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See detailInklusioun: Zesumme liewen, zesumme léieren
Brendel, Michelle UL; Powell, Justin J W UL

Computer development (2016)

This video features inspiring practices in inclusive education in Luxembourg, filmed on location between 2014 and 2016 in the École Jean Jaurès in Esch-sur-Alzette. Film directed by Anne Schiltz and Pol ... [more ▼]

This video features inspiring practices in inclusive education in Luxembourg, filmed on location between 2014 and 2016 in the École Jean Jaurès in Esch-sur-Alzette. Film directed by Anne Schiltz and Pol Linden (MENJE, DPAV). [less ▲]

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See detailSupporting young adults with special educational needs (SEN) in obtaining higher qualifications
Limbach-Reich, Arthur UL; Powell, Justin J W UL

Report (2016)

Supporting young adults with special educational needs in obtaining higher qualifications is an ambitious, desirable and noble project, occasionally labeled “university for all” or “full inclusion in ... [more ▼]

Supporting young adults with special educational needs in obtaining higher qualifications is an ambitious, desirable and noble project, occasionally labeled “university for all” or “full inclusion in higher education”. But there is a risk, that beyond inclusive rhetoric, universities persist in being perceived by national policymakers and also perceive themselves as elite organizatins, that is only accessible to highly educated and highly skilled persons that will be successful in labour market competition and so promise to recapitalize (increasingly high) investments in higher education. Not inclusion efforts and individuals with disabilities, but rather national economic growth and international competitiveness are in the centre of contemporary concerns, despite the worldwide ratification of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and global acknowledgment of inclusive education as a human right. While some students with disabilities certainly do manage to adapt to the existing systems of higher education, especially when they receive reasonable accommodations they deserve, but there will be other students with more severe disabilities who may need more support to reach their individual learning goals and who may not promise to 'return' the invest. Yet not only those students with disabilities who are labeled as incompatible with employment remain persistently excluded from higher education. Having in mind this risk, the rhetoric of “university for all” has to be reconsidered. At the same time that many universities are seriously challenged by reductions in public funding, universal design principles diffuse worldwide, and the UN Convention mandates accessibility at all levels of learning, including higher education. [less ▲]

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See detailDie Internationalisierung dualer Ausbildungsformen im Tertiärbereich
Graf, Lukas; Powell, Justin J W UL; Fortwengel, Johann et al

in Faßhauer, Uwe; Severing, Eckart (Eds.) Verzahnung beruflicher und akademischer Bildung: Duale Studiengänge in Theorie und Praxis (2016)

Die derzeitig rasante Expansion dualer Studiengänge wirft zunehmend die Frage nach deren systematischer Internationalisierung auf. Unsere explorative Studie beschäftigt sich deshalb mit Stand und ... [more ▼]

Die derzeitig rasante Expansion dualer Studiengänge wirft zunehmend die Frage nach deren systematischer Internationalisierung auf. Unsere explorative Studie beschäftigt sich deshalb mit Stand und Zukunftsperspektiven der Internationalisierung des dualen Studiums. Dabei erläutern wir Gründe für die noch relativ geringe Mobilität deutscher (Outgoing) und international Studierender (Incoming) sowie institutionellen Gelingensbedingungen zur Förderung derselben. Welche Modelle der Internationalisierung von dualen Studiengängen gibt es? Was sind die spezifischen Barrieren bezüglich der Internationalisierung dualer Studiengänge und wie können diese überwunden werden? Experteninterviews mit Akteuren aus dem Berufsbildungs- und Hochschulbereich sowie Firmenvertreter/ -innen stehen im Zentrum der vorliegenden institutionellen Analyse. [less ▲]

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See detailBarriers to Inclusion: Special Education in the United States and Germany
Powell, Justin J W UL

Book published by Routledge (2016)

Barriers to Inclusion provides a comparative and historical account of the rise of special and inclusive education over the twentieth century in the United States and Germany. This institutional analysis ... [more ▼]

