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See detail“I Feel More Luxembourgish, but Portuguese Too” Cultural Identities in a Multicultural Society
Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL; Albert, Isabelle UL

in Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science (2019), First online

The present investigation focused on cultural identity and the dealing with the belonging to different cultural frames as a migrant in a highly culturally diverse context by comparing two generations of ... [more ▼]

The present investigation focused on cultural identity and the dealing with the belonging to different cultural frames as a migrant in a highly culturally diverse context by comparing two generations of Portuguese families living in Luxembourg. Quantitative standardized questionnaires complemented by in-depth qualitative interviews with parent-child dyads were used in order to assess possible (dis)similarities between first generation Portuguese immigrant parents and their adult children (i.e. second generation) concerning their cultural identities. Generational differences were found regarding the dealing with several cultural frames, language competences and attachment to both discussed cultures. Adult children were more prone to find themselves in a “compatible” identity orientation, compared to the parental generation. Yet, when focussing specifically on the second generation, qualitative data highlighted some issues regarding the perceived views of others on one’s own cultural belonging and the perception of a certain sense of cultural identity denial from others. Our findings contribute to the existing theoretical literature on cultural identity by elucidating some major differences between immigrant parents and their adult children on how they enact the sense of belonging and the dealing with multiple cultural frames on a daily-life basis. [less ▲]

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See detailWelcome or not? – Natives’ security feelings, attachment and attitudes toward acculturation of immigrants
Goedert, Christine UL; Albert, Isabelle UL; Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL et al

in International Journal of Intercultural Relations (2019), 69

Cultural diversity due to immigration has become a key topic in many societies today. The question of how the native population experiences these developments is of prime importance for intercultural ... [more ▼]

Cultural diversity due to immigration has become a key topic in many societies today. The question of how the native population experiences these developments is of prime importance for intercultural relations and sets the base for acculturation of immigrants. Drawing on attachment and multiculturalism research, we supposed here that general and specific feelings of security might be related to more positive attitudes toward cultural diversity, whereas feelings of threat might be related to less openness. More precisely, the present study investigated how natives’ general attachment (secure or fearful) as well as their specific feelings of (cultural or economic) security might be related to their expectations about acculturation of immigrants in the multicultural context of Luxembourg. The sample included N = 134 Luxembourg nationals with an average age of M = 45.02 (SD = 17.41) who filled out an online questionnaire. Results revealed that self-reported fearful general attachment was positively related to more unwelcoming acculturation orientations. Relations between general attachment and acculturation orientations were mediated by feelings of cultural security, which had strong effects on host nationals’ (un)welcoming acculturation orientations over and above general attachment. Findings suggest that (un)welcoming orientations toward immigrants, entailing openness for cultural contact and exchange, are related to feelings of cultural and economic security which are partly biased by a general secure or fearful attachment. Feelings of security seem thus to provide a secure base for tolerance and openness to cultural diversity which are needed in order to deal successfully with the challenges of today’s multicultural societies. [less ▲]

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See detailIntergenerationelle Solidarität im Kontext von Migration: Gegenseitige Erwartungen, familienbezogene Werthaltungen und filiale Angst in portugiesischen und luxemburgischen Familien
Albert, Isabelle UL; Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL

Scientific Conference (2018, September 20)

Vor dem Hintergrund einer sich am Übergang zum Rentenalter befindlichen ersten Generation von Migranten gewinnen Fragen zur intergenerationellen Solidarität in Familien mit Migrationshintergrund zunehmend ... [more ▼]

