References of "Botes, Wilhelmina Maria 50043873"
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See detailWhen Cryptographic Ransomware Poses Cyber Threats: Ethical Challenges and Proposed Safeguards for Cybersecurity Researchers
Botes, Wilhelmina Maria UL; Lenzini, Gabriele UL

Scientific Conference (2022, June 10)

Cryptographic ransomware, a malware capable of destroying data, is a serious threat if used against providers of critical infrastructures such as healthcare, energy supply chains, banking services, and ... [more ▼]

Cryptographic ransomware, a malware capable of destroying data, is a serious threat if used against providers of critical infrastructures such as healthcare, energy supply chains, banking services, and transport systems. Used as such, ransomware may qualify as cyber weapon, but the current discussion around cyber and information warfare is not sufficiently legally regulated. This delegates the safe governance thereof to the application of ethical principles but leaves researchers working on ransomware in doubt about the double-use nature of their work and what code of conduct to follow. Although some existing biomedical research ethical principles have been repurposed for ICT research, in the context of recent threats posed by ransomware attacks, these efforts need an urgent rethink, especially when it involves the research of cybersecurity researchers dealing specifically with ransomware. This paper does not offer solutions, but rather describes the complexity, nature and extent of ethical challenges raised by cybersecurity research and invites the cybersecurity research community to enter into active discussions around the need to consider the development of an appropriate research ethics framework in the domain of cybersecurity. [less ▲]

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See detailData Protection and Consenting Communication Mechanisms: Current Proposals and Challenges
Human, Soheil; Degeling, Martin; Santos, Christiana et al

in IEEE eXplore (2022, June 06)

Data Protection and Consenting Communication Mechanisms (DPCCMs) have the potential of becoming one of the most fundamental means of protecting humans’ privacy and agency. However, they are yet to be ... [more ▼]

Data Protection and Consenting Communication Mechanisms (DPCCMs) have the potential of becoming one of the most fundamental means of protecting humans’ privacy and agency. However, they are yet to be improved, adopted and enforced. In this paper, based on the results of a technical document analysis and an expert study, we we identify some of the main technical factors that can be comparison factors between some of the main interdisciplinary challenges of a Human-centric, Accountable, Lawful, and Ethical practice of personal data processing on the Internet and discuss whether the current DPCCMs proposal can contribute towards their resolution. In particular, we discuss the two current open specifications, i.e. the Advanced Data Protection Control (ADPC) and the Global Privacy Control (GPC) based on the identified challenges. [less ▲]

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See detailConciseness, interest, and unexpectedness: User attitudes towards infographic and comic consent mediums
Doan, Xengie Cheng UL; Selzer, Annika; Rossi, Arianna UL et al

in Web Conference Companion Volume (ACM) (2022, April 26)

Being asked to consent to data sharing is a ubiquitous experience in digital services - yet it is very rare to encounter a well designed consent experience. Considering the momentum and importance of a ... [more ▼]

Being asked to consent to data sharing is a ubiquitous experience in digital services - yet it is very rare to encounter a well designed consent experience. Considering the momentum and importance of a European data space where personal information freely and easily flows across organizations, sectors and Member States, solving the long-discussed thorny issue of "how to get consent right" cannot be postponed any further. In this paper, we describe the first findings from a study based on 24 semi-structured interviews investigating participants’ expectations and opinions toward consent in a data sharing scenario with a data trustee. We analyzed various dimensions of a consent form redesigned as a comic and an infographic, including language, information design, content and the writer-reader relationship. The results provide insights into the complexity of elements that should be considered when asking individuals to freely and mindfully disclose their data, especially sensitive information. [less ▲]

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See detailAutonomy and the social dilemma of online manipulative behavior
Botes, Wilhelmina Maria UL

in AI and Ethics (2022)

Persuasive online technologies were initially designed and used to gain insights into the online behavior of individuals to personalize advertising campaigns in an effort to influence people and convince ... [more ▼]

Persuasive online technologies were initially designed and used to gain insights into the online behavior of individuals to personalize advertising campaigns in an effort to influence people and convince them to buy certain products. But recently, these technologies have blurred the lines and morphed into technologies that covertly and gradually manipulate people into attaining a goal that is predetermined by the algorithm and disregards the decision-making rights of the individual. This may lead to people exercising decisions that do not align with their personal values and beliefs, and rob them of their autonomy—an ethical principle, in the absence of which the application of these technologies may be unethical. However, not all technologies that are persuasive are necessarily manipulative which require the careful consideration of a couple of elements to determine whether or not technologies are manipulative and ultimately whether their application is ethical or not. In this article, we analyze the ethical principle of autonomy and unpack the underlying elements of this ethical principle which must be considered to determine whether the application of a technology is ethical or not in the context of it being persuasive or manipulative. [less ▲]

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See detailBack to the Future with Icons and Images: "Low-Tech" to Communicate and Protect Privacy and Data
Botes, Wilhelmina Maria UL; Rossi, Arianna UL

in Ducato, Rossana; Strowel, Alain (Eds.) Legal Design Perspectives. Theoretical and Practical Insights from the Field (2021)

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See detailVisualisation Techniques for Consent: Finding Common Ground in Comic Art with Indigenous Populations
Botes, Wilhelmina Maria UL; Rossi, Arianna UL

in 2021 IEEE European Symposium on Security and Privacy Workshops (EuroS&PW) (2021)

With emerging technologies such as genome research and the digitization of health records comes the need for new models of informed consent. In this climate of innovation people are often prone to explore ... [more ▼]

With emerging technologies such as genome research and the digitization of health records comes the need for new models of informed consent. In this climate of innovation people are often prone to explore the latest technological advancement as possible solutions, including for informed consent. In this paper, we present the design and evaluation of a so-called low-tech informed consent solution that was designed specifically for the informational and cultural needs of a vulnerable indigenous population, i.e., the San of South Africa. This low-tech solution took the form of a comic and, although it could enhance understanding and identification, the costs and labour intensity of comic design and the deriving limitations on its scalability should be critically considered in the light of a digitised and more standardized solution. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 63 (5 UL)