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See detailIntergenerational Family Solidarity across Europe
Albert, Isabelle UL; Emirhafizovic, Mirza; Shpigelman, Carmit-Noa et al

in Albert, Isabelle; Emirhafizovic, Mirza; Shpigelman, Carmit-Noa (Eds.) et al Families and family values in society and culture (in press)

The global trend of ageing populations is particularly pronounced in Europe. In the wake of increased life expectancies, intergenerational family relationships have become more and more important over the ... [more ▼]

The global trend of ageing populations is particularly pronounced in Europe. In the wake of increased life expectancies, intergenerational family relationships have become more and more important over the last few decades. The COST Action INTERFASOL started from the claim that in light of these developments societies need to develop mechanisms, programs and policies that will support solidarity between the young, middle and older generations. Although considerable research activities in the field of intergenerational relations have been carried out in the last years, a lack in coordination and integration of different studies from different settings was noted. Bringing together research from different countries to coordinate studies and synthesize results is not an easy endeavor but it has turned out as a fruitful venture: INTERFASOL has been successful in bringing together researchers from 28 different countries meeting regularly, discussing current issues and not least producing a large number of publications and research proposals. One outcome of the COST Action is this volume which has the aim to become a reference for all those who are interested in intergenerational relations in Europe: the chapters will provide the basis and a starting point for further research. [less ▲]

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See detailFamily in a multicultural context: Country report for Luxembourg
Albert, Isabelle UL; Heinz, Andreas UL

in Albert, Isabelle; Emirhafizovic, Mirza; Shpigelman, Carmit-Noa (Eds.) et al Families and family values in society and culture (in press)

The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is a small country in the heart of Europe, neighbouring France, Germany and Belgium, counting on 1 January of 2019 613.894 inhabitants on a total area of 2,586 km² ... [more ▼]

The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is a small country in the heart of Europe, neighbouring France, Germany and Belgium, counting on 1 January of 2019 613.894 inhabitants on a total area of 2,586 km². Immigration and cultural diversity have become one of the key features in the last years as the share of foreigners has constantly increased to now 47% of the population (Statec, 2019). Recent migrants live on the territory along with ageing migrants who are now close to retirement, as well as earlier generations of migrants. Luxembourg can therefore today be characterized as super-diverse (Vertovec, 2007) and is seen as a sample case for European integration, certainly of high interest also regarding intergenerational family solidarity in the light of migration. We will outline the complex demographic picture in the following sections, focusing on socio-economic aspects as well as social policy issues and have then a closer look on intergenerational family solidarity and future areas of research. [less ▲]

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See detailFamilies and family values in society and culture
Albert, Isabelle UL; Emirhafizovic, Mirza; Shpigelman, Carmit-Noa et al

Book published by Information Age Publishing (in press)

This book which has been created in the framework of the EU-funded COST Action INTERFASOL brings together researchers from 22 INTERFASOL countries, who frame intergenerational family solidarity in the ... [more ▼]

This book which has been created in the framework of the EU-funded COST Action INTERFASOL brings together researchers from 22 INTERFASOL countries, who frame intergenerational family solidarity in the specific historical, cultural, social and economic context of their own country. Integrating different perspectives from social and political sciences, economics, communication, health and psychology, the book offers country-specific knowledge and new insights into family relations, family values and family policies across Europe. The volume is the product of a unique endeavor of researchers across Europe to provide up-to-date first-hand country-specific knowledge on family and intergenerational relations and will serve as a base for both country-specific as well as cross-cultural studies. [less ▲]

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See detailResilienz im Kontext von Migration und Flucht
Mehl, Sonja; Gilodi, Amalia UL; Albert, Isabelle UL

in Ringeisen, Tobias; Genkova, Petia; Leong, Frederick T. L. (Eds.) Handbuch Stress und Kultur: Interkulturelle und kulturvergleichende Perspektiven (2021)

Im Rahmen von Migration ergibt sich insbesondere für Geflüchtete ein erhöhtes Risiko von ungünstigen Entwicklungen und Adaptationsverläufen, da sie nicht nur mit allgemeinen Herausforderungen der ... [more ▼]