Vor dem Hintergrund einer sich am Übergang zum Rentenalter befindlichen ersten Generation von Migranten gewinnen Fragen zur intergenerationellen Solidarität in Familien mit Migrationshintergrund zunehmend an Bedeutung. Ein Verbleiben im Aufnahmeland könnte im Einklang mit kulturspezifischen Werthaltungen mit besonderen Erwartungen an die erwachsenen Kinder einhergehen. Die vorliegende Studie befasst sich ausgehend von Bengtson’s Solidaritätsmodell mit der Frage, wie sich die intergenerationelle Solidarität im Migrationskontext ausgestaltet, insbesondere welche gegenseitigen Erwartungen Eltern und erwachsene Kinder haben und wie der gegenseitige Austausch reguliert wird. Im Rahmen der vom FNR geförderten IRMA-Studie wurden mittels eines standardisierten Fragebogens Daten zur Familienkohäsion, zu gegenseitigen Erwartungen bezüglich Unterstützung und familienbezogenen Werthaltungen sowie zur filialen Angst und zum subjektiven Wohlbefinden an n = 67 in Luxemburg lebenden portugiesischen sowie n = 87 luxemburgischen Familien (Vater, Mutter und jeweils ein erwachsenes Kind) erhoben. Während luxemburgische und portugiesische Familien eine ähnlich hohe Familienkohäsion aufwiesen, zeigten sich Unterschiede in der Ausgestaltung des gegenseitigen Austauschs. Portugiesische Teilnehmer berichteten höhere Erwartungen bezüglich Kontakthäufigkeit und Unterstützung, wohingegen der Zusammenhalt luxemburgischer Familien eher durch eine generelle Verfügbarkeit bei Bedarf gekennzeichnet war. Es zeigte sich kein Mittelwertsunterschied der portugiesischen und luxemburgischen erwachsenen Kinder bezüglich filialer Angst. Während allerdings ein starker wahrgenommener Familienzusammenhalt mit geringerer filialer Angst in beiden Gruppen einherging, war ein stärkeres Bedürfnis nach Unabhängigkeit aber insbesondere bei den portugiesischen Kindern mit höherer filialer Angst verbunden. Die Ergebnisse werden unter Berücksichtigung intrafamilialer Prozesse der Beziehungsregulation im Rahmen eines integrativen Modells von Familienbeziehungen im Kontext von Altern und Migration diskutiert. [less ▲]

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See detailWhat you give you get, or not? The effects of intergenerational family solidarity on subjective well-being
Albert, Isabelle UL; Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL

Scientific Conference (2018, September 06)

Much attention has been focused on intergenerational relations and family cultures as these developments are, amongst others, related to important socio-demographic changes creating a new reality for ... [more ▼]

Much attention has been focused on intergenerational relations and family cultures as these developments are, amongst others, related to important socio-demographic changes creating a new reality for families in Europe. Thus, solidarity and mutual support between adult children and their older parents are of particular interest as the exchange and “amount” of mutual support between both generations might gain importance for the well-being of each family member. Additionally, the specific context of migration can arouse special needs in terms of intergenerational support. The current study presents a cross-cultural comparison between Luxembourgish native and Portuguese migrant families, all living in Luxembourg. Quantitative data (n = 118 family triads) gathered by means of standardised questionnaires as well as qualitative data (n = 20 family dyads) collected with face-to-face interviews underlie the discussed results. Regardless of the culture, quantitative results show a higher provided social support from parents to children than the received one. However, PT children reported receiving as much as providing social support to their parents, while LU children reported receiving more support than the one they give. Further analyses will be carried out in order to differentiate between different kinds of support (financial, instrumental and emotional) making use of quantitative as well as qualitative data. Implications regarding family solidarity will be discussed in order to highlight similarities and differences between and within cultures and family generations. [less ▲]

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See detailAcculturation as a success story: Theoretical elaborations, lay perceptions and empirical evidence for “successful” migration in the multicultural context of Luxembourg
Albert, Isabelle UL; Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL

Poster (2018, July 04)

Acculturation research has for a long time concentrated on problematic issues related to migration, often taking a deficit approach. Only recently have researchers shifted their focus toward factors that ... [more ▼]

Acculturation research has for a long time concentrated on problematic issues related to migration, often taking a deficit approach. Only recently have researchers shifted their focus toward factors that might be linked to positive outcomes of migration and integration. The present paper will deal with the question of how individuals from migrant and non-migrant families might profit from multiculturalism and cultural diversity in a resource-oriented perspective. After a theoretical elaboration on how “successful” migration could be defined and by which indicators it could be measured, we will focus on lay perceptions of this concept drawing on qualitative interviews from the FNR-funded IRMA study (“Intergenerational Relations in the light of Migration and Ageing”). More precisely, a number of altogether n = 20 Portuguese immigrant and Luxembourgish dyads of one parent and one adult child each discussed about their experiences and views on migration and the multicultural context of Luxembourg. Finally, we will identify predictors of subjective well-being in a quantitative sample of n = 73 Portuguese immigrant families (mostly one adult child together with both parents), taking into account satisfaction in different life domains as well as social and temporal comparison processes. Analyses show that for first generation immigrants as well as for their children social downward comparisons with Luxembourgish and Portuguese peers living in the host country were beneficial for their subjective well-being, whereas comparisons with Portuguese still living in Portugal and temporal comparisons were less important. The discussion will propose an integrative model for the study of migration taking into account participants’ generation status and their migration history. [less ▲]

