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See detailVulnerability in the Context of Migration: a Critical Overview and a New Conceptual Model
Gilodi, Amalia UL; Albert, Isabelle UL; Nienaber, Birte UL

in Human Arenas (2022)

The notion of “vulnerability” occupies a central role in academic literature, policymaking, humanitarian debates, and everyday discourses on migration and asylum. Its popularity has led some academics and ... [more ▼]

The notion of “vulnerability” occupies a central role in academic literature, policymaking, humanitarian debates, and everyday discourses on migration and asylum. Its popularity has led some academics and practitioners to use “vulnerability” as a self-explanatory condition or phenomenon. However, a common and systematic understanding of the concept is still missing, and the moral and political meaning often ascribed to this notion may have (un)intended detrimental consequences for those migrants deemed vulnerable. Thus, this paper sets out to critically unpack and highlight the complexities hidden behind this notion in order to provide a conceptual analysis of vulnerability in the context of migration. We do so by (1) providing an overview of definitions of vulnerability across different fields of research, (2) identifying common conceptualizations or types of vulnerability and discussing their implications, and (3) highlighting possible negative societal and psychological consequences of its implementation in the context of migration. Finally, we propose (4) a new conceptual model for understanding vulnerability in the context of migration, showing how this notion can become a useful analytical tool in migration research. [less ▲]

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See detailIntergenerationality in the light of indeterminacy
Boulanger, Dany; Albert, Isabelle UL; Abbey, Emily

in Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science (2022), 56(1),

This Special Issue aims to shed light on the undetermined nature of intergenerational trajectories. Indeterminacy has been suggested to the author as an avenue to tackle the dynamic aspect –which entails ... [more ▼]

This Special Issue aims to shed light on the undetermined nature of intergenerational trajectories. Indeterminacy has been suggested to the author as an avenue to tackle the dynamic aspect –which entails looking at tensions in an unfolding process— of intergenerationality. We present the paper in this Special Issue by insisting on their main contributions, we identify HOW they define the concept of generation, particularly in reference to indeterminacy. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Corona Pandemic and Its Implications for the Mental Health and Mental Healthcare of Older Adults
Albert, Isabelle UL; Kornadt, Anna Elena UL

in GeroPsych: Journal of Gerontopsychology and Geriatric Psychiatry (2022), 35(1),

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See detailLe vieillissement actif dans le contexte de la diversité culturelle au Luxembourg
Albert, Isabelle UL; Hoffmann, Martine; Vandenbosch, Petra et al

Report (2021)

Le point de départ du projet PAN-VAL « Vieillissement actif au Luxembourg », qui a été mené à bien en collaboration étroite avec l’Université du Luxembourg et GERO, était la question de savoir dans quelle ... [more ▼]

Le point de départ du projet PAN-VAL « Vieillissement actif au Luxembourg », qui a été mené à bien en collaboration étroite avec l’Université du Luxembourg et GERO, était la question de savoir dans quelle mesure les activités sociales et les offres sont utilisées par une population diversifiée. Dans le cadre de cette étude, les besoins et les attentes de personnes de plus de 50 ans (Luxembourgeois(es) et non-Luxembourgeois(es)) ont été étudiés en ce qui concerne leurs réseaux sociaux, leur intégration sociale, leurs activités de loisir au sein de leur communauté et leur sentiment d’appartenance ainsi que leur satisfaction avec divers domaines de la vie. En même temps, l’objectif de l’étude était de déterminer quels facteurs favorisent une participation et ce qui empêche les personnes de participer aux offres de loisirs publiques. Dans la brochure présente ont été réunis les résultats les plus importants des études partielles quantitatives et qualitatives suivis d’indications pour l’organisation d’off res. On y présentera des éléments afin de mieux intégrer les personnes âgées issues de l’immigration et de mettre au point des services pour un vieillissement actif d’un groupe cible toujours plus diversifié. Ainsi, cette brochure s’adresse à tous ceux qui s’occupent de l’organisation d’offres pour des activités sociales – pour personnes âgées, mais pas uniquement – dans le contexte de la diversité culturelle. [less ▲]

