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See detailTwo-phase concurrent sensing and transmission scheme for full duplex cognitive radio
Sharma, Shree Krishna UL; Bogale, T.E.; Le, L.B. et al

in IEEE 84th Vehicular Technology Conference (2016)

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See detailImpact of Transceiver Impairments on the Capacity of Dual-Hop Relay Massive MIMO Systems
Papazafeiropoulos, Anastasios; Sharma, Shree Krishna UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL

in Proceedings of IEEE Globecom 2015 (2015, December)

Despite the deleterious effect of hardware impairments on communication systems, most prior works have not investigated their impact on widely used relay systems. Most importantly, the application of ... [more ▼]

Despite the deleterious effect of hardware impairments on communication systems, most prior works have not investigated their impact on widely used relay systems. Most importantly, the application of inexpensive transceivers, being prone to hardware impairments, is the most cost-efficient way for the implementation of massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems. Consequently, the direction of this paper is towards the investigation of the impact of hardware impairments on MIMO relay networks with large number of antennas. Specifically, we obtain the general expression for the ergodic capacity of dual-hop (DH) amplify-and-forward (AF) relay systems. Next, given the advantages of the free probability (FP) theory with comparison to other known techniques in the area of large random matrix theory, we pursue a large limit analysis in terms of number of antennas and users by shedding light to the behavior of relay systems inflicted by hardware impairments. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of Terrain Aware Interference Modeling on the Throughput of Cognitive Ka-Band Satellite Systems
Lagunas, Eva UL; Sharma, Shree Krishna UL; Maleki, Sina UL et al

in Ka and Broadband Communications Conference (KaConf), Bologna, Italy, Oct 2015. (2015, October)

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See detailImproving Robustness of Cyclostationary Detectors to Cyclic Frequency Mismatch Using Slepian Basis
Sharma, Shree Krishna UL; Bogale, Tadilo Endeshaw; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL et al

in Proceedings of IEEE PIMRC 2015 (2015, September)

Spectrum Sensing (SS) is one of the fundamental mechanisms required by a Cognitive Radio (CR). Among several SS techniques, cyclostationary feature detection is considered as an important technique due to ... [more ▼]

Spectrum Sensing (SS) is one of the fundamental mechanisms required by a Cognitive Radio (CR). Among several SS techniques, cyclostationary feature detection is considered as an important technique due to its robustness against noise variance uncertainty and its capability to distinguish among different systems on the basis of their cyclostationary features. However, one of the main limitations of this detector in practical scenarios is its performance degradation in the presence of cyclic frequency mismatch, which mainly arises due to the lack of knowledge about the transmitter clock/oscillator errors at the detector. In this context, this paper proposes a novel solution to address the cyclic frequency mismatch problem utilizing the Slepian basis expansion instead of the widely used Fourier basis expansion. It is shown that the proposed approach captures the deviation in the cyclic frequency caused by the aforementioned imperfections and hence provides a significant improvement in the sensing performance in the presence of cyclic frequency mismatch. [less ▲]

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See detailResource Allocation for Cognitive Satellite Communications with Incumbent Terrestrial Networks
Lagunas, Eva UL; Sharma, Shree Krishna UL; Maleki, Sina UL et al

in IEEE Transactions on Cognitive Communications and Networking (2015)

The lack of available unlicensed spectrum together with the increasing spectrum demand by multimedia applications has resulted in a spectrum scarcity problem, which affects Satellite Communications ... [more ▼]