Im Rahmen von Migration ergibt sich insbesondere für Geflüchtete ein erhöhtes Risiko von ungünstigen Entwicklungen und Adaptationsverläufen, da sie nicht nur mit allgemeinen Herausforderungen der Anpassung an einen neuen kulturellen Kontext konfrontiert sind, sondern auch mit spezifischen Erfahrungen im Herkunftsland oder auf der Flucht, die potentiell traumatisch sein können. Dennoch zeigen sich signifikante psychische Beeinträchtigungen in der Folge nur bei einem Teil der Geflüchteten. Das Konzept der Resilienz, das in den letzten Jahren nicht nur in Bereichen der klinischen Psychologie, sondern auch in der entwicklungspsychologischen Forschung und verwandten Disziplinen zunehmend an Bedeutung gewonnen hat, scheint besonders fruchtbar, um solche interindividuellen Unterschiede im Umgang mit Flucht- und Migrationserfahrungen zu erforschen. Nach einer kurzen Einführung in die Arten der Migration und damit zusammenhängende Herausforderungen befasst sich der vorliegende Beitrag mit Resilienz im Kontext von Migration und Flucht, wobei eine kritische Auseinandersetzung mit stark auf individuelle Faktoren fokussierten Konzeptualisierungen angestrebt und eine stärker systemische Sichtweise vorgeschlagen wird, wie sie auch neueren Ansätzen zur psychologischen Resilienz entspricht. [less ▲]

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See detailDigitale Kommunikation im Alter – Erste Ergebnisse der CRISIS-Studie
Albert, Isabelle UL; Hoffmann, Martine; Murdock, Elke UL et al

Scientific Conference (2020, November 10)

In Folge der Kontaktbeschränkungen und Maßnahmen der sozialen Distanzierung zur Eindämmung der Corona Pandemie wurde vielfach von einem vermehrten Gebrauch digitaler Medien zur Aufrechterhaltung sozialer ... [more ▼]

In Folge der Kontaktbeschränkungen und Maßnahmen der sozialen Distanzierung zur Eindämmung der Corona Pandemie wurde vielfach von einem vermehrten Gebrauch digitaler Medien zur Aufrechterhaltung sozialer Kontakte berichtet. Die vorliegende Studie liefert erste Hinweise darauf, inwiefern sich das Kommunikationsverhalten älterer Menschen während der COVID-19 Krise verändert hat, wie der Gebrauch verschiedener Kommunikationsmittel mit der Reduktion von Einsamkeit und sozialer Isolation zusammenhängt und ob digitale Medien traditionelle Formen der Kommunikation verdrängen oder ergänzen. Im Juni 2020 wurden im Rahmen des vom FNR Luxemburg geförderten CRISIS-Projekts N = 611 in Privathaushalten lebende Personen im Alter zwischen 60 und 98 Jahren zu ihrem Erleben während der COVID-19 Krise befragt. Die Ergebnisse zeigen, dass das Telefon insgesamt zwar weiterhin das wichtigste Kommunikationsmittel älterer Menschen bleibt, jedoch nehmen digitale Medien insbesondere in der Gruppe der 60-69-jährigen einen wichtigen Stellenwert ein, um mit anderen in Kontakt zu bleiben. Dabei reduzierte ein gestiegener Gebrauch digitaler Medien (wie auch traditioneller Medien) das Gefühl, nicht genug Gesellschaft zu haben. Außerdem scheinen neue Arten der Kommunikation traditionelle Arten in unserer Zielgruppe nicht zu ersetzen, sondern sie ergänzen sich gegenseitig. Die Ergebnisse werden mit Bezug auf Maßnahmen zur Reduktion sozialer Isolation und Einsamkeit im Alter und im Kontext von COVID-19 diskutiert. [less ▲]

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See detailLe Vieillissement Actif au Luxembourg (VAL): Active Ageing in Luxembourg
Albert, Isabelle UL