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See detailAktives Altern im Kontext kultureller Vielfalt in Luxemburg
Albert, Isabelle UL; Hoffmann, Martine; Vandenbosch, Petra et al

Report (2021)

Ausgangspunkt des PAN-VAL Projekts „Aktives Altern in Luxemburg“, das in enger Zusammenarbeit zwischen der Universität Luxemburg und GERO durchgeführt wurde, war die Frage, inwieweit soziale Aktivitäten ... [more ▼]

Ausgangspunkt des PAN-VAL Projekts „Aktives Altern in Luxemburg“, das in enger Zusammenarbeit zwischen der Universität Luxemburg und GERO durchgeführt wurde, war die Frage, inwieweit soziale Aktivitäten und Angebote von einer diversen Population genutzt werden. In der Studie wurden die Bedürfnisse und Erwartungen von Menschen über 50 (Luxemburger*innen und Nicht-Luxemburger*innen) in Bezug auf ihre sozialen Netzwerke, ihr soziales Eingebundensein, ihre Freizeitaktivitäten innerhalb ihrer Gemeinde und ihr Zugehörigkeitsgefühl sowie ihre Zufriedenheit mit verschiedenen Lebensbereichen untersucht. Gleichzeitig zielte die Studie darauf ab, zu ermitteln, welche Faktoren eine Teilnahme begünstigen und was Menschen daran hindert, an öffentlichen Freizeitangeboten teilzunehmen. In der vorliegenden Broschüre werden die wichtigsten Ergebnisse der quantitativen und der qualitativen Teilstudien zusammengeführt sowie im Anschluss daran Hinweise für die Gestaltung von Angeboten gegeben. Hierbei werden Module präsentiert, um ältere Menschen mit Migrationshintergrund besser einzubeziehen und Dienstleistungen für ein aktives Altern einer immer diverseren Zielgruppe zu entwickeln. Die Broschüre richtet sich damit an alle, die sich mit der Gestaltung von Angeboten für soziale Aktivitäten – für Ältere, aber nicht nur – im Kontext kultureller Diversität befassen. [less ▲]

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See detailCorrelates of resilience of older people in times of crisis
Albert, Isabelle UL; Hoffmann, Martine; Murdock, Elke UL et al

in Innovation in Aging (2021, November), 5(S 1), 723

Since the beginning of the Covid-19 pandemic, efforts have been made to shield older adults from exposure to the virus due to an age-related higher risk for severe health outcomes. While a reduction of in ... [more ▼]

Since the beginning of the Covid-19 pandemic, efforts have been made to shield older adults from exposure to the virus due to an age-related higher risk for severe health outcomes. While a reduction of in-person contacts was necessary in particular during the first months of the pandemic, concerns about the immediate and longer-term secondary effects of these measures on subjective well-being were raised. In the present study, we focused on self-reported resilience of older people in a longitudinal design to examine risk and protective factors in dealing with the restrictions. Data from independently living people aged 60+ in Luxembourg were collected via a telephone/online survey after the first lockdown in June (N = 611) and September/October 2020 (N = 523), just before the second pandemic wave made restrictions necessary again. Overall, results showed an increase in life-satisfaction from T1 to T2, although life-satisfaction was still rated slightly lower than before the crisis. Also, about a fifth of participants indicated at T2 difficulties to recover from the crisis. Participants who reported higher resilience to deal with the Covid-19 crisis at T2 showed higher self-efficacy, agreed more strongly with measures taken by the country and felt better informed about the virus. In contrast, participants who reported more difficulties in dealing with the pandemic, indicated reduced social contacts to family and friends at T2, and also felt lonelier. Results will be discussed applying a life-span developmental and systemic perspective on risk and protective factors in dealing with the secondary impacts of the pandemic. [less ▲]

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See detailExploring the Relationship Between Subjective Age and Worry for Older Adults in Times of a Pandemic
Tingvold, Maiken UL; Albert, Isabelle UL; Murdock, Elke UL et al

in Innovation in Aging (2021, November), 5(Supplement_1), 593-593

Given the role of age as a risk factor in the covid pandemic, we examined the longitudinal cross-lagged relationship between subjective age and Covid-related worry, and possible moderators of this ... [more ▼]

