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Conservation laws and symmetries in stochastic thermodynamics Polettini, Matteo ; Bulnes Cuetara, Gregory ; Esposito, Massimiliano in Physical Review. E : Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics (2016), 94(052117), Phenomenological nonequilibrium thermodynamics describes how fluxes of conserved quantities, such as matter, energy, and charge, flow from outer reservoirs across a system and how they irreversibly ... [more ▼] Phenomenological nonequilibrium thermodynamics describes how fluxes of conserved quantities, such as matter, energy, and charge, flow from outer reservoirs across a system and how they irreversibly degrade from one form to another. Stochastic thermodynamics is formulated in terms of probability fluxes circulating in the system’s configuration space. The consistency of the two frameworks is granted by the condition of local detailed balance, which specifies the amount of physical quantities exchanged with the reservoirs during single transitions between configurations. We demonstrate that the topology of the configuration space crucially determines the number of independent thermodynamic affinities (forces) that the reservoirs generate across the system and provides a general algorithm that produces the fundamental affinities and their conjugate currents contributing to the total dissipation, based on the interplay between macroscopic conservations laws for the currents and microscopic symmetries of the affinities. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 241 (8 UL)Quantum Thermodynamics with Degenerate Eigenstate Coherences Bulnes Cuetara, Gregory ; Esposito, Massimiliano ; in Entropy (2016), 18(447), We establish quantum thermodynamics for open quantum systems weakly coupled to their reservoirs when the system exhibits degeneracies. The first and second law of thermodynamics are derived, as well as a ... [more ▼] We establish quantum thermodynamics for open quantum systems weakly coupled to their reservoirs when the system exhibits degeneracies. The first and second law of thermodynamics are derived, as well as a finite-time fluctuation theorem for mechanical work and energy and matter currents. Using a double quantum dot junction model, local eigenbasis coherences are shown to play a crucial role on thermodynamics and on the electron counting statistics. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 138 (6 UL)Stochastic thermodynamics of rapidly driven quantum systems, Bulnes Cuetara, Gregory ; ; Esposito, Massimiliano in New Journal of Physics (2015), 17 We present the stochastic thermodynamics analysis of an open quantum system weakly coupled to multiple reservoirs and driven by a rapidly oscillating external field. The analysis is built on a modified ... [more ▼] We present the stochastic thermodynamics analysis of an open quantum system weakly coupled to multiple reservoirs and driven by a rapidly oscillating external field. The analysis is built on a modified stochastic master equation in the Floquet basis. Transition rates are shown to satisfy the local detailed balance involving the entropy flowing out of the reservoirs. The first and second law of thermodynamics are also identified at the trajectory level. Mechanical work is identified by means of initial and final projections on energy eigenstates of the system. We explicitly show that this two step measurement becomes unnecessary in the long time limit. A steady-state fluctuation theorem for the currents and rate of mechanical work is also established. This relation does not require the introduction of a time reversed external driving which is usually needed when considering systems subjected to time asymmetric external fields. This is understood as a consequence of the secular approximation applied in consistency with the large time scale separation between the fast driving oscillations and the slower relaxation dynamics induced by the environment. Our results are finally illustrated on a model describing a thermodynamic engine. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 181 (12 UL)Exact fluctuation theorem without ensemble quantities Bulnes Cuetara, Gregory ; Esposito, Massimiliano ; in Physical Review. E : Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics (2014), 1402 Evaluating the entropy production (EP) along a stochastic trajectory requires the knowledge of the system probability distribution, an ensemble quantity notoriously difficult to measure. In this letter ... [more ▼] Evaluating the entropy production (EP) along a stochastic trajectory requires the knowledge of the system probability distribution, an ensemble quantity notoriously difficult to measure. In this letter, we show that the EP of nonautonomous systems in contact with multiple reservoirs can be expressed solely in terms of physical quantities measurable at the single trajectory level with a suitable preparation of the initial condition. As a result, we identify universal energy and particle fluctuation relations valid for any measurement time. We apply our findings to an electronic junction model which may be used to verify our prediction experimentally. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 184 (13 UL)Effective fluctuation theorems for electron transport in a double quantum dot coupled to a quantum point contact Bulnes Cuetara, Gregory ; Esposito, Massimiliano ; et al in Physical Review. B : Condensed Matter (2013), 88(115134), A theoretical study is reported of electron transport at finite temperature in a double quantum dot (DQD) capacitively coupled to a quantum point contact (QPC) for the measurement of the DQD charge state ... [more ▼] A theoretical study is reported of electron transport at finite temperature in a double quantum dot (DQD) capacitively coupled to a quantum point contact (QPC) for the measurement of the DQD charge state. Starting from a Hamiltonian model, a master equation is obtained for the stochastic process taking place in the DQD while the QPC is at or away from equilibrium, allowing us to study the measurement back-action of the QPC onto the DQD. The QPC is treated nonperturbatively in our analysis. Effective fluctuation theorems are established for the full counting statistics of the DQD current under different limiting conditions. These fluctuation theorems hold with respect to an effective affinity characterizing the nonequilibrium environment of the DQD and differing from the applied voltage if the QPC is out of equilibrium. The effective affinity may even change its sign if the Coulomb drag of the QPC reverses the DQD current. The thermodynamic implications of the effective fluctuation theorems are discussed. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 174 (6 UL)Fluctuation theorems for capacitively coupled electronic currents Bulnes Cuetara, Gregory ; Esposito, Massimiliano ; in Physical Review. B : Condensed Matter (2011) The counting statistics of electron transport is studied theoretically in a system with two capacitively coupled parallel transport channels. Each channel is composed of a quantum dot connected by ... [more ▼] The counting statistics of electron transport is studied theoretically in a system with two capacitively coupled parallel transport channels. Each channel is composed of a quantum dot connected by tunneling to two reservoirs. The nonequilibrium steady state of the system is controlled by two affinities or thermodynamic forces, each one determined by the two reservoirs of each channel. The status of a single-current fluctuation theorem is investigated starting from the fundamental two-current fluctuation theorem, which is a consequence of microreversibility. We show that the single-current fluctuation theorem holds in the limit of a large Coulomb repulsion between the two parallel quantum dots, as well as in the limit of a large current ratio between the parallel channels. In this latter limit, the symmetry relation of the single-current fluctuation theorem is satisfied with respect to an effective affinity that is much lower than the affinity determined by the reservoirs. This backaction effect is characterized quantitatively. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 92 (1 UL) |
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