Barriers to Inclusion provides a comparative and historical account of the rise of special and inclusive education over the twentieth century in the United States and Germany. This institutional analysis demonstrates how categorical boundaries, professional groups, social movements, and education and social policies shaped the schooling of children and youth with disabilities. It traces the evolution of special education classification and categories, explores growing special education organizations, and examines students' learning opportunities and educational attainments. Highlighting cross-national differences over time, the author also investigates demographic and geographic variability within the federal democracies, especially in segregation and inclusion rates of disabled and disadvantaged children. Germany's elaborate system of segregated special school types contrasts with diverse American special education classrooms mainly within regular schools. Joining historical case studies with empirical indicators, this book reveals persistent barriers to school integration as well as factors that facilitate inclusive education reform in both societies. [less ▲]

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See detailDie Organisation von Bildung aus soziologischer Perspektive
Leemann, Regula Julia; Imdorf, Christian; Powell, Justin J W UL et al

in Leemann, Regula Julia; Imdorf, Christian; Powell, Justin J W (Eds.) et al Die Organisation von Bildung: Soziologische Analysen zu Schule, Berufsbildung, Hochschule und Weiterbildung (2016)

Die Bedeutung von Bildung für Individuen und Gesellschaften ist enorm gestiegen. Dieser Band widmet sich der Organisation von Bildung in Schule, Berufsbildung und Hochschule. Die Beiträge befassen sich ... [more ▼]

Die Bedeutung von Bildung für Individuen und Gesellschaften ist enorm gestiegen. Dieser Band widmet sich der Organisation von Bildung in Schule, Berufsbildung und Hochschule. Die Beiträge befassen sich mit noch wenig untersuchten Phänomenen der Entstehung, dem Funktionieren und der Entwicklung von Bildungsorganisationen sowie deren Prozessen der Herstellung und (ungleichen) Verteilung von Bildung. Die Organisation von Bildung in Form von Schulen ist allgegenwärtig und gleichzeitig unhinterfragt. Dieser Band diskutiert vor dem Hintergrund der enorm gestiegenen Bedeutung von Bildung für Individuen und Gesellschaften, wie unterschiedliche Typen von Bildungsorganisationen im Bereich von Schule, Berufsbildung oder Hochschule entstehen, funktionieren und sich weiterentwickeln. Er fragt nach den Prozessen, durch die die Subjekte gebildet und Ungleichheiten reproduziert werden. Die theoretisch-konzeptionellen und empirischen Beiträge beleuchten vielfältige Perspektiven und führen bildungs- und organisationssoziologische Forschungsergebnisse innovativ zusammen. [less ▲]

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See detailNeo-Institutionalismus
Powell, Justin J W UL

in Hedderich, Ingeborg; Biewer, Gottfried; Hollenweger, Judith (Eds.) et al Handbuch Inklusion und Sonderpädagogik (2016)

Insbesondere mit Hilfe des Neo-Institutionalismus kann aufgezeigt werden, dass sonderpädagogische Förderung wie auch schulische Inklusion als Prinzipien weltweit diffundieren und zu globalen Normen ... [more ▼]

Insbesondere mit Hilfe des Neo-Institutionalismus kann aufgezeigt werden, dass sonderpädagogische Förderung wie auch schulische Inklusion als Prinzipien weltweit diffundieren und zu globalen Normen geworden sind. Andererseits können Barrieren der schulischen Inklusion darauf zurückgeführt werden, dass sonderpädagogische Fördersysteme in vielen Ländern vornehmlich als segregierende oder separierende Organisationsformen institutionalisiert wurden, die schwer zu verändern sind. Neo-Institutionalismus schärft den Blick auf die Institutionalisierung bestimmter Organisationsformen und Organisationen, deren Angleichung und deren Persistenz. [less ▲]

