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See detailA Cubesat-ready Phase Synchronization Digital Payload for Coherent Distributed Remote Sensing Missions
Querol, Jorge UL; Merlano Duncan, Juan Carlos UL; Martinez Marrero, Liz UL et al

Poster (2021, July 15)

Distributed antenna arrays, fractionated payloads and cooperative platforms can provide unprecedented performance in the next generation of spaceborne communications and remote sensing systems. Remote ... [more ▼]

Distributed antenna arrays, fractionated payloads and cooperative platforms can provide unprecedented performance in the next generation of spaceborne communications and remote sensing systems. Remote phase synchronization of physically separated oscillators is the first step towards a coherent operation of distributed systems. This work shows the preliminary results of a TDD remote phase synchronization algorithm with a master-follower architecture. Herein, we describe the implementation and validation of the proposed algorithm. The implementation has been conducted in a Cubesat-ready software defined radio and validated at the end-to-end satellite communications testbed available at the University of Luxembourg. [less ▲]

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See detailA design strategy for phase synchronization in Precoding-enabled DVB-S2X user terminals
Martinez Marrero, Liz UL; Merlano Duncan, Juan Carlos UL; Querol, Jorge UL et al

Scientific Conference (2021, June)

This paper address the design of a phase tracking block for the DVB-S2X user terminals in a satellite precoding system. The spectral characteristics of the phase noise introduced by the oscillator, the ... [more ▼]

This paper address the design of a phase tracking block for the DVB-S2X user terminals in a satellite precoding system. The spectral characteristics of the phase noise introduced by the oscillator, the channel, and the thermal noise at the receiver are taken into account. Using the expected phase noise mask, the optimal parameters for a second-order PLL intended to track channel variations from the pilots are calculated. To validate the results a Simulink model was implemented considering the characteristics of the hardware prototype. The performance of the design was evaluated in terms of the accuracy and stability for the frame structure of superframe Format 2, as described in Annex E of DVB-S2X. [less ▲]

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See detailA Remote Carrier Synchronization Technique for Coherent Distributed Remote Sensing Systems
Merlano Duncan, Juan Carlos UL; Martinez Marrero, Liz UL; Querol, Jorge UL et al

in IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing (2021), 14

Phase, frequency, and time synchronization are crucial requirements for many applications, such as multi-static remote sensing and communication systems. Moreover, the synchronization solution becomes ... [more ▼]

Phase, frequency, and time synchronization are crucial requirements for many applications, such as multi-static remote sensing and communication systems. Moreover, the synchronization solution becomes even more challenging when the nodes are orbiting or flying on airborne or spaceborne platforms. This paper compares the available technologies used for the synchronization and coordination of nodes in distributed remote sensing applications. Additionally, this paper proposes a general system model and identifies preliminary guidelines and critical elements for implementing the synchronization mechanisms exploiting the inter-satellite communication link. The distributed phase synchronization loop introduced in this work deals with the self-interference in a full-duplex point to point scenario by transmitting two carriers at each node. All carriers appear with different frequency offsets around a central frequency, called the application central-frequency or the beamforming frequency. This work includes a detailed analysis of the proposed algorithm and the required simulations to verify its performance for different phase noise, AWGN, and Doppler shift scenarios. [less ▲]

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See detailSDR IMPLEMENTATION OF A TESTBED FOR SYNCHRONIZATION OF COHERENT DISTRIBUTED REMOTE SENSING SYSTEMS
Merlano Duncan, Juan Carlos UL; Querol, Jorge UL; Martinez Marrero, Liz UL et al

in Proceedings of IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium 2020 (2020, September 26)

Remote Sensing from distributed platforms has become attractive for the community in the last years. Phase, frequency, and time synchronization are a crucial requirement for many such applications as ... [more ▼]