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See detailMigrating Identities: Affective Dialogues Across Generations
Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL; Albert, Isabelle UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

in Lehmann, Olga V.; Valsiner, Jaan (Eds.) Deep Experiencing - Dialogues within the self (2018)

Dialogical Self Theory recognizes the interaction between self and others. The basic nature of human condition is indeed to be in indefinite and constant interdependence with the existence of “the other” ... [more ▼]

Dialogical Self Theory recognizes the interaction between self and others. The basic nature of human condition is indeed to be in indefinite and constant interdependence with the existence of “the other” and his experiences, thoughts, practices as well as his narrations. Yet, the character and degree of these interdependencies vary and fluctuate depending on the individuals, contexts and cultures. While the external dialogue occurs between people implicated in an overt interaction, the self happens in an individual’s mind as an internal dialogue. Individuals make sense of their lives through the narratives of crucial experiences in their lives, which makes the external dialogue discernible and easier to analyse compared to the internal dialogue not that easily tangible. Though, through an intergenerational interview between an adult daughter and her mother, we will try to assess and identify their individual internal dialogues within their narratives. Hence, to that end body language and behavioural indicators such as face expressions or silent thinking will be used, which may help and serve as guidelines to assess the intergenerational dialogical interaction between mother and adult child in a migrant context. [less ▲]

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See detailBecause I need them, because I don’t: Regulation of family relations between adult children and their parents
Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL; Albert, Isabelle UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

Poster (2017, August)

The world’s demography has evolved requiring policy makers and practitioners all over the world to face in the next years important issues specifically related to the steadily increasing migration. Only ... [more ▼]

The world’s demography has evolved requiring policy makers and practitioners all over the world to face in the next years important issues specifically related to the steadily increasing migration. Only few studies have, however, focused on the regulation of relations between adult children and their ageing parents in host national compared to immigrant families. Migrant families might be confronted with specific tasks. While the acculturation situation might give rise to an increased need for intergenerational support, an acculturation gap between both generations can potentially lead to different expectations. Adult children from immigrant families might, for instance, be subject to the experience of ambivalent or conflictual feelings regarding the desire to become independent from their parents; at the same time, they may feel the urge to conform to parental expectations or to support their parents in accordance to the values of their parents’ culture of origin. However, older parents may also undergo changes in their perception of intergenerational support and lower their expectations in the process of acculturation. A qualitative cross-cultural comparison is conducted of n = 10 Portuguese and n = 10 Luxembourgish dyadic interviews of older parents and their adult children, both living in the Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg. We will focus on different key issues regarding the regulation of intergenerational family relations between first and second generations of host nationals and immigrants focussing on processes such as interdependent and independent selfconstrual comparing both cultural groups and both generations. First analyses show a heightened importance of geographical proximity in Portuguese migrant families compared to Luxembourgish native families for family relations. Likewise, regular interactions appear to be more required, needed and expected in Portuguese migrant families, especially from the parents while this is only to some extent, supported by their children. [less ▲]

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See detail“It is in giving that we receive, isn’t it?” – Intergenerational family solidarity, reciprocity and subjective well-being in the context of migration.
Albert, Isabelle UL; Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

Scientific Conference (2017, July 17)

Research on intergenerational relations has underlined the importance of reciprocity in the regulation of support exchange. The VOC study has demonstrated cross-cultural differences in reciprocity and ... [more ▼]

Research on intergenerational relations has underlined the importance of reciprocity in the regulation of support exchange. The VOC study has demonstrated cross-cultural differences in reciprocity and effects on subjective well-being. Less is known regarding migrant families as intergenerational support patterns could differ from host families due to specific needs or depending on different value orientations and family norms. Here, we focus therefore on the role of reciprocity in intergenerational family support in a sample of altogether N = 152 Luxembourgish and Portuguese (young) adults and their parents, all living in Luxembourg. In general, parents reported providing more social support for their children than they receive; but PT compared to LUX children reported providing as much social support as they receive from their parents. Results will be discussed within an integrative model on intergenerational family relations in the light of migration and ageing. [less ▲]

