming the current computing services in wireless Internet-of-Things networks, by enabling task offloading with security enhancement ... [more ▼]

The convergence of mobile edge computing (MEC) and blockchain is transforming the current computing services in wireless Internet-of-Things networks, by enabling task offloading with security enhancement based on blockchain mining. Yet the existing approaches for these enabling technologies are isolated, providing only tailored solutions for specific services and scenarios. To fill this gap, we propose a novel cooperative task offloading and blockchain mining (TOBM) scheme for a blockchain-based MEC system, where each edge device not only handles computation tasks but also deals with block mining for improving system utility. To address the latency issues caused by the blockchain operation in MEC, we develop a new Proof-of-Reputation consensus mechanism based on a lightweight block verification strategy. To accommodate the highly dynamic environment and high-dimensional system state space, we apply a novel distributed deep reinforcement learning-based approach by using a multi-agent deep deterministic policy gradient algorithm. Experimental results demonstrate the superior performance of the proposed TOBM scheme in terms of enhanced system reward, improved offloading utility with lower blockchain mining latency, and better system utility, compared to the existing cooperative and non-cooperative schemes. The paper concludes with key technical challenges and possible directions for future blockchain-based MEC research. [less ▲]

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See detailFedFog: Network-Aware Optimization of Federated Learning over Wireless Fog-Cloud System
Nguyen, van Dinh UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Ottersten, Björn UL et al

in IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications (in press)

Federated learning (FL) is capable of performing large distributed machine learning tasks across multiple edge users by periodically aggregating trained local parameters. To address key challenges of ... [more ▼]

Federated learning (FL) is capable of performing large distributed machine learning tasks across multiple edge users by periodically aggregating trained local parameters. To address key challenges of enabling FL over a wireless fogcloud system (e.g., non-i.i.d. data, users’ heterogeneity), we first propose an efficient FL algorithm based on Federated Averaging (called FedFog) to perform the local aggregation of gradient parameters at fog servers and global training update at the cloud. Next, we employ FedFog in wireless fog-cloud systems by investigating a novel network-aware FL optimization problem that strikes the balance between the global loss and completion time. An iterative algorithm is then developed to obtain a precise measurement of the system performance, which helps design an efficient stopping criteria to output an appropriate number of global rounds. To mitigate the straggler effect, we propose a flexible user aggregation strategy that trains fast users first to obtain a certain level of accuracy before allowing slow users to join the global training updates. Extensive numerical results using several real-world FL tasks are provided to verify the theoretical convergence of FedFog. We also show that the proposed co-design of FL and communication is essential to substantially improve resource utilization while achieving comparable accuracy of the learning model. [less ▲]

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See detailTriangular Intertwined Frequency Selective Surface
Vasquez-Peralvo, Juan Andres UL; Merlano Duncan, Juan Carlos UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL et al

in Vasquez-Peralvo, Juan Andres; Merlano Duncan, Juan Carlos; Chatzinotas, Symeon (Eds.) et al International symposium on antennas and propagation (in press)

This paper presents a frequency selective surface design and simulation using intertwined triangular structures. It has been discovered that by using the proposed tessellated intertwined lattice, the ... [more ▼]

This paper presents a frequency selective surface design and simulation using intertwined triangular structures. It has been discovered that by using the proposed tessellated intertwined lattice, the reduction of the resonance frequency of a frequency selective surface can be improved by 22.58% compared with other triangular structures. Additionally, this structure is used as a MEFSS to improve the miniaturization of the structure and obtain a compact, angular stable band-pass filter. The simulations presented in this paper have been obtained using CST Microwave Studio. [less ▲]

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See detailWireless Energy Harvesting For Autonomous Reconfigurable Intelligent Surfaces
Ntontin, Konstantinos UL; Boulogeorgos, Alexandros-Apostolos A.; Björnson, Emil et al

in IEEE Transactions on Green Communications and Networking (in press)

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See detailTerminal-Aware Multi-Connectivity Scheduler for Uplink Multi-Layer Non-Terrestrial Networks
Dazhi, Michael UL; Al-Hraishawi, Hayder UL; Mysore Rama Rao, Bhavani Shankar UL et al

in IEEE Global Communications Conference (Globecom) (2023, January 12)

This paper introduces the concept of multi-connectivity (MC) to the multi-orbit non-terrestrial networks (NTNs), where user terminals can be served by more than one satellite to achieve higher peak ... [more ▼]

