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See detailGewicht bewegen
Vögele, Claus UL

in Margraf, J.; Ullrich, A.; Schneider, S. (Eds.) Xeni-calculiertes Abnehmen. Ein Gruppenprogramm für Adipöse - Trainermanual (1998)

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See detailSerum lipid concentrations, hostility, and cardiovascular reactions to mental stress
Vögele, Claus UL

in International Journal of Psychophysiology (1998), 28

The objective of the present study was to determine whether serum lipid concentrations interact with hostility to affect cardiovascular responses to mental stress. One-hundred and seventy-four male ... [more ▼]

The objective of the present study was to determine whether serum lipid concentrations interact with hostility to affect cardiovascular responses to mental stress. One-hundred and seventy-four male subjects were screened with the Cook and Medley hostility scale (Ho), the anger expression inventory by Spielberger and a general health questionnaire. Subjects in the upper (n = 22) and lower (n = 22) quartile of the Ho score distribution were asked to take part in a laboratory experiment. Continuous measures of heart rate, blood pressure, respiration and electrodermal activity were taken while participants carried out a series of behavioral maneuvres, including mental arithmetic and mirror star tracing. Prior to the experiment fasting blood samples were taken for lipid determinations. The results show higher heart rate reactivity in high hostile than low hostile subjects. High hostile subjects also reported more anger and frustration in response to tasks. Hostility groups differed in lipid levels in that high hostiles had higher triglyceride and VLDL-c concentrations than low hostiles. Cholesterol levels showed an inverse association with cardiovascular reactivity but only in low hostile subjects. No such associations could be found in high hostiles. We conclude that there is partial support for both, the hyperreactivity and the health behavior model linking hostility and cardiovascular disorder. [less ▲]

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See detailDie Interozeption körperlicher Empfindungen bei somatoform gestörten Patienten
Vögele, Claus UL

in Margraf, J.; Neumer, S.; Rief, W. (Eds.) Somatoforme Störungen: Ätiologie, Diagnose und Therapie (1998)

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See detailCardiovascular effects of Org 9487 under isoflurane anaesthesia in man
Osmer, Christian; Wulf, Kay; Vögele, Claus UL et al

in European Journal of Anaesthesiology (1998), (15), 585-589

The cardiovascular effects of Org 9487 during isoflurane anaesthesia have been evaluated using three doses around its ED90 for neuromuscular blockade, i.e. 1 mg kg-1, 2 mg kg-1 and 3 mg kg-1. Heart rate ... [more ▼]

The cardiovascular effects of Org 9487 during isoflurane anaesthesia have been evaluated using three doses around its ED90 for neuromuscular blockade, i.e. 1 mg kg-1, 2 mg kg-1 and 3 mg kg-1. Heart rate increased to 110%, 115% and 118% in patients receiving 1 mg kg-1, 2 mg kg-1 and 3 mg kg-1 respectively. There were no significant effects on systolic and diastolic blood pressures for the two lower dose groups. Patients receiving Org 9487 3 mg kg-1 displayed significant decreases in systolic and diastolic blood pressures (91% and 82% of the control values respectively). Except for heart rate in the group receiving 3 mg kg-1, all measurements returned to baseline after a maximum of 15 min. Six patients experienced a transient increase in airway pressure after administration of Org 9487, which was accompanied by a decrease in oxygen saturation in two out of six subjects, but there was no audible wheezing. These episodes were self-limiting and required no treatment. There were no other adverse reactions to this drug during this study. [less ▲]

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See detailPsychophysiological responses to food exposure: an experimental study in binge eaters
Vögele, Claus UL; Florin, Irmela

in International Journal of Eating Disorders (1997), (21), 147-157

Objective: The aim of the present study was to investigate psychophysiological responses to food exposure in binge eaters. Method: Thirty female volunteers reporting regular binge attacks were compared ... [more ▼]

Objective: The aim of the present study was to investigate psychophysiological responses to food exposure in binge eaters. Method: Thirty female volunteers reporting regular binge attacks were compared with 30 nonbinge eaters. Subjects attended individually for the single laboratory session. Continuous measures of heart rate (HR), blood pressure (BP), electroder- mal activity (EDA), and respiration rate were taken during rest and exposure to their favorite binge food. In addition, psychophysiological monitoring continued while subjects were al- lowed to eat after food exposure. Participants also completed inventories assessing restrained eating style (FEV, Revised Restraint Scale). Ratings of nervousness, distress, desire to binge, and hunger were collected repeatedly throughout the experiment. Results: The results indi- cate higher psychophysiological arousal in binge eaters than in nonbinge eaters. Binge eaters maintained a higher arousal level in BP and EDA throughout the food exposure trial than controls. HR during food exposure predicted the relative amount of food consumed during the eating trial across all subjects. This relationship, however, was more pronounced in binge eaters than controls and in restrained compared to unrestrained binge eaters. Discussion: The implications of these results are discussed in terms of conditioning and arousal models of cue reactivity in binge eating. © 1997 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Int J Eat Disord 21: 147–157, 1997. [less ▲]

