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See detailUse of the sheathless guide catheter during routine transradial percutaneous coronary intervention: a feasibility study.
Mamas, Mamas; D'Souza, Savio; Hendry, Cara et al

in Catheterization and cardiovascular interventions : official journal of the Society for Cardiac Angiography & Interventions (2010), 75(4), 596-602

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the feasibility of using a 6.5 Fr sheathless guide catheter as a default system in transradial (TRA) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). BACKGROUND ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the feasibility of using a 6.5 Fr sheathless guide catheter as a default system in transradial (TRA) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). BACKGROUND: TRA PCI has been shown to reduce mortality rates through a reduction in access site related bleeding complications compared with procedures performed though a femoral approach. Complications associated with the TRA route increase with the size of sheath used. These complications may be reduced by the use of a sheathless guide catheter system (Asahi Intecc, Japan) that is 1-2 Fr sizes smaller in diameter than the corresponding introducer sheath. METHODS: We performed PCI in 100 consecutive cases using 6.5 Fr sheathless guides to determine the procedural success, rates of symptomatic radial spasm and radial occlusion. RESULTS: Procedural success using the 6.5 Fr sheathless guide catheter system was 100% with no cases requiring conversion to a conventional guide and catheter system. There were no procedural complications recorded associated with the use of the catheter. Adjunctive devices used in this cohort included IVUS, stent delivery catheters, distal protection devices, and simple thrombectomy catheters. The rate of radial spasm was 5% and the rate of radial occlusion at 2 months was 2%. CONCLUSION: Use of the 6.5 Fr sheathless guide catheter system, which has an outer diameter <5 Fr sheath, as the default system in routine PCI is feasible with a high rate of procedural success via the radial artery. [less ▲]

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See detailAtrial fibrillation is under-recognized in chronic heart failure: insights from a heart failure cohort treated with cardiac resynchronization therapy.
Caldwell, Jane C.; Contractor, Hussain; Petkar, Sanjiv et al

in Europace : European pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac electrophysiology : journal of the working groups on cardiac pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac cellular electrophysiology of the European Society of Cardiology (2009), 11(10), 1295-300

AIMS: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained arrhythmia in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). Under-detection of asymptomatic paroxysmal AF (PAF) underestimates the true burden of ... [more ▼]

AIMS: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained arrhythmia in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). Under-detection of asymptomatic paroxysmal AF (PAF) underestimates the true burden of AF in patients with CHF. We retrospectively studied the prevalence of asymptomatic PAF in 162 CHF patients through analysis of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) device downloads to determine whether these episodes are associated with adverse outcomes. METHODS AND RESULTS: An episode of AF was defined by mode switching on CRT devices with an atrial rate >200 for at least 30 s. Of the 101 patients thought to be persistently in sinus rhythm (SR), 27% were found to have significant paroxysms of AF, with the cumulative percentage of time in the 'mode-switch mode' (i.e. the AF burden) of 1.6 +/- 0.9%. Mortality was 19.2% in patients with newly identified PAF with hospitalization and thrombo-embolism rates of 42.3 and 2.1%, respectively, compared with mortality of 10.4% with hospitalization and thrombo-embolism rates of 41.8 and 1.9%, respectively, in patients persistently in SR (P= NS). CONCLUSION: Analysis of data from CRT devices in a population of CHF patients with severe left ventricular dysfunction shows that a significant proportion of those perceived to be persistently in SR have undiagnosed paroxysms of AF but with relatively low burden. These episodes appear to be associated with a trend towards increased mortality but no effects on hospitalization or thrombo-embolism rates. [less ▲]

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