This paper introduces the concept of multi-connectivity (MC) to the multi-orbit non-terrestrial networks (NTNs), where user terminals can be served by more than one satellite to achieve higher peak throughput. MC is a technique initially introduced by the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) for terrestrial communications in 4G and 5G, it has shown much gain in the terrestrial domain and this paper explores areas where this concept can benefit the satellite domain. MC can increase throughput, but this entails increased power consumption at user terminal for uplink transmissions. The energy efficiency of uplink communications can be improved by designing efficient scheduling schemes, and to this end, we developed a terminal aware multi-connectivity scheduling algorithm. This proposed algorithm uses the available radio resources and propagation information to intelligently define a dynamic resource allocation pattern, that optimally routes traffic so as to maximize uplink data rate while minimizing the energy consumption at the UT. The algorithm operates with the terminal differentiating multi-layer NTN resource scheduling architecture, which has a softwarized dispatcher at the network layer that classifies and differentiates the packets based on terminal type. The performance of the proposed algorithm was compared with round robin and joint carrier schedulers in terms of uplink data rate and energy efficiency. We also provide architectural design of implementable schedulers for multi-orbital satellite networks that can operate with different classes of terminals. [less ▲]

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See detailA Survey on STAR-RIS: Use Cases, Recent Advances, and Future Research Challenges
Abdul, Wahid; Ahmed, Manzoor; Laique, Sayed Shariq et al

E-print/Working paper (2023)

The recent development of metasurfaces, which may enable several use cases by modifying the propagation environment, is anticipated to have a substantial effect on the performance of 6G wireless ... [more ▼]

The recent development of metasurfaces, which may enable several use cases by modifying the propagation environment, is anticipated to have a substantial effect on the performance of 6G wireless communications. Metasurface elements can produce essentially passive sub-wavelength scattering to enable a smart radio environment. STAR-RIS, which refers to reconfigurable intelligent surfaces (RIS) that can transmit and reflect concurrently (STAR), is gaining popularity. In contrast to the widely studied RIS, which can only reflect the wireless signal and serve users on the same side as the transmitter, the STAR-RIS can both reflect and refract (transmit), enabling 360-degree wireless coverage, thus serving users on both sides of the transmitter. This paper presents a comprehensive review of the STAR-RIS, with a focus on the most recent schemes for diverse use cases in 6G networks, resource allocation, and performance evaluation. We begin by laying the foundation for RIS (passive, active, STARRIS), and then discuss the STAR-RIS protocols, advantages, and applications. In addition, we categorize the approaches within the domain of use scenarios, which includes increasing coverage, enhancing physical layer security (PLS), maximizing sum rate, improving energy efficiency (EE), and reducing interference. Next, we will discuss the various strategies for resource allocation and measures for performance evaluation. We aimed to elaborate, compare, and evaluate the literature in terms of setup, channel characteristics, methodology, and objectives. In conclusion, we examine the open research problems and potential future prospects in this field. [less ▲]

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See detailStacked-Cascode Current Steering Architecture for Gallium Nitride Variable-Gain LNAs
Gonzalez Rios, Jorge Luis UL; Vazquez, Diego; Moreno, Robson et al

in IEEE 14th Latin American Symposium on Circuits and Systems (LASCAS 2023) (2023)

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See detailDeep Learning-Based Device-Free Localization in Wireless Sensor Networks
Abdullah, Osamah; Al-Hraishawi, Hayder UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL

Scientific Conference (2023)

Location-based services are witnessing a rise in popularity owing to their key features of delivering personalized digital experience. The recent developments in wireless sensing techniques make the ... [more ▼]

Location-based services are witnessing a rise in popularity owing to their key features of delivering personalized digital experience. The recent developments in wireless sensing techniques make the realization of device-free localization (DFL) feasible within wireless sensor network (WSN) architectures. The DFL is an emerging technology that utilizes radio signal information for detecting and positioning a passive movable target without attached devices. However, determining the characteristics of the massive raw signals and extracting meaningful discriminative features relevant to the localization are highly intricate tasks due to the different patterns associated with different locations. To overcome these issues, deep learning (DL) techniques can be utilized here owing to their remarkable performance gains in similar practical problems. In this direction, we propose a DFL framework consists of multiple convolutional neural network (CNN) layers along with deep autoencoders based on the restricted Boltzmann machines (RBM) to construct a convolutional deep belief network (CDBN) for features recognition and extracting. Each CNN layer has stochastic pooling to sample down the feature map and reduced the dimensions of the required data without losing important information. This dimensionality reduction can alleviate the heavy computation while ensuring precise localization. The proposed framework is validated using real experimental dataset. The results show that the proposed model is able to achieve a high accuracy of 98% with reduced data dimensions and low signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs). [less ▲]