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See detailIntergenerational relationship regulation in the light of migration and ageing: The case of (young) adult children and their parents from Portuguese immigrant and Luxembourgish families.
Albert, Isabelle UL; Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

Scientific Conference (2017, July 14)

The negotiation of autonomy and relatedness in the relations between children and their parents constitutes a key topic of intergenerational relationship regulation over the whole family life cycle. In ... [more ▼]

The negotiation of autonomy and relatedness in the relations between children and their parents constitutes a key topic of intergenerational relationship regulation over the whole family life cycle. In the context of migration, an acculturation gap between parents and their adult children might lead to different identity constructions and mutual expectations with regard to intergenerational solidarity and support. These differences in expectations and beliefs can affect relationship quality between the family members from different generations as well as their well-being. In the present study, we focus on a sample of altogether N = 152 Luxembourgish and Portuguese (young) adults and their parents from immigrant and Luxembourgish families, all living in Luxembourg. Portuguese adult children were born resp. had grown up in Luxembourg. First results show a high cohesion in both Portuguese immigrant and luxembourgish families; however, enmeshment and normative expectations regarding adult children’s support for their ageing parents were higher in Portuguese families. The findings further suggest that ambivalence might be experienced in particular when individual striving for independence seems difficult to reconcile with norms of family obligation. Implications for well-being of family members from both generations will be discussed taking into account an integrative model on intergenerational family relations in the light of migration and ageing. [less ▲]

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See detail“I feel more Luxembourgish, but Portuguese too…” - “What country does have just one culture anyway?” Cultural identities in a Luxembourgish multicultural society
Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL; Albert, Isabelle UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

Scientific Conference (2017, July)

Migration is a key topic of the contemporary world, so is the concept of cultural identity that has gained more importance with the growing culturally diverse societies. Here, children of migrants usually ... [more ▼]

Migration is a key topic of the contemporary world, so is the concept of cultural identity that has gained more importance with the growing culturally diverse societies. Here, children of migrants usually find themselves in a particular situation as they are confronted to different value systems and cultures. How do these so-called second generation children experience and construct their identities growing up in a diverse cultural context? In the present study, we will have a closer look at aspects of acculturation of Portuguese migrant families living in Luxembourg by use of a standardized questionnaire (n = 55 PT migrant triads) and qualitative interviews (n = 10 migrant family dyads). We will focus on the dealing with multiple cultural identities, cultural attachment to host and home country. We will therefore compare first and second generations from PT migrant families to assess differences or similarities in their identity constructions in the Luxembourgish multicultural arena. [less ▲]

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See detailAmbivalenzerfahrungen im Kontext der Individuation im jungen Erwachsenenalter: Autonomie und Verbundenheit in portugiesischen und luxemburgischen Familien in Luxemburg.
Albert, Isabelle UL; Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

Scientific Conference (2017, June 23)

Es wird im Allgemeinen angenommen, dass Phasen des Übergangs in Eltern-Kind-Beziehungen besonders von Ambivalenzerfahrungen geprägt sein können. Das junge Erwachsenenalter als eine solche Phase der ... [more ▼]