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See detailLuxembourg’s Expanding Higher Education System: Responding to Global Norms
Braband, Gangolf UL; Powell, Justin J W UL

in International Higher Education (2016), (86), 27-28

Luxembourg has an expanding higher education system, with one of the youngest European national research universities at its center. The University of Luxembourg was founded, against local resistance, as ... [more ▼]

Luxembourg has an expanding higher education system, with one of the youngest European national research universities at its center. The University of Luxembourg was founded, against local resistance, as an elite institutional response to global norms and to the Europe-wide Bologna Process. [less ▲]

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See detailStudieren und Barrierefreiheit: Stolpersteine auf dem Weg zur Barrierefreiheit und wie sie aus dem Weg geräumt werden könnten
Limbach-Reich, Arthur UL; Powell, Justin J W UL

Article for general public (2016)

Zusammenfassung in Leichter Sprache: Arthur Limbach-Reich und Justin Powell arbeiten an der Universität. Sie wollen, dass jeder etwas lernen kann. Deswegen soll die Uni für jeden auf sein. An der Uni ... [more ▼]

Zusammenfassung in Leichter Sprache: Arthur Limbach-Reich und Justin Powell arbeiten an der Universität. Sie wollen, dass jeder etwas lernen kann. Deswegen soll die Uni für jeden auf sein. An der Uni gibt es aber Barrieren. Deswegen kommt nicht jeder rein. Darüber schreiben beide Lehrer. [less ▲]

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See detailHow to Construct an Organizational Field: Empirical Educational Research in Germany, 1995–2015
Zapp, Mike UL; Powell, Justin J W UL

in European Educational Research Journal (2016), 15(5), 537-557

Over the past two decades, educational research in Germany has undergone unprecedented changes. Following large-scale assessments such as the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS ... [more ▼]

Over the past two decades, educational research in Germany has undergone unprecedented changes. Following large-scale assessments such as the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) and the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), and a political interest in evidence-based policy-making, quality assessment and internationalization, direct involvement of national decision-makers has led to the establishment of new organizations, programs, funding structures, professorships, and training programs. Thus, a markedly different educational research field has emerged in contrast to the traditional philosophy-rooted, hermeneutics-trained and humanities-based German pedagogy or education science. Instead, the new paradigm refers to itself as "empirical educational research" (EER). Thus, we trace institutionalization processes of EER from early 1995 through the foundation of the Empirical Educational Research Association (GEBF), which rivals the long-standing German Educational Research Association (DGfE). Official documents shed light on policymakers’ and funding agencies’ motivations and rationales as they successfully engage in building new research infrastructure. Expert interviews conducted with (inter)national representatives illuminate perceptions of crucial actors involved in field institutionalization. What are the causes and consequences of the emergent educational research in Germany? Extending the neo-institutionalist organizational field literature, particularly about incipient stages of such fields, we show that a new division of labor transcends national and international as well as governmental and non-governmental borders. [less ▲]

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See detail„Ich hoffe sehr, sehr stark, dass meine Kinder mal eine normale Schule besuchen können.“ Pädagogische Klassifikationen und ihre Folgen für die (Selbst-)Positionierung von Schüler/innen
Pfahl, Lisa; Powell, Justin J W UL

in Zeitschrift für Pädagogik (2016), 62(Beiheft 62), 58-74

Despite legal commitments to inclusion in education systems, the category learning disability is maintained almost “naturally” and hardly questioned, even by students. Yet, for decades, the purpose and ... [more ▼]

Despite legal commitments to inclusion in education systems, the category learning disability is maintained almost “naturally” and hardly questioned, even by students. Yet, for decades, the purpose and relevance of this and other categories and classifications of “special educational needs” and student disabilities have been fiercely discussed. Controversy is driven by the frequent stigmatization and abasement that follows classification, exacerbated by the persistent segregation practiced in Germany’s school system. This contribution investigates medical-pedagogical classifications that draw symbolic and social boundaries between individual students and groups even as they stabilize disciplinary and professional boundaries between “special” and “regular” education. These processes are investigated on the basis of a self-description given by a school-leaver who considers herself to have a “learning disability”. She positions herself very low in social hierarchies and has grave doubts regarding her life chances, and those of her potential children, as she transitions from schooling to the labor market. This perspective illustrates the biographical consequences of (negative) educational classification and emphasizes the need for a debate on classification practices in inclusive approaches to education reform. [less ▲]

