References of "Rivas, Salvador 50002941"
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See detailDeciphering Socioeconomic Status: Understanding the Association Between SES and Student Background Variables in the National Assessment of Educational Progress
Ogut, Burhan; Rivas, Salvador UL

Scientific Conference (2011, April 08)

National Assessment of Educational Progress uses proxies of socioeconomic status when reporting results by key groups. In order to examine the validity of these proxy variables, current study uses a ... [more ▼]

National Assessment of Educational Progress uses proxies of socioeconomic status when reporting results by key groups. In order to examine the validity of these proxy variables, current study uses a special sample of around 1300 students who took both NAEP and ECLS-K grade eight reading assessments. These students answered the background questionnaire in both assessments. In addition, ECLS-K also collected information from parents about their socioeconomic status. Therefore, measures of socioeconomic status found in ECLS-K were used to evaluate and understand the associations among SES and other proxy measures of SES found in NAEP. Results of this study allow for the evaluation of variables collected in NAEP to measure SES against parent-reported SES collected in ECLS-K. [less ▲]

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See detailLooking to the Past, to help the Future: Using Retired NAEP Variables to Improve ELL Identification
Rivas, Salvador UL; Walton, Ebony; Abend, Molly

Scientific Conference (2010, April)

Growing interest in the U.S. immigrant population and subsequent generations, particularly as it relates to student performance and educational opportunity, necessitates a clear understanding of how well ... [more ▼]

Growing interest in the U.S. immigrant population and subsequent generations, particularly as it relates to student performance and educational opportunity, necessitates a clear understanding of how well foreign-born, and often non-native-English-speaking, students are performing academically on the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP). NAEP reports on this population using an English Language Learner (ELL) classification status, a variable that is collected and reported independently by jurisdiction, which might differentially capture and describe members of this group based on idiosyncratic criteria. To assess the extent to which this occurs, we use two additional variables – Length of Residence in the U.S. and Language Use at Home – that have been collected in the past by NAEP to inspect and validate ELL-status. As of 2003, however, NAEP only collects one of these: how often the child reports a language other than English being spoken at home.1 NAEP data show that ELL students perform less well than non-ELL students; moreover, on average students who have not lived in the U.S. all their lives or students who live in households where a language other than English is spoken do not perform as well as their counterparts. While the three variables are undoubtedly associated, it is not clear how or to what extent they are related to each other in the context of NAEP scores. Thus, we investigate the comparability of Length of Residence in the US (LRUS)2 and Language Use at Home (LUH)3 in relation to NAEP mathematics achievement scores, net of ELL-status, while controlling for other important factors. [less ▲]

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See detailDigital inequality among U.S. Latinos: What do we know? What do we want to know?
Rivas, Salvador UL

in Williams, Kate (Ed.) Understanding and Implementing Local Community Use of Information Technology (2008, March 28)

Chapter discredits the idea that most Americans are online, pointing out that African Americans and Latinos are 1/3 as likely to have a computer at home, are less employed so less online at work, and ... [more ▼]

Chapter discredits the idea that most Americans are online, pointing out that African Americans and Latinos are 1/3 as likely to have a computer at home, are less employed so less online at work, and Latino immigrants may not be aware of community resources like public access computers at the library. The chapter also describes past and present ideas as to why this difference persists. [less ▲]

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See detailCognitive Ability and Internet Use Among Older Adults
Freese, Jeremy; Rivas, Salvador UL; Hargittai, Eszter

in Poetics (2006), 34(4-5), 236-249

While previous work has found cognitive ability to be strongly associated with whether older adults use the Internet, we consider whether cognitive ability also differentiates basic aspects of use. Four ... [more ▼]

While previous work has found cognitive ability to be strongly associated with whether older adults use the Internet, we consider whether cognitive ability also differentiates basic aspects of use. Four measures of use are considered: having high-speed access, length of time since initial household adoption, self-reported time using the Internet, and whether any of the respondent's Internet use involves the Web in addition to e-mail. In all cases, we find associations with cognitive ability, although effects are sometimes mediated to nonsignificance by subsequent attainments, especially education. Given how central social support is to discussions of older adults navigating the Internet, we look also at reports of the availability of such support, and we find that cognition is positively related to respondents having someone available to help them with Internet problems. Taken together, our results suggest strongly that the already cognitively advantaged are much better positioned to reap the potential benefits of online tools to help older adults navigate social benefits and make complicated decisions. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalfabetismo Cibernético: Una Nueva Dimensión de la Desigualdad Social en Latinoamérica
Rivas, Salvador UL; Brenes, Gilbert; Pérez Amador, Julieta

