References of "d'ambrosio, Conchita 50001453"
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See detailRegion of Residence and Equality of Opportunity in Health: a Note on the Italian Case
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Gigliarano, Chiara

in Rivista Italiana degli Economisti (2013), 18

The Italian health care system is managed mainly at the regional level. For this reason health care may diff er depending on region of residence. The aim of this note is to take a rigorous ex-ante ... [more ▼]

The Italian health care system is managed mainly at the regional level. For this reason health care may diff er depending on region of residence. The aim of this note is to take a rigorous ex-ante approach and test for equality of health opportunities as opposed to health outcomes, which are the ex-post results. We perform non-parametric tests to evaluate if the probability of reaching the same health status di ffers by region of residence, after controlling for other influential factors such as age, gender and income. The results underline that the geographical distribution of opportunities in health is unequal, and therefore, that regional differences in outcomes are more likely to be expected. [less ▲]

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See detailMeasuring Economic Insecurity
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Bossert, Walter

in International Economic Review (2013), 54

We provide an axiomatic treatment of the measurement of economic insecurity, assuming that individual insecurity depends on the current wealth level and its variations experienced in the past. The first ... [more ▼]

We provide an axiomatic treatment of the measurement of economic insecurity, assuming that individual insecurity depends on the current wealth level and its variations experienced in the past. The first component plays the role of a buffer stock to rely on in case of an adverse future event. The second component determines the confidence an individual has on her ability to overcome a loss in the future. Two classes of linear measures are characterized with sets of plausible and intuitive axioms and, for each of these classes, an important subclass is identified. [less ▲]

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See detailAn Axiomatic Approach to the Measurementof Poverty Reduction Failure
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Chakravarty, Satya

in Economic Modelling (2013), 35

A poverty reduction failure index is a measure of the extent of inability of a society to reduce its poverty level. This paper develops an ordering for ranking alternative income distributions in terms of ... [more ▼]

A poverty reduction failure index is a measure of the extent of inability of a society to reduce its poverty level. This paper develops an ordering for ranking alternative income distributions in terms of poverty reduction failures. The ordering can be easily implemented using the generalized Lorenz or the Three I’s of poverty (TIP) curve dominance criterion. We also characterize an existing index of poverty reduction failure using an axiomatic structure. [less ▲]

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See detailIndividual Well-Being in a Dynamic Perspective
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Frick, Joachim

in Economica (2012), 79

We explore the determinants of individual wellbeing as measured by self-reported levels of satisfaction with income and life. Making use of the German Socio-Economic Panel, we provide empirical evidence ... [more ▼]

We explore the determinants of individual wellbeing as measured by self-reported levels of satisfaction with income and life. Making use of the German Socio-Economic Panel, we provide empirical evidence for wellbeing depending on absolute and relative income levels in a dynamic framework where status and signal effects play a role. This finding holds after controlling for other factors in a multivariate setting. The main novelty is the consideration of dynamic aspects: the individual’s own history and the relative income performance with respect to other society members play major roles in the assessment of individual wellbeing. [less ▲]

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See detailPoverty and Time
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Bossert, Walter; Chakravarty, Satya

in Journal of Economic Inequality (2012), 10

We examine the measurement of individual poverty in an intertemporal context. Our aim is to capture the importance of persistence in a state of poverty and we characterize a corresponding individual ... [more ▼]

We examine the measurement of individual poverty in an intertemporal context. Our aim is to capture the importance of persistence in a state of poverty and we characterize a corresponding individual intertemporal poverty measure. Our first axiom requires that intertemporal poverty is identical to static poverty in the degenerate single-period case. The remaining two properties express decomposability requirements within poverty spells and across spells in order to reflect the persistence issue. In addition, we axiomatize an aggregation procedure to obtain an intertemporal poverty measure for societies and we illustrate our new index with an application to EU countries. [less ▲]

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See detailEconomic Insecurity and Individual Well-Being
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL

in Keio Economic Studies (2012), 48

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See detailDeprivation, Social Exclusion and Subjective Well-Being
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Bellani, Luna

in Social Indicators Research (2011), 104

This paper aims at investigating empirically the relationship between self-declared satisfaction with life and an individual’s well-being as measured by the indices of deprivation and social exclusion ... [more ▼]

This paper aims at investigating empirically the relationship between self-declared satisfaction with life and an individual’s well-being as measured by the indices of deprivation and social exclusion proposed in the income distribution literature. Results on European countries show that life satisfaction decreases with an increase in deprivation and exclusion after controlling for individual’s income, relative income and other influential factors in a multivariate setting. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Distribution of Wealth in the United States from 1983 to 2004: Inequality and Polarization
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Fiaschi, Davide; Wolff, Edward

in Gonzales, Jason (Ed.) Economics of Wealth in the 21st Century (2011)

Recent work has documented a rising degree of wealth inequality in the United States between 1983 and 2004. In this paper, we compare the increase in the spread of the distribution with another dimension ... [more ▼]

Recent work has documented a rising degree of wealth inequality in the United States between 1983 and 2004. In this paper, we compare the increase in the spread of the distribution with another dimension, polarization. Using alternative approaches proposed in the literature, we examine whether a similar pattern exists with regard to trends in wealth polarization over this period. Perhaps, our most notable finding is the huge increase in wealth polarization that occurred in the U.S. from 1983 to 2004, particularly from 1998 to 2004. In contrast, the Gini coefficient shows an increase in wealth inequality from 1983 to 1989 and little change thereafter. [less ▲]