Presentation (2020, September 04)

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See detailCrossing borders – feeling connected? Exploring the sense of belonging
Murdock, Elke UL; Albert, Isabelle UL

Scientific Conference (2020, July 02)

Migrants find themselves living in a society with different practices, norms and values to their culture of origin. Migration is a life transition that entails changes in social and emotional belonging ... [more ▼]

Migrants find themselves living in a society with different practices, norms and values to their culture of origin. Migration is a life transition that entails changes in social and emotional belonging. This panel focuses on the question how migrants establish bonds in their receiving country. How do migrants negotiate their sense of belonging to the host and / or home country? What determines the strength of attachment to either of both? The present panel brings together researchers from three different countries who focus on the sense of belonging of different migrant populations. First, Isabelle Albert presents findings from a research project that examined intergenerational value transmission and cultural attachment to Portugal and Luxembourg among first and second-generation migrants in Luxembourg. Intergenerational relationships and migration are also the focus of Carlos Barros’ presentation. He presents findings from a qualitative study on intergenerational solidarity and maps solidarity patterns for different migrant groups. Jean Décieux presents identity constructions of international mobiles. The German Emigration and Remigration Panel study (GERPS) covers the migration trajectories of about 11,000 individuals. Patterns of belonging will be highlighted and discussed. Débora Maehler presents insights from a meta-analysis on the sense of belonging of young immigrants in Germany. Factors determining the strength of belonging to either their country of origin or Germany will be explored. The panel closes with a contribution by Elke Murdock on the host country perspective. She presents results from a quantitative study on criteria and predictors for the acceptance of new citizens as belonging by natives. [less ▲]

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See detailIntergenerational relations and the sense of belonging in the context of migration – What do second generation young adults learn from their first generation parents (and vice versa)?
Albert, Isabelle UL; Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL

Scientific Conference (2020, July 02)

Migration is a life transition that entails changes in social and emotional belonging, and an important developmental task for migrants is the establishment of bonds in the receiving country. While first ... [more ▼]

Migration is a life transition that entails changes in social and emotional belonging, and an important developmental task for migrants is the establishment of bonds in the receiving country. While first generation immigrants have been enculturated in the culture of origin before being confronted with the host culture, their children grow up in two or multiple different value systems and cultures during their formative years. How does this so-called second-generation experience their cultural belonging and how are their identity constructions related to their parents’? This was a main topic of the FNR-funded IRMA project which compared first and second generations from Portuguese migrant families in the Luxembourgish multicultural context with regard to their cultural identity, intergenerational relations and transmission processes. The sample of the present study consists of family dyads resp. Triads comprising n = 70 PT mothers and n = 65 PT fathers over the age of 50 who arrived about 30 years ago to Luxembourg, together with n = 72 PT young adults (mean age M = 28. 2, SD = 7. 9; 61. 1% female) already born or grown up in Luxembourg. By use of a newly developed measure of cultural attachment to Luxembourg and Portugal, we examine the intergenerational continuity in the sense of cultural belonging and identify mediators in the transmission process such as relationship quality and the motivation to transmit or accept parental values. Results will be discussed with reference to an integrative model on intergenerational relations in the light of age and migration experiences. [less ▲]

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See detailMixed Methods to Empower Migrant Youth in Vulnerable Conditions: a place-based, migrant-centered international project
Gilodi, Amalia UL; Bissinger, Jutta UL; Albert, Isabelle UL et al

Scientific Conference (2020, July 02)

In this methodological paper, we will present a newly established international and interdisciplinary research project focusing on empowering young migrants in vulnerable conditions and supporting ... [more ▼]