Given the role of age as a risk factor in the covid pandemic, we examined the longitudinal cross-lagged relationship between subjective age and Covid-related worry, and possible moderators of this relationship. Data were obtained at two-time points (June and October 2020) by a phone/online survey, from N = 611 older participants (Mage = 69.92 years). Participants felt on average 10 and 8.5 years younger than their chronological ages at the two-time points, respectively. Younger subjective age at T1 increased the level of worry at T2 irrespective of age, perceived control and subjective health. Higher worry increased subjective age at T2, but only for those with worse subjective health. Our results show that subjective age and Covid-related worry interact over time. This relation needs to be explored further in order to understand the relationship between subjective age and well-being especially, but not only in the pandemic context. [less ▲]

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See detailResilienz und Wohlbefinden älterer Menschen in der COVID-19 Pandemie
Albert, Isabelle UL

Presentation (2021, October 18)

Ältere Erwachsene galten ungeachtet der großen Heterogenität dieser Altersgruppe während der COVID-19-Pandemie als Risikogruppe. Während eine Reduzierung der persönlichen Kontakte vor allem in den ersten ... [more ▼]

Ältere Erwachsene galten ungeachtet der großen Heterogenität dieser Altersgruppe während der COVID-19-Pandemie als Risikogruppe. Während eine Reduzierung der persönlichen Kontakte vor allem in den ersten Monaten der Pandemie notwendig war, um das Virus einzudämmen und vulnerable Personen vor Ansteckung zu schützen, wurden schnell Bedenken hinsichtlich der sekundären Auswirkungen dieser Maßnahmen auf das subjektive Wohlbefinden geäußert. Der vorliegende Beitrag befasst sich damit, wie ältere Erwachsene die COVID-19 Pandemie und die damit verbundenen Einschränkungen selbst erlebten. Dabei wird Bezug auf zwei Studien genommen, die 2020 in Luxemburg durchgeführt wurden – CRISIS und PAN-VAL. Ziel des vom FNR finanzierten CRISIS-Projekts war es, herauszufinden, wie ältere Erwachsene (60+) in Luxemburg die Sicherheitsmaßnahmen und deren Kommunikation an die Öffentlichkeit während der ersten Monate der Pandemie erlebten. Dabei wurden Daten von unabhängig lebenden Personen zu zwei Messzeitpunkten (N = 611 im Juni und N = 523 im Oktober 2020) erhoben sowie N = 84 Personen in Altersheimen befragt. Die vom Ministerium für Familie und Integration geförderte Studie PAN-VAL befasste sich mit dem aktiven Altern von Luxemburgern und Nicht-Luxemburgern. Im Dezember 2020 wurden N = 1000 in Luxemburg lebende Personen ab 50 Jahre befragt, wobei neben der Lebenszufriedenheit, dem sozialen Eingebundensein und gemeinschaftlichen Aktivitäten auch das Erleben von Einsamkeit vor und seit der Corona-Pandemie erfasst wurde. Die vorliegenden Analysen konzentrieren sich auf die selbstberichtete Resilienz, Einsamkeitserleben und subjektives Wohlbefinden älterer Menschen sowie auf deren Bedingungsfaktoren während der Pandemie. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of the COVID-pandemic:The role of family culture and effects on well-being
Minelli, Anne; Murdock, Elke UL; Albert, Isabelle UL

Scientific Conference (2021, August 27)

During the COVID pandemic governments across the globe put restrictions in place to curb the spread of the virus. During the strict lock-down phase, people were only permitted to leave the house for ... [more ▼]