The lack of available unlicensed spectrum together with the increasing spectrum demand by multimedia applications has resulted in a spectrum scarcity problem, which affects Satellite Communications (SatCom) as well as terrestrial systems. The goal of this paper is to propose Resource Allocation (RA) techniques, i.e. carrier, power and bandwidth allocation, for a cognitive spectrum utilization scenario where the satellite system aims at exploiting the spectrum allocated to terrestrial networks as the incumbent users without imposing harmful interference to them. In particular, we focus on the microwave frequency bands 17.7-19.7 GHz for the cognitive satellite downlink and 27.5-29.5 GHz for the cognitive satellite uplink, although the proposed techniques can be easily extended to other bands. In the first case, assuming that the satellite terminals are equipped with multiple Low Block Noise Converters (LNB), we propose a joint beamforming and carrier allocation scheme to enable cognitive Space-to-Earth communications in the shared spectrum where Fixed Service (FS) microwave links have priority of operation. In the second case, however, the cognitive satellite uplink should not cause harmful interference to the incumbent FS system. For the latter, we propose a Joint Power and Carrier Allocation (JPCA) strategy followed by a bandwidth allocation scheme which guarantees protection of the terrestrial FS system while maximizing the satellite total throughput. The proposed cognitive satellite exploitation techniques are validated with numerical simulations considering realistic system parameters. It is shown that the proposed cognitive exploitation framework represents a promising approach for enhancing the throughput of conventional satellite systems. [less ▲]

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See detail3D Beamforming for Spectral Coexistence of Satellite and Terrestrial Networks
Sharma, Shree Krishna UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Grotz, Joel et al

in IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference 2015 (2015, September)

Satellite communication (SatCom) is facing a spectrum scarcity problem due to the limited available exclusive spectrum and the high demand of the broadband satellite services. In this context, there has ... [more ▼]

Satellite communication (SatCom) is facing a spectrum scarcity problem due to the limited available exclusive spectrum and the high demand of the broadband satellite services. In this context, there has been an increasing interest in the satellite community to exploit the non-exclusive Ka-band spectrum in order to enhance the spectral efficiency of future broadband satellite systems. Herein, we propose a novel concept of enabling the spectral coexistence of satellite and terrestrial networks using three dimensional (3D) beamforming, which exploits the elevation dimension in addition to the commonly used azimuth dimension. The proposed beamforming solution is employed in a Multiple-Input Low Noise Block Downconverter (MLNB) based Feed Array Reflector (FAR) in contrast to the widely used Uniform Linear Array (ULA) structure. Within the employed antenna structure, the performance of the proposed beamforming solution is evaluated considering different feed arrangements. Finally, a database-assisted approach and two blind approaches are suggested for the effective implementation of the proposed solutions. [less ▲]

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See detailPower Control for Satellite Uplink and Terrestrial Fixed-Service Co-existence in Ka-band
Lagunas, Eva UL; Sharma, Shree Krishna UL; Maleki, Sina UL et al

in IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, Boston 6-9 Sept 2015 (2015, September)

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See detailCognitive Radio Techniques under Practical Imperfections: A Survey
Sharma, Shree Krishna UL; Bogale, Tadilo Endeshaw; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL et al

in IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials (2015)

Cognitive Radio (CR) has been considered as a potential candidate for addressing the spectrum scarcity problem of future wireless networks. Since its conception, several researchers, academic institutions ... [more ▼]

Cognitive Radio (CR) has been considered as a potential candidate for addressing the spectrum scarcity problem of future wireless networks. Since its conception, several researchers, academic institutions, industries, regulatory and standardization bodies have put their significant efforts towards the realization of CR technology. However, as this technology adapts its transmission based on the surrounding radio environment, several practical issues may need to be considered. In practice, several imperfections such as noise uncertainty, channel/interference uncertainty, transceiver hardware imperfections, signal uncertainty, synchronization issues, etc. may severely deteriorate the performance of a CR system. To this end, the investigation of realistic solutions towards combating various practical imperfections is very important for successful implementation of the cognitive technology. In this direction, first, this survey paper provides an overview of the enabling techniques for CR communications. Subsequently, it discusses the main imperfections that may occur in the most widely used CR paradigms and then reviews the existing approaches towards addressing these imperfections. Finally, it provides some interesting open research issues. [less ▲]

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See detailCognitive Beamforming for Spectral Coexistence of Hybrid Satellite Systems
Sharma, Shree Krishna UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Ottersten, Björn UL

in Cooperative and Cognitive Satellite Systems (2015)

In Cognitive Radio (CR) communications, an angular dimension can be considered as an e cient way of exploiting the space dimension in order to enhance the spectral e ciency of an under-utilized primary ... [more ▼]

