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See detailUltra-high Precision, Absolute, Earth Gravity Measurements PhD Thesis
Rothleitner, Christian UL

Doctoral thesis (2008)

Within the framework of this thesis two apparatuses for an absolute measurement of gravity were designed, constructed, and tested for the purpose of detecting long-term variations of gravity, determining ... [more ▼]

Within the framework of this thesis two apparatuses for an absolute measurement of gravity were designed, constructed, and tested for the purpose of detecting long-term variations of gravity, determining the absolute gravity value for metrological applications, and for research in fundamental physics. The work includes a stationary gravimeter, which functions as a highly accurate reference system and a portable gravimeter, which is aimed for field measurements. The principle these gravimeters use to determine the gravity value is based on the relation between the falling distance, the falling time, and the acceleration due to gravity. A Michelson interferometer measures the distance change between a falling object mirror and an inertial reference mirror with a Helium-Neon laser (633 nm). The whole fringe signal is digitized by a high-speed ADC, which is disciplined by a rubidium frequency standard. This fringe recording is novel compared to common gravimeters, which use an analogue zero-crossing determination. [less ▲]

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See detailQuenching of the deuteron in flight
Dillig, M.; Rothleitner, Christian UL

in International Journal of Modern Physics. E (2007), 16(1), 69-80

We investigate the Lorentz contraction of a deuteron in flight. Starting from the Blankenbecler-Sugar projection of the Bethe-Salpeter equation to a 3-dimensional quasi potential equation, we apply it for ... [more ▼]

We investigate the Lorentz contraction of a deuteron in flight. Starting from the Blankenbecler-Sugar projection of the Bethe-Salpeter equation to a 3-dimensional quasi potential equation, we apply it for the deuteron bound in an harmonic oscillator potential (for an analytical result) or by the Bonn NN potential for a more realistic estimate. We find substantial quenching with increasing external momenta and a significant modi. cation of the high momentum spectrum of the deuteron. [less ▲]

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See detailA method for adjusting the centre of mass of a freely falling body in absolute gravimetry
Rothleitner, Christian UL; Svitlov, S.; Mérimèche, H. et al

in Metrologia (2007), 44(3), 234

In absolute gravimeters, rotation of the falling body causes a systematic error. This error can be minimized by coinciding the centre of mass (COM) of the body with its optical centre (OC). A method to ... [more ▼]

In absolute gravimeters, rotation of the falling body causes a systematic error. This error can be minimized by coinciding the centre of mass (COM) of the body with its optical centre (OC). A method to measure the distance between these centres in 3D space is described. The method is based on a mechanical balancing technique. Using this method, the COM of a hollow corner cube mirror assembly is adjusted to the OC to within (43 ± 16) µm. An uncertainty budget is given. [less ▲]

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