During the COVID pandemic governments across the globe put restrictions in place to curb the spread of the virus. During the strict lock-down phase, people were only permitted to leave the house for essential reasons, and visiting of family members living in a different household was not allowed. The aim of the present study was to investigate possible effects of these COVID restrictions on well-being according to different family models. Extending Kağitçibasi’s (2007, 2013) postulated family model by Manzi et al.’s (2006) aspects of family cultures (enmeshment, cohesion, autonomy and social support) we first explored, if these family models can be replicated in Luxembourg. We then tested, if lock-down restrictions affected family models differently in terms of well-being. A total of N = 244 (Mage = 35 years, SD = 12.2; 73% female) completed our online questionnaire at the time of the strict lockdown in April-Mai 2020 in Luxembourg. To capture the impact of the pandemic, the questionnaire was divided into two parts. First, participants answered questions about their well-being, family culture and closeness to their parents in general. Participants were then reminded of COVID lockdown restrictions and asked to answer under these restrictions. Using cluster analysis we identified three family models, namely psychologically interdependent families (focus on cohesion and social support), independent families (focus on autonomy), and interdependent families (focus: enmeshment, cohesion and social support). The independent family cluster showed lower well-being before and during the pandemic compared to psychologically interdependent families. Our findings suggest that different family models as postulated by Kağitçibasi are indeed affected differently by the pandemic. Furthermore, there appears to be a particular association between cohesion and well-being. Implications of these findings will be discussed also in the family model framework. [less ▲]

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See detailNational and transnational family and friendship networks and their role for subjective well-being of older migrants compared to non-migrants in Luxembourg
Albert, Isabelle UL; Hoffmann, Martine; Vandenbosch, Petra et al

Scientific Conference (2021, August 18)

Creating new bonds in the receiving country constitutes an important developmental task for migrants. Nonetheless, migrants often have smaller social networks in the receiving countries compared to non ... [more ▼]

Creating new bonds in the receiving country constitutes an important developmental task for migrants. Nonetheless, migrants often have smaller social networks in the receiving countries compared to non-migrants, while they stay connected with left behind family members in their countries of origin. The role of transnational ties can thereby be twofold – on the one hand, transnational relations might provide support for migrants from a distance, on the other hand feelings of loneliness might arise when network partners are living far away. The present study is part of the project PAN-VAL on active ageing in Luxembourg, financed by the Ministry of Family and Integration, which focusses on social embeddedness vs. social isolation of migrants and non-migrants living in the multicultural context of Luxembourg. A national sample of N=1000 migrants and non-migrants 50+ living in Luxembourg were asked about their family and friendship networks, their satisfaction with family, friends and life as a whole as well as their feelings of loneliness. Further, N = 20 qualitative interviews with older migrants and non-migrants in four selected municipalities were carried out to explore social networks in more depth. First analyses revealed smaller national family and friendship networks of migrants compared to non-migrants and people with double nationality, whereas migrants reported more transnational bonds. Migrants also reported a lower satisfaction with family and friendship networks compared to non-migrants and people with double nationality, whereas no differences were found between migrants and non-migrants with regard to feelings of loneliness. However, people with double nationality felt less lonely compared to both other groups. Results will be discussed in a life-span perspective, considering the role of national family and friendship networks to create a sense belonging as a fundamental need of human beings. [less ▲]

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See detailSymposium: Immigrants‘ Acculturation across the Lifespan
Schwarz, Beate; Maehler, Debora; Murdock, Elke UL et al

Scientific Conference (2021, July 28)

Immigrants’ acculturation is a bi-linear process that refer to the orientation towards the host and the ethnic culture. Additionally, acculturation is a multidimensional construct that comprises changes ... [more ▼]

Immigrants’ acculturation is a bi-linear process that refer to the orientation towards the host and the ethnic culture. Additionally, acculturation is a multidimensional construct that comprises changes with respect to practices and behaviors, values and norms, and identity and identification (Schwartz, Unger, Zamboanga, & Szapocznik, 2010). From a developmental perspective, acculturation of first and second-generation immigrants differ remarkably because usually second generation immigrants have more opportunities to interact with representatives of the host culture in a phase of life with high plasticity (Sam & Oppedal, 2003). The symposium wants to gain insight into the complex acculturation processes with four studies that referred to different dimensions of acculturation and including age groups from adolescence to old age. The studies used quantitative and qualitative analyses and variable- as well as person-centered approaches. Starting with adolescence, Maehler provides a meta-analysis on factors that are related to identification with the ethnic and mainstream culture. Murdock and Gales also refer to the identity dimension of acculturation, here among young adults in Germany. With a qualitative approach they identified the role of the parents and the intergenerational relationships for the way how these young adults integrate both identities. In the third study with middle-aged second- generation immigrants in Switzerland, again intergenerational relationships are in the focus. Schwarz and Pfammatter analyzed the association of intergenerational relationships with orientations toward ethnic and mainstream culture. In the last study, Albert and colleagues used a person-centered approach. They investigated the patterns of sense of belonging on a local and national level of older immigrants in Luxembourg and the associations with expectations to stay and well-being. All four studies provide specific insight into the acculturation mechanism that are relevant in different periods of the lifespan. [less ▲]