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See detailVon Ableismus zur universal design Universität
Powell, Justin J W UL

in Dannenbeck, Clemens; Dorrance, Carmen; Moldenhauer, Anna (Eds.) et al ]. In: Dannenbeck, C., C. Dorrance, A. Moldenhauer, A. Oehme & A. Platte (Eds.): Inklusionssensible Hochschule: Grundlagen, Ansätze und Konzepte für Hochschuldidaktik und Organisationsentwicklung (2016)

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See detailDie Organisation von Bildung: Soziologische Analysen zu Schule, Berufsbildung, Hochschule und Weiterbildung
Leemann, Regula Julia; Imdorf, Christian; Powell, Justin J W UL et al

Book published by Beltz Juventa (2016)

Die Organisation von Bildung in Form von Schulen ist allgegenwärtig und gleichzeitig unhinterfragt. Dieser Band diskutiert vor dem Hintergrund der enorm gestiegenen Bedeutung von Bildung für Individuen ... [more ▼]

Die Organisation von Bildung in Form von Schulen ist allgegenwärtig und gleichzeitig unhinterfragt. Dieser Band diskutiert vor dem Hintergrund der enorm gestiegenen Bedeutung von Bildung für Individuen und Gesellschaften, wie unterschiedliche Typen von Bildungsorganisationen, im Bereich von Schule, Berufsbildung oder Hochschule, entstehen, funktionieren und sich weiterentwickeln. Er fragt nach den Prozessen, durch die die Subjekte gebildet und Ungleichheiten reproduziert werden. Die theoretisch, konzeptionellen und empirischen Beiträge beleuchten vielfältige Perspektiven und führen bildungs- und organisationssoziologische Forschungsergebnisse innovativ zusammen. [less ▲]

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See detailBeste Schüler sind bei Inklusion Gewinner. Was bringt Inklusion wirklich – und was soll es überhaupt sein?
Powell, Justin J W UL

in Chaton, Cordelia (Ed.) Lëtzebuerger Journal "Thema vum Dag": Inklusion (2015)

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See detailStratifizierung von Berufs- und Hochschulbildung in Europa: Deutschland und Frankreich im Spiegel klassischer Vergleichsstudien
Bernhard, Nadine; Graf, Lukas UL; Powell, Justin J W UL

in Dietzen, Agnes; Powell, Justin J W; Bahl, Anke (Eds.) et al Soziale Inwertsetzung von Wissen, Erfahrung und Kompetenz in der Berufsbildung (2015)

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See detailReview of Ertl, Hubert: A World of Difference? Research on Higher and Vocational Education in Germany and England. Munich: Herbert Utz Verlag
Powell, Justin J W UL

in Journal of Vocational Education and Training (2015), 67(3), 417-419

In A world of difference? Research on higher and vocational education in Germany and England, Ertl draws on diverse pieces of his own scholarship (and those of his research collaborators) on both national ... [more ▼]

In A world of difference? Research on higher and vocational education in Germany and England, Ertl draws on diverse pieces of his own scholarship (and those of his research collaborators) on both national contexts to offer a contemporary picture of developments in vocational and higher education and the impact of these reforms on individual education pathways and, ultimately, educational and social inequalities. Structured in five substantive chapters and brief introductory and concluding chapters, the monograph collects and builds on a considerable body of work published over roughly a dozen years (more than twenty sole- and co-authored contributions are cited). The book’s overarching argument is that recent reforms have strengthened intranational heterogeneity in terms of institutional frameworks and governance due to culturally-specific policy formation and reception processes—and in contrast to the frequently postulated homogenizing impact of internationalization. In sum, the chosen examples of research on these two sectors provide insights into the variable impact of education policy agendas and programmes in England and Germany, including pan-European and international developments over the past two decades that emphasize both continuity and change. This book, with its wide-ranging and specific analyses presented by an expert on both countries, will be of interest to scholars and students who hope to make sense of contemporary transitions of and within VET and HE systems in the Bologna era. This volume is most innovative in combining these two sectors, far too often treated singly although, as Ertl shows, they have developed in complex relationships to each other and to schooling and the labour market. [less ▲]