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See detailVerhaltensmedizin in der Pädiatrie: Welchen Beitrag leistet die Psychologie?
Florin, Irmela; Vögele, Claus UL; Gauggel, Siegfried et al

in Birner, U.; Döhring, E.; Schweisfurth, H. (Eds.) Qualitätsmanagement und Interdisziplinarität in der pädiatrischen Rehabilitation (1997)

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See detailAnger suppression, reactivity and hypertension risk: Gender makes a difference
Vögele, Claus UL; Cheeseman, Karen; Jarvis, Ann

in Annals of Behavioral Medicine : A Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine (1997), 19

The present study investigated gender-related differences in cardiovascular reactivity and the role of anger inhibition and risk for future hypertension. Tonic blood pressure served as an index of ... [more ▼]

The present study investigated gender-related differences in cardiovascular reactivity and the role of anger inhibition and risk for future hypertension. Tonic blood pressure served as an index of hypertension risk. Twenty-eight female and 26 male college students with high and low normal blood pressure were recruited on the basis of their mean arterial pressure. Continuous measures of heart rate and blood pressure were taken while participants carried out a series of behavioral manoeuvres including mental arithmetic, interpersonal challenge, a frustrating psychomotor test, and the cold pressor test. Participants also completed inventories assessing trait anxiety, trait anger, anger expression, and Type A. The results are in concordance with previous findings and show higher cardiovascular reactivity in men than in women and in subjects at risk for hypertension. Within the male group, a combination of hypertension risk and anger suppression led to the highest reactivity, whereas in female subjects, differences in anger-in had no effect on reactivity. The implications of these results are discussed in light of sex differences in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. [less ▲]

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See detailComparative use of muscle relaxants and their reversal in three European countries: a survey in France, Germany and Great Britain
Osmer, Christian; Vögele, Claus UL; Zickmann, Bernfried et al

in European Journal of Anaesthesiology (1996), 13

A survey was conducted among British, French and German anaesthetists to evaluate possible national differences in the peri-operative use of muscle relaxants and their reversal agents. The same non ... [more ▼]

A survey was conducted among British, French and German anaesthetists to evaluate possible national differences in the peri-operative use of muscle relaxants and their reversal agents. The same non-depolarizing relaxants are used in all three countries, with the exception of d-tubocurarine, which is only available in Great Britain, and alcuronium which is mainly used in Germany. The French anaesthetists seem to use significantly less succinylcholine than their peers in Great Britain or Germany for both elective and emergency intubation. Monitoring of neuromuscular blockade still relies mainly on "clinical judgement'. Reversal of non-depolarizing muscle relaxants is performed routinely in Great Britain, while a substantial number of French anaesthetists avoid the use of a reversal. Dose regimes for neostigmine vary largely, with German anaesthetists administering the lowest, and British anaesthetists administering the highest doses. Side effects of reversal agents are reported by colleagues from all three countries in too high a percentage to justify uncritical administration of these drugs. In Germany there seems to be a noteworthy lack of recovery facilities. [less ▲]

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See detailIs the desire to binge triggered by interpersonal stress and achievement challenge? An experimental study on bulimics
Tuschen, Brunna; Vögele, Claus UL; Kuhnhardt, Karin

in Tuschen, B.; Florin, I. (Eds.) Current Research in Eating Disorders (1995)

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See detailSteigern psychische Belastungen das Eßbedürfnis? Eine experimentelle Studie an Bulimikerinnen
Tuschen-Caffier, Brunna; Vögele, Claus UL; Kuhnhardt, Karin et al

in Zeitschrift für Klinische Psychologie, Psychopathologie und Psychotherapie (1995), 24

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See detailPsychophysiological responses to cue-exposure in binge eaters
Vögele, Claus UL; Florin, Irmela

in Tuschen, B.; Florin, I. (Eds.) Current Research in Eating Disorders (1995)

