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See detailWhy do String Players Perform Easier per Memory than Wind Music Players? – Testing Instrumentalist Students’ Attention Levels During Music Reading
Buzás, Zsuzsanna; Sagrillo, Damien UL

in Molnár, Edit Katalin; Dancs, Katinka (Eds.) 17thConference on Educational Assessment (2019, April 13)

Developing music reading skills is considered a central part of music education. The knowledge of musical notation is essential to participate in orchestras or in choral ensembles. In musical practice ... [more ▼]

Developing music reading skills is considered a central part of music education. The knowledge of musical notation is essential to participate in orchestras or in choral ensembles. In musical practice, pianists who play as soloists with an orchestra do notneed written support as opposed to brass instrument soloists. Until now, no research has been conducted to discoverthe reasons why pianists and string players play easier by heart than brass instrument players.Music related activities involve numerous psychological processes, including perception and rapid processing of audio stimuli, attention and auditory, sensory and visual memory activation. Students with working memory impairments have difficulties with concentration as well as with organizing and monitoring the quality of their own work (Alloway et al., 2009).If the attention level is normal or high, the student is in an appropriate state for learning. It has been shown that participants with high working memory capacity perform significantly better on a variety of attention tasks (Fougnie, 2008).Attention supports the development of emerging reading skills by helping students regulate the cognitive demands inherently part of learning (Sáez et al., 2011).Thisstudy aims to test instrumentalist students’ attention and mediation levels during music reading by means of NeuroSky’s MindWave EEG device that translates brainwaves into digital information and beams it wirelessly to acomputer. We investigated 22right-handed wind instrumentalists, 12-14 years of age, and compared them with 21 violin players,matched for age and grade level. Students were asked to play an eight-bar composition bySzilvay. We analyzed attention and mediation levels, as well as alpha, beta and gamma band oscillatory responses to the musical piece during reading. The results of the data analysis were evaluated using e-Sense Metric. According to this metric, attention and meditation data arescaled between 1 and 100. The findings ofthe study revealed that the average attention level of the violin players was slightly highat61.53;while that of the wind players was 39.98, that is,slightly low. A significant difference was found between the averages of attention levelsbetween the string and the wind players (t=2.656, p=.026).With the use of EEG, the appearance of fatiguecan be detectedand the concentration levelscan be differentiatedfor the same exercise for different pupils. The results help us to improve instructionalmethods, and can also help us to reveal the processesof attention and mediation duringthe students’ music reading. Further research can involve the replication of the studywith pianists,comparing them with string players and wind music players. In an even more refined desing, a replication study could be carried out to compare pianists and brass instrument players. These further studies can serve as a basis for developing training programs of music reading comprehension for different instrumentalists. [less ▲]

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See detailMusic Education in the Focus of Historical Concepts and New Horizons
Sagrillo, Damien UL; Brusniak, Friedhelm; Buzás, Zsuzsanna et al

Book published by John Von Neumann University (2019)

The 50th anniversary of the death in 1967 of the famous music teacher, ethnomusicologist and composer Zoltán Kodály reminded us that another renowned music pedagogue, Leo Kestenberg (1882-1962), was born ... [more ▼]

The 50th anniversary of the death in 1967 of the famous music teacher, ethnomusicologist and composer Zoltán Kodály reminded us that another renowned music pedagogue, Leo Kestenberg (1882-1962), was born in the same year as Kodály. As such, the joint Kodály Kestenberg Conference provided a welcome opportunity not only to address aspects of music pedagogical and biographical research which had hitherto received a limited amount of attention, but also to highlight a number of key moments in history, and the resulting impact these had had on music pedagogy. The significant level of international interest which music educators showed in the Kodály Kestenberg Conference fulfilled the organisers' desire to create a forum for the free exchange ideas. It also enabled participants to review our commonalities and differences and to look beyond our individual national developments and evaluate the methods and concepts of two significant personalities in the history of musical education in the first half of the 20th century. The sheer diversity of historical and current topics in music education research both inside and outside of Europe, not only reflects the fact that in the 21st century, music education research has established and profiled itself in a wide range of sub-disciplines in addition to revealing new fields of inter-disciplinary research. The effectiveness of reforms initiated and implemented by Kodály and Kestenberg extend to the present day and continue to influence discussions around the future perspectives of music education. This is illustrated by the example of formal and informal learning in the field of elementary music pedagogy. The "Century of the Child" proclaimed in 1900 by the Swedish reform pedagogue Ellen Key (1849–1926) has left its mark on music education through reformers such as Kodály and Kestenberg into the 21st century. This conference book contains articles which are subdivided in five sub-categories: (1) The function of Music Education, (2) The Historical Era of Kodály and Kestenberg, (3) Learning and Instruction, (4) Assessment Technologies in Music Education and (5) Effects of Music Training. The contributors come from six different countries namely, Austria, England, Germany, Hungary, Israel and Luxembourg. The editors would like to record their thanks to both: (1) the Pedagogical Faculty of the John von Neumann University, Kecskemét and the dean Dr. Fülöp Tamás and the vice-dean Dr. Sági Norberta for hosting the conference, (2) the International Leo Kestenberg Society. The editors also acknowledge that this research is supported by EFOP-3.6.1- 16-2016-00006 “The development and enhancement of the research potential at John von Neumann University” project. The Project is supported by the Hungarian Government and co-financed by the European Social Fund. The editors finally thank Ms. Caroline Reuter from the University of Luxembourg for the review of the layout. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 79 (3 UL)