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See detailScience Productivity, Higher Education Development and the Knowledge Society (SPHERE Project) Final Report
Baker, David P.; Crist, John T.; Zhang, Liang et al

Report (2015)

This project created and analyzed a new, large global dataset on scientific journal articles, published between 1900 and 2011, and a series of case studies to examine how systems of higher education ... [more ▼]

This project created and analyzed a new, large global dataset on scientific journal articles, published between 1900 and 2011, and a series of case studies to examine how systems of higher education developed and grew nations’ capacity for scientific research. The analysis resulted in a series of new insights about global scientific production that were only possible with a consideration of long-term trends. First, despite predictions as early as the 1960s that the growth rate of “big science” would slow, the dataset shows in fact that “big science” started a phase of exponential growth in the early 1960s that has continued unabated for decades. “Big science” has transformed into “mega-global science” and the trends of global diffusion and regional differentiation began much earlier in the 20th century than is commonly understood. Second, the analysis of rates of regional journal article production also depicts clear shifts in the competition for ascendancy in scientific production. For the first half of the 20th century, global competition for scientific impact was primarily an Atlantic battle between the top producers of Europe (Germany, France, and the U.K.) and the United States. The locus of competition shifted by the, end of the 20th century to a contest between the current research “superpower, ” the United States, and the fast-growing producer, China, along with the many less populous countries of Western Europe with their highly productive science systems. With the contributions of other East Asian, high volume producers such as Japan and South Korea in the later decades of the 20th century, and simultaneous slowing of research production in U.S. science, the center of gravity for research production has been pulled eastward for the past two decades. Third, while science may indeed be an inherently global and collaborative enterprise, the trend toward global collaboration of authors is a relatively recent one. Historically, one-third of all research articles worldwide result from international collaboration, and less than 26 percent are the product of one researcher alone. In 1980 however only about 2 percent of all SCIE publications involved a collaboration across international lines. Three decades later this proportion is eleven times what it was in 1980. Finally, the study also concluded that overall volume of production is not a sufficient measure of scientific capacity by itself. When adjusting for the size of population and the economy the proportion of GDP spent on R&D or the number of researchers some smaller countries (especially in Europe) are more productive on a per capita basis than mid-sized or even larger ones. Similarly the ratio of investment in science to scientific production is much higher in the high volume producers than it is in some small states. While output is smaller in these states, they have maximized R&D investments more efficiently than their larger competitors. [less ▲]

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See detailالجامعات الوطنية الدولية : الهجرة والتنقل (التنقليه) فى لوكسمبورج وقطر
Powell, Justin J W UL

Diverse speeches and writings (2015)

Located in small states with extraordinary migration flows, the University of Luxembourg and Qatar University reflect global norms relating to research universities. Each has opened its doors widely in ... [more ▼]

Located in small states with extraordinary migration flows, the University of Luxembourg and Qatar University reflect global norms relating to research universities. Each has opened its doors widely in recent decades to scholars and students from around the world. Higher education in both countries relies to a considerable extent on global mobility; indeed, the international dimension of higher education is a precondition for their development. Elaborated internationalisation strategies characterise the universities in Luxembourg and Qatar, embedded in hyper-diverse and very wealthy nation-states as well as in significant regional and global networks. In these two cases, the ‘national’ flagship universities are thoroughly ‘international’. These recently founded universities rely on global scientific networks, without which higher education and science could not flourish. Likewise, these young international national universities facilitate the accelerating global reach of higher education and science as they systematically foster the global recruitment, cross-border mobility and multicultural networks of faculty, staff and students. [less ▲]