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See detailTesticular self-examination: Attitudes and practices among young men in Europe
Wardle, Jane; Steptoe, Andrew; Burckhardt, Ruth et al

in Preventive Medicine (1994), 23

BACKGROUND: Testicular self examination (TSE) is recommended for the early detection of testicular cancer. Evidence from North America suggests there is only limited public awareness of its importance ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Testicular self examination (TSE) is recommended for the early detection of testicular cancer. Evidence from North America suggests there is only limited public awareness of its importance among the young male population. Compliance with regular TSE is found in only a small minority of young men. Attitudes toward and practice of TSE have rarely been studied outside North America. METHOD: Attitudes to TSE were evaluated by questionnaire in a sample of 16,486 students. Frequency of TSE practice was reported by the 7,304 men in the sample. The data were collected as part of the European Health Behavior Survey, an international study on health beliefs and health behavior. RESULTS: Eighty-seven percent of men reported never having practiced TSE. Regular practice (monthly) was reported by only 3% of the sample, with another 10% reporting occasional TSE. Significant differences emerged between countries, ranging from 76% of German men to 98% of Icelandic men reporting no TSE. Men rated TSE as less important to health than women. Attitude toward TSE among men was a significant predictor of TSE practice. CONCLUSION: Both the low levels of TSE and the low ratings of the importance of TSE suggest that young men in Europe are unaware of the value of this comparatively simple method of early detection of cancer. If a highly educated population group in the "at risk" age category is not carrying out the recommendations, it is unlikely that there are higher levels of compliance in other groups. These results suggest an important role for health education in the early detection of testicular cancer. [less ▲]

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See detailBenefits of psychological preparation for surgery: a meta-analysis
Johnston, Marie; Vögele, Claus UL

in Annals of Behavioral Medicine : A Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine (1993), 15

Analyzed the results of randomized controlled trials of different methods of psychological preparation of adult patients for surgery to determine the benefits sought from psychological preparation ... [more ▼]

Analyzed the results of randomized controlled trials of different methods of psychological preparation of adult patients for surgery to determine the benefits sought from psychological preparation, whether they were achieved, and whether they were likely to be gained. The following 8 outputs were measured in 38 published/unpublished studies: negative affect, pain, pain medication, length of stay, behavioral and clinical indices of recovery, physiological indices, satisfaction, and costs and other outcomes. All benefits analyzed were demonstrated at a level greater than chance in the studies. Procedural information and behavioral instructions showed the most wide-ranging effects in improving measures of all 8 outcomes. Relaxation was also effective, showing benefit on all outcomes except behavioral recovery. Sensory-information, hypnotic, and emotion-focused approaches were not effective in improving outcomes. [less ▲]

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See detailVerhaltensmedizin. Ein psychobiologischer Ansatz zur Behandlung körperlicher Krankheiten
Florin, Irmela; Tuschen-Caffier, Brunna; Vögele, Claus UL

in Verhaltensmodifikation und Verhaltensmedizin (1993), 1/2

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See detailÄrgerunterdrückung und Hypertonieprädisposition als Determinanten kardiovaskulärer Reaktivität
Vögele, Claus UL; Steptoe, Andrew

in Müller, M. (Ed.) Psychophysiologische Risikofaktoren bei Herz-/Kreislauferkrankungen: Grundlagen und Therapie (1993)

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See detailThe relationship between heart rate responsiveness in the laboratory and in the field: two studies
Johnston, Derek William; Vögele, Claus UL; Anastasiades, Pavlos et al

in Journal of Psychophysiology (1993), (7), 217-229

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See detailAnger inhibition and family history as modulators of cardiovascular responses to mental stress in adolescent boys
Vögele, Claus UL; Steptoe, Andrew

in Journal of Psychosomatic Research (1993), 37

Sixty boys aged 12-16 took part in an experiment in which physiological and subjective measures were obtained at rest and in response to mental arithmetic and mirror drawing tasks. Blood pressure was ... [more ▼]

Sixty boys aged 12-16 took part in an experiment in which physiological and subjective measures were obtained at rest and in response to mental arithmetic and mirror drawing tasks. Blood pressure was recorded from biological parents, and subjects were subsequently categorized as being at high family risk for cardiovascular disease if either parent had a history of coronary heart disease or hypertension, or a resting blood pressure > or = 140/85 mmHg. Twenty boys were classified as high family risk and forty as low risk. A significant interaction between family risk and a disposition towards anger inhibition was observed, with the greatest systolic blood pressure responses to tasks being recorded in high risk boys who reported high levels of anger inhibition. This effect was maintained after controlling for initial blood pressure level, age and body mass. The cardiac baroreceptor reflex was inhibited during tasks, and was lower in high than low family risk subjects. The results suggest that the tendency to inhibit anger expression interacts with familial factors in determining reactivity patterns that may be indicative of raised risk of future cardiovascular disease. [less ▲]

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See detailÄrger, Feindseligkeit und kardiovaskuläre Reaktivität: Implikationen für essentielle Hypertonie und koronare Herzkrankheit
Vögele, Claus UL; Steptoe, Andrew

in Hodapp, V.; Schwenkmezger, P. (Eds.) Ärger und Ärgerausdruck (1993)

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See detailWelchen Nutzen hat psychologische Operationsvorbereitung? Eine Meta-Analyse der Literatur zur psychologischen Operationsvorbereitung Erwachsener
Johnston, Marie; Vögele, Claus UL

in Schmidt, L. R. (Ed.) Psychologie medizinischer Eingriffe (1992)

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