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See detailSymposium: Crossing borders – feeling connected? An exploration of drivers influencing the development of a sense of belonging in the receiving society
Murdock, Elke UL; Albert, Isabelle UL; Decieux, Jean Philippe Pierre UL et al

Scientific Conference (2021, July 08)

Migrants face the complex task of establishing bonds with the receiving society. The development of a sense of belonging is linked to subjective wellbeing. The present panel investigates factors ... [more ▼]

Migrants face the complex task of establishing bonds with the receiving society. The development of a sense of belonging is linked to subjective wellbeing. The present panel investigates factors influencing the development of a sense of belonging. It brings together researchers from four different countries, applying different methodological approaches examining the development of belonging among different migrant groups. Jean Décieux explores the role of cultural distance in the host country adjustment process. Suggesting a multidimensional conceptualization of cultural distance, he presents findings based on recently migrated German nationals (N = 2856) drawn from the German Emigration and Remigration Panel Study (GERPS). The role of cultural distance in negotiating belonging among young migrant women growing up in Germany is the subject of Elke Murdock’s qualitative study. Results point to the important role of parents in the process. How parents’ commitment or lack of commitment affects their children’s construction of their sense of belonging is the focus of Anna Gruszczynska’s qualitative study among immigrant youth in the UK. She shows the fluctuating nature of the pursuit of belonging in time and space. Gry Paulgaard focuses on immigrants arriving in the rural space of Northern Norway. The project explores everyday life practices of refugees taking the materiality of a place as a starting point, acknowledging the interdependency between the social and material contexts for practice. Finally, Isabelle Albert investigates practices by older migrants living in multicultural Luxembourg, their engagement or otherwise in social practices and how this impacts on their sense of belonging. [less ▲]

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See detailVulnerability in the context of migration: a critical assessment of its conceptualizations and uses
Gilodi, Amalia UL; Albert, Isabelle UL; Nienaber, Birte UL

Scientific Conference (2021, July 07)

The notions of ‘vulnerability’ and ‘vulnerable group’ have increasingly gained prominence in academic literature, policymaking, humanitarian debates and everyday discourses on migration and asylum. Its ... [more ▼]

The notions of ‘vulnerability’ and ‘vulnerable group’ have increasingly gained prominence in academic literature, policymaking, humanitarian debates and everyday discourses on migration and asylum. Its popularity, not limited to this field, has often led academics and practitioners to use ‘vulnerability’ as a self-explanatory condition or phenomenon. However, vulnerability is neither conceptually straight-forward nor politically and morally neutral. Multiple definitions and operationalizations of vulnerability exist across and within different fields of research and practice, without a common and systematic understanding of the concept. The notion of vulnerability can also be instrumentilised as a tool for discrimination, stigmatization, control, exclusion or even reduction of humanitarian assistance, when access to protection is restricted to ‘the most vulnerable’. In the context of the H2020 project MIMY (n°870700), this paper examines the multiplicities and hidden pitfalls behind different conceptualizations and uses of vulnerability and critically reflects on their implication for the study and governance of migration. By unpacking this concept, we hope to highlight both limitations and opportunities enclosed in the notion of vulnerability and encourage migration scholars to understand, address and take a stand before its complexities. Based on these considerations, a multilevel conceptual model of vulnerability in the specific context of migration is proposed. The model aims to capture several types and understandings of vulnerability and how these are (re)produced at different levels and by different actors, including migrants themselves. Particular attention is paid to migrants’ biographical and psychological experiences of vulnerability and how policy and political frameworks may affect them. [less ▲]

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See detailThe sense of belonging in the context of migration and active ageing: The case of multicultural Luxembourg
Albert, Isabelle UL; Bemtgen, Nadia; Hoffmann, Martine et al