Es wird im Allgemeinen angenommen, dass Phasen des Übergangs in Eltern-Kind-Beziehungen besonders von Ambivalenzerfahrungen geprägt sein können. Das junge Erwachsenenalter als eine solche Phase der Transition ist dabei gekennzeichnet durch die Aushandlung von Autonomie und Verbundenheit, die gerade im Zusammenhang mit einem verlängerten Übergang vom Jugend- ins Erwachsenenalter, wie er durch das Konzept der «emerging adulthood» (Arnett 2000) beschrieben wird, an Bedeutung gewinnt. Ein wichtiges Ereignis stellt hier zweifelsohne der Auszug aus dem Elternhaus dar, der aber nicht unbedingt mit einer vollständigen finanziellen oder emotionalen Unabhängigkeit einhergehen muss. Im Rahmen des vom FNR geförderten Projekts IRMA («Intergenerational Relations in the light of Migration and Ageing») wurden insgesamt 20 qualitative Interviews mit im Grossherzogtum Luxemburg lebenden luxemburgischen und portugiesischen Eltern-Kind-Dyaden im jungen Erwachsenenalter durchgeführt. Die portugiesischen jungen Erwachsenen waren in Luxemburg aufgewachsen, wohingegen ihre Eltern in früheren Jahren eingewandert waren. Anhand der Analyse einer Interviewsequenz, die sich mit dem Auszug aus dem Elternhaus befasst, konnten in einer Inhaltsanalyse mehrere Themenbereiche herausgearbeitet werden, nämlich Bedürfnisse nach Autonomie und Verbundenheit, Kontakthäufigkeit nach dem Auszug, geographische Nähe oder Distanz sowie die Kohäsion innerhalb der Familie. Dabei stellte sich heraus, dass Unterschiede zwischen portugiesischen und luxemburgischen Familien in der Art der Beziehungsregulation bestehen, die auch mit einem unterschiedlichen Auftreten von Ambivalenzen verbunden sein könnten. Die Ergebnisse werden im Hinblick auf die Rolle von Ambivalenz als Katalysator für die Beziehungsregulation sowie mögliche Kulturunterschiede im Erleben und Umgang mit Ambivalenzen zwischen jungen Erwachsenen und ihren Eltern diskutiert. [less ▲]

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See detailLes immigrants portugais au Luxembourg : Projets futurs et bien-être
Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL; Albert, Isabelle UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

Scientific Conference (2017, March 01)

Actuellement, dans plusieurs pays européens, les immigrants de la première génération se rapprochent de l’âge de la retraite, confrontant ainsi prochainement les sociétés occidentales aux besoins ... [more ▼]

Actuellement, dans plusieurs pays européens, les immigrants de la première génération se rapprochent de l’âge de la retraite, confrontant ainsi prochainement les sociétés occidentales aux besoins émergents des futurs pensionnés immigrants et de leur famille. Au Luxembourg, à ce jour, la communauté portugaise représente le groupe migrant le plus important (16 % de la population totale). En 2011, près de 14% de la population totale était recensé comme étant âgé de plus de 65 ans, dont 3.7% de Portugais. Peu de recherches ont été menées concernant les projets futurs de ces immigrants portugais ainsi que des attentes mutuelles entre générations familiales. Dans notre étude nous nous concentrons sur (1) les projets futurs du retour migratoire des immigrants portugais âgés, (2) les caractéristiques des différents groupes (a)rester au Luxembourg, b) retourner au Portugal, c) alterner entre les deux pays) et (3) les stratégies d’autorégulation de chaque groupe en considérant le contrôle primaire et secondaire, la satisfaction de vie ainsi que le soutien intergénérationnel entre parents migrants âgés et leurs enfants adultes. L’étude présentée fait partie du projet IRMA (« Intergenerational Relations in the light of Migration and Ageing »), qui s’intéresse aux relations entre les enfants adultes et leurs parents âgés, en comparant des familles PT à des familles LU, toutes résidentes du Luxembourg. Seules les données concernant la génération des parents PT ont été utilisées pour la présente étude. Les participants, au nombre de N = 125 et âgés entre 41 et 80 ans (51.2% de femmes), ont été interrogés à l’aide d’un questionnaire standardisé (PT et FR). Tous les participants sont nés au Portugal, mais vivent au Luxembourg depuis en moyenne M = 31.36 ans (SD = 8.66). Les résultats démontrent la diversité au sein du groupe des immigrants. Les raisons d’un éventuel retour s’avèrent être de nature plutôt personnelle/individuelle, liées aux aspects du style de vie ainsi qu’à un sentiment d’identité culturelle étroitement associé au pays d’origine ; les motifs pour rester au Luxembourg ou alterner sont quant à eux plutôt sociaux/familiaux et pratiques. La venue de petits-enfants ainsi que le lieu de vie des enfants adultes semblent influencer la décision finale, laissant entrevoir l’importance des relations et du soutien intergénérationnels. La participation et le dévouement au pays d’accueil et le choix de rester peuvent aussi grandir au fur et à mesure des années passées dans ce pays. Les programmes pour la prévention de la santé et la promotion du bien-être devraient être plus étroitement adaptés aux besoins, souhaits et idéaux des immigrants âgés, tout en prenant en considération la question de savoir où ils veulent habiter dans le futur et pourquoi ainsi que le système de soutien intrafamiliale mis en place par les familles elles-mêmes. Les résultats seront davantage discutés et élaborés en vue d’éventuels futurs programmes de prévention et de soutien. [less ▲]