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See detailA Generalized Index of Fractionalization
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Bossert, Walter; La Ferrara, Eliana

in Economica (2011), 78

This paper characterizes an index that is informationally richer than the commonly used ethno-linguistic fractionalization (ELF) index. Our measure of fractionalization takes as a primitive the ... [more ▼]

This paper characterizes an index that is informationally richer than the commonly used ethno-linguistic fractionalization (ELF) index. Our measure of fractionalization takes as a primitive the individuals, as opposed to ethnic groups, and uses information on the similarities among them. Compared to existing indices, our measure does not require that individuals are pre-assigned to exogenously determined categories or groups. We provided an empirical illustration of how our index can be operationalized and what difference it makes as compared to the standard ELF index. This application pertains to the pattern of fractionalization in the USA. [less ▲]

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See detailMultidimensional Approaches to Poverty Measurement: An Empirical Analysis of Poverty in Belgium, France , Germany,Italy and Spain, based on the European Pane
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Deutsch, Joseph; Silber, Jacques

in Applied Economics (2011), 43

This article has three goals. First, we wish to compare three multidimensional approaches to poverty and check to what extent they identify the same households as poor. Second, we aim at better ... [more ▼]

This article has three goals. First, we wish to compare three multidimensional approaches to poverty and check to what extent they identify the same households as poor. Second, we aim at better understanding the determinants of poverty by estimating logit regressions with five categories of explanatory variables: size of the household, age of the head of the household, her gender, marital status and status at work. Third, we introduce a decomposition procedure proposed recently in the literature, the so-called Shapley decomposition, in order to determine the exact marginal impact of each of the categories of explanatory variables. Our empirical analysis is based on data made available by the European Community Household Panel (ECPH). We used its third wave and selected five countries: Belgium, France, Germany, Italy and Spain. [less ▲]

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See detailA Survey on Income Deprivation
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL

in Silber, Jacques (Ed.) The Measurement of Individual Well-Being and Group Inequalities: Essays in Memory of Z.M. Berrebi (2010)

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See detailPolarization Orderings of Income Distributions
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Chakravarty, Satya

in Review of Income and Wealth (2010), 56(1), 47-64

This paper considers an intermediate notion of polarization which is defined as a convex mix of relative and absolute concepts of polarization. While absolute polarization indices remain unchanged under ... [more ▼]

This paper considers an intermediate notion of polarization which is defined as a convex mix of relative and absolute concepts of polarization. While absolute polarization indices remain unchanged under equal absolute augmentation in all incomes, relative indices do not change under equiproportionate variations in all incomes. We then identify the class of intermediate polarization indices whose orderings of alternative income distributions agree with the rankings generated by intermediate polarization curves. The ranking relation developed is implemented by a simple graphical device. Finally, a numerical illustration of the results developed in the paper is provided using data from Southern European countries. [less ▲]

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See detailGeneralized Gini Occupational Segregation Indices
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Chakravarty, Satya; Silber, Jacques

in Research on Economic Inequality (2009), 17

This article axiomatically derives a class of numerical indices of integration (equality) in the distribution of different types of workers across occupations. The associated segregation (inequality ... [more ▼]

This article axiomatically derives a class of numerical indices of integration (equality) in the distribution of different types of workers across occupations. The associated segregation (inequality) indices parallel one form of multidimensional generalized Gini inequality indices. A comparison is made with the other Gini-related segregation indices. A numerical illustration of the family of indices is also provided using US occupational data. [less ▲]

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See detailSatisfaction with Life and Economic Well-Being: Evidence from Germany
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Frick, Joachim; Jäntti, Markus

in Schmollers Jahrbuch (2009), 129

The relationship between an individual's economic well-being and satisfaction with own life has been the focus of many studies both within and across countries, in one period of time and over time. As a ... [more ▼]

The relationship between an individual's economic well-being and satisfaction with own life has been the focus of many studies both within and across countries, in one period of time and over time. As a proxy of economic well-being household income both adjusted and unadjusted for household needs has been generally used. The aim of the present paper is to propose a more comprehensive measure of well-being considering the role that wealth and permanent income play in simultaneously determining satisfaction with life. The results, based on representative microdata from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP), suggest that both income and wealth increase satisfaction, that long-run income is more appropriate than short-term income and that satisfaction with life is particularly high for those who are at the top of both the income and wealth distributions. [less ▲]

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See detailMaterial Deprivation: An Application to Italian Regions
D'Ambrosio, Conchita UL; Giuliano, Giovanna; Tenaglia, Simona

in Politica Economica (2009), 15

Using a measure of material deprivation, the paper shows that the well-being of individuals living in the South of Italy is consistently lower than the well-being of those residing elsewhere in the ... [more ▼]

Using a measure of material deprivation, the paper shows that the well-being of individuals living in the South of Italy is consistently lower than the well-being of those residing elsewhere in the country. The correspondence between income poverty and material deprivation is almost perfect. Regional social policies were not effective not only for the insufficient budget involved but also for the method of implementation followed, being mostly based on temporary measures. There is the urgent need of the introduction of a system that guarantees minimum levels of assistance to every citizen independent of its region of residence. [less ▲]

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