In Cognitive Radio (CR) communications, an angular dimension can be considered as an e cient way of exploiting the space dimension in order to enhance the spectral e ciency of an under-utilized primary spectrum. In this context, beamforming is an widely considered signal processing solution with the advantages of spatial discrimination and ltering capabilities. Recently, beamforming has received important attention for spectrum sharing purpose in the literature and has been studied for various objectives such as controlling interference, capacity maximization, Signal to Interference plus Noise Ratio (SINR) balancing etc. In this chapter, we provide a detailed overview of the existing beamforming techniques applied in the context of CR networks. Subsequently, we describe Cognitive Beamforming (CB) techniques which can be applicable in the context of cognitive Satellite Communications (SatComs). [less ▲]

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See detailRepeater for 5G Wireless: A Complementary Contender for Spectrum Sensing Intelligence
Sharma, Shree Krishna UL; Patwary, Mohammad; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL et al

in Proceedings of International Conference on Communications 2015 (2015, June)

Exploring innovative cellular architectures to achieve enhanced system capacity and good coverage has become a critical issue towards realizing the fifth generation (5G) of wireless communications. In ... [more ▼]

Exploring innovative cellular architectures to achieve enhanced system capacity and good coverage has become a critical issue towards realizing the fifth generation (5G) of wireless communications. In this context, this paper proposes a novel concept of an intelligent Amplify and Forward (AF) 5G repeater for enabling the densification of future cellular networks. The proposed repeater features a Spectrum Sensing (SS) intelligence capability and utilizes such intelligence in a complementary fashion in comparison to its existing counterpart (e.g., Cognitive Radio) by detecting the active channels within the assigned spectrum. This intelligence allows the proposed repeater to carry out selective amplification of the active channels in contrast to the full amplification in conventional AF repeaters. Furthermore, the performance of a Frequency Division Multiple Access (FDMA) based two hop cellular network utilizing the proposed repeater is evaluated in terms of the system throughput. Simulation results demonstrate up to 13 % increase when compared with the conventional repeaters. Moreover, the effect of SS errors on the system capacity is analyzed. [less ▲]

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See detailEstimation-Throughput Tradeoff for Underlay Cognitive Radio Systems
Kaushik, Ankit; Sharma, Shree Krishna UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL et al

in Proceedings of International Conference on Communications (ICC) (2015, June)

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See detailJoint Carrier Allocation and Beamforming for Cognitive SatComs in Ka-band (17.3-18.1 GHz)
Sharma, Shree Krishna UL; Maleki, Sina UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL et al

in Proceedings of International Conference on Communications (2015, June)

Herein, we study the spectral coexistence of Geostationary (GEO) Fixed Satellite Services (FSS) downlink and Broadcasting Satellite Services (BSS) feeder links in the Ka-band (17.3 − 18.1 GHz) which is ... [more ▼]

Herein, we study the spectral coexistence of Geostationary (GEO) Fixed Satellite Services (FSS) downlink and Broadcasting Satellite Services (BSS) feeder links in the Ka-band (17.3 − 18.1 GHz) which is primarily allocated for BSS feeder links. Firstly, a novel cognitive spectrum exploitation framework is proposed in order to utilize the available band efficiently. Subsequently, based on the interference analysis carried out between these systems, two cognitive approaches, namely Carrier Allocation (CA) and Beamforming (BF), are investigated under the considered framework assuming the availability of an accurate Radio Environment Map (REM). The employed techniques allow the flexibility of using additional shared carriers for the FSS downlink system along with the already available exclusive carriers (19.7 − 20.2 GHz), thus increasing the overall system throughput. It is shown that a significant improvement in the per beam throughput as well as in the beam availability can be achieved by applying CA and BF approaches in the considered scenario. [less ▲]

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See detailResource Allocation for Cognitive Satellite Communications in Ka-band (17.7-19.7 GHz)
Sharma, Shree Krishna UL; Lagunas, Eva UL; Maleki, Sina UL et al

in Proceedings of International Conference on Communications (ICC) (2015, June)