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See detailIntegration of NOMA with Reflecting Intelligent Surfaces: A Multi-cell Optimization with SIC Decoding Errors
Khan, Wali Ullah UL; Lagunas, Eva UL; Mahmood, Asad UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2023)

Reflecting intelligent surfaces (RIS) has gained significant attention due to its high energy and spectral efficiency in next-generation wireless networks. By using low-cost passive reflecting elements ... [more ▼]

Reflecting intelligent surfaces (RIS) has gained significant attention due to its high energy and spectral efficiency in next-generation wireless networks. By using low-cost passive reflecting elements, RIS can smartly reconfigure the signal propagation to extend the wireless communication coverage. On the other hand, non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) has been proven as a key air interface technique for supporting massive connections over limited resources. Utilizing the superposition coding and successive interference cancellation (SIC) techniques, NOMA can multiplex multiple users over the same spectrum and time resources by allocating different power levels. This paper proposes a new optimization scheme in a multi-cell RIS-NOMA network to enhance the spectral efficiency under SIC decoding errors. In particular, the power budget of the base station and the transmit power of NOMA users while the passive beamforming of RIS is simultaneously optimized in each cell. Due to objective function and quality of service constraints, the joint problem is formulated as non-convex, which is very complex and challenging to obtain the optimal global solution. To reduce the complexity and make the problem tractable, we first decouple the original problem into two sub-problems for power allocation and passive beamforming. Then, the efficient solution of each sub-problem is obtained in two-steps. In the first-step of For power allocation sub-problem, we transform it to a convex problem by inner approximation method and then solve it through a standard convex optimization solver in the second-step. Accordingly, in the first-step of passive beamforming, it is transformed to a standard semidefinite programming problem by successive convex approximation and different of convex programming methods. Then, penalty based method is used to achieve a Rank-1 solution for passive beamforming in second-step. Numerical results demonstrate the benefits of the proposed optimization scheme in the multi-cell RIS-NOMA network. [less ▲]

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See detailCharacterizing and Utilizing the Interplay between Quantum Technologies and Non-Terrestrial Networks
Al-Hraishawi, Hayder UL; Junaid, ur Rehman; Mohsen, Razavi et al

in IEEE Transactions on Quantum Engineering (2023)

Quantum technologies have been widely recognized as one of the milestones towards the ongoing digital transformation, which will also trigger new disruptive innovations. Quantum technologies encompassing ... [more ▼]

Quantum technologies have been widely recognized as one of the milestones towards the ongoing digital transformation, which will also trigger new disruptive innovations. Quantum technologies encompassing quantum computing, communications, and sensing offer an interesting set of advantages such as unconditional security and ultra-fast computing capabilities. However, deploying quantum services at a global scale requires circumventing the limitations due to the geographical boundaries and terrestrial obstacles, which can be adequately addressed by considering non-terrestrial networks (NTNs). In the recent few years, establishing multi-layer NTNs has been extensively studied to integrate space-airborne-terrestrial communications systems, particularly by the international standardization organizations such as the third-generation partnership project (3GPP) and the international telecommunication union (ITU), in order to support future wireless ecosystems. Indeed, amalgamating quantum technologies and NTNs will scale up the quantum communications ranges and provide unprecedented levels of security and processing solutions that are safer and faster than the traditional offerings. This paper provides some insights into the interplay between the evolving NTN architectures and quantum technologies with a particular focus on the integration challenges and their potential solutions for enhancing the quantum-NTN interoperability among various space-air-ground communications nodes. The emphasis is on how the quantum technologies can benefit from satellites and aerial platforms as an integrated network and vice versa. Moreover, a set of future research directions and new opportunities are identified. [less ▲]

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See detailBeam Splash Mitigation for NGSO Spectrum Coexistence between Feeder and User Downlink
Lagunas, Eva UL; Perez-Neira, Ana; Grotz, Joel et al

in International ITG 26th Workshop on Smart Antennas (WSA), Braunschweig, Germany, 27 Feb - 03 Mar 2023. (2023)