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See detailFamily cultures in the context of migration and ageing
Albert, Isabelle UL; Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL

in Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science (2017), 51(2), 205-222

Intergenerational family relations are embedded in family cultures which influence how families regulate their relations over the whole life span with regard to key issues, such as autonomy and ... [more ▼]

Intergenerational family relations are embedded in family cultures which influence how families regulate their relations over the whole life span with regard to key issues, such as autonomy and relatedness, or support exchange and reciprocity, and which may vary inter- and intraculturally. Migrant families undoubtedly face a special situation as values and expectations from the culture of origin and from the host cultural context might differ. Not much is known yet about how migrant families adapt their family cultures to the host cultural context. The present article will focus on aspects of intergenerational family regulation by taking into account family cultures of migrant compared to non-migrant families in a life span perspective. We will illustrate our theoretical outline by presenting first results from the IRMA-study comparing Luxembourgish and Portuguese immigrant families living in Luxembourg. We focus on issues of family cohesion, enmeshment and normative expectations regarding adult children’s support for their ageing parents, by drawing both on quantitative questionnaire as well as qualitative interview data. Implications for the experience of ambivalence and conflicts as well as well-being of family members from both generations will be discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailFuture plans and the regulation of well-being of older Portuguese immigrants in Luxembourg
Albert, Isabelle UL; Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

in Social Inquiry into Well-Being (2016), 2(1), 70-78

Ageing and migration have become key issues in many European countries, as an unprecedented number of first generation immigrants are currently approaching retirement age. A permanent return to the ... [more ▼]

Ageing and migration have become key issues in many European countries, as an unprecedented number of first generation immigrants are currently approaching retirement age. A permanent return to the country of origin seems to be enacted more seldom after retirement than initially envisaged, a phenomenon referred to as “myth of return”. Instead, a third alternative seems to gain interest for ageing migrants, namely commuting between host country and country of origin. The present paper addresses future plans regarding preferred country of residence after retirement and the regulation of well-being of middle-aged and older first generation immigrants. The sample included N = 109 Portuguese first generation immigrants (49.5% female; average age: M = 55.35, SD = 7.42) who had been living in Luxembourg for about M = 30.69 (SD = 8.55) years. Analyses show that only one-fifth of participants plan to return to Portugal, whereas almost one-half prefer to stay in Luxembourg, one-quarter choose to commute, the remainder still being undecided. No differences in life-satisfaction were found, but those who plan to return used fewer self-regulatory strategies compared to those who want to stay or commute; in the STAY group, positive reappraisal strategies were related most strongly to their life-satisfaction, whereas for those who plan to commute both primary and secondary control were beneficial. Interestingly, lowering aspirations was positively related with life-satisfaction for those who plan to return to their country of origin after retirement. Results are discussed taking into consideration aspects of integration and migration experiences over the life-span. [less ▲]

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See detailAcculturation strategies of young immigrants living in Belgium: The view of young Belgian nationals
Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL; Albert, Isabelle UL; Ferring, Dieter UL et al

in Roland-Lévi, Christine; Denoux, Patrick; Voyer, Benjamin (Eds.) et al Unity, diversity and culture. Proceedings from the 22nd Congress of the International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology (2016)

In contemporary society, migration has become a key topic. According to Berry (1997), individuals might display different attitudes and behaviors in the process of acculturation, defined as cultural and ... [more ▼]

In contemporary society, migration has become a key topic. According to Berry (1997), individuals might display different attitudes and behaviors in the process of acculturation, defined as cultural and psychological changes resulting from the direct contact among members of multiple cultures. Whereas most research has concentrated on the acculturation strategies of immigrants, the aim of this study is to focus on the preferences of members of the receiving society. In particular, we analyze which strategy young Belgians consider the most suitable for immigrants to adopt, using a sample of Belgian students between the ages of 18 and 29 years living in Brussels. We account for several variables to shed light on the important aspects of intergroup relationships between host nationals and immigrants. [less ▲]