In this methodological paper, we will present a newly established international and interdisciplinary research project focusing on empowering young migrants in vulnerable conditions and supporting integration strategies within the EU in a unique and comprehensive mixed methods research design combining secondary analysis with qualitative empirical data. The triangulation of results from different sources and methods will help to provide a deeper insight into the integration processes from the perspectives of migrants, host nationals and experts. In the framework of MIMY, financed by H2020 and comprising 12 consortium members from 11 disciplines and 9 European countries, we will focus on various challenges of integration strategies of young migrants in vulnerable conditions, considering different sectors from the perspective of different actors, at macro-, meso- and micro-levels. This will help to explain the successes and failures of integration over migrants’ life courses as well as the long-term consequences for migrant communities and the hosting society. The research design of MIMY follows several steps: 1) desk research - literature review, content analysis, mapping exercises, 2) quantitative secondary data analysis, policy and discourse analysis, 3) qualitative empirical studies, and 4) synthesizing and synergizing all findings and drawing policy recommendations. The present paper will outline how this project integrates qualitative and quantitative methods by using an innovative, multi-method approach (e.g. policy analyses, delphi study, focus groups, in-depth qualitative interviews, participatory action research) in order to explore vulnerability and resilience of young migrants in cross-national perspectives combining policy analysis with demographic, sociological, psychological, discursive, and ethnographic analysis. [less ▲]

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See detailIntergenerational Value Similarity in Adulthood
Hoellger, Christian; Sommer, Sabrina; Albert, Isabelle UL et al

in Journal of Family Issues (2020)

This investigation concentrates on value similarity between parents and their children during adulthood. The interplay between gender, age, relationship quality, and frequency of contact on value ... [more ▼]

This investigation concentrates on value similarity between parents and their children during adulthood. The interplay between gender, age, relationship quality, and frequency of contact on value similarity was analyzed. A total of 600 adult German children (53.8% women) and their parents took part in a questionnaire study. Value orientation was measured with a short version of Schwartz’s Portrait Values Questionnaire, and relationship quality with the Network of Relationships Inventory (Furman & Buhrmeister, 1992).Value similarity was higher in mother–daughter dyads compared to mother–son dyads, but in the other dyads, no significant differences were found. Regarding relationship quality, verbal intimacy was not related to value similarity. Parental satisfaction was associated with value similarity in the father–child dyads. Satisfaction, as perceived by adult children, was linked to value similarity in mother–child and father–son dyads. Furthermore, the frequency of contact related to value similarity between mothers and sons. [less ▲]

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See detailGerontagogy Toward Intergenerationality: Dialogical Learning Between Children and Elders
Boulanger, Dany; Albert, Isabelle UL; Marsico, Giuseppina

in Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science (2020), 54

This paper aims at overcoming the following limits of gerontagogy –particularly with regard to Lemieux’s model: referencing chronological age; delimitating elders’ learning in reference to traits (styles ... [more ▼]

This paper aims at overcoming the following limits of gerontagogy –particularly with regard to Lemieux’s model: referencing chronological age; delimitating elders’ learning in reference to traits (styles, needs, behaviors, etc.) in contrast to children’s learning; overlooking the aging aspect. To do so, we propose to integrate aging and intergenerationality into gerontagogy from a sociocultural, dialogical and historical approach. This establishes the basis for an intergenerational and dialogical approach to elders’ learning. [less ▲]

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See detailIntergenerationale Familiensolidarität
Albert, Isabelle UL

Presentation (2020, April 02)

Dieser Vortag geschäftigt sich mit intergenerationalen Familienbeziehungen. Im ersten Teil wird das Konzept der Generation sowie Konzepte zur Beschreibung von intergenerationalen Familienbeziehungen ... [more ▼]

Dieser Vortag geschäftigt sich mit intergenerationalen Familienbeziehungen. Im ersten Teil wird das Konzept der Generation sowie Konzepte zur Beschreibung von intergenerationalen Familienbeziehungen (Solidarität, Ambivalenz, Konflikt) eingeführt. Im zweiten Teil werden ausgewählte Ergebnisse aus einem Forschungsprojekt zu erwachsenen Kind-Eltern-Beziehungen im Kontext von Migration dargestellt. [less ▲]

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See detailExploring Cultural Identity in a Multicultural Context—the Special Case of Luxembourg
Bichler, Samantha; Albert, Isabelle UL; Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL et al

in Human Arenas (2020), online first

In light of globalization and increased cultural diversity, the question of cultural identity becomes particularly salient in many societies today. Whereas most studies have concentrated on cultural ... [more ▼]