In this paper, we consider the problem of resource allocation in the context of cognitive Satellite Communications (SatCom). In particular, we focus on the cognitive downlink access by Geostationary (GEO ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we consider the problem of resource allocation in the context of cognitive Satellite Communications (SatCom). In particular, we focus on the cognitive downlink access by Geostationary (GEO) Fixed Satellite Service (FSS) terminals in the band 17.7-19.7 GHz, where the incumbent users are Fixed-Service (FS) microwave links. Assuming a multiple Low Noise Block Converter (LNB) satellite receiver at the cognitive FSS terminal-side, an efficient receive beamforming technique combined with carrier allocation is proposed in order to maximize the overall downlink throughput as well as to improve the beam availability. The proposed cognitive exploitation framework allows the flexibility of using non-exclusive spectrum for the FSS downlink system, thus improving the overall system throughput. More importantly, the proposed approach is validated with the help of numerical results considering realistic system parameters. [less ▲]

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See detailSensing-Throughput Tradeoff for Cognitive Radio Systems with Unknown Received Power
Kaushik, Ankit; Sharma, Shree Krishna UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL et al

in Proceedings of CROWNCOM 2015 (2015, April)

Understanding the performance of the cognitive radio systems is of great interest. Different paradigms have been extensively analyzed in the literature to perform secondary access to the licensed spectrum ... [more ▼]

Understanding the performance of the cognitive radio systems is of great interest. Different paradigms have been extensively analyzed in the literature to perform secondary access to the licensed spectrum. Of these, Interweave System (IS) has been widely investigated for performance analysis. According to IS, sensing is employed at the Secondary Transmitter (ST) that protects the Primary Receiver (PR) from the interference induced. Thus, in order to control the interference at the PR, it is required to sustain a certain level of probability of detection. In this regard, ST requires the knowledge of the received power. However, in practice, this knowledge is not available at the ST. Thereby performing analysis considering the prior knowledge of the received power is too idealistic, thus, do not depict the actual performance of the IS. Motivated by this fact, an estimation model that includes received power estimation is proposed. Considering a sensing-throughput tradeoff, we apply this model to characterize the performance of the IS. Most importantly, the proposed model captures the estimation error to determine the distortion in the system performance. Based on analysis, it is illustrated that the ideal model overestimates the performance of the IS. Finally, it is shown that with an appropriate choice of the estimation time, the severity in distortion can be effectively regulated. [less ▲]

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See detailCooperative Spectrum Sensing for Heterogeneous Sensor Networks Using Multiple Decision Statistics
Sharma, Shree Krishna UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Ottersten, Björn UL

in Proceedings of CROWNCOM 2015 (2015, April)

The detection of active Primary Users (PUs) in practical wireless channels with a single Cognitive Radio (CR) sensor is challenging due to several issues such as the hidden node problem, path loss ... [more ▼]

The detection of active Primary Users (PUs) in practical wireless channels with a single Cognitive Radio (CR) sensor is challenging due to several issues such as the hidden node problem, path loss, shadowing, multipath fading, and receiver noise/interference uncertainty. In this context, Cooperative Spectrum Sensing (CSS) is considered a promising technique in order to enhance the overall sensing efficiency. Existing CSS methods mostly focus on homogeneous cooperating nodes considering identical node capabilities, equal number of antennas, equal sampling rate and identical Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR). However, in practice, nodes with different capabilities can be deployed at different stages and are very much likely to be heterogeneous in terms of the aforementioned features. In this context, we study a decision statistics-based centralized CSS which can reduce the signalling burden compared to the one of the sample-based CSS and at the same time achieve the desired level of sensing performance. More specifically, we propose a novel CSS technique based on the joint Probability Distribution Function (PDF) of the multiple decision statistics resulting from different processing capabilities at the sensor nodes and compare its performance with various existing cooperative schemes. Further, we provide a design guideline for the network operators to facilitate decision making while upgrading a sensor network. [less ▲]

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See detailExploiting Polarization for Spectrum Awareness in Cognitive Satellite Communications
Sharma, Shree Krishna UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Ottersten, Björn UL

in Software-Defined and Cognitive Radio Technologies for Dynamic Spectrum Access and Management (2015)

The continuously increasing demand of spectrum and current static spectrum allocation policies are rendering the available radio spectrum scarce. To address the problem of spectrum scarcity in the ... [more ▼]

