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See detailAn overview of generic tools for information-theoretic secrecy performance analysis over wiretap fading channels
Kong, Long UL; Ai, Yun; Lei, Lei UL et al

in EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking volume (2021), (1), 194

Physical layer security (PLS) has been proposed to afford an extra layer of security on top of the conventional cryptographic techniques. Unlike the conventional complexity-based cryptographic techniques ... [more ▼]

Physical layer security (PLS) has been proposed to afford an extra layer of security on top of the conventional cryptographic techniques. Unlike the conventional complexity-based cryptographic techniques at the upper layers, physical layer security exploits the characteristics of wireless channels, e.g., fading, noise, interference, etc., to enhance wireless security. It is proved that secure transmission can benefit from fading channels. Accordingly, numerous researchers have explored what fading can offer for physical layer security, especially the investigation of physical layer security over wiretap fading channels. Therefore, this paper aims at reviewing the existing and ongoing research works on this topic. More specifically, we present a classification of research works in terms of the four categories of fading models: (i) small-scale, (ii) large-scale, (iii) composite, and (iv) cascaded. To elaborate these fading models with a generic and flexible tool, three promising candidates, including the mixture gamma (MG), mixture of Gaussian (MoG), and Fox’s H-function distributions, are comprehensively examined and compared. Their advantages and limitations are further demonstrated via security performance metrics, which are designed as vivid indicators to measure how perfect secrecy is ensured. Two clusters of secrecy metrics, namely (i) secrecy outage probability (SOP), and the lower bound of SOP; and (ii) the probability of nonzero secrecy capacity (PNZ), the intercept probability, average secrecy capacity (ASC), and ergodic secrecy capacity, are displayed and, respectively, deployed in passive and active eavesdropping scenarios. Apart from those, revisiting the secrecy enhancement techniques based on Wyner’s wiretap model, the on-off transmission scheme, jamming approach, antenna selection, and security region are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailSecure Vehicular Communications Through Reconfigurable Intelligent Surfaces
Ai, Yun; De Figueiredo, Felipe A.P; Kong, Long et al

in IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology (2021), 70(7), 7272-7276

Reconfigurable intelligent surfaces (RIS) is considered as a revolutionary technique to improve the wireless system performance by reconfiguring the radio wave propagation environment artificially ... [more ▼]

Reconfigurable intelligent surfaces (RIS) is considered as a revolutionary technique to improve the wireless system performance by reconfiguring the radio wave propagation environment artificially. Motivated by the potential of RIS in vehicular networks, we analyze the secrecy outage performance of RIS-aided vehicular communications in this paper. More specifically, two vehicular communication scenarios are considered, i.e., a vehicular-to-vehicular (V2V) communication where the RIS acts as a relay and a vehicular-to-infrastructure (V2I) scenario where the RIS functions as the receiver. In both scenarios, a passive eavesdropper is present attempting to retrieve the transmitted information. Closed-form expressions for the secrecy outage probability (SOP) are derived and verified. The results demonstrate the potential of improving secrecy with the aid of RIS under both V2V and V2I communications. [less ▲]

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See detailChannel Modeling and Analysis of Reconfigurable Intelligent Surfaces Assisted Vehicular Networks
Kong, Long UL; He, Jiguang; Ai, Yun et al

Scientific Conference (2021, June)

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See detailHybrid automatic repeat request‐based intelligent reflecting surface‐assisted communication system
Ai, Yun; Mohamed, M.; Kong, Long UL et al

in Electronics Letters (2021)

The intelligent reflecting surface (IRS) is an emerging technique to extend wireless coverage. In this letter, the performance of the hybrid automatic repeat request (hybrid ARQ) for an IRS‐assisted ... [more ▼]

The intelligent reflecting surface (IRS) is an emerging technique to extend wireless coverage. In this letter, the performance of the hybrid automatic repeat request (hybrid ARQ) for an IRS‐assisted system is analysed. More specifically, the outage performance of the IRS‐aided system using hybrid ARQ protocol with chase combining is studied. The asymptotic analysis also shows that the outage performance is better and improves linearly by increasing the number of reflectors of the IRS‐aided system. The results also verify the potential of combining the ARQ scheme in the link layer of the IRS‐aided system and demonstrate that a very small change of path loss condition can impact the performance largely. [less ▲]

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See detailAn Overview of Information-Theoretic Secrecy Analysis over Classical Wiretap Fading Channels
Kong; Ai, Yun; Lei, Lei et al

in EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking (2021)

An alternative or supplementary approach named as physical layer security has been recently proposed to afford an extra security layer on top of the conventional cryptography technique. In this paper, an ... [more ▼]

An alternative or supplementary approach named as physical layer security has been recently proposed to afford an extra security layer on top of the conventional cryptography technique. In this paper, an overview of secrecy performance investigations over the classic Alice-Bob-Eve wiretap fading channels is conducted. On the basis of the classic wiretap channel model, we have comprehensively listed and thereafter compared the existing works on physical layer secrecy analysis considering the small-scale, large-scale, composite, and cascaded fading channel models. Exact secrecy metrics expressions, including secrecy outage probability (SOP), the probability of non-zero secrecy capacity (PNZ), and average secrecy capacity (ASC), and secrecy bounds, including the lower bound of SOP and ergodic secrecy capacity, are presented. In order to encompass the aforementioned four kinds of fading channel models with a more generic and flexible distribution, the mixture gamma (MG), mixture of Gaussian (MoG), and Fox’s H- function distributions are three useful candidates to largely include the above-mentioned four kinds of fading channel models. It is shown that all they are flexible and general when assisting the secrecy analysis to obtain closed-form expressions. Their advantages and limitations are also highlighted. Conclusively, these three approaches are proven to provide a unified secrecy analysis framework and can cover all types of independent wiretap fading channel models. Apart from those, revisiting the existing secrecy enhancement techniques based on our system configuration, the on-off transmission scheme, artificial noise (AN) & artificial fast fading (AFF), jamming approach, antenna selection, and security region are presented. [less ▲]