In light of globalization and increased cultural diversity, the question of cultural identity becomes particularly salient in many societies today. Whereas most studies have concentrated on cultural identity of immigrants, less is known about the identity constructions of non-immigrants and receiving country nationals living in a multicultural setting. The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg with a foreign population of 48% provides an excellent example case here. The present study examined the cultural identity of two generations of native Luxembourgers, drawing on a content analysis of qualitative interviews with N = 18 participants belonging to nine family dyads, each composed of one (young) adult child and one parent. As Luxembourg’s cultural diversity has increased continuously in the last decades, we focussed here on similarities and differences between (young) adults and their parents in order to find out in how far age (i.e., different points in the individual life span) or generation (i.e., growing up in different times and historical contexts) might be highlighted in their cultural identity constructions. Five main domains pertaining to Luxembourger’s cultural identity were found through qualitative content analysis: ‘the Luxembourgish language’, ‘Belongingness to Luxembourg and the love for Luxembourg as a homeland’, ‘Europeanization and multiculturalism in Luxembourg’, ‘Representing Luxembourg as a native in international contexts’ and ‘Luxembourgish traditions and history’. While the older generation focused more on the feeling of belongingness to their home country, the younger generation made more specific links to Europe and multiculturalism. Practical and theoretical implications are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailLiving In-Between or Within? Cultural Identity Profiles of Second-Generation Young Adults with Immigrant Background
Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL; Albert, Isabelle UL

in Identity (2020), 20(4), 290-305

Migration flows have generally led to an increase in questions about the multiple influences on people’s cultural identity. This study aims to examine more closely the ways in which second-generation ... [more ▼]

Migration flows have generally led to an increase in questions about the multiple influences on people’s cultural identity. This study aims to examine more closely the ways in which second-generation individuals of Portuguese descent juggle a two-fold cultural environment. We opted for a person-centered approach with a sample of N = 70 adults, all from Portuguese immigrant families living in the Grand-duchy of Luxembourg. Results yielded three different bicultural profiles: blended, alternating bicultural, and a new ambivalent cultural identity profile. Our results distinguish between psychological markers of identity and the behavioral aspects necessary for the transition from one cultural framework to the other. In addition, we observed different patterns of psychosocial health among the four cultural identity profiles. Our research enriches the literature by highlighting different endorsement of regulatory control strategies of second-generation adults according to their cultural identity profile, with different psychological outcomes. [less ▲]

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See detailLev Vygotsky as a Developmental Scientist: Pedology Rediscovered.
Valsiner, Jaan; Albert, Isabelle UL; Komatsu, Koji

in Van der Veer, René (Ed.) Vygotsky's pedology of the school age (2020)

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See detailFamiliale Generationsbeziehungen (international)
Albert, Isabelle UL; Schwarz, Beate; Mayer, Boris et al

in Ecarius, Jutta; Schierbaum, Anja (Eds.) Handbuch Familie: Bildung, Erziehung und sozialpädagogische Arbeitsfelder (2020)

Der vorliegende Beitrag beschäftigt sich mit intergenerationalen Familienbeziehungen im Kulturvergleich. Nach einer Einführung in grundlegende theoretische Modelle und Forschungstraditionen werden im ... [more ▼]

Der vorliegende Beitrag beschäftigt sich mit intergenerationalen Familienbeziehungen im Kulturvergleich. Nach einer Einführung in grundlegende theoretische Modelle und Forschungstraditionen werden im zweiten Teil Forschungsprojekte und -ergebnisse zur Ausgestaltung von Generationsbeziehungen in verschiedenen kulturellen Kontexten und im Zusammenhang mit Migration aufgezeigt sowie die Bedeutung von gesellschaftlichen Rahmenbedingungen für die Ausgestaltung von familiären Generationsbeziehungen dargelegt. [less ▲]

