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See detailWhen Alphabet Inc. plans Toronto's waterfront: New post-political modes of urban governance
Carr, Constance UL; Hesse, Markus UL

in Urban Planning (2020), 5(1), 69-83

‘Smart cities’ has become a hegemonic concept in urban discourses, despite substantial criticism presented by scholarly research and activism. The aim of this research was to understand what happens when ... [more ▼]

‘Smart cities’ has become a hegemonic concept in urban discourses, despite substantial criticism presented by scholarly research and activism. The aim of this research was to understand what happens when one of the big digital corporations enters the field of real estate and land use development and urban planning, how existing institutions respond to this, and how modes of urban governance are affected. Alphabet Inc.’s plans for Toronto’s waterfront provided insights into these questions. Our investigations traced a complex web of place-making practices that involved all levels of government, the general public, and networks of actors throughout the private sector. Methodologically, the discourse was reconstructed with local fieldwork, interviews with key actors, participating in tours and public meetings, and secondary sources. It was found that Alphabet Inc.’s plan to build a world-class digital city contained some lessons for urban studies and urban planning practice. First, Alphabet Inc.’s plans, which unfolded amidst initiatives to expand the knowledge economy, confirmed concerns that the trajectory of neoliberal, market-driven land use and speculation along the waterfront remains unchanged. Second, digital infrastructures are potentially a Trojan Horse. Third, it was seen that municipalities and their modes of urban planning are vulnerable to the political economic manoeuvrings of large corporate power. Fourth, Alphabet Inc. operates as a post-political package driven by a new coalition of politics, where the smart city is sold as a neutral technology. The controversies surrounding the project, however, stirred a civic discourse that might signal a return of the political. [less ▲]

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See detailMobility policy through the lens of policy mobility: The post-political case of introducing free transit in Luxembourg
Carr, Constance UL; Hesse, Markus UL

in Journal of Transport Geography (2020), 83

This viewpoint paper addresses the issue of fare-free public transport (FFPT) in the context of policy mobility, the strand of urban studies literature that examines how policy formulations developed in ... [more ▼]

This viewpoint paper addresses the issue of fare-free public transport (FFPT) in the context of policy mobility, the strand of urban studies literature that examines how policy formulations developed in one place tend to ‘travel’ and inform and inspire plans elsewhere as good or best practices. We argue that the promotion of policies may not reflect a serious attempt to solve a sustainability or socio-economic issue. Rather, the institutions in charge have different targets in mind. FFPT in Luxembourg is thus more a reflection of a post-political process where politics are severed from the political. [less ▲]

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See detailJust because they say it is sustainable development, it does not mean that it is: Sustainable development as a master-signifier in Swiss urban and regional planning
Carr, Constance UL

E-print/Working paper (2020)

With stunning green landscapes, exemplary public transport, and picturesque walkable cities, Switzerland often occupies the public imaginary of a place that has tackled sustainable development. This ... [more ▼]

With stunning green landscapes, exemplary public transport, and picturesque walkable cities, Switzerland often occupies the public imaginary of a place that has tackled sustainable development. This research, however, looks under the hood and finds that this development path supports not only modes of capital accumulation, but also certain less sustainable patterns of development and governance. This paper examines this apparent paradox by looking at the role of sustainable development as a master-signifier in Swiss urban development processes. Empirical observations were made in the Glatt Valley of Switzerland, where governing officials of small municipalities are confronted with coordinating urban development under growth pressure within cantonal and federal policy frameworks that claim sustainable development. It can be seen that sustainable development is an empty master-signifier that policy makers engage to justify the quilting of a certain hegemonic discourses of power that reflect in further uneven urban development. By reproducing business as usual market-led urban growth, fragmentation is maintained as are social spatial disparities are entrenched. [less ▲]

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See detailSmart Cities, ‚big politics‘ und die Privatisierung der urbanen Governance
Carr, Constance UL; Hesse, Markus UL

Article for general public (2019)

Die Diskussion über Smart Cities hat in den letzten Jahren einen regelrechten Hype in Stadtpolitik, -forschung und -wirtschaft hervorgebracht. Die digitale Optimierung von Gebäuden, Quartieren oder ganzen ... [more ▼]

Die Diskussion über Smart Cities hat in den letzten Jahren einen regelrechten Hype in Stadtpolitik, -forschung und -wirtschaft hervorgebracht. Die digitale Optimierung von Gebäuden, Quartieren oder ganzen Stadträumen, so könnte man Smart Cities definieren, hat auch Luxemburg erfasst. Während das Wirtschaftsministerium die Vision einer intelligenten digitalen Spezialisierung verfolgt, präsentiert sich die Hauptstadt seit geraumer Zeit als Bühne der Smart City. Als Kontrast zu diesen Bildern analysieren wir ein prominentes Beispiel, das die Vision einer kontrollierten, technologisch und ökonomisch durchoptimierten Stadt vermittelt – Quayside, das Konversionsprojekt der Alphabet Inc. in Torontos Hafengebiet. [less ▲]