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See detailIntergenerational Family Relations in Luxembourg: Adult Children and their Ageing Parents in Migrant and Non-Migrant Families
Albert, Isabelle UL; Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

in Roland-Lévy, Christine; Denoux, P.; Voyer, B. (Eds.) et al Unity, diversity and culture: Research and Scholarship Selected from the 22nd Congress of the International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology (2016)

Whereas most studies in the context of acculturation research have focused so far on family relations between first generation parents and their second generation children in adolescence, the present ... [more ▼]

Whereas most studies in the context of acculturation research have focused so far on family relations between first generation parents and their second generation children in adolescence, the present study draws its attention on immigrant families at later stages in the family life cycle. This study is part of the FNR-funded project on “Intergenerational Relations in the Light of Migration and Ageing – IRMA” in which a cross-cultural comparison of altogether N = 120 Portuguese and Luxembourgish triads of older parents and their adult children, both living in the Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg, is envisaged. The aims of this project are, firstly to examine similarities and differences in family values, internalized norms and mutual expectations of older parents and their adult children in migrant and non-migrant families; secondly, to analyze in how far an acculturation gap respectively a generation gap might have an impact on the relationship quality between parents and their adult children; thirdly and related to this, to explore subjective well-being (SWB) of all involved family members. Results are discussed in the framework of an integrative model of intergenerational family relations in the light of migration and ageing. [less ▲]

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See detailPast Experiences and Future Orientations of Portuguese Immigrants in Luxembourg
Albert, Isabelle UL; Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL; Ferring, Dieter UL

Scientific Conference (2015, November 18)

In the next years Luxembourg will be confronted with an unprecedented number of older persons with migrant background. The present study has the aim to 1) explore the migration experiences and future ... [more ▼]

In the next years Luxembourg will be confronted with an unprecedented number of older persons with migrant background. The present study has the aim to 1) explore the migration experiences and future plans of Portuguese immigrants in Luxembourg who are close to retirement age, and 2) to compare them to their Luxembourgish counterparts regarding future orientations and preferences for control strategies. The sample included n = 94 Portuguese first generation immigrants (52.1% female; average age: M = 57.05, SD = 6.84) and n = 102 Luxembourgish nationals (56.3% female, average age: M = 56.87, SD = 7.39). Preliminary results show that the majority of Portuguese immigrants plan to stay in Luxembourg after retirement. Regarding control strategies, Portuguese compared to Luxembourgish participants scored higher on lowering aspirations. Also, different correlational patterns between control strategies and future orientations were found. Results will be discussed taking into consideration cross-cultural differences and migration experiences. [less ▲]

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See detailExpectations of mutual support and care in the light of migration
Albert, Isabelle UL; Ferring, Dieter UL; Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL et al

Scientific Conference (2015, September 08)

As first generation immigrants are currently approaching retirement age in many European countries, intergenerational solidarity within the context of acculturation gains high importance. However, most ... [more ▼]

As first generation immigrants are currently approaching retirement age in many European countries, intergenerational solidarity within the context of acculturation gains high importance. However, most research on intergenerational relations in ageing families so far has not drawn special attention to migrant families. The aim of the present study was to investigate similarities and differences in the expectations about intergenerational support in a sample of n = 48 Luxembourgish (68.8% female) and n = 36 Portuguese (60.5% female) adult children and at least one of their parents. Luxembourgish adult children were on average M = 25.90 (SD = 5.74) years old, Portuguese M = 27.28 (SD = 6.49). A total of 58.3% of Portuguese adult children were born in Luxembourg; the remainder was born in Portugal but had grown up in Luxembourg. For all participants, both parents were still alive and were living in the Grand-Duchy. Whereas Luxembourgish and Portuguese adult children did not differ regarding family cohesion and expected support from parents toward children, Portuguese participants reported higher expectations of support from adult children toward their ageing parents. More Portuguese than Luxembourgish parents indicated they would like to live with their children in case of need, whereas more Luxembourgish parents preferred to live in a residential home. Nonetheless, no differences between adult children of both national groups were found regarding filial anxiety about future care of parents. Results are discussed in the framework of an integrative model on intergenerational family relations in the light of migration and ageing. This model takes several aspects into account that might have an impact on different needs, tasks and resources of the individual and the family depending on different family cultures, the larger cultural context in which family relations are embedded as well as significant events over the life-span (such as migration history). [less ▲]

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