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See detailComparing societies and investigating culture: Money in pockets, and its meanings
Valsiner, Jaan; Albert, Isabelle UL; Komatsu, Koji

in Noboru, Takahashi; Toshiya, Yamamoto (Eds.) Children and Money: Cultural Developmental Psychology of Pocket Money (2020)

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See detail“That’s a value I would transmit in some way, but how concretely, I don’t know” – Intergenerational value transfer revisited in light of memory
Albert, Isabelle UL; Barros, Stephanie; Boulanger, Dany

in Wagoner, Brady; Bresco, I.; Zadeh, S. (Eds.) Memory in the Wild (2020)

Intergenerational value transmission occurs widely and to a large extent within the family as primary socialization agent. In families, children are confronted with specific practices, paradigms, rules ... [more ▼]

Intergenerational value transmission occurs widely and to a large extent within the family as primary socialization agent. In families, children are confronted with specific practices, paradigms, rules and routines which are part of their family culture (Albert & Barros Coimbra, 2017) and as such family is a mediator between societal/cultural and individual values. The ability to transmit values is essential for collective knowledge and memory, the continuity of value orientations being a main feature of intergenerational relations that enables members of different generations to communicate with each other (Barni, Rosnati, & Ranieri, 2013; Halbwachs, 1941/1992; Schönpflug, 2001). Intergenerational transmission of values becomes particularly complex in the context of migration or in times of rapid social change. On the one hand, family identity and traditions might provide a secure base in light of a changing context, and parents might find it important to transmit traditional values to the next generation in order to keep memories alive. At the same time, they might feel that their children should adapt to the changed cultural context, resulting in a (not always clear) dilemma about what they want for their children. How can migrant parents reconcile or move between the different collective frameworks of their culture of origin and the receiving culture (Middleton & Brown, 2005)? In the following, we will first give a brief overview over research in the area of intergenerational value transmission, and we will second illustrate and further inform our theoretical assumptions by identifying related themes and phenomena in our qualitative dyadic interviews. Then, we will delve into memory as a horizon that is emerging out of the analysis as a transversal theme. From this point of view, we continue the analysis and progressively integrate the notions pertaining to the role of memory in the intergenerational transmission of values. Aspects of cultural background are apparent in the excerpts that we will quote supporting the themes we will refer to. We will more explicitly return to this in our conclusions. [less ▲]

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See detail“I Feel More Luxembourgish, but Portuguese Too” Cultural Identities in a Multicultural Society
Barros Coimbra, Stephanie UL; Albert, Isabelle UL

in Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science (2020), 54

The present investigation focused on cultural identity and the dealing with the belonging to different cultural frames as a migrant in a highly culturally diverse context by comparing two generations of ... [more ▼]

The present investigation focused on cultural identity and the dealing with the belonging to different cultural frames as a migrant in a highly culturally diverse context by comparing two generations of Portuguese families living in Luxembourg. Quantitative standardized questionnaires complemented by in-depth qualitative interviews with parent-child dyads were used in order to assess possible (dis)similarities between first generation Portuguese immigrant parents and their adult children (i.e. second generation) concerning their cultural identities. Generational differences were found regarding the dealing with several cultural frames, language competences and attachment to both discussed cultures. Adult children were more prone to find themselves in a “compatible” identity orientation, compared to the parental generation. Yet, when focussing specifically on the second generation, qualitative data highlighted some issues regarding the perceived views of others on one’s own cultural belonging and the perception of a certain sense of cultural identity denial from others. Our findings contribute to the existing theoretical literature on cultural identity by elucidating some major differences between immigrant parents and their adult children on how they enact the sense of belonging and the dealing with multiple cultural frames on a daily-life basis. [less ▲]

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See detailDie Corona-Pandemie und die ältere Bevölkerung: Psychologische Aspekte
Kornadt, Anna Elena UL; Albert, Isabelle UL; Boll, Thomas UL

in Mein, Georg; Pause, Johannes (Eds.) Self and Society in the Corona Crisis. Perspectives from the Humanities and Social Sciences (2020)

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