The continuously increasing demand of spectrum and current static spectrum allocation policies are rendering the available radio spectrum scarce. To address the problem of spectrum scarcity in the satellite paradigm, cognitive Satellite Communications (SatComs) has been considered as a promising technique. In addition to the existing spectrum sharing dimensions such as frequency, time and space, polarization domain can be exploited as an additional degree of freedom in order to explore the spectral gaps in the under-utilized licensed spectrum. In this context, this chapter firstly provides an overview of the existing works in polarization-based spectrum sharing. Secondly, it presents the theoretical analysis of Energy Detection technique for dual polarized Additive White Gaussian Noise (AWGN) and Rayleigh fading channels considering the spectral coexistence scenarios of dual and hybrid satellite systems. Thirdly, it provides the comparison of different combining techniques in terms of the sensing performance in the considered dual polarized channels with the help of theoretical analysis and numerical results. Finally, it provides interesting future research directions in this domain. [less ▲]

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See detailResource allocation for cognitive satellite uplink and fixed-service terrestrial coexistence in ka-band
Lagunas, E.; Sharma, Shree Krishna UL; Maleki, Sina UL et al

in Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social-Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering, LNICST (2015), 156

This paper addresses the cognitive Geostationary Orbit (GSO) satellite uplink where satellite terminals reuse frequency bands of Fixed-Service (FS) terrestrial microwave links which are the incumbent ... [more ▼]

This paper addresses the cognitive Geostationary Orbit (GSO) satellite uplink where satellite terminals reuse frequency bands of Fixed-Service (FS) terrestrial microwave links which are the incumbent users in the Ka 27.5-29.5 GHz band. In the scenario considered herein, the transmitted power of the cognitive satellite user has to ensure that the interference impact on potentially present FS links does not exceed the regulatory interference limitations. In order to satisfy the interference constraint and assuming the existence of a complete and reliable FS database, this paper proposes a Joint Power and Carrier Allocation (JPCA) strategy to enable the cognitive uplink access to GSO Fixed Satellite Service (FSS) terminals. The proposed approach identifies the worst FS link per user in terms of interference and divides the amount of tolerable interference among the maximum number of FSS terminal users that can potentially interfere with it. In so doing, the cognitive system is guaranteed to never exceed the prescribed interference threshold. Subsequently, powers and carriers are jointly allocated so as to maximize the throughput of the FSS system. Supporting results based on numerical simulations are provided. It is shown that the proposed cognitive approach represents a promising solution to significantly boost the performance of conventional satellite systems. © Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering 2015. [less ▲]

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See detailCognitive interference alignment for spectral coexistence
Sharma, Shree Krishna UL; Chatzinotas, Symeon UL; Ottersten, Björn UL

in Cognitive Radio and Networking for Heterogeneous Wireless Networks (2015)

Interference Alignment (IA) has been widely recognized as a promising interference mitigation technique since it can achieve the optimal degrees of freedom in certain interference limited channels. In the ... [more ▼]

Interference Alignment (IA) has been widely recognized as a promising interference mitigation technique since it can achieve the optimal degrees of freedom in certain interference limited channels. In the context of Cognitive Radio (CR) networks, this technique allows the coexistence of two heterogeneous wireless systems in an underlay cognitive mode. The main concept behind this technique is the alignment of the interference on a signal subspace in such a way that it can be filtered out at the non-intended receiver by sacrificing some signal dimensions. This chapter starts with an overview of IA principle, Degree of Freedom (DoF) concept, and the classification of existing IA techniques. Furthermore, this chapter includes a discussion about IA applications in CR networks.Moreover, a generic system model is presented for allowing the coexistence of two heterogeneous networks using IA approach while relevant precoding and filtering processes are described. In addition, two important practical applications of the IA technique are presented along with the numerical results for underlay spectral coexistence of (i) femtocell-macrocell systems, and (ii) monobeam-multibeam satellite systems. More specifically, an uplink IA scheme is investigated in order to mitigate the interference of femtocell. User Terminals (UTs) towards the macrocell Base Station (BS) in the spatial domain and the interference of multibeam satellite terminals towards themonobeam satellite in the frequency domain. [less ▲]

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