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Correlated Wave Functions for Electron–Positron Interactions in Atoms and Molecules Charry Martinez, Jorge Alfonso ; Barborini, Matteo ; Tkatchenko, Alexandre in Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation (2022), 18(4), 22672280 The positron, as the antiparticle of the electron, can form metastable states with atoms and molecules before its annihilation with an electron. Such metastable matter–positron complexes are stabilized by ... [more ▼] The positron, as the antiparticle of the electron, can form metastable states with atoms and molecules before its annihilation with an electron. Such metastable matter–positron complexes are stabilized by a variety of mechanisms, which can have both covalent and noncovalent character. Specifically, electron–positron binding often involves strong many-body correlation effects, posing a substantial challenge for quantum-chemical methods based on atomic orbitals. Here we propose an accurate, efficient, and transferable variational ansatz based on a combination of electron–positron geminal orbitals and a Jastrow factor that explicitly includes the electron–positron correlations in the field of the nuclei, which are optimized at the level of variational Monte Carlo (VMC). We apply this approach in combination with diffusion Monte Carlo (DMC) to calculate binding energies for a positron e+ and a positronium Ps (the pseudoatomic electron–positron pair), bound to a set of atomic systems (H–, Li+, Li, Li–, Be+, Be, B–, C–, O– and F–). For PsB, PsC, PsO, and PsF, our VMC and DMC total energies are lower than that from previous calculations; hence, we redefine the state of the art for these systems. To assess our approach for molecules, we study the potential-energy surfaces (PES) of two hydrogen anions H– mediated by a positron (e+H22–), for which we calculate accurate spectroscopic properties by using a dense interpolation of the PES. We demonstrate the reliability and transferability of our correlated wave functions for electron–positron interactions with respect to state-of-the-art calculations reported in the literature. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 92 (5 UL)The three-center two-positron bond Charry Martinez, Jorge Alfonso ; ; Barborini, Matteo et al in Chemical Science (2022) Computational studies have shown that one or more positrons can stabilize two repelling atomic anions through the formation of two-center positronic bonds. In the present work, we study the energetic ... [more ▼] Computational studies have shown that one or more positrons can stabilize two repelling atomic anions through the formation of two-center positronic bonds. In the present work, we study the energetic stability of a system containing two positrons and three hydride anions, namely 2e+[H3-3]. To this aim, we performed a preliminary scan of the potential energy surface of the system with both electrons and positron in a spin singlet state, with a multi-component MP2 method, that was further refined with variational and diffusion Monte Carlo calculations, and confirmed an equilibrium geometry with D3h symmetry. The local stability of 2e+[H3-3] is demonstrated by analyzing the vertical detachment and adiabatic energy dissociation channels. Bonding properties of the positronic compound, such as the equilibrium interatomic distances, force constants, dissociation energies, and bonding densities are compared with those of the purely electronic H+3 and Li+3 systems. Through this analysis, we find compelling similarities between the 2e+[H3-3] compound and the trilithium cation. Our results strongly point out the formation of a non-electronic three-center two-positron bond, analogous to the well-known three-center two-electron counterparts, which is fundamentally distinct from the two-center two-positron bond [D. Bressanini, J. Chem. Phys.155, 054306 (2021)], thus extending the concept of positron bonded molecules. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 53 (2 UL)Excitonic-insulator instability and Peierls distortion in one-dimensional semimetals Barborini, Matteo ; ; et al in Physical Review. B (2022), 105(7), 075122 The charge density wave instability in one-dimensional semimetals is usually explained through a Peierls-like mechanism, where the coupling of electrons and phonons induces a periodic lattice distortion ... [more ▼] The charge density wave instability in one-dimensional semimetals is usually explained through a Peierls-like mechanism, where the coupling of electrons and phonons induces a periodic lattice distortion along certain modes of vibration, leading to a gap opening in the electronic band structure and to a lowering of the symmetry of the lattice. In this work, we study two prototypical Peierls systems: the one-dimensional carbon chain and the monatomic hydrogen chain with accurate ab initio calculations based on quantum Monte Carlo and hybrid density functional theory. We demonstrate that in one-dimensional semimetals at T=0, a purely electronic instability can exist independently of a lattice distortion. It is induced by spontaneous formation of low energy electron-hole pairs resulting in the electronic band gap opening, i.e., the destabilization of the semimetallic phase is due to an excitonic mechanism. [less ▲] Detailed reference viewed: 101 (14 UL) |
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