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See detailLuxembourg’s free public transport sounds great. It isn't
Carr, Constance UL

Article for general public (2019)

This is a reproduction of Carr/Hesse's 2019 "Luxembourg’s free public transport sounds great, but it won’t help people get from A to B" published Jan 16, 2019, in The Conversation. Available at:https ... [more ▼]

This is a reproduction of Carr/Hesse's 2019 "Luxembourg’s free public transport sounds great, but it won’t help people get from A to B" published Jan 16, 2019, in The Conversation. Available at:https://theconversation.com/luxembourgs-free-public-transport-sounds-great-but-it-wont-help-people-get-from-a-to-b-109695 [less ▲]

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See detailThe land question of the future is regional: Planning, borders, and the case of Trier-Luxembourg
Gerend, Jennifer; Carr, Constance UL

Presentation (2019)

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See detailSmart Cities: Selbstzweck oder zum Wohl der Städte?
Carr, Constance UL

Article for general public (2019)

Die Idee der intelligenten Stadt – „Smart City“ – hat in den letzten Jahren unsere Fantasie beflügelt. Viele glauben, dass hier die Zukunft der Stadt liege. Die digitale Optimierung von Gebäuden ... [more ▼]

Die Idee der intelligenten Stadt – „Smart City“ – hat in den letzten Jahren unsere Fantasie beflügelt. Viele glauben, dass hier die Zukunft der Stadt liege. Die digitale Optimierung von Gebäuden, Kommunikations- und Verkehrsinfrastruktur begeistert Politiker, Wirtschaftsführer und die breite Öffentlichkeit. Alle wollen smart sein – ohne dass man jeweils wüsste, was genau eine Smart City ist. Von Constance Carr* Dies hat einen gewissen Wettlauf der Innovationen ausgelöst, wobei die Entwicklungsgeschwindigkeit ein solches Tempo erreicht hat, dass der Appetit der Technologieindustrie und der Städte, hier mitzuspielen, unersättlich erscheint. Die Digitalisierung ist insofern ein wichtiger Aspekt der Stadtentwicklungspolitik weltweit. Luxemburg bildet hier keine Ausnahme und strebt eine führende Position in der digitalen Entwicklung an. [less ▲]

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See detailReview "Inside Smart Cities – Place, Politics and Urban Innovation"
Carr, Constance UL

in disP : The Planning Review (2019)

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See detailIntroducing Luxembourg: Ephemeral Sustainabilities
Carr, Constance UL

in Krueger, Rob; Freytag, Tim; Mössner, Samuel (Eds.) Adventures in Sustainable Urbanism (2019)

Table of Contents 1. Constructing Sustainable Development Robert Krueger, Tim Freytag and Samuel Mossner 2. The Rise of Sustainable Urban Development Robert Krueger, Tim Freytag, and Samuel Mossner 3. A ... [more ▼]

Table of Contents 1. Constructing Sustainable Development Robert Krueger, Tim Freytag and Samuel Mossner 2. The Rise of Sustainable Urban Development Robert Krueger, Tim Freytag, and Samuel Mossner 3. A Tale of Two Cities: Christchurch, New Zealand, and Sustainable Urban Disaster Recovery Tim Baird and C. Michael Hall 4. Reworking Newtown Creek Winifred Curran and Trina Hamilton 5. From Sprawling Cowtown to Social Sustainability Pioneer: The Sustainability Journey of Calgary, Alberta Freya Kristensen 6. The Greenest City Experience: Exploring Social Action and Social Sustainability in Vancouver, Canada Marit Rosol and Cristina Temenos 7. Introducing Luxembourg: Ephemeral Sustainabilities Constance Carr 8. Montpellier Écocité: From Growth Machine to Sustainability? David Giband 9. Building Ecopolis in the World’s Factory: A Field Note on Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco-city I-Chun Catherine Chang 10. Sustainable Empire? Michal Kohout 11. Middle-Class Family Enclavism and Solidarity from a Distance Notes from a Field of Contradictions in Dortmund, Germany Susanne Frank 12. A Conclusion? Or, Toward a New Beginning? Robert Krueger, Tim Freytag, and Samuel Mossner [less ▲]

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See detailFree Transit in Luxembourg: A case of post-political urban governance through policy mobility
Hesse, Markus UL; Carr, Constance UL

in Witlox, Frank (Ed.) Moving Towards More Sustainable Mobility and Transport through Smart Systems - Proceedings of the BIVEC-GIBET Transport Research Days 2019 (2019)

Detailed reference viewed: 77 (1 UL)
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See detailThere is no one human scale - Reflections on urban development practice in Luxembourg
Carr, Constance UL; Lutz, Rebecca; Schutz, Kevin

Report (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 55 (8 UL)