Scientific Conference (2006, September)

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See detailCognitive Skills and Internet Use among Older Adults
Freese, Jeremy; Rivas, Salvador UL; Hargittai, Eszter

Scientific Conference (2006, August)

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See detailIncome and Digital Inequalities in the United States
Rivas, Salvador UL; Freese, Jeremy

Presentation (2006, June)

Detailed reference viewed: 39 (1 UL)
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See detailFamily and Work: Immigrant Self-employment Among Latin American and Asian Immigrants in the U. S. in 2000
Pedraza, Silvia; Rivas, Salvador UL

Scientific Conference (2005, August)

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See detailExploring the Divide in the Digital Divide: The Effect of Race/Ethnicity on Computer Ownership in United States, 1984–2003
Rivas, Salvador UL

Poster (2005, April)

Previous studies that describe the existence and dimensions of the digital divide call attention to the potential negative consequences of not having access to a computer and not being online. Missing ... [more ▼]

Previous studies that describe the existence and dimensions of the digital divide call attention to the potential negative consequences of not having access to a computer and not being online. Missing from these studies, however, is a more thorough investigation of how the effect of race/ethnicity on computer ownership is mediated by associated factors and how these effects have changed across time. The current study attempts to fill these gaps. Using Current Population Survey data, from 1984 to 2003, I estimate a series of logistic regression models on computer ownership at the household level. After controlling for demographic, household composition, and socioeconomic variables, the gap between Black and Hispanic households in relation to White households remains statistically significant. For Asian households, the racial effect is explained by the variables in the models. The implications of these findings are discussed and suggestions are made for future research. [less ▲]

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See detailCognition, Personality, and the Sociology of Response to Social Change: The Case of Internet Adoption
Freese, Jeremy; Rivas, Salvador UL

Scientific Conference (2005)

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See detailVirtual Selves and Web Surveys
Manfreda, Katja; Couper, Mick; Vohar, Mateja et al

in Metodološki zvezki (2002), 18

With rapid transfer of many forms of social inquiry through structured questionnaires to the Web it is increasingly important to explore whether the Web is indeed a ‘socially neutral’ research tool as ... [more ▼]

With rapid transfer of many forms of social inquiry through structured questionnaires to the Web it is increasingly important to explore whether the Web is indeed a ‘socially neutral’ research tool as many believe. Because of the graphical and interactive nature of the Web and the context of global environment, social desirability effects in Web surveys may be different from with other self-administered methods, which usually reduce them. In addition, increased use of interactive services, such as multiple user domains, interactive chat rooms and interactive online games encourages widespread adoption of ‘virtual personas’ on the Web. It is thus important to explore how participation in such interactive services may mitigate potential benefits of the Web for social research. Our research explores whether those who are frequent participants in so-called ‘alternate realities’ on the Web are more likely to present their ‘virtual personas’ or their ‘real selves’ when answering questions in Web surveys. Users of interactive services are identified in a large national Web survey of Internet users in Slovenia within the project RIS (http://www.ris.org) at the Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Ljubljana. They are asked a variety of questions relating to self-image that are known to be subject to social desirability bias. At the end of the survey they are asked for their telephone number. A random sample of respondents from the population of non-users of interactive services is also selected. Both groups are then administered a telephone survey, with the key self-presentation and social desirability items replicated. We then compare the responses to the telephone survey with those provided in the Web survey. Our hypothesis is that those who are regular participants in interactive services are more likely to present themselves in a different light on the Web than on the telephone, relative to the non-user group. [less ▲]

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See detailEthnic Enterprise: Self-Employment among Latin American and Asian Immigrants
Pedraza, Silvia; Rivas, Salvador UL

Scientific Conference (1999, August)

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (1 UL)
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See detailEducational Attainment as a Function of Delayed Acculturation
Rivas, Salvador UL

Scientific Conference (1997, August)

Detailed reference viewed: 58 (3 UL)