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See detailOpportunities for physical layer security in UAV communication enhanced with intelligent reflective surfaces
Khan, Wali Ullah UL; Lagunas, Eva UL; Ali, Zain et al

in IEEE Wireless Communications (2022), 29(06), 22-28

Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are an important component of next-generation wireless networks that can assist in high data rate communications and provide enhanced coverage.Their high mobility and ... [more ▼]

Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are an important component of next-generation wireless networks that can assist in high data rate communications and provide enhanced coverage.Their high mobility and aerial nature offer deployment flexibility and low-cost infrastructure support to existing cellular networks and provide many applications that rely on mobile wireless communications. However, security is a major challenge in UAV communications, and physical layer security (PLS) is an important technique to improve the reliability and security of data shared with the assistance of UAVs. Recently, the intelligent reflective surface (IRS) has emerged as a novel technology to extend and/or enhance wireless coverage by reconfiguring the propagation environment of communications. This article provides an overview of how the IRS can improve the PLS of UAV networks. We discuss different use cases of PLS for IRS-enhanced UAV communications and briefly review the recent advances in this area. Then, based on the recent advances, we also present a case study that utilizes alternate optimization to maximize the secrecy capacity for an IRS-enhanced UAV scenario in the presence of multiple Eves. Finally, we highlight several open issues and research challenges to realize PLS in IRS-enhanced UAV communications. [less ▲]

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See detailTask-Oriented Communication Design in Cyber-Physical Systems: A Survey on Theory and Applications
Mostaani, Arsham UL; Vu, Thang Xuan UL; Sharma, Shree Krishna UL et al

in IEEE Access (2022)

Communication system design has been traditionally guided by task-agnostic principles, which aim at efficiently transmitting as many correct bits as possible through a given channel. However, in the era ... [more ▼]

Communication system design has been traditionally guided by task-agnostic principles, which aim at efficiently transmitting as many correct bits as possible through a given channel. However, in the era of cyber-physical systems, the effectiveness of communications is not dictated simply by the bit rate, but most importantly by the efficient completion of the task in hand, e.g., controlling remotely a robot, automating a production line or collaboratively sensing through a drone swarm. In parallel, it is projected that by 2023, half of the worldwide network connections will be among machines rather than humans. In this context, it is crucial to establish a new paradigm for designing communication strategies for multi-agent cyber-physical systems. This is a daunting task, since it requires a combination of principles from information, communication, control theories and computer science in order to formalize a general framework for task-oriented communication designs. In this direction, this paper reviews and structures the relevant theoretical work across a wide range of scientific communities. Subsequently, it proposes a general conceptual framework for task-oriented communication design, along with its specializations according to targeted use cases. Furthermore, it provides a survey of relevant contributions in dominant applications, such as industrial internet of things, multi-unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) systems, autonomous vehicles, distributed learning systems, smart manufacturing plants, 5G and beyond self-organizing networks, and tactile internet. Finally, this paper also highlights the most important open research topics from both the theoretical framework and application points of view. [less ▲]

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See detailJoint Communication and Computation Offloading for Ultra-Reliable and Low-Latency with Multi-tier Computing
Huynh, Dang Van; Nguyen, Van-Dinh; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL et al

in IEEE Journal on Selected Areas In Communications (2022)

In this paper, we study joint communication and computation offloading (JCCO) for hierarchical edge-cloud systems with ultra-reliable and low latency communications (URLLC). We aim to minimize the end-to ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we study joint communication and computation offloading (JCCO) for hierarchical edge-cloud systems with ultra-reliable and low latency communications (URLLC). We aim to minimize the end-to-end (e2e) latency of computational tasks among multiple industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) devices by jointly optimizing offloading probabilities, processing rates, user association policies and power control subject to their service delay and energy consumption requirements as well as queueing stability conditions. The formulated JCCO problem belongs to a difficult class of mixed-integer non-convex optimization problem, making it computationally intractable. In addition, a strong coupling between binary and continuous variables and the large size of hierarchical edge-cloud systems make the problem even more challenging to solve optimally. To address these challenges, we first decompose the original problem into two subproblems based on the unique structure of the underlying problem and leverage the alternating optimization (AO) approach to solve them in an iterative fashion by developing newly convex approximate functions. To speed up optimal user association searching, we incorporate a penalty function into the objective function to resolve uncertainties of a binary nature. Two sub-optimal designs for given user association policies based on channel conditions and random user associations are also investigated to serve as state-of-the-art benchmarks. Numerical results are provided to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed algorithms in terms of the e2e latency and convergence speed. [less ▲]