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See detailOn performance characterization of cascaded multiwire-PLC/MIMO-RF communication system
Ai, Yun; Kong, Long; Cheffena, Michael et al

in 2021 29th European Signal Processing Conference (EUSIPCO) (2021)

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See detailComprehensive Physical Layer Security Analysis of FSO Communications over Malaga Channels
Ai, Yun; Mathur, Aashish; Verma, Gyan Deep et al

in IEEE Photonics Journal (2020)

In this paper, we study the physical layer security of free-space optical (FSO) communications under different eavesdropping scenarios. More specifically, the secrecy performance of FSO communication ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we study the physical layer security of free-space optical (FSO) communications under different eavesdropping scenarios. More specifically, the secrecy performance of FSO communication employing intensity modulation/direct detection detection is analyzed for the well-established Mlaga channels. Three different realistic scenarios of eavesdropping are considered by assuming different placement locations for the eavesdropper in the paper. Novel expressions for the average secrecy capacity (ASC) and secrecy outage probability (SOP) are derived for the considered scenarios, and useful insights are also provided through asymptotic analysis. The results show: (i) When the eavesdropper is placed near the transmitter, atmospheric condition imposes a less significant impact on secrecy performance; (ii) Certain level of correlation can potentially enhance the secrecy performance for FSO communications; (iii) The correlation imposes opposite impacts on the ASC and SOP of FSO communications; and the secrecy performance metrics exhibit a non-monotonic impact with the increase of correlation; (v) When the correlation of the FSO links is too small or too large (i.e., the correlation parameter around 0 or 1), the correlation plays a more significant impact on secrecy performance; and (vi) The asymptotic slope of the SOP is 0.5 for all eavesdropping scenarios under practical FSO channels. [less ▲]

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See detailEffective Throughput Analysis of α-η-κ-μ Fading Channels
Ai, Yun; Mathur, Aashish; Kong, Long UL et al

in IEEE Access (2020)

The α-η-κ-µ fading model is a very useful instrument to accurately describe various radio wave propagation scenarios. In this paper, we study the effective throughput performance of communication systems ... [more ▼]

The α-η-κ-µ fading model is a very useful instrument to accurately describe various radio wave propagation scenarios. In this paper, we study the effective throughput performance of communication systems over the α-η-κ-µ fading channels. Novel and exact expressions for the effective throughput over α-η-κ-µ channels are derived, and the effective throughput of multiple-input single-output (MISO) and multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems over some widely used small-scale fading models are presented based on the derived results. To obtain more understandings on the impact of physical channel characteristics and system configuration on the effective throughput, closed-form expressions for the asymptotic effective throughput at high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) regimes are also obtained. The results reveal the underlying connections between different physical channel parameters (e.g., scattering level, phase correlation, channel nonlinearity, multipath clustering, and channel imbalance) and the effective throughput. It is found that the effective throughput improves with the increase of channel nonlinearity and number of multipath clusters, and the high-SNR slope is only dependent on the channel nonlinearity and the number of multipath clusters present in the physical channel. [less ▲]

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See detailOn Performance Characterization of Cascaded Multiwire-PLC/MIMO-RF Communication System
Ai, Yun; Kong, Long UL; Cheffena, Michael et al

E-print/Working paper (2020)

Detailed reference viewed: 45 (7 UL)
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See detailSecure Vehicular Communications through Reconfigurable Intelligent Surfaces
Ai, Yun; Figueiredo, Felipe A. P. de; Kong, Long UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2020)

Detailed reference viewed: 54 (5 UL)
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See detailAn Overview of Generic Tools for Information-Theoretic Secrecy Performance Analysis over Wiretap Fading Channels
Kong, Long UL; Ai, Yun; Lei, Lei UL et al

E-print/Working paper (2020)

An alternative or supplementary approach named as physical layer security has been proposed to afford an extra security layer on top of the conventional cryptography technique. In this paper, an overview ... [more ▼]

An alternative or supplementary approach named as physical layer security has been proposed to afford an extra security layer on top of the conventional cryptography technique. In this paper, an overview of secrecy performance investigations over the classic Alice-Bob-Eve wiretap fading channels is conducted. On the basis of the classic wiretap channel model, we have comprehensively listed and thereafter compared the existing works on physical layer secrecy analysis considering the small-scale, large-scale, composite, and cascaded fading channel models. Exact secrecy metrics expressions, including secrecy outage probability (SOP), the probability of non-zero secrecy capacity (PNZ), average secrecy capacity (ASC), and secrecy bounds, including the lower bound of SOP and ergodic secrecy capacity, are presented. In order to encompass the aforementioned four kinds of fading channel models with a more \textit{generic} and \textit{flexible} distribution, the mixture gamma (MG), mixture of Gaussian (MoG), and Fox's $H$-function distributions are three useful candidates to largely include the above-mentioned four kinds of fading channel models. It is shown that they are flexible and general when assisting the secrecy analysis to obtain closed-form expressions. Their advantages and limitations are also highlighted. Conclusively, these three approaches are proven to provide a unified secrecy analysis framework and can cover all types of independent wiretap fading channel models. Apart from those, revisiting the existing secrecy enhancement techniques based on our system configuration, the on-off transmission scheme, jamming approach (including artificial noise (AN) & artificial fast fading (AFF)), antenna selection, and security region are presented. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 44 (8 UL)