Remote Sensing from distributed platforms has become attractive for the community in the last years. Phase, frequency, and time synchronization are a crucial requirement for many such applications as multi-static remote sensing and also for distributed beamforming for communications. The literature on the field is extensive, and in some cases, the requirements an complexity of the proposed synchronization solution may surpass the ones set by the application itself. Moreover, the synchronization solution becomes even more challenging when the nodes are flying or hovering on aerial or space platforms. In this work, we discuss the synchronization considerations for the implementation of distributed remote sensing applications. The general framework considered is based on a distributed collection of autonomous nodes that synchronize their clocks with a common reference using inter-satellite links. For this purpose, we implement a synchronization link between two nodes operating in a full-duplex fashion. The experimental testbed uses commercially available SDR platforms to emulate two satellites, two targets, and the communication channel. The proposal is evaluated considering phase and frequency errors for different system parameters. [less ▲]

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See detailA Review of RFI Mitigation Techniques in Microwave Radiometry
Querol Borras, Jorge UL; Perez, Adrian; Camps, Adriano

in Remote Sensing (2019), 11(24), 3042

Radio frequency interference (RFI) is a well-known problem in microwave radiometry (MWR). Any undesired signal overlapping the MWR protected frequency bands introduces a bias in the measurements, which ... [more ▼]

Radio frequency interference (RFI) is a well-known problem in microwave radiometry (MWR). Any undesired signal overlapping the MWR protected frequency bands introduces a bias in the measurements, which can corrupt the retrieved geophysical parameters. This paper presents a literature review of RFI detection and mitigation techniques for microwave radiometry from space. The reviewed techniques are divided between real aperture and aperture synthesis. A discussion and assessment of the application of RFI mitigation techniques is presented for each type of radiometer. [less ▲]

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See detailReal-time Radio Frequency Interference Detection and Mitigation with the Front-End GNSS Interference eXcisor (FENIX)
Querol Borras, Jorge UL; Perez, Adrian; Munoz-Martin, Joan Francesc et al

Scientific Conference (2019, September 26)

The number of applications based on Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) has been increasing in the last years. With its proliferation, Radio-Frequency Interference (RFI) has become one of the most ... [more ▼]

The number of applications based on Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) has been increasing in the last years. With its proliferation, Radio-Frequency Interference (RFI) has become one of the most concerning topics on GNSS-based devices for navigation, positioning and timing, but also for Earth Observation purposes such as GNSS-Reflectometry (GNSS-R) and GNSS-Radio Occultations (GNSS-RO) due to the corruption of the received signal and the corresponding geophysical measurements. The Front-End GNSS Interference eXcisor (FENIX) mitigates the problem of RFI by providing a plug-and-play solution which, placed between the antenna and the receiver, excises virtually any kind of interference signal, as its mitigation algorithm is agnostic on the particular type of RFI. The new version of FENIX is also capable of operating with large signal bandwidths ($\sim$50 MHz) and dual-band applications (e.g. L1 + L2 or L1/E1 + L5/E5). This paper shows the performance of the system for commercial GNSS receivers and GNSS-R applications. The use of FENIX in Microwave Radiometers is also possible, but it is out of the scope of this paper. [less ▲]

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See detailARCHITECTURES AND SYNCHRONIZATION TECHNIQUES FOR COHERENT DISTRIBUTED REMOTE SENSING SYSTEMS
Merlano Duncan, Juan Carlos UL; Querol Borras, Jorge UL; Camps, Adriano et al

in 2019 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS) (2019, August 31)

Phase, frequency and time synchronization is a crucial requirement for many applications as such as multi-static remote sensing and distributed beamforming for communications. The literature on the field ... [more ▼]

Phase, frequency and time synchronization is a crucial requirement for many applications as such as multi-static remote sensing and distributed beamforming for communications. The literature on the field is very wide, and in some cases, the requirements of the proposed synchronization solution may surpass the ones set by the application itself. Moreover, the synchronization solution becomes even more challenging when the nodes are flying or hovering on aerial or space platforms. In this work, we compare and classify the synchronization technologies available in the literature according to a common proposed framework, and we discuss the considerations of an implementation for distributed remote sensing applications. The general framework considered is based on a distributed collection of autonomous nodes that try to synchronize their clocks with a common reference. Moreover, they can be classified in non-overlapping, adjacent and overlapping frequency band scenarios [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 139 (16 UL)