Scientific Conference (2021, July)

Migration is a life-changing transition and the establishment of new bonds in the receiving country constitutes an important developmental task. While feelings of belonging are closely linked to ... [more ▼]

Migration is a life-changing transition and the establishment of new bonds in the receiving country constitutes an important developmental task. While feelings of belonging are closely linked to subjective well-being, the feeling of not fitting in might be related to social exclusion and loneliness. Though social isolation is not bound to specific groups and ages, older migrants might be at a particular risk as recent studies suggest. The present study is part of the project PAN-VAL on active ageing in Luxembourg, financed by the Ministry of Family and Integration. Here, we focus on social embeddedness vs. social isolation of migrants and non-migrants living in the multicultural context of Luxembourg. Our aim is to identify facilitators and obstacles to participation in social activities, focusing in particular on the role of "sense of belonging" of older people to their place and country of residence. Applying a mixed-methods design, we will first focus on a national sample of N=1000 migrants and non-migrants 50+ living in Luxembourg who are asked about their family and friendship networks, leisure activities, sense of belonging to different entities (such as their neighborhood, municipality and country of residence) as well as their feelings of social isolation and loneliness. Secondly, we will draw on qualitative interviews in four selected municipalities contrasting active vs. non-active older migrants vs. non-migrants, exploring in more depth their experiences of belonging and social embeddedness. Results will be discussed in a life-span perspective, considering different developmental trajectories to belonging as a fundamental need of human beings. [less ▲]

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See detailSense of belonging, social embeddedness and perceived loneliness of older Luxembourgers and non-Luxembourgers in pandemic times
Albert, Isabelle UL; Bemtgen, Nadia; Hoffmann, Martine et al

Scientific Conference (2021, July)

Luxembourg has witnessed a sharp increase in cultural diversity due to high levels of immigration in the past years, and the question of how inhabitants from different cultural origin establish a sense of ... [more ▼]

Luxembourg has witnessed a sharp increase in cultural diversity due to high levels of immigration in the past years, and the question of how inhabitants from different cultural origin establish a sense of belonging to their country of residence has become essential for social cohesion and inclusion. The COVID-19 pandemic has, however, shaken patterns of belonging dramatically. The place of residence has gained new meaning due to confinement measures, closed borders and local contact restrictions. Physical distancing could have particularly adverse effects on older migrants with smaller social networks in the receiving country, increasing the risk for loneliness and social isolation. The present study is part of the PAN-VAL project on active ageing funded by the Luxembourgish Family Ministry. We aim to analyze the impact of sense of belonging and social embeddedness on perceived loneliness before and since the COVID-19 crisis of older Luxembourgers and non-Luxembourgers living in the Grand-Duchy. A representative sample of N=1000 residents 50+ participated in a survey via telephone and online in December 2020. The standardized questionnaire included questions regarding national and transnational family and friendship networks, contact frequencies, sense of belonging to place and country of residence and of origin as well as perceived loneliness before and since the COVID-19 pandemic. Preliminary findings indicate that sense of belonging predicted loneliness before and since the corona crisis, whereas a larger social network in Luxembourg was protective against loneliness only before but not since the crisis. Interestingly, a higher contact frequency with friends in Luxembourg reduced loneliness before the crisis, whereas higher contact frequency with friends abroad reduced loneliness since crisis. Results will be discussed considering resources as well as risk factors for loneliness in the context of migration and ageing in light of the current COVID-19 pandemic. [less ▲]

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See detailSymposium: Looking back or forward? The cultural identity construction of immigrant youth.
Murdock, Elke UL; Albert, Isabelle UL; Maehler, Debora et al

Scientific Conference (2021, June 03)

This symposium pursues cultural identity formation (in terms of identifications with country of origin and country of residence) of immigrant youth using different methods. We will start with a literature ... [more ▼]