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See detailSoziale Inwertsetzung von Wissen, Erfahrung und Kompetenz in der Berufsbildung
Dietzen, Agnes; Powell, Justin J W UL; Bahl, Anke et al

Book published by Beltz Juventa (2015)

Welchen Wandel hat die Wertigkeit unterschiedlicher Wissensformen infolge gesellschaftlicher und ökonomischer Herausforderungen erfahren? Wie wird das Verständnis von Wissen und Können gegenwärtig in der ... [more ▼]

Welchen Wandel hat die Wertigkeit unterschiedlicher Wissensformen infolge gesellschaftlicher und ökonomischer Herausforderungen erfahren? Wie wird das Verständnis von Wissen und Können gegenwärtig in der Berufsbildung diskutiert? Wie verhält sich das erworbene Wissen zur Anwendung und Problemlösungsfähigkeit? Aufgrund erhöhter Qualifikationsanforderungen werden die Lerninhalte und Kompetenzen im Spannungsfeld von beruflicher und akademischer Bildung neu bestimmt. Die theoretisch-konzeptionelle und empirische Analysen vergleichen Strukturveränderungen zwischen beruflich-betrieblichen und akademischen Bildungsbereichen und präsentieren das neue Verhältnis von Wissen und Erfahrung, Handeln und Kompetenzen. [less ▲]

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See detailSchülerinnen und Schüler mit besonderem Förderbedarf im luxemburgischen Bildungssystem
Limbach Reich, Arthur; Powell, Justin J W UL

in Bildungsbericht Luxemburg 2015 (2015)

Pupils with special needs in the Luxembourg national education system (Arthur Limbach-Reich, Justin J. W. Powell): As in other European countries, special needs education moves between exclusion and ... [more ▼]

Pupils with special needs in the Luxembourg national education system (Arthur Limbach-Reich, Justin J. W. Powell): As in other European countries, special needs education moves between exclusion and inclusion in Luxembourg. The Luxembourg Education Act of 1881 introduced for the compulsory schooling for all children first the time. In so doing, the law excused children with recognized impairments from this obligation, although the State gradually opened institutions dedicated to these children with special needs. This exclusion, later segregation from mainstream education, was strongly criticized in the late 1950s and 1960s. Then special classes were set up and specific institutions were created with the aim of providing support to these children. Yet not until 1973 did education become compulsory for all children, including those with disabilities – rather late by European standards. Whereas the establishment of special schools and special education classes was interpreted as progress (although late in coming relative to the neighboring countries), criticism became heated at the continued separation of ‚normal‘ from ‚non-normal‘ children. This criticism contributed to the Integration Act of June 1994, which had the goal of the widespread inclusion of all children in regular classes. At the national level, the care of SEN children in mainstream schools since 2009 has been monitored by multi-professional teams (équipes multiprofessionnelles) following the introduction of a new fundamental school law. However, if the skills base defined in the Education Act is not achieved, referral to special education (éducation différenciée) remains as a general option. Another obstacle to school inclusion is turning out to be the legal limitation of a maximum of eight years in primary school. In recent years, totals of between 700 to 850 children per year were classified as SEN children, corresponding to a percentage of about 1.4% to 1.8%. Statistically, at least three facts exemplifying inequalities demand enhanced attention. First, two thirds of SEN children in Luxembourg are male and this trend is increasing. Secondly, we observe that up to three fifths of these SEN children do not have Luxembourgish nationality. And thirdly, it must be noted that only two out of five SEN children are actually integrated into mainstream classes. The UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities commits governments to the legally enforceable development of inclusive education systems to global standards – also in Luxembourg. Overall, despite awareness-raising, no fundamental change in special education and school integration in Luxembourg is discernible as a consequence of the ratification of the UN Disability Rights Convention. [less ▲]

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