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See detailGEO Payload Power Minimization: Joint Precoding and Beam Hopping Design
Ha, Vu Nguyen UL; Nguyen, Ti Ti; Lagunas, Eva UL et al

in Proceedings of IEEE Global Communications Conference GLOBECOM 2022 (2022, December 05)

This paper aims to determine linear precoding (LP) vectors, beam hopping (BH), and discrete DVB-S2X transmission rates jointly for the GEO satellite communication systems to minimize the payload power ... [more ▼]

This paper aims to determine linear precoding (LP) vectors, beam hopping (BH), and discrete DVB-S2X transmission rates jointly for the GEO satellite communication systems to minimize the payload power consumption and satisfy ground users’ demands within a time window. Regarding constraint on the maximum number of illuminated beams per time slot, the technical requirement is formulated as a sparse optimization problem in which the hardware-related beam illumination energy is modeled in a sparsity form of the LP vectors. To cope with this problem, the compressed sensing method is employed to transform the sparsity parts into the quadratic form of precoders. Then, an iterative window-based algorithm is developed to update the LP vectors sequentially to an efficient solution. Additionally, two other two-phase frameworks are also proposed for comparison purposes. In the first phase, these methods aim to determine the MODCOD transmission schemes for users to meet their demands by using a heuristic approach or DNN tool. In the second phase, the LP vectors of each time slot will be optimized separately based on the determined MODCOD schemes. [less ▲]

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See detailDynamic Beam-Layout Design for MEO High Throughput Satellite Systems
Chaker, Haythem UL; Chougrani, Houcine UL; Alves Martins, Wallace UL et al

Scientific Conference (2022, December 04)

We propose a traffic-oriented beam-layout optimization framework for a medium Earth orbit (MEO) high throughput satellite (HTS) system. The designed beam-layout plans have the objective of dynamic traffic ... [more ▼]

We propose a traffic-oriented beam-layout optimization framework for a medium Earth orbit (MEO) high throughput satellite (HTS) system. The designed beam-layout plans have the objective of dynamic traffic load balancing with minimal radio resource management. We model and evaluate the high directivity and the high reconfigurability capabilities of next-generation HTS systems that are equipped with a processing power on board. The resulting payload flexibility is compared numerically against the on-ground counterpart. Adequate key performance indicators, such as the Jain’s fairness index, the load distribution gap and optimization convergence time, are used to benchmark the system against state-of-the-art solutions. Results show that a dynamic HTS in MEO is capable of efficiently attaining high quality load balancing performance under realistic spatiotemporally varying traffic demands. [less ▲]

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See detailAdaptive Beam Pattern Selection and Resource Allocation for NOMA-Based LEO Satellite Systems
Wang, Anyue UL; Lei, Lei; Hu, Xin et al

Scientific Conference (2022, December 04)

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See detailOptimal User Pairing Approach for NOMA-based Cell-free Massive MIMO Systems
Dang, Xuan-Toan; Le, Mai T. P.; Nguyen, Hieu V. et al

in IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology (2022)

This study investigates a non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA)-assisted cell-free massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) system, considering the impact of both individual and linear-combination ... [more ▼]

This study investigates a non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA)-assisted cell-free massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) system, considering the impact of both individual and linear-combination channel estimations. To make the best use of NOMA as an enabler for cell-free massive MIMO systems, user pairing should be employed effectively. Random user pairing naturally leads to a non-optimal solution, whereas an exhaustive search approach is unfavorable for practical systems owing to the high complexity. In this study, we propose an optimal user pairing strategy to group users that jointly optimize the minimum downlink rate per user and power allocation at an acceptable cost of complexity. To address this problem, we first relax the binary variables to continuous variables and then develop an iterative algorithm based on the inner approximation method, yielding at least one locally optimal solution. Numerical results show that the proposed user pairing algorithm outperforms existing counterparts, such as conventional beamforming, random pairing, far pairing, and close-pairing strategies, while it can be performed dynamically, that is, two arbitrary users satisfying the formulated problem can be paired regardless of geographical distance. Finally, our approach demonstrates that the combination channel estimation-based NOMA-assisted cell-free massive MIMO achieves the best result in terms of the downlink rate per user when associated with the proposed algorithm. [less ▲]

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