This symposium pursues cultural identity formation (in terms of identifications with country of origin and country of residence) of immigrant youth using different methods. We will start with a literature review on previous findings on cultural identification of first-generation immigrant youth worldwide, zoom in closer by looking on identity transmission processes between generations and finishing off with individual-level findings on identity construction by second-generation immigrants. First, results from a meta-analysis will be presented which investigated core factors affecting identity development among first-generation youth. The meta-analysis summarized which individual and context related factors predict cultural identity formation. The second study, employing a quantitative design, focuses on the cultural identity processes and dynamics of change between first-generation immigrant parents and their children (second generation) in a heterogeneous European country context - Luxemburg. The third study employs a qualitative design focusing on identity negotiation processes of young second generation immigrants growing up in Germany. Young Tamils were interviewed, exploring the cultural navigation processes in-depth. Findings across the studies and approaches indicate moderate to strong identifications with both, the country of origin and country of residence. The drivers for each outcome will be discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailCultural identity in the context of migration – The case of Portuguese first generation immigrants in Luxembourg and their second generation children
Albert, Isabelle UL; Barros, Stephanie

Scientific Conference (2021, June)

While first generation immigrants carry a cultural heritage to their receiving country, their children are confronted with different cultural influences during their formative years. How does this so ... [more ▼]

While first generation immigrants carry a cultural heritage to their receiving country, their children are confronted with different cultural influences during their formative years. How does this so-called second-generation experience their cultural identities compared to their parents? To tackle this question, the present study focused on first- and second-generation Portuguese migrants living in Luxembourg. The sample comprises n = 72 PT young adult children (mean age M = 28.2, SD = 7.9; 61.1% female) who participated in the FNR-funded IRMA-project together with their parents (n = 70 PT mothers and n = 65 PT fathers). An adapted version of the bicultural identity orientation scale was employed to assess three dimensions of bicultural identity - compatible, conflicted and frame-switching. We examined patterns of identity constructions of first and second generation by use of cluster analysis, resulting in four profiles: blended, alternating, separated and ambivalent biculturals. Whereas second generation young adults were represented in each typology, parents were mostly found in the alternating or separated clusters. Clusters of parents and their children will be compared and factors contributing to parent-child congruence/incongruence identified. Results will be discussed considering regulatory processes of subjective well-being and different migration experiences in light of generation and age. [less ▲]

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See detailThe sense of belonging in the context of migration
Albert, Isabelle UL

Presentation (2021, April 28)

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See detailCorrelates Of Resilience In The Context Of Social Isolation In Seniors (CRISIS)
Albert, Isabelle UL; Hoffmann, Martine; Murdock, Elke UL et al

Presentation (2021, April 21)

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See detailPerceived loneliness and the role of cultural and intergenerational belonging: the case of Portuguese first‑generation immigrants in Luxembourg
Albert, Isabelle UL

in European Journal of Ageing (2021)

The risk of loneliness for migrants, particularly in older age, has been documented across multiple studies. Migration is a life-changing transition. While often retaining links to their country of origin ... [more ▼]

The risk of loneliness for migrants, particularly in older age, has been documented across multiple studies. Migration is a life-changing transition. While often retaining links to their country of origin, an important developmental task for migrants is the establishment of bonds in the receiving country. Drawing on recent studies, I will explore the role of cultural and intergenerational belonging in order to identify both protective and risk factors regarding loneliness in middle and older age in a sample of first-generation immigrants from Portugal living in Luxembourg. The sample comprises N = 131 participants (51.9% female) between the ages of 41 and 80 (M = 56.08; SD = 7.80) who have on average spent M = 31.71 years (SD = 8.81) in Luxembourg and raised children in Luxembourg. They took part in the IRMA project (‘Intergenerational Relations in the Light of Migration and Ageing’) which was funded by the Fonds National de la Recherche Luxembourg. A standardised questionnaire assessed socio-demographic data, aspects of cultural belonging (i.e. cultural attachment to both countries, bicultural identity orientation, acculturative stress), intergenerational belonging (i.e. family cohesion, family conflict, perceived intergenerational value consensus) and perceived loneliness. Results showed that while cultural and intergenerational belonging were protective factors, the strongest predictors for participants’ perceived loneliness were cultural identity conflict and, even more so, intergenerational conflict. Our findings suggest that establishing roots and bonds in the host country is a protective factor against loneliness, whereas the feeling of not fitting in is a strong risk factor. [less ▲]

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